Você está aqui: Entrada / Rede de Informação / RSS Instituições Internacionais
RSS Instituições Internacionais

RSS Instituições Internacionais

Corporate report: Business impact target (BIT): report 2015 to 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-22.

Report on the business impact target (BIT) during the 2015 to 2017 Parliament.

Transfrontalier franco-allemand : 6 propositions pour innover au coeur de l'Europe

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (Sébastien Lehericey) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-22.

Sylvain Waserman, député, présente ses propositions en faveur d'un « renouveau » du transfrontalier franco-allemand : apprentissage « de la langue et de la culture du voisin » dans la zone frontalière ; dispositions pouvant être apportés par la renégociation du Traité de l'Elysée (lancement du premier Schéma de développement transfrontalier opposable, mise en place de trois innovations territoriales jugées déterminantes, création d'une Commission franco-allemande de stratégie transfrontalière, mise en oeuvre d'une instance pérenne de convergence pour faciliter la concordance des droits et faire des territoires transfrontaliers des laboratoires de la convergence européenne ; priorité donnée à Strasbourg, capitale des citoyens européens, fer de lance de la citoyenneté pour les territoires transfrontaliers.

Mutilations sexuelles féminines : une menace toujours présente, une mobilisation à renforcer - rapport d'information n° 479

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-18.

Rapport d'information n° 479 de Mmes Maryvonne BLONDIN et Marta de CIDRAC, fait au nom de la délégation aux droits des femmes et à l'égalité des chances entre les hommes et les femmes : Mutilations sexuelles féminines : une menace toujours présente, une mobilisation à renforcer (16 mai 2018)

Directives COM (2018) 147 et COM (2018) 148 - rapport n° 471

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-18.

Rapport n° 471 de M. Albéric de MONTGOLFIER, fait au nom de la commission des finances, sur la proposition de résolution sur les propositions de directives du Conseil de l'Union européenne COM (2018) 147 et COM (2018) 148 (15 mai 2018)

Régulation des objets connectés et internet des objets - rapport n° 474

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-18.

Rapport n° 474 de M. Jean-Marie JANSSENS, fait au nom de la commission des affaires économiques, sur la proposition de résolution en application de l'article 73 quinquies du Règlement, sur la régulation des objets connectés et le développement de l'internet des objets en Europe (16 mai 2018)

Programmation militaire pour les années 2019 à 2025 - avis n° 473

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-18.

Avis n° 473 de M. Dominique de LEGGE, fait au nom de la commission des finances, sur le projet de loi relatif à la programmation militaire pour les années 2019 à 2025 et portant diverses dispositions intéressant la défense (15 mai 2018)

Programmation militaire pour les années 2019 à 2025 - avis n° 472

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-18.

Avis n° 472 de M. Philippe BONNECARRÈRE, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi relatif à la programmation militaire pour les années 2019 à 2025 et portant diverses dispositions intéressant la défense (15 mai 2018)

Missions flash sur la réforme des institutions - Expérimentation et différenciation territoriale - Autonomie financière des collectivités territoriales

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-18.

La délégation aux collectivités territoriales et à la décentralisation, créée en décembre 2017, a choisi de consacrer ses premiers travaux à deux thèmes de nature constitutionnelle, dans la perspective de la réforme des institutions annoncée par le Président de la République devant le Congrès du Parlement le 3 juillet 2017. Elle a ainsi créé le 7 février 2018, à l'initiative de son bureau, deux missions « flash » portant, pour la première, sur l'expérimentation et la différenciation territoriale, et pour la seconde, sur l'autonomie financière des collectivités territoriales. Ces deux missions « flash » ont travaillé sur la base de questionnaires adressés aux associations d'élus et aux ministères, puis ont procédé, entre mars et avril 2018, à l'audition de l'ensemble des associations d'élus, des directions des ministères et des institutions publiques concernées et de chercheurs et universitaires. Les rapporteurs ont présenté leurs communications et leurs propositions à la délégation, qui les a approuