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RSS Instituições Internacionais

Lutte contre la manipulation de l'information - rapport n° 668

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-19.

Rapport n° 668 de M. Christophe-André FRASSA, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi organique relative à la lutte contre les fausses informations (17 juillet 2018)

Lutte contre la manipulation de l'information - avis n° 667

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-19.

Avis n° 667 de M. Christophe-André FRASSA, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi relative à la lutte contre les fausses informations (17 juillet 2018)

Corporate report: Animal and Plant Health Agency annual report and accounts, 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Animal and Plant Health Agency annual report and accounts for the financial year April 2017 to March 2018.

Corporate report: National Lottery Distribution Fund Investment Account 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

The National Lottery Distribution Fund Investment Account has published accounts for 2017 to 2018.

Corporate report: IPO annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Information on expenditure and performance of the Intellectual Property Office, 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2018.

Corporate report: Education and Skills Funding Agency annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

The ESFA's annual report and accounts for 2017 to 2018.

Corporate report: NHS Commissioning Board: annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Annual report and accounts for the NHS Commissioning Board (known as NHS England) for 2017 to 2018.

Corporate report: Law Commission Annual Report 2017-18

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

The fifty-second annual report of the Law Commission. Reference number: LC379.

National Statistics: Public Expenditure Statistical Analyses 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

HM Treasury statistical data setting out the year's information on government spending.

Policy paper: Climate change: second national adaptation programme (2018 to 2023)

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

This report sets out what government and others will be doing over the next 5 years to be ready for the challenges of climate change.

Corporate report: Youth Justice Board Annual Report and Accounts, 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

A review of the Youth Justice Board’s work over the year, with performance data and financial information.

Corporate report: Water Services Regulation Authority (Ofwat) annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Water Services Regulation Authority (Ofwat) annual report and accounts - April 2017 to March 2018.

Corporate report: PCA Annual Report and Accounts 01 April 2017 to 31 March 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Information on the PCA's performance and expenditure for the reporting period.

Corporate report: National Loans Fund account 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

This document contains the following information: National Loans Fund account 2015 to 2016.

Corporate report: Consolidated Fund account 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

This document contains the following information: Consolidated Fund account 2017 to 2018.

Corporate report: Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

This document contains the Exchange Equalisation Account (EEA) report and accounts for 2017 to 2018.

Corporate report: Better regulation: annual report 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Report on the government’s better regulation agenda for 2017 to 2018.

L'accès du plus grand nombre à la pratique d'activités physiques et sportives

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

Augmenter de 3 millions (+ 10 %) le nombre de personnes pratiquant une activité physique et sportive (APS) d'ici à 2024, pour tous les publics sur tous les territoires, en particulier ceux en situation de carence, telle est l'ambition de la saisine gouvernementale déclenchant cet avis. Les décalages entre besoins et offres, qui nuisent au développement des pratiques d'APS, concernent notamment l'insuffisance mais aussi l'inadaptation des équipements sportifs, ainsi que le manque d'offre d'accompagnement et de pratiques adaptées accessibles au plus grand nombre. Les enjeux de l'accès du plus grand nombre aux pratiques d'APS sont importants : retisser des liens sociaux, lutter contre les inégalités d'accès, s'engager, se faire plaisir, se construire et inciter à se maintenir en bonne santé tout au long de sa vie. L'avis fait, pour y parvenir, des préconisations déclinées en cinq axes : mobiliser la population et co-construire un projet sportif de territoire ; favoriser le développement de la pratique d'APS à l'école et dans l'enseignement supérieur ; remédier aux principales insuffisances en matière d'équipements sportifs et améliorer leur utilisation ; conforter l'accompagnement à tous les âges de la vie, prévoir des stratégies renforcées pour certains publics et miser sur la formation ; renforcer la prise en compte durable des pratiques d'APS dans l'urbanisme et l'espace public.

Commission d'accès aux documents administratifs : rapport d'activité 2017

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

Le rapport d'activité 2017 reflète les changements qu'a connus la CADA au cours de l'année écoulée et présente les enjeux majeurs auxquels elle a été confrontée. Du point de vue doctrinal, l'année 2017 a été marquée par la mise en oeuvre des nouvelles dispositions de la loi pour une République numérique et notamment l'ouverture de « la procédure CADA » aux collectivités publiques. La commission s'est également efforcée d'éclairer les acteurs de l'open data sur la portée des nouvelles règles applicables parmi lesquelles la nécessité de la mise à disposition des documents administratifs dans « un standard ouvert et aisément réutilisable ». L'année écoulée a également été celle d'un travail très soutenu pour l'institution. La commission a enregistré 7100 saisines dépassant le précédent record de 2015.

"Aux harkis, la patrie reconnaissante"

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

Le groupe de travail mis en place le 23 janvier 2018 par la secrétaire d'Etat auprès de la ministre des armées avait pour mission d'évaluer les dispositifs de reconnaissance et de réparation mis en oeuvre en faveur des harkis et de proposer des mesures pouvant permettre une préservation de la mémoire et une réparation adaptée aux situations diverses que rencontrent les harkis et leurs familles. Dans ce rapport, le groupe de travail formule 56 propositions dont quarante portent sur la reconnaissance et la mémoire et les seize autres sont destinées à compléter la réparation et à renforcer la solidarité à l'égard des harkis et de leurs enfants.

La nature en ville : comment accélérer la dynamique ?

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

La « Nature en ville » est au coeur des enjeux contemporains. En assurant des services écologiques majeurs (réduction des pollutions, des îlots de chaleur, des eaux de ruissellement, …) dans un milieu urbain toujours plus dense et minéral, la nature sous toutes ses formes est indispensable pour faire face aux défis environnementaux que sont le réchauffement climatique et l'érosion de la biodiversité mais aussi pour contribuer à un cadre de vie plus agréable et répondre aux enjeux de santé humaine. Pour accélérer la dynamique de « renaturation » des villes, le présent avis souhaite mettre l'accent sur la nécessité d'inclure la nature dans l'ensemble des politiques publiques et d'en faire un élément structurant de l'aménagement urbain. Le CESE insiste sur l'enjeu social de la « nature en ville », qui doit répondre aux besoins des habitantes et habitants mais qui doit aussi contribuer à la solidarité des villes avec les campagnes qui ne cessent d'être artificialisées du fait de l'étalement urbain.

Les bénéfices d'une meilleure autonomie numérique

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

Dans un monde où l'interface numérique devient de plus en plus fréquente pour les opérations les plus simples de la vie courante, l'absence de maîtrise de ce moyen de communication peut entraîner un risque d'exclusion pour les populations concernées. Les personnes éloignées du numérique forment deux catégories principales : les « non-internautes », qui ne se connectent jamais à internet, et les internautes qualifiés de « distants », dont les compétences numériques sont faibles au point de ne pouvoir réaliser certaines opérations simples. Ainsi, les internautes distants ne sont que très rarement à même d'exploiter les potentialités d'internet dans leurs démarches administratives en ligne, les achats en ligne, ou encore le développement de leur réseau social personnel via les outils numériques. Ce rapport cherche à identifier et quantifier les bénéfices d'une amélioration de la maîtrise des outils numériques par la part de la population française qui ne les utilise pas dans la vie courante. Il ne quantifie que les bénéfices d'une plus grande autonomie numérique et non les coûts de mise en oeuvre d'une stratégie visant cet objectif. On se concentre ici sur les effets nets en tenant compte du fait qu'une partie seulement des individus initiés à un usage de base du numérique déciderait in fine de s'en servir dans la vie courante. Il ne s'agit pas de mesurer les bénéfices d'une formation poussée au numérique, ni les conséquences des changements majeurs des usages et des méthodes dans l'entreprise, à l'école ou dans les autres lieux de socialisation. Le rapport se concentre sur la mesure des effets d'un accompagnement aux usages les plus simples d'internet.

Utilisation de fonds CASDAR pour le financement des programmes de massif

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

Le CGAAER a été chargé de conduire un audit de conformité de l'utilisation des fonds du compte d'affectation spéciale "développement agricole et rural" (CASDAR) pour le financement des programmes du Massif central, des massifs des Alpes, des Pyrénées et du Jura. La mission recommande de remplacer le dispositif actuel par une action thématique transversale CASDAR "agriculture de montagne" qui permettrait de renforcer et de coordonner l'accompagnement de cette agriculture spécifique dans les massifs.

Les innovations pédagogiques numériques et la transformation des établissements d'enseignement supérieur

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

A travers ce rapport, l'IGAENR aborde différentes problématiques qui touchent aux conditions dans lesquelles se déploient les innovations pédagogiques numériques et formule des recommandations qui concernent : les fondamentaux de la transformation (la temporalité, le portage politique, l'appropriation par les acteurs et les usagers) ; les mesures d'accompagnement nécessaires en termes d'organisation administrative des services concernés, de gestion des ressources humaines (enseignants-chercheurs et personnels administratifs), d'infrastructure et d'équipements numériques, de logiciels de gestion ; les questions économiques et juridiques liées ; le pilotage de la transformation par le ministère de l'enseignement supérieur, de la recherche et de l'innovation, à travers la direction générale de l'enseignement supérieur et de l'insertion professionnelle (DGESIP).

Avis sur le bilan Loti du prolongement de la ligne 13 a Asnieres-Gennevilliers-Les Courtilles

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

La ligne 13, née en 1976 de la fusion de deux lignes préexistantes, connectait Châtillon-Montrouge à Saint-Denis Basilique, d'une part, et à Porte de Clichy, d'autre part. Elle a fait l'objet d'un premier prolongement au nord de Porte de Clichy à Gabriel Péri en 1980 puis d'un deuxième au nord de Saint-Denis Basilique à Saint-Denis Université en 1998. Le prolongement de la ligne 13 au nord de Gabriel Péri à Asnières-Gennevilliers-Les-Courtilles, objet de l'avis en date d'avril 2018 issue de la mission du Conseil général de l'environnement et du développement durable (CGEDD), a été mis en service le 14 juin 2008 et visait à améliorer la desserte de secteurs densément peuplés des communes d'Asnières et de Gennevilliers. La forte fréquentation de la ligne a été à l'origine de la décision d'accompagner le prolongement d'un programme d'augmentation de la capacité de transport (programme « Ouragan » i.e. Offre urbaine renouvelée et améliorée gérée par un automatisme nouveau) qui, en raison des difficultés rencontrées par l'industriel Alcatel Transports, n'a pas atteint les résultats escomptés intervalle minimal de 95 secondes entre deux trains après mise en service du prolongement, au lieu de 90 secondes prévues initialement, à comparer à 105 secondes avant mise en oeuvre du programme). La fréquentation du prolongement observée en 2009 est très proche de la prévision inscrite dans le dossier de déclaration d'utilité publique (DUP), bien que le prolongement réalisé se limite à deux nouvelles stations au lieu de trois initialement prévues. Le taux de rentabilité interne, calculé sur un périmètre identique i.e. le prolongement avec deux nouvelles stations, et en utilisant la méthodologie « STIF 1999 » pour les deux bilans, baisse de 14,9 % ex ante à 10,7 % ex post, essentiellement en raison d'une sous-estimation de l'investissement et d'une surestimation du report en provenance de la voiture particulière dans le dossier d'enquête publique. La mission du CGEDD a fait réaliser divers tests de sensibilité qui confirment la rentabilité pour la collectivité de cette opération (i.e. le taux de rentabilité interne est toujours supérieur à 8 %).

Commission supérieure de codification : vingt-huitième rapport annuel

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

Au cours de l'année 2017, la Commission supérieure de codification a tenu neuf réunions plénières et rendu onze avis : neuf sur le code de la commande publique ; un consacré au projet de code monétaire et financier outre-mer ; un portant sur le projet de recodification des dispositions relatives aux aides personnelles au logement. L'année 2018 devrait être mise à profit pour poursuivre les travaux consacrés au projet de code de la commande publique, prévu par la loi du 9 décembre 2016 relative à la transparence, à la lutte contre la corruption et à la modernisation de la vie économique. Toujours soucieuse de contribuer à la maintenance des codes, la Commission persiste à recommander que soit entreprise la refonte, en tout ou partie, des codes devenus au fil du temps avec les modifications qui y ont été apportées, d'un maniement et d'un usage difficiles. Le code de procédure pénale ou le code de l'entrée et du séjour des étrangers et du droit d'asile, qui sont d'application quotidienne par le public, l'administration et les juridictions, mériteraient particulièrement que soient engagés pareils travaux de maintenance.

Foncier agricole : accaparement ou investissement ? La nécessaire évolution des outils de régulation

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

La prise de contrôle par une société chinoise de plusieurs exploitations dans l'Indre a mis en évidence l'intérêt croissant des investisseurs pour l'activité agricole. Après en avoir proposé une définition, la mission constate que la France est, à ce jour, peu concernée par le phénomène d'accaparement et l'acquisition partielle de parts sociales; néanmoins, la tendance à la dissociation des facteurs de production se développe. La mission propose une meilleure valorisation des données disponibles par la création d'un observatoire des sociétés en agriculture, le contrôle des sociétés dans le cadre des schémas directeurs régionaux des exploitations agricoles. Elle note que l'ensemble des acteurs rencontrés a exprimé le besoin d'une mise à plat des fondements et outils de la politique foncière, qui devront être adossés à des choix clairs en termes de stratégie de filière, de valeur ajoutée et d'emploi.

Rapport à la commission supérieure des sites, perspectives et paysages du 14 juin 2018 - Projet de classement du site de la Haute-Chevauchée (Meuse)

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

Le massif de l'Argonne a été entre 1914 et 1918 le théâtre d'intenses batailles de tranchées entre l'armée allemande et les alliés. Le présent rapport propose le classement, au titre du critère historique, du site de la Haute-Chevauchée dans la Meuse, à trente kilomètres à l'ouest de Verdun. La Haute-Chevauchée fut durant quatre ans un champ de bataille particulièrement meurtrier, puisque 300 000 soldats de toutes nationalités y laissèrent la vie. Le site est emblématique non seulement de la guerre des tranchées, mais également de la guerre des mines. Géré par l'Office National des Forêts, il recèle encore aujourd'hui des traces importantes des combats qui s'y sont déroulés. Le périmètre du site, qui s'étend sur 580 hectares, englobe notamment un monument ossuaire et des cratères encore visibles de mines.

Rapport à la commission supérieure des sites, perspectives et paysages du 14 juin 2018 - Projet de site classé du col de La Bâthie et des lacs de la Tempête (Savoie)

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-19.

Le col de la Bâthie et les lacs de la Tempête sont situés en Tarentaise (Savoie). Après une révision drastique du périmètre initial, le présent rapport propose de donner un avis favorable au classement au titre des sites, sur le critère pittoresque, d'un territoire culminant à près de 2 700 mètres d'altitude, totalement préservé et situé sur les communes de La Bâthie et de Cevins. Le périmètre, d'une surface de près de 2 400 hectares, composé de deux vallées d'altitude qui se rejoignent dans une ravine étroite, englobe des paysages exceptionnels tels les lacs de la Tempête, la cascade du Bénétant, le col de la Bâthie - qui offre une vue spectaculaire sur le Mont-Blanc - et le bois des Grandes Ravines où coule le torrent du Bénétant. Le classement au titre des sites, porté par les acteurs locaux, permettra de poursuivre la protection de ces alpages ouverts qui ont déjà résisté à des projets d'implantation de stations de ski.

Transparency data: Infrastructure (Financial Assistance) Act 2012: annual report for year ending 31 March 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Report to Parliament under the Infrastructure (Financial Assistance) Act 2012: annual report for year ending 31 March 2018.

Corporate report: UKAEA Annual Report & Account 2017-18, HC 1449

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

UKAEA Annual Report & Accounts for 2017/18

Corporate report: DVSA annual report and accounts, 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) annual report and accounts of activity and services for 2017 to 2018.

Open consultation: Windrush compensation scheme

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

We are seeking your views on some of the important design features of a compensation scheme.

National Statistics: Statistics of scientific procedures on living animals, Great Britain 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-19.

Annual statistics relating to scientific procedures performed on living animals in accordance with Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des finances préparatoire au débat d'orientation des finances publiques (DOFP) pour 2019

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-18.

L'article 48 de la loi organique relative aux lois de finances (LOLF) prévoit qu'« en vue de l'examen et du vote du projet de loi de finances de l'année suivante par le Parlement, le Gouvernement présente, au cours du dernier trimestre de la session ordinaire, un rapport sur l'évolution de l'économie nationale et sur les orientations des finances publiques ». Le présent rapport d'information analyse les éléments transmis par le Gouvernement portant sur la programmation budgétaire et les principales lignes directrices du projet de loi de finances pour 2019.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication sur la formation à l'heure du numérique

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-18.

A l'ère du « tout data » et de l'essor de l'intelligence artificielle, quel statut, quelle place, quelle utilité pour l'Homme dans cet écosystème numérique ? C'est à cette question que tente de répondre le présent rapport d'information. La rapporteure passe en revue les différents défis associés à la révolution numérique (économiques, sociaux, stratégiques, démocratiques, éthiques et sociétaux). Pour répondre à ces défis, la rapporteure insiste sur l'éducation et la formation de l'ensemble des citoyens afin d'assurer leur montée en compétence numérique et de les sensibiliser aux enjeux de la digitalisation du monde. 36 propositions sont présentées, autour des objectifs suivants : mettre en place une stratégie nationale pour le numérique ; encourager la montée en compétence numérique de tous ; former les formateurs ; encourager l'orientation vers les métiers du numérique ; réussir la digitalisation des entreprises ; former des citoyens avertis et responsables ; apprendre à se servir des écrans et apprendre à s'en passer ; mettre le numérique au service de l'égalité ; défendre la souveraineté numérique française en matière d'éducation et de formation.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la délégation aux droits des femmes et à l'égalité des chances entre les hommes et les femmes sur le projet de loi renforçant la lutte contre les violences sexuelles et sexistes

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-18.

La délégation aux droits des femmes a souhaité centrer son programme de travail, pour la session 2017-2018, sur le sujet des violences faites aux femmes. A la suite d'un rapport d'information intitulé Prévenir et combattre les violences faites aux femmes : un enjeu de société , adopté le 12 juin 2018 et qui aborde ce sujet dans sa globalité - violences sexuelles, violences intrafamiliales, harcèlement, notamment en ligne… - la délégation a souhaité, par le présent rapport, apporter sa contribution au débat sur le projet de loi renforçant la lutte contre les violences sexuelles et sexistes. Ce rapport d'information pose notamment la question de l'adaptation de la définition pénale du viol lorsqu'il est commis par des personnes majeures sur de très jeunes victimes. Il est assorti de 22 recommandations pour mieux défendre les enfants contre les prédateurs sexuels, renforcer la protection des victimes de violences sexuelles, avec une attention particulière pour les femmes en situation de handicap, créer un délit autonome d'agissement sexiste et améliorer la prévention des violences.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes sur les relations entre l'Union européenne, la Serbie et le Monténégro

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-18.

Du 21 au 25 mai 2018, une délégation de la commission des affaires européennes du Sénat composée de son président, M. Jean Bizet, MM. Simon Sutour et Claude Kern, s'est rendue en Serbie puis au Monténégro. Prévue à quelques jours du Sommet des Balkans occidentaux, tenu à Sofia le 17 mai, cette mission est intervenue à un moment où l'attention des institutions européennes se concentre de nouveau sur les Balkans occidentaux. En effet, la Stratégie pour les Balkans, publiée par la Commission européenne le 6 février dernier, évoque la date de 2025 comme un horizon d'adhésion possible, confirmé par le paquet « élargissement » adopté le 17 avril. Toutefois, dans le même temps, à moins d'un an des élections européennes et face à la perspective du Brexit, la consolidation de l'Union européenne actuelle apparaît prioritairement avant d'envisager de nouveaux élargissements

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes sur les relations entre l'Union européenne, Israël et les Territoires palestiniens

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-18.

Le présent rapport d'information analyse l'évolution des relations entre l'Union européenne et Israël, d'une part, les territoires palestiniens, d'autre part. Concernant Israël, le rapport constate que « les succès de la coopération sur les terrains économique et scientifique contrastent avec un discours politique plus sévère, gelant toute perspective d'approfondissement ». Pour ce qui est des Territoires palestiniens, le rapport observe que la logique de subvention financière de l'Union européenne « peine aujourd'hui à se transformer en un véritable partenariat, autour de priorités préalablement définies ». Le rapport estime que cette situation de blocage invite à repenser la stratégie de l'Union européenne dans la région. La révision de la politique de voisinage mise en oeuvre depuis décembre 2015 doit donc constituer l'occasion d'une relance des discussions avec Israël, d'un côté, et les Territoires palestiniens, de l'autre.

Rapport d'information fait au nom du groupe de suivi sur le retrait du Royaume-Uni et sur la refondation de l'Union Européenne sur les négociations en vue du retrait du Royaume-Uni de l'Union européenne - Tome 2 : auditions

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-18.

Le groupe de suivi se prononce pour la deuxième fois sur le volet des négociations du Brexit à proprement parler, après une série d'entretiens à Paris, Dublin, Belfast et Londres, et après un premier rapport sur ce sujet en février 2017. Comme en 2017, le groupe de suivi est préoccupé par l'absence de résultat de la négociation et le nombre de sujets restant encore à trancher à quelques mois de la sortie du Royaume-Uni. L'hypothèse d'un « no deal », d'un échec des négociations, n'est toujours pas écartée à ce stade. Retrouvez le rapport du groupe de suivi en suivant ce lien.

Activité de la délégation parlementaire au renseignement pour l'année 2017 - rapport n° 424

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-18.

Rapport n° 424 de M. Philippe BAS, fait au nom de la Délégation parlementaire au renseignement : Activité de la délégation parlementaire au renseignement pour l'année 2017 (12 avril 2018)

Corporate report: Defence Science and Technology Laboratory annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-18.

Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

Notice: TW19 6AF, K L T Construction Limited: environmental permit application advertisement

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-18.

View the application submitted by K L T Construction Limited for K L T Construction Limited, Staines Upon Thames.

Corporate report: Office For Fair Access: annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-18.

The Office for Fair Access report and accounts for the financial year 2017 to 2018.

Corporate report: HEFCE annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-18.

Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018.

Corporate report: The Ombudsman's Annual Report and Accounts 2017-2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-18.

The Annual Report and Accounts 2017-2018 gives details of the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman's performance over the past 12 months.

Liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel - rapport n° 665

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-18.

Rapport n° 665 de Mme Catherine FOURNIER, sénatrice et M. Aurélien TACHÉ, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi pour la liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel (16 juillet 2018)

Haut comité d'évaluation de la condition militaire : 12ème rapport - La vie des militaires et de leur famille selon le lieu d'affectation

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-18.

En choisissant comme thème de leur 12e rapport « la vie des militaires et de leur famille selon le lieu d'affectation », les membres du Haut comité ont souhaité apporter un éclairage complémentaire à celui du 11e rapport relatif à la situation de la fonction militaire dans la société française. Ce rapport, remis au Président de la République le 22 juin 2018, est consacré aux réalités quotidiennes vécues par les militaires et leurs proches dans leur environnement local. Il rend compte de la diversité des situations rencontrées par les militaires et leur famille sur leur lieu d'affectation. Il présente les efforts déjà engagés pour mieux accompagner ces réalités et propose des axes de progrès visant à mieux répondre à l'hétérogénéité des situations locales.

Corporate report: Money Advice Service: annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-18.

The Money Advice Service has published its annual report and accounts for the year ended 31 March 2018.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des finances sur la disponibilité des hélicoptères du ministère des armées

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-07-17.

Alors que les crédits consacrés au maintien en condition opérationnelle (MCO) des hélicoptères des armées ont crû de plus de 56 % entre 2009 et 2017, seul un aéronef sur trois est disponible. Sur un parc total qui comprenaient 467 hélicoptères en 2017, 161 appareils étaient ainsi immobilisés dans l'industrie et 135 dans les forces. Les causes de cette indisponibilité sont multiples : une organisation du MCO des aéronefs complexe, un parc très hétérogène, des règles de navigabilité parfois inadaptées et excessives, des besoins structurels de maintenance aggravés par l'intensité des déploiements en opération extérieure (OPEX), des défaillances de la chaîne logistique, etc. Si des initiatives ont été prises ces dernières années, avec le lancement d'un « plan d'actions hélicoptères » (PAH) en 2014 et la réforme du MCO aéronautique en 2017, Dominique de Legge, rapporteur spécial des crédits de la mission « Défense » estime que ces efforts doivent être prolongés. Dans cette perspective, il formule quatorze recommandations s'articulant autour de trois axes : améliorer le pilotage financier du MCO ; renforcer l'efficacité du soutien opérationnel ; faire évoluer les relations avec les industriels.

Union européenne, Serbie, Monténégro : pour un avenir gagnant-gagnant - rapport d'information n° 661

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-17.

Rapport d'information n° 661 de MM. Jean BIZET, Claude KERN et Simon SUTOUR, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes : Union européenne, Serbie, Monténégro : pour un avenir gagnant-gagnant (12 juillet 2018)

Policy paper: Government response to report on genomics and genome editing in the NHS

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-17.

Command paper responding to the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee’s report ‘Genomics and genome editing in the NHS’.

Le volet méditerranéen de la politique de voisinage : le cas d'Israël et des Territoires palestiniens - rapport d'information n° 662

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-17.

Rapport d'information n° 662 de M. Simon SUTOUR, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes : Le volet méditerranéen de la politique de voisinage : le cas d'Israël et des Territoires palestiniens (12 juillet 2018)

Policy paper: Managing fiscal risks: government response to the 2017 Fiscal risks report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-17.

Managing fiscal risks provides a comprehensive account of the actions the government is taking to address the 57 risks outlined by the OBR.

Policy paper: Government Response to the Justice Committee's Seventh Report of Session 2017-19

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-16.

This document provides the Government Response to the Justice Committee's Seventh Report of Session 2017-19 on Small Claims Limit for Personal Injury.

État au service d'une société de confiance - rapport n° 658

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-16.

Rapport n° 658 de Mme Pascale GRUNY et M. Jean-Claude LUCHE, fait au nom de la commission spéciale, sur le projet de loi pour un État au service d'une société de confiance (11 juillet 2018)

Corporate report: SSRO Annual Report and Accounts 2017/18

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-16.

SSRO annual report and accounts for the year ending 31 March 2018.

Corporate report: Human Rights and Democracy Report 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-16.

Activity in 2017 by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and its diplomatic network to defend human rights and promote democracy worldwide.

Corporate report: Highways England 2017 to 2018 performance report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-16.

Secretary of State's report to Parliament on the performance of Highways England between 2017 and 2018.

Corporate report: Annual assessment of Highways England’s performance: April 2017 to March 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-16.

Third annual assessment of Highways England’s performance by the Office of Rail and Road (ORR).

Dialogue stratégique avec le Conseil de la Fédération de Russie : Actes de la réunion conjointe du 5 avril 2018 - rapport d'information n° 657

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-16.

Rapport d'information n° 657 de MM. Christian CAMBON, Président, Robert del PICCHIA, Mme Gisèle JOURDA, MM. Bernard CAZEAU, Jean-Noël GUÉRINI, Joël GUERRIAU, Mmes Sylvie GOY-CHAVENT et Christine PRUNAUD, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées : Dialogue stratégique avec le Conseil de la Fédération de Russie : Actes de la réunion conjointe du 5 avril 2018 (11 juillet 2018)

Corporate report: The English Institute of Sport Limited annual report 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-13.

The English Institute of Sport Limited annual report and financial statements 2017 to 2018.

Brexit : Une course contre la montre - Auditions - rapport d'information n° 660 tome II

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-13.

Rapport d'information n° 660 tome II de MM. Jean BIZET et Christian CAMBON, fait au nom du Groupe de suivi sur le retrait du Royaume-Uni et sur la refondation de l'Union Européenne : Brexit : Une course contre la montre - Auditions (12 juillet 2018)

Accord avec l'Autriche sur les personnes en situation irrégulière - rapport n° 653

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-13.

Rapport n° 653 de M. René DANESI, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'approbation de l'accord entre le Gouvernement de la République française et le Gouvernement fédéral autrichien relatif à la réadmission des personnes en situation irrégulière (11 juillet 2018)

Relations commerciales dans le secteur agricole et alimentaire - rapport n° 647

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-13.

Rapport n° 647 de M. Daniel GREMILLET, sénateur, Mme Anne-Catherine LOISIER, sénatrice et M. Jean-Baptiste MOREAU, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi pour l'équilibre des relations commerciales dans le secteur agricole et alimentaire et une alimentation saine et durable (10 juillet 2018)

Corporate report: Professional Standards Authority: annual report 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-13.

Review of professional regulation and registration and annual report and accounts for 2017 to 2018.

Accords avec la Moldavie, le Bénin, la Serbie et l'Albanie - rapport n° 655

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-13.

Rapport n° 655 de Mme Hélène CONWAY-MOURET, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'approbation des accords entre la France et la Moldavie, la France et le Bénin, la France et la Serbie et la France et l'Albanie relatifs à l'emploi salarié des membres des familles des agents des missions officielles de chaque État (11 juillet 2018)

Corporate report: Care Quality Commission annual report and accounts: 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-13.

The Care Quality Commission annual report and accounts for 2017 to 2018.

Rural–urban migration and income disparity in Tunisia: A decomposition analysis

By MohamedAmara , MohamedAyadi , HatemJemmali from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-07-13.

Abstract This paper investigates the main determinants of the welfare gap between rural–urban migrants and non‐migrants (both urban and rural) in Tunisia. The lack of data on the expenditure of migrant and non‐migrant households is overcome by applying the ELL (Elbers, Lanjouw and Lanjouw) methodology. The decomposition results show a positive welfare gains from rural‐to‐urban migration, especially among the younger generation born after the failure of the collectivism experiment in 1961. The education level of the household's head and the household's size appear as the main sources of the welfare gap. The unconditional quantile regression decomposition shows that the endowment effect contributes more to the welfare gap than the discrimination effect at the bottom part of the welfare distribution.

Évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique : Tableau comparatif - rapport n° 630 tome II

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-12.

Rapport n° 630 tome II de Mme Dominique ESTROSI SASSONE, fait au nom de la commission des affaires économiques, sur le projet de loi portant évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique : Tableau comparatif (4 juillet 2018)

Le parc d'hélicoptères des armées : une envolée des coûts de maintenance, une indisponibilité chronique, des efforts qui doivent être prolongés - rapport d'information n° 650

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-12.

Rapport d'information n° 650 de M. Dominique de LEGGE, fait au nom de la commission des finances : Le parc d'hélicoptères des armées : une envolée des coûts de maintenance, une indisponibilité chronique, des efforts qui doivent être prolongés (11 juillet 2018)

Les maisons de l'emploi : renforcer leur gouvernance et pérenniser leur financement pour une politique territoriale de l'emploi vraiment efficace - rapport d'information n° 652

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-12.

Rapport d'information n° 652 de M. Emmanuel CAPUS et Mme Sophie TAILLÉ-POLIAN, fait au nom de la commission des finances : Les maisons de l'emploi : renforcer leur gouvernance et pérenniser leur financement pour une politique territoriale de l'emploi vraiment efficace (11 juillet 2018)

Corporate report: PHE annual report and accounts: 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-12.

Public Health England's (PHE) annual report and accounts has been laid before Parliament today (12 July 2018).

Nomination et présence des parlementaires dans certains OEP - rapport n° 632

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-12.

Rapport n° 632 de MM. Loïc HERVÉ, sénateur et Sylvain WASERMAN, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur la proposition de loi visant à garantir la présence des parlementaires dans certains organismes extérieurs au Parlement et à simplifier les modalités de leur nomination (4 juillet 2018)

Corporate report: AHRC annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-12.

Activities and achievements of the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) from April 2017 to March 2018.

Brexit : Une course contre la montre - Rapport - rapport d'information n° 660 tome I

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-12.

Rapport d'information n° 660 tome I de MM. Jean BIZET et Christian CAMBON, fait au nom du Groupe de suivi sur le retrait du Royaume-Uni et sur la refondation de l'Union Européenne : Brexit : Une course contre la montre - Rapport (12 juillet 2018)

Le débat d'orientation des finances publiques pour 2019 - rapport d'information n° 649

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-11.

Rapport d'information n° 649 de M. Albéric de MONTGOLFIER, rapporteur général, fait au nom de la commission des finances : Le débat d'orientation des finances publiques pour 2019 (11 juillet 2018)

Sanctions en matière de concurrence en Polynésie française - rapport n° 634

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-10.

Rapport n° 634 de Mmes Catherine TROENDLÉ, sénateur et Catherine KAMOWSKI, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi ratifiant l'ordonnance n° 2017-157 du 9 février 2017 étendant et adaptant à la Polynésie française certaines dispositions du livre IV du code de commerce relatives aux contrôles et aux sanctions en matière de concurrence (4 juillet 2018)

Évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique : Rapport - rapport n° 630 tome I

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-10.

Rapport n° 630 tome I de Mme Dominique ESTROSI SASSONE, fait au nom de la commission des affaires économiques, sur le projet de loi portant évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique : Rapport (4 juillet 2018)

Libye : entre sortie de crise et tentation du statu quo - rapport d'information n° 605

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-10.

Rapport d'information n° 605 de MM. Cédric PERRIN, co-président, Rachel MAZUIR, co-président, Jean-Pierre VIAL et Mme Christine PRUNAUD, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées : Libye : entre sortie de crise et tentation du statu quo (27 juin 2018)

Immigration, droit d'asile et intégration - rapport n° 636

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-10.

Rapport n° 636 de M. François-Noël BUFFET, sénateur et Mme Elise FAJGELES, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi pour une immigration maîtrisée et un droit d'asile effectif (4 juillet 2018)

Menace terroriste : pour une République juste mais plus ferme - rapport n° 639

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-10.

Rapport n° 639 de Mme Sylvie GOY-CHAVENT, fait au nom de la commission d'enquête : Menace terroriste : pour une République juste mais plus ferme (4 juillet 2018)

Des comptes sociaux en équilibre instable - rapport d'information n° 627

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-09.

Rapport d'information n° 627 de M. Jean-Marie VANLERENBERGHE, Rapporteur général, fait au nom de la mission d'évaluation et de contrôle de la sécurité sociale et de la commission des affaires sociales : Des comptes sociaux en équilibre instable (4 juillet 2018)

Infractions au droit de l'Union - rapport n° 638

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-06.

Rapport n° 638 de M. François PILLET, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de résolution en application de l'article 73 quinquies du Règlement, sur la proposition de directive du Parlement européen et du Conseil COM (2018) 218 sur la protection des personnes dénonçant les infractions au droit de l'Union (E13046) (4 juillet 2018)

Règlement du budget et approbation des comptes de l'année 2017 : Exposé général et examen des articles - rapport n° 628 tome I

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-06.

Rapport n° 628 tome I de M. Albéric de MONTGOLFIER, rapporteur général, fait au nom de la commission des finances, sur le projet de loi de règlement du budget et d'approbation des comptes de l'année 2017 : Exposé général et examen des articles (4 juillet 2018)

Règlement du budget et approbation des comptes de l'année 2017 : Contributions des rapporteurs spéciaux - rapport n° 628 tome II

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-06.

Rapport n° 628 tome II de M. Albéric de MONTGOLFIER, rapporteur général, fait au nom de la commission des finances, sur le projet de loi de règlement du budget et d'approbation des comptes de l'année 2017 : Contributions des rapporteurs spéciaux (4 juillet 2018)

Utilisation encadrée du portable dans les écoles et collèges - rapport n° 624

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-06.

Rapport n° 624 de M. Stéphane PIEDNOIR, fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication, sur la proposition de loi relative à l'interdiction de l'usage du téléphone portable dans les écoles et les collèges (4 juillet 2018)

Recueil des notes de synthèse d'avril à juin 2018 - Étude de législation comparée n° 285

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-06.

Étude de législation comparée n° 285 : Recueil des notes de synthèse d'avril à juin 2018 (6 juillet 2018)

Évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique - avis n° 608

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-06.

Avis n° 608 de M. Patrick CHAIZE, fait au nom de la commission de l'aménagement du territoire et du développement durable, sur le projet de loi portant évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique (27 juin 2018)

Airbnb, Booking... : pour une régulation équilibrée et efficace - rapport d'information n° 587

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-05.

Rapport d'information n° 587 de Mmes Viviane ARTIGALAS et Patricia MORHET-RICHAUD, fait au nom de la commission des affaires économiques : Airbnb, Booking... : pour une régulation équilibrée et efficace (20 juin 2018)

L'adaptation locale de l'organisation territoriale, les rapports juridiques des collectivités territoriales entre elles et avec leurs groupements : actes du colloque du 15 mars 2018 - rapport d'information n° 579

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-05.

Rapport d'information n° 579 de M. Jean-Marie BOCKEL, Mme Françoise GATEL, MM. Éric KERROUCHE et Philippe MOUILLER, fait au nom de la délégation aux collectivités territoriales et à la décentralisation : L'adaptation locale de l'organisation territoriale, les rapports juridiques des collectivités territoriales entre elles et avec leurs groupements : actes du colloque du 15 mars 2018 (19 juin 2018)

Comprendre les blockchains : fonctionnement et enjeux de ces nouvelles technologies - rapport n° 584

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-05.

Rapport n° 584 de Mme Valéria FAURE-MUNTIAN, député, MM. Claude DE GANAY, député et Ronan LE GLEUT, sénateur, fait au nom de l'Office parlementaire d'évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques : Comprendre les blockchains : fonctionnement et enjeux de ces nouvelles technologies (20 juin 2018)

Actes du colloque du Sénat sur la réforme des retraites - rapport d'information n° 626

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-04.

Rapport d'information n° 626 de M. Alain MILON, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales : Actes du colloque du Sénat sur la réforme des retraites (4 juillet 2018)

Évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique - avis n° 606

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-03.

Avis n° 606 de M. Jean-Pierre LELEUX, fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication, sur le projet de loi portant évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique (27 juin 2018)

La surtransposition du droit européen en droit français : un frein pour la compétitivité des entreprises - rapport d'information n° 614

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-03.

Rapport d'information n° 614 de M. René DANESI, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes et de la Délégation aux entreprises : La surtransposition du droit européen en droit français : un frein pour la compétitivité des entreprises (28 juin 2018)

Vaincre le malaise des forces de sécurité intérieure : une exigence républicaine - rapport n° 612 tome II

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-03.

Rapport n° 612 tome II de M. François GROSDIDIER, fait au nom de la commission d'enquête : Vaincre le malaise des forces de sécurité intérieure : une exigence républicaine (27 juin 2018)

Vaincre le malaise des forces de sécurité intérieure : une exigence républicaine - rapport n° 612 tome I

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-03.

Rapport n° 612 tome I de M. François GROSDIDIER, fait au nom de la commission d'enquête : Vaincre le malaise des forces de sécurité intérieure : une exigence républicaine (27 juin 2018)

Liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel : Rapport - rapport n° 609 tome I

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-02.

Rapport n° 609 tome I de M. Michel FORISSIER, Mme Catherine FOURNIER, M. Philippe MOUILLER et Mme Frédérique PUISSAT, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales, sur le projet de loi pour la liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel : Rapport (27 juin 2018)

Le programme « Habiter mieux » - rapport d'information n° 399

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-07-02.

Rapport d'information n° 399 de M. Philippe DALLIER, fait au nom de la commission des finances : Le programme « Habiter mieux » (4 avril 2018)

Évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique - avis n° 604

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-29.

Avis n° 604 de M. Marc-Philippe DAUBRESSE, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi portant évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique (27 juin 2018)

Liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel : Tableau comparatif - rapport n° 609 tome II

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-29.

Rapport n° 609 tome II de M. Michel FORISSIER, Mme Catherine FOURNIER, M. Philippe MOUILLER et Mme Frédérique PUISSAT, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales, sur le projet de loi pour la liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel : Tableau comparatif (27 juin 2018)

Commuting time, public exposure and victimization: Evidence from Brazilian metropolitan regions

By RaulSilveira Neto , KlebsonMoura from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-29.

Abstract Routine activities theory establishes that the greater the exposure to public spaces with weak guardianship the higher the probability of being a victim of urban violence. Using a unique dataset for the year 2009 that includes all Brazilian metropolitan regions, we provide evidence for the causal effect of a long commute time on the chance of being a victim of violence in these urban centres. The set of evidence was obtained by applying propensity score matching techniques to create counterfactuals and is robust to different robustness checks and sensitivity analysis.

Lutte contre la fraude - rapport n° 602

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-29.

Rapport n° 602 de M. Albéric de MONTGOLFIER, fait au nom de la commission des finances, sur le projet de loi relatif à la lutte contre la fraude (27 juin 2018)

Lutte contre la fraude - avis n° 600

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-28.

Avis n° 600 de Mme Nathalie DELATTRE, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi relatif à la lutte contre la fraude (26 juin 2018)

Prévenir et combattre les violences faites aux femmes : un enjeu de société - rapport d'information n° 564

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-28.

Rapport d'information n° 564 de Mmes Laurence COHEN, Nicole DURANTON, M. Loïc HERVÉ, Mmes Françoise LABORDE, Noëlle RAUSCENT et Laurence ROSSIGNOL, fait au nom de la délégation aux droits des femmes et à l'égalité des chances entre les hommes et les femmes : Prévenir et combattre les violences faites aux femmes : un enjeu de société (12 juin 2018)

Prendre en main notre destin numérique : l'urgence de la formation - rapport d'information n° 607

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-28.

Rapport d'information n° 607 de Mme Catherine MORIN-DESAILLY, fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication : Prendre en main notre destin numérique : l'urgence de la formation (27 juin 2018)

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Porto on 28-29 June 2018

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-06-28.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, will be in Porto on 28-29 June 2018 to attend the Skills Summit 2018 “Skills for a Digital World”, organised by Portugal and the OECD.

Politique régionale européenne - rapport n° 594

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-27.

Rapport n° 594 de Mme Angèle PRÉVILLE, fait au nom de la commission de l'aménagement du territoire et du développement durable, sur la proposition de résolution en application de l'article 73 quinquies du Règlement, pour une politique régionale européenne ambitieuse au service de la cohésion territoriale (21 juin 2018)

Policy paper: Female Offender Strategy

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-16.

Ministry of Justice Female Offender Strategy for women in the criminal justice system.

Moving towards more cohesive and polycentric spatial patterns? Evidence from the Czech Republic

By OndřejMulíček , JiříMalý from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-27.

Abstract Territorial cohesion discourse represents normative and ideological vision of ideal spatial practices that should be applied in order to ensure balanced and polycentric spatial development. However, spatial diversity of existing territorial settings often diverge from political representations of spaces. Using the Czech Republic as a case study, the paper focuses on the development of urban system hierarchy by analysing the changes of work‐commuting flows in the post‐socialist period. The results show that the configurations of everyday spatial routines and functioning of real urban systems differ from political imaginaries to a great extent and are moving towards a more polarized pattern.

Politique régionale européenne - rapport n° 593

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-26.

Rapport n° 593 de M. André REICHARDT, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, sur la proposition de résolution en application de l'article 73 quinquies du Règlement, pour une politique régionale européenne ambitieuse au service de la cohésion territoriale (21 juin 2018)

Lutte contre les violences sexuelles et sexistes - rapport n° 589

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-25.

Rapport n° 589 de Mme Marie MERCIER, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi renforçant la lutte contre les violences sexuelles et sexistes (20 juin 2018)

La commission d'indemnisation des victimes de spoliations antisémites : vingt ans après, redonner un élan à la politique de réparation - rapport d'information n° 550

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-25.

Rapport d'information n° 550 de M. Marc LAMÉNIE, fait au nom de la commission des finances : La commission d'indemnisation des victimes de spoliations antisémites : vingt ans après, redonner un élan à la politique de réparation (6 juin 2018)

Liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel - avis n° 591

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-22.

Avis n° 591 de M. Laurent LAFON, fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication, sur le projet de loi pour la liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel (20 juin 2018)

LA RELANCE DE l'EUROPE : LE TEMPS PRESSE ; Suivi des recommandations du groupe de suivi du Sénat sur le retrait du Royaume-Uni et la refondation de l'Union européenne - rapport d'information n° 592

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-22.

Rapport d'information n° 592 de MM. Jean BIZET et Christian CAMBON, fait au nom du Groupe de suivi sur le retrait du Royaume-Uni et sur la refondation de l'Union Européenne : LA RELANCE DE l'EUROPE : LE TEMPS PRESSE ; Suivi des recommandations du groupe de suivi du Sénat sur le retrait du Royaume-Uni et la refondation de l'Union européenne (20 juin 2018)

Programmation militaire pour les années 2019 à 2025 - rapport n° 581

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-22.

Rapport n° 581 de MM. Christian CAMBON, sénateur et Jean-Jacques BRIDEY, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi relatif à la programmation militaire pour les années 2019 à 2025 et portant diverses dispositions intéressant la défense (19 juin 2018)

Lutte contre les violences sexuelles et sexistes : Projet de loi renforçant la lutte contre les violences sexuelles et sexistes : contribution au débat - rapport d'information n° 574

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-22.

Rapport d'information n° 574 de Mmes Annick BILLON, Laurence COHEN, Laure DARCOS, Françoise LABORDE, Noëlle RAUSCENT et Laurence ROSSIGNOL, fait au nom de la délégation aux droits des femmes et à l'égalité des chances entre les hommes et les femmes, sur le projet de loi renforçant la lutte contre les violences sexuelles et sexistes : Projet de loi renforçant la lutte contre les violences sexuelles et sexistes : contribution au débat (14 juin 2018)

Accords internationaux relatifs aux services aériens - rapport n° 585

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-21.

Rapport n° 585 de M. Bernard FOURNIER, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'approbation de l'accord entre la France et l'Ouzbékistan relatif aux services aériens, de l'accord entre la France et le Kazakhstan relatif aux services aériens et de l'accord entre la France et la Côte d'Ivoire relatif aux services aériens (20 juin 2018)

Natural disasters, economic growth and spatial spillovers: Evidence from a flash flood in Brazil

By Ricardo Carvalho de AndradeLima , Antonio Vinícius BarrosBarbosa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-21.

In this paper, a flash flood that occurred in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina in 2008 is used to investigate the existence of spatial spillovers from natural disasters in geographically‐linked areas. In order to do so, we estimated a Difference‐in‐Differences model that explicitly allows for the existence of spatial interactions within affected and unaffected regions. Our results show that municipalities directly affected by the flood suffered an 7.6% decrease in GDP per capita in the year of the disaster. Three years after the flood, however, GDP per capita rebounded back to pre‐disaster levels in all sectors but the Agricultural sector. Finally, our spatial estimations show that spillovers exist and are economically relevant.

Médicaments innovants : consolider le modèle français d'accès précoce - rapport d'information n° 569

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-06-20.

Rapport d'information n° 569 de M. Yves DAUDIGNY, Mmes Catherine DEROCHE et Véronique GUILLOTIN, fait au nom de la mission d'évaluation et de contrôle de la sécurité sociale et de la commission des affaires sociales : Médicaments innovants : consolider le modèle français d'accès précoce (13 juin 2018)

Um elevador social quebrado? Como PORTUGAL compara?

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-06-15.

Um elevador social quebrado? Como PORTUGAL compara?

A broken social elevator? Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-06-15.

A broken social elevator? Key findings for Portugal

A look behind the curtain: Measuring the complex economic effects of regional structural funds in Germany

By JonathanEberle , ThomasBrenner , TimoMitze from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-15.

Abstract This paper investigates the mutual impact channels of Germany's major regional policy instrument (GRW) on regional economic development. Different from earlier studies which have predominately focused on a partial assessment of output effects, we explicitly endogenize the factor inputs of the underlying production function. This allows us to comprehensively assess the role of the GRW in driving per capita output, employment, human and physical capital intensities as well as the region's technological growth. The results from a spatial panel vector autoregressive model show that GRW funding has significant positive effects on regional output, the employment rate and human capital intensity.

The regional effects of international migration on internal migration decisions of tertiary‐educated workers

By MarianManic from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-14.

Abstract This study is a departure from the classic analysis of the effect of international migration on human capital. Using original data from a nationally representative survey in Moldova, we employ discrete choice and count‐data models to evaluate the effect of international migration on the likelihood that “left‐behind” household members with tertiary education migrate domestically. Thus, we propose an original framework of identifying a causal relationship between international and internal migration. The main findings support the hypothesis that international migration leads to an increase in the preference for urban jobs of tertiary‐educated left‐behind household members with peripheral rural origins.

Issue information

By from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-08.

No abstract is available for this article.

A qualitative exploration of arts‐based neighbourhood revitalization: The case of ‘The Space at 2106 Main’ in West Tampa, Florida

By StephenBuckman , MaraLatorre , M. MartinBosman , NeveenNawawy , BominKoh from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-23.

Abstract As cities are compelled to compete for new sources of investment and revenue, arts‐based economic development strategies have become the norm. The purpose of this paper is to revisit and reevaluate some of the conventional claims about the arts as an important economic development strategy by exploring a case study called “The Space at 2106 Main” in a rapidly gentrifying neighbourhood called West Tampa. The results of this study suggest that the arts are indeed assuming a greater role in economic policy under the auspices of West Tampa community redevelopment areas (CRA) and the direct actions of various arts related entrepreneurs. The results however, point to a mixed picture that raises difficult questions about the medium to long‐term effects of this urban redevelopment strategy, especially on the poor and mostly minority residents of West Tampa.

Wage returns to interregional mobility among Ph.D graduates: Do occupations matter?

By BarbaraErmini , LucaPapi , FrancescaScaturro from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-11.

Abstract This paper addresses the wage returns to interregional mobility among Italian Ph.D workers. We control for selection bias in both migration and occupation choice by estimating a double sample selection model. While OLS estimates indicate a positive wage premium of mobility across all types of occupations examined, wage equations estimated by correcting for double sample selection evidence a wage penalty for movers within academia, no effects for movers carrying out R&D activities but positive returns if they work within the industry sector. The selection process appears to be stronger when mobility choice is considered in comparison to the choice of occupation.

Industrial relatedness and regional resilience in the European Union

By GiulioCainelli , RobertoGanau , MarcoModica from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-10.

Abstract The 2008 Great Recession prompted interest in the concept of regional resilience. This paper discusses and empirically investigates the relationship between industrial relatedness and economic resilience across European Union regions over the 2008–2012 crisis period. The analysis focuses on two types of industrial relatedness: technological and vertical (i.e., market‐based). The empirical analysis is performed on a sample of 209 NUTS 2 regions in 16 countries. Our results highlight a positive effect of technological relatedness on the probability of resilience in the very short run (i.e., the 2008–2009 period), while the negative effect of vertical relatedness seems to persist for longer.

The determinants of elderly migration in France

By AlexandraSchaffar , MichelDimou , El MouhoubMouhoud from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-09.

Abstract The aim of this paper is to study elderly migration in France. First, it analyses whether the decision to migrate relies upon individual characteristics. Second, it examines the ways in which the economic, social and environmental characteristics of the French territories determine the retirees' choice of localization. The paper draws upon a unique database of 12.67 million French inhabitants, with information about their personal attributes and locational choices from 2003 to 2008. It also uses an original database with locational characteristics for the French territories at the level of the 364 zones d'emploi. This is the only study on regional migration in France which builds upon such a thin spatial level of analysis. The paper builds empirical probit and Heckman models dealing with selection bias and endogeneity bias issues. The paper shows that retirees usually leave large agglomerations and old industrial areas in Northern France and the Paris agglomeration and relocate to socially and environmentally attractive zones with preferable climates. When studying the migration patterns within the zones d'emploi, it appears that the most vulnerable zones, which display a lower quality of collective services as well as higher income disparities and crime rates, feature lower elderly residential mobility.

Emerging specializations, competences and firms' proximity in digital industries: The case of London

By FrancescoLosurdo , AlessandroMarra , ErnestoCassetta , UmbertoMonarca , IvanoDileo , VittorioCarlei from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-08.

Abstract In order to overcome the limitations of defining industrial specializations in digital industries through SIC codes, this paper suggests measuring the specializations and competences of these industries on the basis of the degree of digital technologies present in the products and services supplied. Metadata from CrunchBase are employed, as proxies of firms' specializations and competences which are defined as the fields of activity in which firms are involved. Applying a network analysis, these specializations and competences are linked to the recognition of emerging digital technologies and the strongest combinations of products and services. We tested the proposed methodology on London, a leading centre for the digital economy.

Portugal should improve adult learning to boost growth and social cohesion

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-05-04.

Portugal’s investments in education and skills in recent decades are paying off for young people but many adults are falling behind. With a rapidly aging population and a growing skills divide between generations, Portugal needs to further strengthen its adult-learning system, according to a new OECD report.

Territorial determinants and NUTS 3 regional performance: A spatial analysis for Italy across the crisis

By IolandaLo Cascio , FabioMazzola , RosaliaEpifanio from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-30.

Abstract This paper analyses the differential impact of several territorial determinants of the economic performance of Italian provinces (NUTS 3 level). as measured by per capita GDP, export and employment growth from 1999 to 2014. It covers both the pre‐crisis and the crisis period and stresses the role of geographical proximity in shaping local performance over a wide set of explanatory variables. In order to do so, we employ, firstly, a spatial Durbin model which enables us to discriminate between direct and indirect effects and to highlight the possible contagion or crowding‐out spatial effects for each territorial dimension affecting growth. Then, we extend the analysis by allowing for the possibility of two regimes (pre‐crisis and post‐crisis). The performance of the provinces before and during the crisis relates to specific territorial components and geographic proximity appears to influence differently the results and their interpretation.

Historical urban growth in Europe (1300–1800)

By RafaelGonzález‐Val from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-27.

Abstract This paper analyses the evolution of the European urban system from a long‐term perspective (from 1300 to 1800). Using the method recently proposed by Clauset, Shalizi, and Newman, a Pareto‐type city size distribution (power law) is rejected from 1300 to 1600. A power law is a plausible model for the city size distribution only in 1700 and 1800, although the log‐normal distribution is another plausible alternative model that we cannot reject. Moreover, the random growth of cities is rejected using parametric and non‐parametric methods. The results reveal a clear pattern of convergent growth in all the periods.

Taxing Wages: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-26.

Portugal had the 13th highest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2017. The country had the 12th highest position in 2016. The average single worker in Portugal faced a tax wedge of 41.4% in 2017 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.

Adjustment mechanisms of Greek regions in export activity during the economic crisis of 2008–2012

By MariaTsiapa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-26.

Abstract Under the deep and protracted recession that plagues the Greek regions, exports have shown some positive signs of resilience. This paper explores through a spatial econometric analysis of SUR models, first, the changes that occurred in exports by the (NUTS 3 level) regions for the period 2008–2012 to offer resistance against the crisis and to stimulate growth, which entail expansion of export demand, improvement in the quality of agricultural products, deeper specialization in broad low‐technology sectors and simultaneous increases in the variety inside these sectors and second, the ability of exports to transfer their growth gains to the broader economy.

The role of government in regentrification

By KuzeyYilmaz from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-26.

Abstract Regentrification has been a controversial and often debated topic since it was first observed in the late 1960s. This paper expands the understanding of regentrification through the development of a new hybrid Tiebout‐Alonso model that explicitly introduces: (i) public transportation as an alternative mode of commute to automobile and (ii) a detailed modelling of housing and land demand so that the size of housing driven force against that of opposing commuting driven force is in line with the empirical estimates of existing literature. We find that government policies (school district boundary alteration, taxes and subsidies for commuters) have substantial effects on the degree of regentrification and concentration of poverty around central cities.

A spatial decomposition of the shift‐share components of labour productivity inequality in Italy

By MauroMussini from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-19.

Abstract This paper explores the components of aggregate labour productivity inequality between Italian regions from 2000 to 2013. The Gini index of inequality in aggregate labour productivity is decomposed, showing the extent to which sector productivity differentials and differences in industry‐mix contribute to regional productivity inequality. In addition, the contribution of the interaction between differences in industry‐mix and sector productivity differentials is revealed by the decomposition. Each of these contributions to inequality is measured by considering the spatial dimension of regional inequality, since the contributions of inequality between non‐neighbouring regions and inequality between neighbouring regions are separated.

The regionalization of national input‐output tables: A study of South Korean regions

By Anthony T.Flegg , TimoTohmo from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-19.

Abstract This paper uses survey‐based data for 16 South Korean regions to refine the application of Flegg's location quotient (FLQ) and its variant, the sector‐specific FLQ (SFLQ). These regions vary markedly in terms of size. Especial attention is paid to the problem of choosing appropriate values for the unknown parameter δ in these formulae. Alternative approaches to this problem are evaluated and tested. Our paper adds to earlier research that aims to find a cost‐effective way of adapting national coefficients, so as to produce a satisfactory initial set of regional input coefficients for regions where survey‐based data are unavailable.

Migration and institutional quality across Italian provinces: The role of human capital

By ClaudioDi Berardino , DarioD'Ingiullo , DavideQuaglione , AlessandroSarra from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-17.

Abstract A recent literature strand has emphasized the importance of international migration on the institutional quality of sending and receiving countries. On the contrary, there is no evidence of the effects of intra‐national, interregional mobility on government quality, a phenomenon which is particularly relevant in countries affected by significant internal dualism. Using a system generalized method of moments (SYS‐GMM) estimator on a 2004–2012 panel dataset, this paper empirically investigates the relationship between internal net‐migration and institutional quality of Italian provinces. The findings show that migration has a relevant and positive effect on the quality of institutions only when the human capital content is taken into account.

EU regional development policy and territorial capital: A systemic approach

By UgoFratesi , GiovanniPerucca from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-17.

Abstract The territorial capital of regions is an important determinant of growth, but also of the impact of EU Cohesion Policy. First, because it can act as a filter, enhancing the impact of regional policies. Second, the latter can help building territorial capital which, in turn, will foster regional development. This work analyses the medium and long‐run relationship between the territorial capital of EU NUTS 3 regions and Cohesion Policy using data from the programming period 2000–2006. Results point out complementarities between different territorial assets of regions and the impact of EU regional policy: Cohesion Policy effectiveness is higher when investments are focused on the assets complementary to those already abundant in the region.

Research Fellowships and Conference Sponsorship

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-16.

The Co-operative Research Programme (CRP)'s Call for Applications for conference sponsorship and research fellowships for funding in 2019 is now OPEN. The CRP supports work on sustainable use of natural resources in agriculture, forests, fisheries and food production.

Location decisions of enterprise R&D investments as a function of related and unrelated regional industry structures: A multilevel study

By JarleAarstad , Olav AndreasKvitastein , Stig‐ErikJakobsen from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-16.

Abstract Despite that previous studies have examined factors that affect location decisions of enterprise R&D investments, they have not investigated if regional industry structures play a role. Responding to this research gap, we analyse data from Norway and find that location in regions with unrelated, diversified, and fragmented industry structures increases both the probability and amount of enterprise R&D investments. Location in regions with related and complementary industry structures, on the contrary, has no effect. We further find that location in populous regions spanning a large geographical area increases the probability of enterprise R&D investments.

Taxation of household savings: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-12.

This note presents marginal effective tax rates (METRs) that summarise the tax system’s impact on the incentives to make an additional investment in a particular type of savings. By comparing METRs on different types of household savings, we can gain insights into which assets or savings types receive the most favourable treatment from the tax system.

Disparities in exploitative and exploratory patenting performance across regions: Focusing on the roles of agglomeration externalities

By Bo KyeongLee , So YoungSohn from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-03-24.

Abstract We try to identify the determinants of regional variation in both exploitative and exploratory innovative competencies. Hereby, we focus on how a knowledge‐creation mechanism with specialized externalities differs from one with diversified externalities. Innovative competence in the US is measured by local patenting performance; exploitative and exploratory patenting performances are distinguished by the degree of backward citation. Based on the extended knowledge‐production function, including the two agglomeration externalities, our findings show that specialized externalities are associated with exploitation, while diversified externalities are positively related with both exploration and exploitation, regardless of industrial sectors.

Measuring Tax Support for R&D and Innovation - country profiles

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-03-06.

The 2017 OECD R&D tax incentive country profiles provide detailed information on the design features and cost of tax provisions used by countries to incentivise R&D performance by businesses, reporting on both long-term and recent trends.

By diversion rate alone: The inconsistency and inequity of waste management evaluation in a single‐indicator system

By BarbaraCavalletti , MatteoCorsi from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-02-28.

Abstract Local waste management is commonly evaluated according to performance indicators that have been shown to be weakly or even negatively correlated. If the metrics of waste management are not treated as a multi‐indicator system, evaluations will reflect indicator selection rather than the actual sustainability of waste management. We discuss the drawbacks of single‐indicator evaluations through the case of Italy, where recent national and regional legislation on waste taxation is largely based on municipal diversion rate. We show that the main assumption for making diversion rate the discriminant between good and bad environmental performances is untenable. Furthermore, we provide evidence that the use of a single parameter has a sizeable regressive effect in the distribution of the tax burden between municipalities.

Taxing Energy Use 2018: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-02-14.

This note describes the taxation of energy use in Portugal. It contains the country’s energy tax profiles, followed by country-specific information to complement the general discussion in Taxing Energy Use 2018 (OECD, 2018).

Historical and current spatial differences in female labour force participation: Evidence from Germany

By MichaelWyrwich from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-02-13.

Abstract Female labour force participation (FLFP) increased significantly in the 20th century. Nevertheless, there are persisting spatial differences in FLFP. Using data from Germany, this paper demonstrates that regional differences in the degree of industrialization in the 1920s explain spatial variation in FLFP at that time and almost 100 years later. The latter finding is not explained by persisting industry structures. Additionally, there is evidence that regions with historically high FLFP have a higher social acceptance of working women. Together these results suggest that policies to increase FLFP should account for the historical context of each region.

KIBS as both innovators and knowledge intermediaries in the innovation process: Intermediation as a contingent role

By RichardShearmur , DavidDoloreux from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-30.

Abstract The role of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) in innovation processes is often understood as that of knowledge intermediaries. Yet KIBS are innovators, and use external services: so what is their nature (or identity) and can it be distinguished from the roles they play? We conceptualize how KIBS can be understood simultaneously as innovators and intermediaries. We survey 407 KIBS innovators, and ask: what characterizes KIBS innovators that use KIBS intermediation? What factors are connected with different aspects of this relationship? Is the relationship conditioned by geographic context? The relationship varies with type of innovation introduced and with user characteristics, but not with geographic context.

Two countries, sixteen cities, five thousand kilometres: How many housing markets?

By RyanGreenaway‐McGrevy , ArthurGrimes , MarkHolmes from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-24.

Abstract We examine whether a single (dynamic) housing market exists across 16 cities within Australia and New Zealand. The two countries are closely integrated but cities are up to 5,000 kilometres apart. A single housing market exhibits a common set of forces determining the long run real house price path in all cities. A strong (weak) form occurs when an innovation affects house prices across all cities to an equal (unequal) degree. The 16 cities comprise a weak form single housing market with significant spatial and dynamic complexities. Three city groups emerge with a natural interpretation in terms of economic and spatial characteristics.

Impact of macro‐structural reforms on the productivity growth of regions: Distance to the frontier matters

By SabineD’Costa , Jose EnriqueGarcilazo , JoaquimOliveira Martins from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-11.

Abstract Using a panel of 265 regions from 24 OECD countries from 1997 to 2007, we explore the impact of nation‐wide macroeconomic and structural policies on the productivity growth of subnational regions. We find that average relationships between nation‐wide policies and regional productivity growth can hide strong differentiated effects according to the distance to the frontier: relaxing employment protection legislation on temporary contracts, lowering barriers to trade and investment and increasing trade openness enhances productivity growth in lagging regions, whereas reducing barriers to entrepreneurship or higher levels of government debt has a positive effect on regions closer to the productivity frontier.

Implementation of European Cohesion Policy at the sub‐national level: Evidence from beneficiary data in Eastern Germany

By BiankaDettmer , ThomasSauer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-09.

Abstract Regional governments’ discretion in allocating structural funds is limited by the competences of the European Commission to control fiscal activities of decentralized governments. Regional political behaviour and the complexity of the implementation process shape the policy outcome. Who benefits from structural funds? In this paper, we analyse implementation of ERDF funds in East Germany in the financial perspective 2007 to 2013. We find that less rural regions and some economic sectors benefit by more than others. A few beneficiaries control the highest share of the funds. The Gini coefficients vary by group of actor and show high inequality in the distribution of the funds. This indicates that a few actors have better access to the funds than others.

A spatial panel data analysis of China's urban land expansion, 2004–2014

By YingchengLi , WeitingXiong from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract Drawing upon a panel dataset on China's state‐owned construction land supply at the prefecture level, this paper adopts the spatial panel data model to investigate the existence of spatial dependence in the mechanisms behind China's urban land expansion from 2004 to 2014. The empirical results show that China's urban land expansion has been mainly influenced by a quadruple process of urbanization, industrialization, globalization and decentralization. The strong existence of spatial dependence in China's urban land expansion can be reflected by the significant coefficient estimates of the spatial lags of both the dependent variable and independent variables.

Territorial cohesion under pressure? Welfare policy and planning responses in Austrian and Swedish Peripheries

By ElisabethGruber , DanielRauhut , AloisHumer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract Austria and Sweden were both relatively unaffected by the economic crisis, challenges of the provision of welfare still exist, at least in peripheries. Economic downturn and outmigration have limited demands and increased the costs for services of general interest. This paper aims to discuss welfare policy and planning strategies for peripheries from a planning cultural sensitive perspective. It will answer how much the value of territorial cohesion is under pressure for peripheries in traditional welfare states, identifying a mismatch between policy levels. The results indicate a stepwise mainstreaming of competitiveness goals in favour of urban regions, leaving the challenges of peripheries to policy responses of single municipalities.

Spatial interactions in property tax policies among Italian municipalities

By ChiaraBocci , ClaudiaFerretti , PatriziaLattarulo from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-20.

Abstract This paper aims to estimate, through the use of a spatial model, the determinants of fiscal policies on property tax adopted by Italian municipalities in 2014, to assess the existence of strategic interactions influencing their revenue decisions and, finally, to investigate the possible sources of such tax mimicking. The analysis evaluates the impact of political and socio‐economic variables on the local policy decisions and confirms that the choices on property tax are influenced by the neighbouring municipalities’ behaviour. With regard to the tax mimicking sources, results highlight that the imitative behaviour among municipalities on their tax policy is determined mainly from spillover effects, with a decreasing effect in relation to municipal size.

Government at a Glance

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-12-19.

Government at a Glance provides a dashboard of key indicators to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.

The geography of social capital and innovation in the European Union

By JesúsPeiró‐Palomino from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-19.

Abstract This paper assesses the role of the associational activity dimension of social capital in regional innovation for 257 EU 28 regions in the pre‐crisis (2000–2007) and the crisis (2008–2012) period. The analysis is carried out using flexible non‐parametric kernel regressions, which allow for exploring heterogeneity across space and over time. The results show that effects widely differ across regions, but no differences are found between periods. In particular, the largest effects are found for less developed and transition regions from the periphery. In contrast, for most of the developed regions in the core of Europe the impact is non‐significant. These results might be useful for policy design in the H2020 framework.

Does climate matter? An empirical study of interregional migration in China

By LiGao , Abdoul G.Sam from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-19.

Abstract This study focuses on the role of local climate conditions in spurring interregional migration in China over the period 2000 to 2010. We developed a robust empirical approach based on a correlated random effects model and a prefecture‐level panel dataset which allows us to account for both within province migration flows and prefecture‐specific characteristics. Empirical results reveal that climate conditions are important determinants of migration in China. Specifically, prefectures with warmer winter, cooler summer, and more available sunshine are more attractive to migrants. Economic factors such as income level and employment opportunities are also important drivers of population growth.

Human capital and market size

By CeciliaVives from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-17.

Abstract This paper studies how the size of the labour market affects workers' decisions to invest in human capital. We consider a model of mismatch where firms rank workers according to their level of skills. The matching process operating in the market has the property that the job finding probability of workers depends on market size, market tightness and their ranking. The model is consistent with several facts highlighted in empirical studies: in bigger markets the distribution of human capital is more unequal and the returns to skill are higher.

Knowledge externalities and firm heterogeneity: Effects on high and low growth firms

By MarkusGrillitsch , MagnusNilsson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-15.

Abstract Knowledge externalities affect high and low growth firms differently. This paper develops two theoretical arguments. The knowledge equilibrium argument postulates that knowledge externalities weaken high growth firms for the benefit of low growth firms until performance differences vanish. The knowledge competition argument proposes that high growth firms are better positioned to identify, attract, and integrate knowledge, thereby expanding the performance gap between high and low growth firms. Based on 188,936 observations of 32,736 Swedish firms from 2004 to 2011, it is analysed whether knowledge externalities enable high growth firms to surge ahead or low growth firms to catch up.

Is there a relationship between TELs and default? Evidence from US municipalities

By John A.Dove from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-06.

Abstract The economic effects of tax and expenditure limits (TELs) have been often studied in the literature. However, little research has addressed how TELs might influence the propensity for a jurisdiction to default on its obligations. This study specifically fills that void. Overall, the results indicate that while the likelihood of default increases as TELs become more restrictive, the magnitude is not particularly large. Once decomposed, it would appear that property tax limits increase the likelihood, while expenditure limits have the opposite effect, though the latter result is insignificant. The findings are robust to a number of specifications and provide potential policy implications.

Area‐specific subsidies and population dynamics: Evidence from the Australian zone tax offset

By NathanKettlewell , OlegYerokhin from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-29.

Abstract This paper studies the effect of the zone tax offset (ZTO), a place based income subsidy implemented in rural Australia since 1945. The policy was intended to improve the welfare of inhabitants and provide an incentive for settlement. Our empirical approach exploits the geographical discontinuity in the eligibility for the subsidy to identify its causal effect on population growth. Using data on population by locality from the historical censuses we find that the ZTO had a positive but only temporary effect on population growth in the targeted areas.

Revenue Statistics: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-23.

The tax-to-GDP ratio in Portugal decreased by 0.2 percentage points, from 34.6% in 2015 to 34.4% in 2016. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.3 percentage points from 34.0% to 34.3% over the same period.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 - highlights by country

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-22.

These notes present selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 - Portugal highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-22.

This note presents selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.

The interconnections between socio‐spatial factors and labour market integration among Arabs in Israel

By IlanShdema , Hisham M.Abu‐Rayya , IzhakSchnell from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-17.

Abstract The current study investigated labour market integration of Arabs in Israel using Schnell et al.'s () global segregation/integration index (GSI) that assesses minorities’ socio‐spatial integration in multi‐ethnic contexts. The merit of this approach lies in being multifaceted and systematically incorporating socio‐spatial spheres. The study also conducted structured interviews with the respondents (n = 142), and employed GPS loggers to track their weekly movements. GSI socio‐spatial indicators emerged significantly associated with integration in the labour market, with movement in space being the prominent. The study signifies the socio‐spatial approach's application to the study of minorities’ labour market integration in metropolitan areas.

How's life in Portugal?

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-14.

This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2017.

Agglomeration of creative industries: An intra‐metropolitan analysis for Barcelona

By EvaColl‐Martínez , Ana‐IsabelMoreno‐Monroy , Josep‐MariaArauzo‐Carod from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-07.

Abstract In this paper we analyse the intensity and extent of agglomeration and co‐agglomeration of creative industries (CIs) in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (MAB). To do so, we use firm‐level geo‐located data to calculate distance‐based M and m functions of agglomeration and co‐agglomeration. Our results show that CIs are relatively more agglomerated than non‐CIs at short distances, and that each individual CI sector displays high levels of agglomeration (especially symbolic‐based sectors). Also, the co‐agglomeration of CIs and Non‐CIs is only observed for micro‐firms and that there is significant co‐agglomeration among symbolic‐based CI sectors. Finally, we confirm the role of the city‐centre of Barcelona as a magnet for CIs.

Migration and occupational careers: The static and dynamic urban wage premium by education and city size

By MartinKorpi , William A.V.Clark from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-06.

Abstract Using matched employer‐employee full population data on regional migrants in Sweden, this paper addresses the question whether the urban wage premium, and ‘thick’ labour market matching effects, are to be found across all educational groups, and whether the population threshold for these types of effects varies by educational category. Estimating initial wages, average wage level and wage growth 2001‐2009, we find similar wage premiums for all workers in the three largest metropolitan areas, but that there are distinct population thresholds for these type of effects, regardless of educational background. However, job search behaviour as explaining dynamic effects over time seems to pertain mostly to those with higher education.

The role of social capital in regional innovation systems: Creative social capital and its institutionalization process

By CristinaAragón Amonarriz , CristinaIturrioz , LoreaNarvaiza , Mario DavideParrilli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-27.

Abstract In the literature on regional innovation systems, one strand of study has identified a number of gaps that limit the efficiency and effectiveness of regional innovation systems, including so‐called ‘managerial gaps’, ‘structural holes’, ‘innovation gaps’, and ‘valleys of death’. Our project aims to demonstrate how social capital, in a creative tension that balances bonding and bridging elements, may contribute to reducing these specific gaps identified in the regional innovation systems literature. This perspective is analysed within a particular context: the Mondragon Cooperative Group in the Basque Country.

Overlapping labour market areas based on link communities

By YicheolHan , Stephan J.Goetz from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-11.

Abstract Many urban areas around the world have expanded from monocentric to polycentric regions forming larger hierarchical structures. These regions represent functional regions or labour market areas (LMAs) that are classified as groups of counties representing mutually exclusive, non‐overlapping geographies. In practice, however, a county may belong to multiple overlapping LMAs. To model this overlapping across urban hierarchies, we extend the link community method from network theory and apply it to US commuting data. Our proposed approach reliably identifies the LMAs that we would expect to find as well as core and periphery areas within them.

Ethnic minority concentration: A source of productivity growth for Italian provinces?

By AlessandraMichelangeli , NicolaPontarollo , GiuseppeVittucci Marzetti from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-11.

Abstract This paper aims at assessing the contribution of ethnic minorities to the (total and sectoral) productivity of Italian provinces. We consider the first ten nationalities by numbers of legal immigrants at the provincial level (NUTS 3) 2003–2011. We estimate a spatial panel model to capture both direct and indirect effects of foreign communities on local productivity at the province level, accounting for spatial spillovers. Our findings show that two communities out of the ten considered have a direct positive impact on aggregate labour productivity. Other foreign groups have significant indirect effects: these groups do not affect productivity of provinces where they live, but mainly of the neighbouring provinces, likely because of commuting.

Accessibility at the household level using the Structural Accessibility Layer: A forecast of potential future travel behaviour based on self‐selection of residential location

By XavierAlbacete from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-05.

Abstract The current paper analysis the differences in accessibility categories at the household level and by lifecycle changes by using the Structural Accessibility Layer. Results are evaluated from spatial, numerical and qualitative perspectives. Main findings show differences in residential preference by a single‐person household, couple without children and households with children for different potential accessibility categories. This paper provides evidence that external factors influence the population to move from public transport into car‐based mobility. Finally, we observe areas categorized as suitable for both walking and public transport mobility presenting low population density and residential development of those areas is suggested.

An interpretation of the changes in demographic behaviour at a sub‐national level using spatial measures in post‐socialist countries: A case study of the Czech Republic and Slovakia

By BranislavBleha , PavolĎurček from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-03.

Abstract The transformation of fertility and family behaviour in post‐socialist countries was quick and the changes were striking. An account of the changes is the subject of dispute and the mechanisms have still not been explained in a fully satisfying manner. Relatively little attention has been paid to the changes in spatial aspects concerning the broadening of changes in family behaviour. The aim of this paper is to answer the question as to whether changes spread stochastically in post‐socialist countries or if there are obvious spatial patterns. The study tries to answer the questions whether there are any cores of changes which may be understood as innovations, if there is any spatial clustering and if the extent is hierarchically arranged.

The effect of ICT adoption on labour demand: A cross‐region comparison

By MohamedGoaied , SeifallahSassi from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-03.

Abstract This paper assesses the information and communications technologies (ICT)‐labour relationship from a macroeconomic perspective to clarify some ambiguity regarding the overall employment effect of ICT adoption in the short and long term. For that, we use two panel data techniques, generalized method of moments (GMM) and the pooled mean group model (PMG), on a large sample of developing and developed countries, covering five regions, during the period from 1990–2015. Our findings provide evidence that the overall impact of ICT adoption is labour saving in the short term, and this adverse effect still carries on in the long run, inducing higher structural unemployment. The displacement of the labour market induced by ICT adoption is real, persistent, and universal. Policy‐makers should facilitate the transition of labour from old to new jobs and reduce the period of adaptability.

The role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms

By SamTavassoli , CharlieKarlsson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-09-29.

Abstract This paper analyses the role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms. Using the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced firms' innovative behaviour from 2002 to 2012, in terms of four Schumpeterian types of innovation: product, process, organizational, and marketing. Controlling for an extensive set of firm‐level characteristics, we find that certain regional characteristics matter for innovation persistency of firms. In particular, those firms located in regions with: (i) thicker labour market or (ii) higher extent of knowledge spillover exhibit higher probability of being persistent innovators up to 14 percentage points. Such higher persistency is mostly pronounced for product innovators.

Where are the artists? Analysing economies of agglomeration in Castile and León, Spain

By IvánBoal , Luis CésarHerrero from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-09-28.

Abstract The creative economy has become the subject of increasing interest in recent years, both in economic development studies and the analysis of spatial disparities. Various studies have examined the spatial logics of cultural and creative industries, although analyses into the location and agglomeration of artists therein remain few and far between. The present work thus seeks to explore the location and spatial structure of the cultural sector in a Spanish region, focusing specifically on the purest artistic activities and using micro‐spatial disaggregation. Spatial econometric techniques are used to identify location patterns, pinpoint territorial activity clusters and to measure agglomeration economies.

Portugal: Digital Transformation of the Public Sector - OECD E-Leaders meeting

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-09-21.

The 2017 edition of the OECD E-Leaders meeting will discuss how governments can best adapt to the growing role of advanced technologies in service delivery. Delegates will discuss the implications of the digital transformation in governments, including the skills base, the data infrastructure and approaches to the commissioning of ICT goods and services.

Do local subsidies to firms create jobs? Counterfactual evaluation of an Italian regional experience

By GiuseppePorro , ValentinaSalis from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-09-20.

Abstract A counterfactual analysis is performed to evaluate the impact on employment of four programmes providing financial incentives to firms in Lombardy (Italy) between 2008 and 2013. While linear estimates suggest that the programmes have positive effects on short‐run employment growth when incentives are sufficiently high, a non‐parametric analysis shows that the policy is, on the whole, ineffective and that the results in linear models are due to small groups of outliers, which received very high subsidies. Data allow for a short run analysis only, but the results cast some doubts on the policy effectiveness also in a medium‐long run perspective.

The determinants of foreclosures: Evidence from the Spanish case

By Josep MariaRaya from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-09-12.

Abstract This paper aims to identify the determinants of foreclosures in Spain, a country that not only has the highest foreclosure rate in Europe, but in which foreclosures have also become a major social and political issue. Using a unique dataset, we obtained the determinants of both the foreclosure‐to‐population ratio and the probability that a home would end in foreclosure. Evidence that deteriorating loan quality and short‐term liquidity constraints are the main drivers of foreclosures was obtained. Through urban inequality, foreclosures have exacerbated segregation and divergence among neighbourhoods.

Free‐rider behaviour under voluntary amalgamation: The case of setting the long‐term care insurance premium in Japan

By KatsuyoshiNakazawa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract This study confirms free‐rider behaviour of pre‐merger municipalities in the case of voluntary amalgamation. The novel contribution of this study is dividing pre‐merger municipalities into two groups: those that had the chance to free ride when setting the long‐term care insurance premium and those that did not. Moreover, it focuses on the revision of the long‐term care insurance premium as the target of free‐rider behaviour. Therefore, the present study is able to capture free‐rider behaviour before the amalgamation. The regression results confirm that only pre‐merger municipalities that had the chance to free ride showed free‐rider behaviour.

From sources of financial value to commons: Emerging policies for enhancing public real‐estate assets in Italy

By AlessiaMangialardo , EzioMicelli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract Enhancing public real‐estate assets has been at the centre of a lively debate in Italy. Public policies have focused on the supply‐side, assuming that private demand was ready to develop assets. Yet with the decline in the real‐estate market, conditions have greatly changed. Italian authorities begun to experiment new approaches to enhance public assets by supporting the grass‐roots participation. The aim of this research is to determine the conditions that can predict the successful outcome of bottom‐up value creation dynamics in public real‐estate properties. Through a multivariate statistical analysis, the study proposes an interpretation of the elements that determine the successful outcome of bottom‐up processes.

Territorial governance and proximity dynamics. The case of two public policy arrangements in the Brazilian Amazon

By EtiennePolge , AndréTorre from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract Using social network and proximity‐based approaches, this paper analyses the effect of two territorial governance arrangements implemented in the Amazonian region in the framework of ‘The Territories of Citizenship’ programme, which aims to promote interaction and collaboration between the various actors of rural development. In the Amazon region, the great distances between actors made their interactions difficult. Our study reveals, however, that those distances are not insurmountable obstacles to collaboration. Indeed, the measures implemented in the framework of territorial policies promote communication between the different actors of the territories, thus allowing for the development and reinforcement of organized proximity.

Aumentar as qualificaçŏes em Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-08-28.

Não obstante o progresso significativo conseguido, melhorar as competências e as qualificações continua a ser um dos principais desafios que Portugal enfrenta para aumentar o crescimento, os níveis de vida e o bem-estar.

Raising skills in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-08-28.

Despite significant progress made, improving skills remains one of Portugal’s key challenges for raising growth, living standards and well-being.

Unconventional wisdom: Estimating the economic impact of the Democratic and Republican national political conventions

By Lauren R.Heller , Victor A.Matheson , E. FrankStephenson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-15.

Abstract We use daily hotel occupancy, price, and revenue data to analyse the economic impact of the 2008 and 2012 Democratic and Republican national conventions. We find that political conventions generate approximately 29,000 room nights of lodging, though this figure is partially offset by lower hotel occupancy during the week before and, to a lesser extent, after conventions. Conventions increase hotel revenue by approximately $20 million on average, a figure which suggests that host cities’ claims of economic impacts of $150 million or more may be implausible.

Differentiated mixed duopoly and decentralization in a two‐city model

By KosukeOshima from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-08.

We investigate a differentiated mixed duopoly with two cities where a public firm and a private firm are located in different cities. We find that in most cases the privatization level is higher under centralization (the national or regional government owns the public firm) than under decentralization (a city government owns the public firm). In particular, under decentralization, the public firm is fully owned by the city government if the substitutability of differentiated goods is relatively high. While the social welfare is higher under centralization, the welfare of the city with the public firm is higher under decentralization in most cases.

More on decentralization and economic growth

By HenryAray from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-07-19.

This article casts new evidence on the effects of decentralization on economic growth. Based on the literature on the effects of institutions on the economy, such effects are assumed to accrue through total factor productivity (TFP). Five variables to capture decentralization are proposed in order to overcome the recent criticisms of the empirical approaches regarding the proper measures of variables capturing decentralization. Panel data for the regions of Spain over the 1986–2010 period are used. In general, the results show that the financial autonomy and the share of regional investment in public infrastructure seem to positively affect the economic growth of Spanish regions. However, a negative effect is found for a proxy for the number of responsibilities transferred to the regions. Moreover, empirical evidence provided for three sub‐sample periods could be suggesting that the Spanish state might be around the optimal level of decentralization. Results are fairly robust to different estimation methods and measures of TFP, regardless of the assumption of constant returns to scale.

Informal work in Poland – a regional approach

By DagmaraNikulin , AnetaSobiechowska‐Ziegert from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-07-16.

Abstract In our paper we try to combine the theories explaining the prevalence of informal work, using a regional approach. Reviewing the literature, we observe that, there is no evidence to confirm that the relationships that occur in cross‐country comparisons remain significant when we use regional data and analyse cross‐regional variations. Our general question is therefore whether there is simply more informal work in less‐developed regions, as the modernization theory asserts. Our analysis concludes that there is limited correlation between the prevalence of informal work and a region's level of development, whereas there is a significant positive autocorrelation between the extent of informal work in the analysed voivodships in Poland.

Value‐added effects of transit‐oriented development: The impact of urban rail on commercial property values with consideration of spatial heterogeneity

By HaitaoYu , HaoPang , MingZhang from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-07-07.

Abstract This study investigates the impact of the Austin MetroRail on commercial property values. Spatial Durbin models (SDM) suggest a modest price premium associated with rail transit across the study area. A premium gradient is also presented at different distance tiers from stations. When it comes to transit‐oriented development (TOD), a synergistic effect in enlarging the premium is found: with additional $9.0/ft2, $8.6/ft2 and $5.3/ft2 at 0.25 mi, 0.25–0.5 mi and 0.5–0.75 mi, respectively. Furthermore, geographically weighted regression shows the premium is significantly higher in central business district (CBD) and TOD areas. Such recognition of the heterogeneous price effect is of use in the design of project financing and TOD strategies.

The demand for gambling in Italian regions and its distributional consequences

By LucaGandullia , LuciaLeporatti from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-18.

Abstract In recent years, the Italian gambling market has exploded, leading Italy to become the largest European gambling market and the fourth largest worldwide but the literature on the topic is still limited. This study analyses gambling demand across Italian regions in order to detect how the socio‐economic status of a region impacts the demand for different games. The results reveal that the consumption of each game is unevenly distributed across the northern and southern regions and that gambling products are generally regressive at a regional level; inconsistences emerged between central and sub‐national competences in the organization of the market.

Economic drivers and specialization patterns in the spatial distribution of Framework Programme's participation

By Nicola FrancescoDotti , AndréSpithoven from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-15.

Abstract While R&D activities are known for being unevenly distributed across space, how EU policy contributed to their regional dynamics is less explored. Since the 1980s, the EU Framework Programmes (FP) have promoted and supported transnational R&D projects through open and highly competitive calls for funding driven by ‘scientific excellence’ regardless of location. This paper aims to show the drivers of this spatial distribution and evolution of FP participations, arguing that this depends on cumulative effects of regional economic development and growth, while scientific specialization rarely is the best strategy to improve regional competitiveness in terms of FP participations.

OECD Employment Outlook 2017 - Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-06-13.

Unemployment has fallen faster in Portugal than on average across OECD countries. However, at 9.8% in April 2017, it remains above its pre-crisis level in 2007, as well as significantly above the OECD average (5.9%).

Revisiting the importance of border effect in sub‐national regions. Evidence from a quasi‐experimental design

By JacintBalaguer , JordiRipollés from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-07.

Abstract Literature provides significant border effects on consumer prices even for sub‐national regions. Nevertheless, Gorodnichenko and Tesar showed that the evidence from the usual methodology could be illusory if there is cross‐regional heterogeneity in the distribution of within‐region price differentials. We designed a quasi‐experiment that, using a transport fuel dataset, is applied to the Spanish regions. We found that, despite controlling for regional tax divergences, price differences remained critically dependent on regions. However, results suggest that the presence of borders per se is practically negligible to explain the lack of regional integration. Factors underlying the distribution heterogeneity are responsible for this.

The performance of non‐survey techniques for constructing sub‐territorial input‐output tables

By Giuseppe RicciardoLamonica , Francesco MariaChelli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-02.

Abstract This study is a contribution to the ongoing debate on the performance of various non‐survey techniques for constructing sub‐territorial input‐output tables. Three aspects of the behaviour of the methods are analysed: performances in reproducing ‘true’ input coefficients, variability of error, and direction of bias. The analysis uses real data and in particular the world input‐output table. The most important aspect that emerges from the analysis is that even though simple location quotient (SLQ) has been identified as one of the most robust methods, its performance drops when confronted with Input Output Tables characterized by a high percentage of technical coefficients close to zero. Also the cross industry location quotient (CILQ), the semi logarithmic location quotient (RLQ), the symmetric cross industry location quotient (SCILQ) methods behave in a similar way. On the contrary, the performance of the methods the Flegg location quotient (FLQ) for δ = 0.2 and the Augmented Flegg location quotient (AFLQ) for 0.2 ≤ δ ≤ 0.3 are not affected by this situation.

Wage compensation for fly‐in/fly‐out and drive‐in/drive‐out commuters

By DusanParedes , JuanSoto , David A.Fleming from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-30.

Abstract The fly‐in/fly‐Out (FIFO) or, drive‐in/drive‐out (DIDO) labour system is a long‐distance commuting work arrangement to attract workers towards remote mineral or fossil fuel extraction areas, where they work in shifts and then return to their usual place of residence located in a different region. Along with more and cheaper transportation alternatives, the use of FIFO/DIDO systems have importantly increased in last decades around the world, which has translated to FIFO/DIDO systems operating even when already established cities are present in extractive regions. This paper uses the case of Chile, one of the most important mining countries in the world, to explore whether and in what extent these labor systems influence wage compensations. We find that FIFO/DIDO commuters obtain an average wage compensation of 2.4 per cent per commuted hour.

Urban spatial structure in OECD cities: Is urban population decentralising or clustering?

By PaoloVeneri from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-30.

Abstract This paper presents an analysis of urban spatial structure and its trends in the OECD between 2001 and 2011, by using a standardized definition of functional urban areas (FUAs) in 29 OECD countries. The prevalent trend is an increasing decentralization of the population, with growth taking place outside existing cores, but close to them. Overall, results are consistent with a pattern of contiguous growth. The population has grown more in relatively low‐density locations close to the main centres. Closeness to sub‐centres also proves to be a strong advantage for growth and suggests the emergence of new centralities shaping urban spatial structures.

The transfer of development rights as a tool for the urban growth containment: A comparison between the United States and Italy

By Anna MariaColavitti , SergioSerra from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-24.

Abstract In recent years many countries all over the world adopted a variety of preservation tools and market‐oriented solutions to contain land consumption. Among these countries Italy slowly began to incorporate the principles of the free market into the urban planning programmes. The United States Transfer of development rights programmes (TDR) represent a reference point for a market‐based approach in the field of environmental preservation policies. In this paper we compared the criteria successfully adopted by the US TDR programmes to the specifications adopted by the municipal plans of three important Italian cities (Milan, Rome and Florence) and we discussed their efficacy to control the urban growth.

A stochastic independence approach for measuring regional specialization and concentration

By ChristianHaedo , MichelMouchart from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-23.

This paper proposes an integrated framework for discussing issues related to regional concentration, sectorial specialization and overall localization by considering these concepts as a row‐column association– or non‐independence– in a two‐way contingency table ‘regions × sectors’. This is the approach of stochastic independence, in which the degree of concentration, or of specialization, is measured by discrepancies among distributions: between profiles and a uniform distribution for absolute concepts; between profiles and the corresponding marginal distribution for relative concepts; or between the joint distribution and the product of the marginal distributions for overall localization. This paper discusses the benefits of this integrating approach, particularly for the practitioner facing a multifaceted literature.

Participatory democracy: Portugal’s new frontier

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-05-17.

Democracy is a living organism; it is made by and for the people. And encouraging more people to participate surely strengthens democracy.

Location and research activities organization: Could public/private cooperation be harmful?

By Marie‐LaureCabon‐Dhersin , EmmanuelleTaugourdeau from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-05.

This paper investigates the organization and the distribution of research activities between nearby public and private laboratories. In a three‐stage game, the ‘size’, ‘locationprime and ‘research effortprime are determined under the assumption that public spillovers depend on the location of the private laboratory. We compare two scenarios in which the research efforts are decided either cooperatively or non‐cooperatively. We show that for particular levels of subsidy granted to the public lab, higher funding favours spatial proximity and increases the total research effort in the cooperative case, while it diminishes the total effort in the non‐cooperative one. Moreover, compared with the non‐cooperative case, research cooperation: (i) may increase the distance between the two laboratories; (ii) makes the public laboratory smaller; (iii) increases the total research effort; but (iv) is detrimental to the payoff of the whole research sector.

The impact of a high‐speed railway on residential land prices

By HiroshiKanasugi , KoichiUshijima from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-04-27.

Abstract By using the case of the high‐speed railway scheduled to open in 2027 in Japan, this study examines whether the value of transport innovation is capitalized in land prices immediately after the construction plan is announced. We adopt a hedonic approach to measure value, using balanced panel data on residential land prices from 2008 to 2015 in Japan. We find that residential land prices where the time distance to the Tokyo metropolitan area reduces rose, except where the population is decreasing. This result implies that the benefits are capitalized in land prices when demand to shorten the time distance exists.

On clusters and industrial districts: A literature review using bibliometrics methods, 2000–2015

By FranciscoGarcía‐Lillo , EnriqueClaver‐Cortés , BartoloméMarco‐Lajara , MercedesÚbeda‐García , PedroSeva‐Larrosa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-04-18.

Abstract The present research work shows the results obtained in an analysis of the existing literature about one of the ‘topics’ which arouses more interest among economists, geographers, theorists of business organization and strategic management or the actual officials in charge of territory arrangement and planning: that of clusters or industrial firm or groupings. More precisely, a total of 1,344 research papers published in different journals in the areas of economy, management, business, planning and development, urban studies and geography during the period 2000 and 2015 were analysed for the purpose of trying to identify and visualize the intellectual structure or knowledge base of the research developed about the aforementioned phenomena. As for the methodology utilized, of a quantitative nature, it is based on the use of bibliometric techniques – in particular, of document co‐citation analysis (DCA) – and of social networks analysis.

How does distance to urban centres influence necessity and opportunity‐based firm start‐ups?

By NiclasLavesson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-03-31.

Abstract This paper seeks to understand how distance to urban centres influences necessity and opportunity‐based firm start‐ups. The results show that closeness to urban centres is not necessarily beneficial for firm start‐ups. On the contrary, regions further away from urban centres of any size experience more firm start‐ups. One explanation of this result is that regions experience spatial protection from urban competition. However, regions located further away from larger‐sized urban centres experience less firm start‐ups due to such remoteness. One explanation of this finding is that remote regions cannot access the agglomeration benefits that larger cities offer. This supports the view that rural regions draw on urban resources but only on those from larger agglomerations.

Institutional quality and the growth rates of the Italian regions: The costs of regulatory complexity

By GiuseppeDi Vita from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-03-31.

Abstract In this paper we study the impact of regulatory complexity, a measure of institutional quality, on the GDP, on per capita income and on the growth rate of the Italian regions. For comparative reasons we also use the duration of civil disputes as a further indicator of institutional quality used in the regressions as an alternative to the indicator of regulatory complexity. From the theoretical point of view, we use the approach of negative co‐ordination externalities, among the four sources of regulatory production that are at work at the same time. Our approach may be applied in all the countries with a multi‐level government system. Using the random effects and quantile regressions models we are able to quantify the effects of an improvement in institutional quality on the GDP and the growth rate, making a comparison between the results obtained using regulatory complexity or the duration of civil disputes as covariates. We also check for spatial dependence among variables. Econometric analysis supports the theoretical assumption that regulatory complexity is an impediment to the growth of regional GDP and per capita income. The main finding of our analysis is that a reduction in regulatory complexity would be more effective than a reduction in the duration of civil disputes in increasing the income and growth rate. This result could be useful for the policy‐maker because by reducing regulatory complexity we may obtain a considerable by‐product in the shorter duration of civil disputes.

Going the distance: The effects of university – secondary school collaboration on student migration

By JörgRaab , JorisKnoben , LudmillaAufurth , BramKaashoek from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-02-15.

Abstract In this paper, we analyse the effect of policy induced collaboration between secondary schools and higher education institutes (HEIs) on student flows in the Netherlands in the area of science and technology. We show that the policy intervention was not only effective but compared to other possible policy measures also quite efficient. We further demonstrate that the strength of collaboration between HEIs and secondary schools significantly reduces the negative effect of geographical distance on the number of students migrating from a particular secondary school to an HEI.

The great urban techno shift: Are central neighbourhoods the next silicon valleys? Evidence from three Canadian metropolitan areas

By ChloéDuvivier , MarioPolèse from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-02-08.

Abstract A growing literature highlights the emergence of central techno neighbourhoods; however, does this mean that suburban techno districts are designed to decline? We examine the spatial dynamics (1996–2011) of computer service employment, subset of the new economy, in Canada's three largest metropolises using GIS and econometric techniques. The evidence is largely consistent with a growing weight of central neighbourhoods, especially in Montreal and Vancouver, although in all three cities, suburban techno clusters have continued to grow. The econometric results point to the higher weight of neighbourhood environment variables, including indicators of ‘coolness’, as predictors of computer service employment location.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Portugal on 6 February 2017

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-02-06.

The Secretary-General presented the OECD Economic Survey of Portugal and held bilateral meetings with Prime Minister António Costa and several ministers.

Portugal: Successful reforms have underpinned economic recovery

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-02-06.

The Portuguese economy is gradually recovering from a deep recession thanks to a broad structural reform agenda that has led to rising economic growth, falling unemployment and remarkable progress in export performance.

The structure and dynamics of population migration among economic areas in the United States from 1990 to 2011

By ZengwangXu from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-30.

Abstract This study constructs the population migration networks among economic areas in the United States for every consecutive year from 1990 to 2011, and examines their structural properties and population migration dynamics. Various aspects of the structural properties of the networks are explored, including the connectivity, clustering, assortativity and centrality. It was found that these structural properties are mediated by migration dynamics and inter‐area distance, and the patterns of varying structural properties across areas of different connectivity reveal the hub‐and‐spoke structure of the networks. It is evident that there exists tremendous complexity in migration connectivity and dynamics in the US internal migration system.

Are local public services better delivered in more autonomous regions? Evidence from European regions using a dose‐response approach

By AndreaFilippetti , GiovanniCerulli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-30.

Abstract Does regional autonomy lead to better local public services? We investigate this issue using measures of public service performance and autonomy at the region level in 171 European regions. We introduce a novel dose‐response approach which identifies the pattern of the effect of regional autonomy on the performance of public services. The relationship between the level of regional autonomy and the provision of local public services exhibits a u‐shape: both low and high autonomy lead to better local public services. This speaks against the presence of one optimal level of autonomy and policy recommendations based on the view that more decentralisation is always desirable. It shows that different institutional settings can be economically viable and efficient.

Multilevel empirics for small banks in local markets

By FrancescoAiello , GraziellaBonanno from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-22.

Abstract Small banks are embedded in narrow markets and hence benefit from proximity to their customers. By referring to multilevel approach, this paper evaluates how much the performance of Italian mutual co‐operative banks is determined by geographical and individual characteristics. The effect of local markets explains 28.27 per cent of bank heterogeneity in the empty multilevel model and 33 per cent in the most extended model. Moreover, it is found that efficiency increases with market concentration and demand density but decreases with branching in local markets.

Portugal should build on reforms to boost job creation

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-01-19.

Comprehensive reforms to Portugal’s labour market between 2011 and 2015 have helped create jobs and reduce the country’s high unemployment rate but important challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Labour market reforms in Portugal 2011-2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-01-19.

This report has been elaborated by the OECD in very close collaboration with the Portuguese government and, in particular, the Ministry of Labour. A final version was submitted to the government in late December 2016 and it is expected to be released in Lisbon on the 19th of January 2017.

(Un)related variety and employment growth at the sub‐regional level

By MatthiasFirgo , PeterMayerhofer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-06.

Abstract Empirical results on the link between growth and diversity in (un)related industries proved to be highly dependent on the specific regional, temporal and econometric context. Using highly disaggregated employment data at the sub‐regional level, we find that higher employment growth in Austria is mainly linked to unrelated variety. However, in‐depth analyses by sectors and regional regimes illustrate substantial heterogeneity in the results, with services and a large number of relatively small non‐urban regions driving the overall results. Thus, our findings argue against structural policy conclusions based on assessments neglecting the specific sectoral and regional context.

Do urban casinos affect nearby neighbourhoods? Evidence from Canada

By HaifangHuang , Brad R.Humphreys , LiZhou from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-30.

We analyse the effect of new casinos on nearby neighbourhoods using data from casinos opened in Canada between 1986−2007. We find no evidence linking casino openings to nearby population growth or changes in residents' income, composition by age, gender, marital status, and home ownership status. We find evidence of negative casino effects on the growth of housing values and rent. The effect is substantial near casinos, a nearly 8 percentage‐point loss in the growth of home values over 5 years, but has limited influence and dissipates quickly over distance. The estimated effect on housing rents is comparable in terms of standard deviation.

Firm location, interaction, and local characteristics: A case study for Madrid's electronics sector

By MiguelGómez‐Antonio , StuartSweeney from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-28.

Abstract We use geo‐referenced establishment data to estimate parameters of a Gibbs model. The statistical model is used to decompose the conditional intensity of the spatial point process into trend and interaction components. The trend captures covariates related to firms' costs, accessibility to public transport infrastructures, to technical universities and to cultural and recreational facilities. The ability to specify a Geyer interaction component captures the existence of additional spillovers providing a deeper insight into inter‐establishment spatial dynamics. The results challenge some of the outcomes of the inter‐urban industrial location literature, confirming that spatial aggregation compromises results in studies of business location. Firms' location decisions are dominated by site costs, with transportation costs being much less of a consideration; universities geographical knowledge spillovers are confirmed for large establishments; and amenities are unlikely to be important location factors.

Long‐run processes of geographical concentration and dispersion: Evidence from Germany

By WolfgangDauth , MichaelaFuchs , AnneOtto from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-16.

This paper analyses the evolution of geographical concentration in German manufacturing and service sectors over a long time period. Drawing on detailed plant data of 187 industries from 1980 to 2010, we corroborate previous studies and observe substantial concentrations in both sectors. However, we also document a secular trend of deconcentration over three decades, even in knowledge‐intensive industries. By constructing counterfactual distributions, we show that the underlying mechanisms differ across sectors. Dispersion of manufacturing industries is driven by closing or contracting plants within industrial agglomerations, while dispersion of the service sector is fostered by the creation of new plants.

The role of R&D collaboration networks on regional knowledge creation: Evidence from information and communication technologies

By Cilem SelinHazır , JamesLeSage , CorinneAutant‐Bernard from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-13.

We investigate how R&D networks impact regional innovation, considering alternative connectivity structures based on co‐publications, co‐inventions and projects supported by the EU‐FP. Patent activity impacts on ICT during 2003–2009 for 213 European regions are quantified using a spatial Durbin model. Findings indicate that local knowledge flows to proximate regions are influenced by: proximate regions that are not collaboration partners, proximate collaboration partners, and distant collaboration partners. Evidence on the role of distant collaboration partners is found only for co‐invention networks.

PISA 2015 key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-12-06.

This country note presents student performance in science, reading and mathematics, and measures equity in education in Portugal. The interactive charts allow you to compare results with other countries participating in the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).

Geography, market potential and industrialization in Italy 1871–2001

By VittorioDaniele , PaoloMalanima , NicolaOstuni from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-05.

Abstract This paper deals with industrialization in Italy between 1871 and 2001, and is based on data on the labour force per province (NUTS 3) from population censuses. Particular attention is devoted to long‐term trends and North–South disparities. After the analysis of the geographic spread of industry and its changes, we test the role of access to markets on the distribution of the labour force in manufacturing. The results show that access to markets played a main role in Italian industrialization and in the evolution of inequalities among Northern and Southern regions.

Revenue Statistics 2016: Country highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-11-30.

This annual publication presents detailed country notes and internationally comparable tax data for all OECD countries from 1965 onwards.

Consumption Tax Trends 2016: Country highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-11-30.

This publication provides detailed country notes on Value Added Tax/Goods and Services Tax (VAT/GST) and excise duty rates in OECD member countries.

Spatial spillovers in US wholesale gasoline markets

By OlegKucher , J. WesleyBurnett , DonaldLacombe from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-25.

Abstract This paper analyses how oil industry‐related activities in neighbouring gasoline markets affect local markets. Our contribution consists of applying spatial econometric models to better understand pricing behaviour in US gasoline markets and the spatial phenomena unique to this particular industry. We find that neighbouring state‐level gasoline price variation explains a large portion of the variation of in‐state (or local) gasoline prices. Consistent with intuition, the empirical results imply that wholesale gasoline prices are positively affected by state and federal‐level gasoline content regulations. Further, our results suggest that changes in state‐level wholesale gasoline prices respond to both in‐state and neighbouring‐state inventory levels.

Retail productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy

By ÖzgeÖner from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-17.

Abstract How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non‐central markets.

Agglomeration, (un)‐related variety and new firm survival in China: Do local subsidies matter?

By AnthonyHowell , CanfeiHe , RudaiYang , C. CindyFan from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-14.

We study empirically the effects of five different dimensions of agglomeration – specialization, diversity, related variety, unrelated variety, and city size – on the survival chances of new entrepreneurial firms in China. Consideration is further given to studying the mediating effects of local subsidies on new firm survival given different existing local industrial structures in those regions. In support of the ‘regional branching’ hypothesis, we find that increasing local related variety has a stronger positive effect on new firm survival than other types of agglomeration. We also find that receiving comparatively fewer subsidies motivates firms to seek out and benefit from local existing economies, which in turn, positively influence their chances of survival. By contrast, agglomerated firms that receive relatively more subsidies tend to be more likely to face financial distress leading to eventual market exit. The findings thus reveal that both the intensity and the location of state support matters in terms of optimizing positive agglomeration effects on firms' post‐entry performance and survival.

Venture capital: The effect of local and global social ties on firm performance

By KatjaBringmann , ThomasVanoutrive , AnnVerhetsel from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-11.

Firm financing literature has been dominated by a relatively ‘undersocialized’ and ‘aspatial’ view. We approach this gap by applying a social capital and economic geography informed lens to financial transactions. We explore if and how the early growth performance of venture capital backed organizations varies with the structural and physical location of their investors in syndication networks. Drawing on longitudinal data of Belgian firms and their venture capital investors, it is demonstrated that inter‐firm relational ties and, especially cross‐border linkages expand organizational outcome. In that, we show that not only social relations shape financial activity, but that also spatial patterns of co‐investment networks deserve notice.

Theoretical perspectives on localized knowledge spillovers and agglomeration

By SamuliLeppälä from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-20.

Empirical evidence shows that innovation is geographically concentrated, but whether localized knowledge spillovers provide a logically valid explanation for this phenomenon is unclear. I show that in the context of cost‐reducing R&D spillovers between Cournot oligopolists the explanation is plausible: localized knowledge spillovers encourage agglomeration, but whether this leads to higher levels of effective R&D depends on the extent of the spillovers, the number of firms, and the industry's R&D efficiency. Contrary to the earlier theoretical work, this illustrates a context, in which the localized knowledge spillover explanation is actualized, and provides necessary conditions, which can be empirically tested.

Relatedness through experience: On the importance of collected worker experiences for plant performance

By LisaÖstbring , RikardEriksson , UrbanLindgren from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-18.

Abstract We demonstrate that multiple cognitive dimensions exist between employees in knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) and that these dimensions interact in their influence on plant performance. Knowledge and cognitive distance are measured as formal knowledge and industry experience. Pooled OLS regressions with year, industry, and region‐fixed effects are used to estimate the impact on plant performance. The results suggest that the commonly found negative impact of similarity in formal knowledge on plant performance may be reduced by high human capital ratios or high levels of similarity in experience. Moreover, the organizational structures associated with single‐plant and multi‐plant firms, generate different plant performance outcomes of knowledge variety.

Society at a Glance 2016 - How does Portugal compare?

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-10-05.

The number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs) remains elevated in many countries since the crisis. This country note examines the characteristics of those at risk of being NEET in Portugal along with policies to help meet the challenge. It also includes many new youth-specific indicators on family formation, self-sufficiency, income and poverty, health and social cohesion.

The influence of Science and Technology Park characteristics on firms' innovation results

By AlbertoAlbahari , AndrésBarge‐Gil , SalvadorPérez‐Canto , AureliaModrego from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-05.

Abstract The effectiveness of Science and Technology Parks (STPs) as instruments of innovation policy has generated thriving debate among academics, practitioners and policy makers. A gap in the existing literature on STPs is that research mostly does not consider STPs' heterogeneity. The present paper aims at filling this gap, analysing the influence of different STP characteristics on their tenants' performance. Using data on 849 firms and 25 STPs from the 2009 Community Innovation Survey for Spain and a survey of STP managers respectively and after controlling for a wide set of firms characteristics, we find that: (i) firms located in very new or longer established STPs show better innovative performance; (ii) the size of the STP and its management company positively affects the innovative performance of tenants while services provision has no effect on firms' achieving better results; and (iii) firms in less technologically developed regions benefit more from location in an STP. Theoretical, policy and managerial contributions of our research are discussed in the paper. Resumen La eficacia de los Parques Científicos y Tecnológicos (PCyT) como instrumentos políticos de innovación ha generado un debate floreciente entre académicos, profesionales y responsables políticos. Un vacío en la literatura existente sobre los PCyT es que la mayoría de las investigaciones no consideran la heterogeneidad de los PCyT. El objetivo del presente artículo es llenar este vacío, mediante el análisis de la influencia de las diferentes características de los PCyT en el rendimiento de sus inquilinos. Mediante el uso de datos de 849 empresas y 25 PCyT de la Encuesta de la Comunidad sobre la Innovación de 2009 para España y una encuesta a los gerentes de PCyT, respectivamente, y después de controlar un amplio conjunto de características de las empresas, se encontró que: (i) las empresas ubicadas en PCyT muy nuevos o bastante establecidos muestran un mejor rendimiento en innovación; (ii) el tamaño del PCyT y la compañía que lo gestiona afecta positivamente al rendimiento en innovación de los inquilinos, mientras que la provisión de servicios no tiene ningún efecto en que las empresas logren mejores resultados; y (iii) las empresas en regiones menos desarrolladas tecnológicamente se benefician más de la ubicación en un PCyT. En el documento se discuten las contribuciones teóricas, políticas y de gestión de nuestra investigación. 抄録: イノベーション政策の実行手段としてのサイエンス&テクノロジーパーク(Science and Technology Park:STP)の有効性については、研究者、政策実行者、政策立案者の間で盛んに議論がなされてきた。STPに関する既存研究の欠点は、STPの異質性がほとんど考慮されていないことである。本稿では、STPの様々な特性がテナント企業の実績に及ぼす影響を分析して、この欠点を補うことを目指す。2009年のスペインのコミュニティ・イノベーション調査(Community Innovation Survey)から得られた849社の企業データとSTPの経営者の調査から得られた25のSTPに関するデータを使用して分析を行い、広範な企業の特性で補正すると以下のことが分かる。1)設立から間もないSPT、または長く成功しているSPT内に立地する企業は、イノベーション・パフォーマンスがより優れている。2)SPTの規模とそのSPTの経営会社はテナント企業のイノベーション・パフォーマンスに正の影響を及ぼすが、サービスの提供は企業がより優れた実績を収めることには何の影響も与えていない。3)技術的発展が遅れている地域の企業は、STP内に立地することからより多くの恩恵を受ける。理論的、政策的、経営的な面での本研究の貢献について考察する。

Internal migration in a developing country: A panel data analysis of Ecuador (1982–2010)

By VicenteRoyuela , JessicaOrdóñez from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-04.

Abstract In this paper, we examine determinants of internal migration flows between the 21 provinces of Ecuador from 1982 to 2010. Using specifications based on the gravity model, we identified push and pull factors. We considered multilateral resistance to migration by using various monadic and dyadic fixed effects structures. The study confirmed the concentration of the population in the two provinces that contain the country's main cities. However, in recent years, this trend has weakened, to the extent that the provinces with the greatest influx of migrants are not necessarily the most populated. This indicates that growth has become more balanced throughout the territory, and that small and medium‐sized cities are increasingly important. Resumen En este documento se estudian los determinantes de los flujos de migración interna entre las 21 provincias de Ecuador, desde 1982 a 2010. Mediante especificaciones basadas en el modelo de gravedad, se identificaron los factores de incentivo y de atracción. Se consideró la resistencia multilateral a la migración mediante el uso de diversas estructuras monádicas y diádicas de efectos fijos. El estudio confirmó la concentración de la población en las dos provincias que contienen las principales ciudades del país. Sin embargo, esta tendencia se ha debilitado en los últimos años, en la medida en que las provincias con mayor afluencia de migrantes no son necesariamente las más pobladas. Esto indica que el crecimiento se ha vuelto más equilibrado a lo largo del territorio, y que las ciudades pequeñas y medianas son cada vez más importantes. 抄録: 本稿では、1982年から2010年のエクアドルにおける21の県間の移住フローの決定因子を検討する。重力モデルに基づいた仕様を用いて、プッシュ要因とプル要因を同定する。様々な、単項および2項の固定効果の構造を用いて、移住に対する多県間の抵抗を検討する。研究からエクアドルの主要都市がある2つの県に人口が集中していることが確認された。しかし、近年では、人口流入が最も多い県が必ずしも最も人口が多いとは限らないほどにまで、このトレンドが弱くなってきている。これは、人口の増加率が国土全体で均等になってきたことと小~中規模の都市がより重要になってきていることを示している。

Do higher college graduation rates increase local education levels?

By John V.Winters from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-03.

Abstract College graduates are important for regional economies but also quite geographically mobile. This paper examines the relationship between college graduation rates among persons from a state (relative production) and the later share of college graduates for persons residing in the state (relative stock) using decennial census and American Community Survey microdata. The descriptive relationship has increased over time and is nearly proportional in recent years. Instrumental variables (IV) methods are used to estimate causal effects. The preferred IV results yield an average point estimate for the production‐stock relationship of 0.52, but the effect likely decreases with age.

Environmental taxes: Key findings for Portugal LINK

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-09-26.

This country note provides an environmental tax and carbon pricing profile for Portugal. It shows environmentally related tax revenues, taxes on energy use and effective carbon rates.

Neighbourhood related diversity, human capital and firm innovation

By SofiaWixe from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-22.

Abstract In this paper the importance of neighbourhood related diversity and firm human capital for firms' propensity to innovate is tested. Neighbourhood diversity is treated as a source of localized knowledge spillovers, that is, Jacobs' externalities, where diversity is measured in terms of industries and employee education. The results show that firms in metropolitan regions benefit from related industry diversity while service sector firms in rural regions are more innovative in neighbourhoods with more related diversity in education. Firm characteristics such as education and skills among the employees provide to be strong determinants of firm innovativeness, especially for firms outside metropolitan regions. Resumen En este artículo se evalúa la importancia de la diversidad relacionada con los vecindarios y el capital humano de empresas en cuanto a la propensión de las empresas a innovar. La diversidad de los vecindarios se trata como una fuente de spillovers localizados de conocimiento, es decir, las externalidades de Jacobs, donde la diversidad se mide en términos de las industrias y la educación de los empleados. Los resultados muestran que las empresas de las regiones metropolitanas se benefician de la diversidad de la industria relacionada, mientras que las empresas del sector servicios de las regiones rurales son más innovadoras en vecindarios con una mayor diversidad relacionada en cuanto a educación. Las características de las empresas, como la educación y las habilidades de los empleados, son factores altamente determinantes de la capacidad de innovación de la empresa, especialmente para empresas fuera de las regiones metropolitanas. 抄録: 本稿では、企業のイノベーションを生み出す傾向に対する近隣地域の多様性(neighbourhood related diversity)と堅実な人材の重要性を検証する。近隣地域の多様性は、地域化された知識のスピルオーバーの源、すなわちJacobの外部性として取扱い、ここでは多様性は産業と従業員の教養の観点で測定される。結果は、大都市圏内の企業は関連産業の多様性から恩恵を受けるが、その一方で農村地域のサービスセクターの企業は、教養に関連する多様性がより高い地域に立地するとよりイノベーティブになる傾向を示す。従業員の教養や技能などの企業の特性は、特に大都市圏外の地域の企業にとっては、その企業のイノベーティブな性質を決定する強力な因子となる。

Human capital as a location factor: An empirical investigation of relocating firms and their labour force in the Netherlands

By GintarėMorkutė , SierdjanKoster from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-20.

Abstract This paper examines the role of human capital as a location factor in the context of long‐distance firm relocations. Using rich register data on single‐plant firms in the Netherlands 2006–2011, the paper enquires into whether relocation is motivated by the wish to improve the access to employees and the quality of labour force. Not disrupting existing spatial relationships is a prominent consideration of relocating firms, yet in general, relocation does not result in a better spatial match. Some evidence is found for firm‐specific human capital functioning as a keep factor. Relocating firms retain predominantly highly skilled employees, but general human capital itself functions neither as a keep factor nor as a pull factor.

Education at a Glance 2016 - Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-09-15.

Education at a Glance 2016 - Country Notes

Internet infrastructure and regional convergence: Evidence from Turkey

By Mehmet GüneyCelbis , DenisdeCrombrugghe from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-12.

Abstract This study presents novel evidence regarding the role of regional internet infrastructure in reducing regional per capita income disparities. We base our study on the assumptions that (1) the diffusion of information homogenizes regional economies through reducing the dissimilarities in institutions and culture, and (2) the telecommunication capacity, represented by the internet infrastructure of a region, facilitates this flow of information. Using the data from the 26 statistical NUTS‐2 regions of Turkey for the period 1999–2011, we find evidence that internet infrastructure increases the speed of regional convergence. Resumen Este estudio presenta pruebas novedosas sobre el rol de la infraestructura regional de Internet en la reducción de las disparidades de ingresos per cápita. El estudio se basó en los supuestos de que (1) la difusión de información homogeneiza las economías regionales mediante la reducción de las diferencias entre instituciones y en la cultura, y (2) la capacidad en cuanto a telecomunicaciones, representada por la infraestructura de Internet de una región, facilita este flujo de información. Mediante el uso de datos de las 26 regiones estadísticas NUTS‐2 de Turquía para el período 1999‐2011, se encontraron pruebas de que la infraestructura de Internet aumenta la velocidad de la convergencia regional. 抄録: 本稿では、一人当たりの国民所得の地域間格差の縮小に対する地方のインターネットインフラの役割に関する新たなエビデンスを提示する。今回の研究は以下の仮定に基づいている。1)情報の拡散は、慣例や文化の相違点を減少させることを通じて、地域経済を均質化する。2)地域のインターネットインフラが担う遠隔通信のキャパシティが情報のフローを促進する。1999年から2011年までの、トルコにおける26のNUTS 2の地域のデータから、インターネットインフラにより地域間収束がより速く起こることを示すエビデンスが得られた。

Creativity and local economic development: The role of synergy among different talents

By SilviaCerisola from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-06.

Abstract The role of creativity in local economic development has been widely discussed. The evidence on this linkage is, however, mixed. This work tries to highlight the nexus by taking into consideration a new aspect, that is, the multidimensional nature of creativity and the potential synergic and complementary effects of creative talents of different nature. The merging of talents is, indeed, a source of original, complex and synergic ideas which are at the basis of the positive relation between creativity and local development. The work addresses this issue conceptually and proves the expectations through an empirical application on Italian provinces (NUTS 3). Resumen El papel de la creatividad en el desarrollo económico local se ha discutido ampliamente. Sin embargo, la evidencia sobre este vínculo es mixta. Este trabajo intenta resaltar este nexo teniendo en cuenta un nuevo aspecto, que es la naturaleza multidimensional de la creatividad y los posibles efectos sinérgicos y complementarios de los talentos creativos de diferente naturaleza. La fusión de talentos es, de hecho, una fuente de ideas originales, complejas y sinérgicas que forman la base de la relación positiva entre la creatividad y el desarrollo local. Este estudio aborda este tema conceptualmente y demuestra las expectativas mediante una aplicación empírica en provincias italianas (NUTS 3). 抄録: 地方の経済発展におけるクリエイティビティの役割は、これまで広く議論されてきている。しかし、この連関に関するエビデンスは相反したものである。本稿では、クリエイティビティの多面性と、性質の異なるクリエイティブな才能のシナジー的かつ相互補完的な潜在的効果という新しい側面を考慮してその連関のつながりを明らかにする。実のところ、数ある才能を一つにすることが、クリエイティビティと地方の発展の正の関連性の根底をなす独創的で複雑かつシナジー的なアイデアの根源となる。この問題について概念的に取り組み、NUTS 3に属するイタリアの州で実証的な応用研究により仮説を検証する。

Regional industrial evolution in China

By CanfeiHe , YanYan , DavidRigby from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-22.

Abstract Evolutionary economic geography (EEG) indicates that regional industrial development is path dependent. The empirical studies in EEG however have not paid sufficient attention to the importance of global linkages nor the role of regional institutions in driving industrial dynamics. Based on firm level data of four‐digit manufacturing industries during 1998 to 2008 in China, we find that Chinese regions branch into new industries technologically related to the existing industrial portfolio and related industries are less likely to exit. Further analysis reveals that global linkages, economic liberalization and state involvement not only create favourable conditions to allow a larger role of technological relatedness but also generate opportunities for Chinese regions to create new paths of industrial development. Resumen La geografía económica evolutiva (GEE) indica que el desarrollo industrial regional depende de la ruta. Sin embargo, los estudios empíricos sobre GEE no han prestado suficiente atención a la importancia de los vínculos globales, ni al papel de las instituciones regionales en dar impulso a las dinámicas industriales. A partir de datos a nivel de empresa de industrias manufactureras de cuatro dígitos durante 1998 a 2008 en China, se encontró que las regiones chinas se ramifican hacia nuevas industrias relacionadas tecnológicamente con la cartera industrial existente y que es menos probable que salgan las industrias relacionadas. Un análisis más detallado revela que los vínculos mundiales, la liberalización económica y la participación estatal no solo crean condiciones favorables para permitir un mayor papel de la similitud tecnológica, sino que también generan oportunidades para que las regiones chinas creen nuevas vías de desarrollo industrial. 抄録: 進化経済地理学では、地域の産業発展が経路依存的であることが指摘されている。しかし、進化経済地理学における実証研究は、グローバルな産業連関の重要性や産業のダイナミクスの推進における地方機関の役割に対してこれまで十分な関心を示していない。1998年から2008年までの中国における、4桁の産業分類コードの製造業の企業レベルのデータから、中国の地方は、既存の産業ポートフォリオに科学技術的に関連がある新しい産業に手を広げており、これに関連する産業は消滅する可能性が低いことが分かる。より詳しい分析から、グローバルな産業連関、経済自由化、国家の介入は、科学技術的な関連の役割がさらに大きくなることを許容できる好条件を生み出すだけでなく、中国の地方が産業発展の新しい道を切り拓く機会をも創出することが明らかになった。

Beggar thy neighbour, beggar thy neighbourhood

By BrianAsquith from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-16.

Abstract Neighbourhood effects and the economies of housing consumption are, independently, thoroughly researched topics in the urban economics literature. Little has been said, however, about the effects of housing consumption restrictions on the dispersal of neighbourhood effects to different economic groups. At a time of rising public concern about economic inequality, properly understanding the link between housing market restrictions and neighbourhood effects across the income spectrum is of increasing importance. This paper proposes a model to better assess how labour productivity as influenced by neighbourhood effects changes with restrictions in housing consumption. The results of the model show that except in the case where no labour complementarity exists between the high and low‐skilled population segments, housing restrictions excluding the poor from the better‐off neighbourhoods will lead to welfare losses for both populations. Resumen Los efectos de los vecindarios y las economías del consumo de la vivienda son, de forma independiente, temas investigados exhaustivamente en la literatura sobre economía urbana. Poco se ha escrito, sin embargo, sobre los efectos de las restricciones en el consumo de la vivienda en la dispersión de los efectos de vecindario para diferentes grupos económicos. En un momento de preocupación pública creciente sobre la desigualdad económica, es cada vez más importante comprender de manera adecuada el vínculo entre las restricciones del mercado de la vivienda y los efectos de vecindario a lo largo del espectro de ingresos. Este artículo propone un modelo para evaluar mejor cómo cambia la productividad del trabajo, según la influencia de los efectos del vecindario, con las restricciones en el consumo de la vivienda. Los resultados del modelo muestran que, salvo en casos en que no exista complementariedad laboral entre los segmentos de población de alta o baja cualificación, las restricciones de vivienda que excluyan a los pobres de los barrios más acomodados provocarán pérdidas de bienestar para ambas poblaciones. 抄録: 近隣効果(neighbourhood effect)と住宅消費の経済は、各々が研究し尽くされた都市経済学論文のトピックである。しかしながら、異なる経済集団に対する近隣効果の分散に対する住宅消費の規制の影響については、ほとんど言及されていない。経済格差に対する社会的懸念が起こる時代には、住宅市場の規制とすべての所得スペクトラムにおける近隣効果との関連を十分に理解することがより重要になる。本稿では、住宅消費に規制がかかる場合で、近隣効果の影響を受ける労働生産性がどのように変化するのかについてより正確に評価するモデルを提案する。このモデルの結果から、高技能集団と低技能集団の間に相補性が存在しない場合を除いて、中流の居住区から貧困を排除する住宅規制は、貧困集団と中流集団の両方に厚生損失をもたらすことが示される。

Cultural biases in migration: Estimating non‐monetary migration costs

By OliverFalck , AlfredLameli , JensRuhose from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-10.

Abstract We monetize the cost for moving to a culturally different location. We combine administrative social security panel data with a proxy for cultural difference based on historical dialect dissimilarity between German counties. Conditional on geographic distance and pre‐migration wage profiles, we find that migrants demand a (indexed with respect to local rents) wage premium of about 1 (1.5) per cent for overcoming one standard deviation in cultural dissimilarity. The effect is driven by males and those who earn above average occupational wages before migration, and more pronounced for geographically short moves. Resumen Se monetiza el costo de mudarse a una ubicación culturalmente diferente. Se combinan datos administrativos de panel de la seguridad social con un proxy de la diferencia cultural, basado en la diferencia histórica del dialecto entre condados alemanes. Dependiendo de la distancia geográfica y los perfiles salariales previos a la migración, se encontró que los migrantes demandan una prima salarial (indexada con respecto a las rentas locales) de aproximadamente 1 (1,5) por ciento para superar una desviación estándar en cuanto a diferencia cultural. El efecto está impulsado por los varones y por quienes ganan salarios ocupacionales superiores al promedio antes de la migración, y es más pronunciado para movimientos geográficamente cortos. 抄録: 本稿では、文化の異なる場所への移住に関わるコストを金銭的価値で算出する。行政の社会保障パネルデータを、ドイツの郡間の現地語の違いに基づく文化的な違いのproxyと組み合わせる。地理的距離と移住前の賃金プロファイルによるが、移住者は異文化性の標準偏差を一つ克服するために1(1.5)%の(現地の家賃に関して指数をつけた)賃金プレミアムを要求することがわかった。この作用は、男性と移住の前の稼ぎがその職業の平均の賃金よりも多い人に促進され、地理的に距離の少ない移住ではより増強される。

Questioning territorial cohesion: (Un)equal access to services of general interest

By JiříMalý from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-10.

Abstract Although the debates about access to services of general interest have been at the core of the EU territorial cohesion discourse since the late 1990s, the impact of unequal accessibility to living conditions has yet be the subject of close inspection. The paper examines the relationship between the accessibility of services of general interest and demographic and socio‐economic conditions in a specific Czech region. The analysis reveals inter‐municipal disparities and identifies spatially excluded areas. Despite the negative association of insufficient access with education and depopulation characteristics, the results suggest that demographic and socio‐economic development stems from a more complex set of factors. Resumen Aunque los debates sobre el acceso a los servicios de interés general han sido fundamentales para el discurso de cohesión territorial de la UE desde finales de la década de 1990, el impacto de la accesibilidad desigual a las condiciones de vida aún no ha sido objeto de una inspección exhaustiva. Este artículo examina la relación entre la accesibilidad de los servicios de interés general y las condiciones demográficas y socioeconómicas en una región checa específica. El análisis revela disparidades intermunicipales e identifica áreas excluidas espacialmente. A pesar de la asociación negativa del acceso insuficiente con características de la educación y la despoblación, los resultados sugieren que el desarrollo demográfico y socioeconómico se deriva de un conjunto de factores más complejo. 抄録: 1990年代の後半から、公共サービスの利用に関するディベートが欧州連合(EU)の領土統合に関する議論の中心であったが、生活環境の格差の影響が、今なお詳細な調査の主題となっている。本稿では、チェコの特定の地域における、公共サービスの利用可能性と人口統計学的および社会経済的条件との関連性を検討する。分析から、自治体間の格差が明らかになり、空間的に除外されている地域が確認される。教育を受ける機会が不十分であることと人口減少の特徴との負の関連があるにもかかわらず、結果から人口統計学的および社会経済的発展は、かなり複雑に組み合わさった要因から生じることが示唆される。

Fixed term contracts and employers' human capital: The role of educational spillovers

By EmanuelaGhignoni , GiuseppeCroce , AndreaRicci from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-01.

Abstract This paper analyses the role of the employers' education on the spread of temporary contracts. Taking advantage of a unique firm‐level dataset, we test whether the share of fixed term workforce in a firm is affected by the employer's level of education. Furthermore, we test whether knowledge spillovers arising from the agglomeration of university graduate employers affect the incidence of temporary employment in the firms located in the area. In both cases we find a negative effect. Interestingly, only small firms are influenced by the spillovers. The possible problems of endogeneity of the agglomeration variable are coped with an IV approach. Resumen Este documento analiza el papel de la educación de los empleadores en el uso extendido de los contratos temporales. Aprovechando un conjunto único de datos a nivel de empresa, se comprobó si la proporción de la fuerza laboral contratada por un plazo fijo en una empresa se ve afectada por el nivel de educación del empleador. Además, se comprobó si los spillovers de conocimiento que surgen de la aglomeración de empleadores con graduación universitaria afectan la incidencia del empleo temporal en las empresas ubicadas en el área. En ambos casos se encontró un efecto negativo. Curiosamente, solo las pequeñas empresas están influenciadas por los spillovers. Los posibles problemas de endogeneidad de la variable de aglomeración se tratan con un enfoque IV. 抄録: 本稿では蔓延する一時雇用契約に対する雇用主の学歴の役割を分析する。独自の企業レベルのデータセットを利用して、ある企業における有期雇用労働者の割合が、雇用主の学歴レベルに影響されるか否かを検証する。さらに大卒の雇用主の集中から起こる知識スピルオーバーが、その地域に立地する企業の一時雇用契約の発生率に影響を与えるか否かを検証する。いずれの場合も負の効果が認められる。興味深いことに、小規模の企業だけがスピルオーバー効果を受ける。集積の変数の内生性が孕む問題に、操作変数法を用いたアプローチで対処する。

A measure for identifying substantial geographic concentrations

By ChrisvanEgeraat , EdgarMorgenroth , RutgerKroes , DeclanCurran , JustinGleeson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-07-29.

Abstract Regional industrial policy emphasizes the notion of building on existing concentrations of competitive firms. A range of measures to identify such concentrations has been put forward in the literature. These measures, however, do not identify substantial concentrations which have the best potential for further development, tend to concentrate on scale measured by employment, and are applied using data for pre‐specified administrative boundaries. This paper presents a new concentration index that identifies substantial concentrations and utilizes information on both the number and size of plants. It also proposes a method for generating relevant industry‐specific spatial units. Resumen La política industrial regional hace hincapié en la noción de construir sobre las concentraciones existentes de empresas competitivas. En la literatura se ha presentado una serie de medidas para identificar tales concentraciones. Estas medidas, sin embargo, no identifican las concentraciones sustanciales que tienen el mejor potencial para un mayor desarrollo, tienden a concentrarse en la escala (medida por el empleo), y se aplican utilizando datos para límites administrativos especificados de antemano. Este artículo presenta un nuevo índice de concentración que identifica concentraciones sustanciales y utiliza información sobre el número y el tamaño de las plantas industriales. También propone un método para generar unidades espaciales relevantes específicas para la industria. 抄録: 地域の産業政策は、競争力のある既存の企業の集積を拡大する意図を強調している。この集積を同定する様々な方法が論文で提唱されている。しかしながら、これらの方法は将来発展する可能性が最も高い大きな集積を識別せず、従業員数で測る規模に注目しており、予め設定された行政区域のデータを使用するときに適用できる。本稿では、大きな集積を識別し工場の数と規模の両方の情報を利用する新しい集積指数を提案する。また、重要な産業に特異的な空間単位を作り出す方法も提案する。

Do economic crises lead tourists to closer destinations? Italy at the time of the Great Recession

By GianlucaCafiso , RobertoCellini , TizianaCuccia from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-07-28.

Abstract This article studies how distance influences the choice of tourists about their holiday destination during times of economic crisis. In particular, we analyse the specific case of domestic tourism flows across Italian regions during the 2000–2012 period by estimating a gravity model. Our estimations yield the effect of distance year by year. The output suggests that distance gained weight during the years of the Great Recession and therefore confirms, from a macroeconomic perspective, that tourists tend to choose closer destinations in times of crisis. Resumen Este artículo estudia la influencia de la distancia en la elección de los turistas sobre el destino de sus vacaciones en tiempos de crisis económica. En particular, se analizó el caso específico de los flujos de turismo interno en las regiones italianas durante el período 2000‐2012, mediante la estimación de un modelo de gravedad. El resultado de las estimaciones es el efecto de la distancia año por año. El resultado sugiere que el peso de la distancia aumentó durante los años de la Gran Recesión y por lo tanto confirma que, desde una perspectiva macroeconómica, los turistas tienden a elegir destinos más cercanos en tiempos de crisis. 抄録: 本稿では、経済危機の期間における旅行者の目的地の選択に、行程の距離がどのように影響するかを検討する。2000年から2012年までのイタリアの地方の国内旅行者のフローの事例で、重力モデルによる推計により分析する。推計は、距離の効果が年々増えているという結果になった。結果は、グレート・リセッションの期間は、距離が重みを増しており、マクロ経済学的観点では、危機の間は旅行者がより短い行程を選択する傾向があることが確認できる。

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Lisbon on 7-8 July 2016

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-07-06.

The Secretary-General spoke at the 2016 OECD Global Forum on Productivity: Structural Reforms for Productivity Growth. He also met with Portuguese President Mr. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa and other high-level officials.

Portugal needs to increase its development aid and improve oversight

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-12-15.

Portugal has endeavoured to maintain its foreign aid programme since the economic crisis, but its aid budget has been hit hard and a plan is needed to avoid a further decline and get back on a path towards internationally agreed targets, according to an OECD Review.

Education at a Glance 2015: Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-11-24.

The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.

Structural policies and productivity: evidence from Portuguese firms

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

This paper provides empirical evidence on links between the productivity of Portuguese firms and a number of policy variables in Portugal. The analysis is based on a census of Portuguese manufacturing companies, covering more than 40,000 firms between 2006 and 2011.

Reducing inequality and poverty in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

Portugal has one of the most unequal income distributions in Europe and poverty levels are high. The economic crisis has halted a long-term gradual decline in both inequality and poverty and the number of poor households is rising, with children and youths being particularly affected. Unemployment is one of the principal reasons why household incomes declined.

Boosting export performance in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

In the years before the economic crisis, Portugal had low growth, a decline in export competitiveness and rising imbalances that included a large current account deficit and a strong expansion of the non-tradable sector. Strengthening export performance is therefore one of the principal challenges for Portugal.

OECD Health Statistics 2015 - Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-07-07.

Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2015, July 2015 version. The notes are available in PDF format.

Health care quality improved in Portugal, despite tight budgets

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-05-27.

The Portuguese National Health Service has responded well to financial pressure, successfully balancing the twin priorities of financial consolidation and continuous quality improvement, according to a new OECD report.

Water Resources Allocation: Portugal Country Profile

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-13.

Water resources allocation determines who is able to use water resources, how, when and where. Capturing information from 27 OECD countries and key partner economies, the report presents key findings from the OECD Survey of Water Resources Allocation and case studies of successful allocation reform.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Lisbon on 1 April 2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-01.

Mr. Gurría met with Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho and presented the Review of Policy Indicators as well as the Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report for Portugal.

Skills will drive inclusive economic growth in Portugal (OECD Education Today Blog)

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-01.

Skills and human capital are the bedrock upon which Portugal is building a new bridge to growth.

International community continues making major progress to end tax evasion

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-03-16.

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 9 new peer review reports, including a Phase 1 Supplementary Report for Switzerland, demonstrating continuing progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Mr. Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal, at the OECD on 16 March 2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-03-16.

Following a bilateral meeting with Secretary-General Angel Gurría and a seminar on recent economic and social developments, President Cavaco Silva addressed the OECD Council.

Going for Growth 2015: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-02-09.

Going for Growth 2015: Key findings for Portugal

Revenue Statistics and Consumption Tax Trends 2014: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-12-10.

The tax burden in Portugal increased by 2.2 percentage points from 31.2% to 33.4, the largest rise amongst member countries in 2013. The OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.7% to 34.1%. The Portuguese standard VAT rate is 23%, which is well above the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.

Job Creation and Local Economic Development in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-11-19.

This publication highlights new evidence on policies to support job creation, bringing together the latest research on labour market, entrepreneurship and local economic development policy to help governments support job creation in the recovery. It also includes a set of country pages featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of smaller OECD regions (TL3).

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-10-27.

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-10-10.

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of the added value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Geographic Variations in Health Care: Country note for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-09-16.

According to a new OECD report, variation in rates of health care activity across geographic areas in countries is a cause for concern. Wide variation suggests that whether or not you will receive a particular health service depends to a very great extent on the region where you live within a country.

Education at a Glance 2014: Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-09-09.

Country notes with main key findings of the book and key fact tables: a customised snapshot of a country's educational environment, highlighting the most important issues in the educational landscape.

Portugal: Deepening structural reform to support growth and competitiveness

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-07-08.

Having been hit hard by the global crisis, the Portuguese government has taken action to put its economy back on track, and to correct external and budgetary imbalances. This document highlights some key priorities to support economic growth and competitiveness through further productivity-enhancing structural reforms.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Portugal on 8 July 2014

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-07-04.

While in Lisbon, the Secretary-General had meetings with Mr. Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal, Mr. Pedro Passos Coelho, Prime Minister of Portugal and Mr. Carlos Costa, Governor of the Banco de Portugal, as well as several Ministers and high level officials of Portugal.

Corporate report: Ofsted corporate annual reports and accounts

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-07-16.

Ofsted's corporate annual reports provide highlights of projects and set out our progress in meeting our objectives. They also include accounts for each year.

Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social Indicators: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-03-17.

This one-pager note presents key findings for Portugal from Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social indicators. This 2014 publication also provides on special chapter on the social impact of the recent crisis across the OECD.

Pensions at a Glance 2013 - Highlights for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-11-26.

Old-age poverty decreased in Portugal in the final few years of the last decade by more than twice the OECD average. The effective age of labour market exit is high in Portugal in international comparison...

Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-06-20.

Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-06-20.

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Portugal: Reforming the State to promote growth

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-14.

After two decades of strong economic growth and convergence in living standards towards the levels of more prosperous OECD countries, Portugal’s performance weakened in the 2000s, productivity growth slowed and competitiveness deteriorated. Restoring Portugal’s potential for strong, inclusive growth calls for a comprehensive reform of the State.

Speech delivered to the OECD Council by the Prime Minister of Portugal, HE. Pedro Passos Coelho

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-14.

Today the OECD is publishing a report on Portugal's challenges as far as structural reform is concerned. The OECD is an outstanding reference for policy-makers all around the world and I wanted my country to benefit from your skills, experience, and insights, especially on the question of structural reform, said the Portuguese Prime Minister.

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-09.

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Portugal: rebalancing the economy and returning to growth through job creation and better capital allocation

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-10-17.

Low growth and huge current account deficits have characterised the Portuguese economy over the past decade.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012: Portugal country profile

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-09-12.

STI Outlook 2012 country profiles present individual science, technology and innovation (STI) performance in national context and in comparison with other countries. They identify major current policy issues and recent developments in the innovation policy mix for each country. Selected key figures present aspects of economic and environmental performance.

Education at a Glance 2012: Country Notes - Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-09-10.

Education at a Glance 2012: Country Notes - Portugal

Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2012 - Portugal Country Note

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-02-24.

This note is taken from Chapter 2 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2012.

Doing Better for Families country note - Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2011-04-26.

This note highlights the most pressing issues on families and children in Portugal, as discussed in the OECD publication Doing Better for Families.

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2011-04-11.

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.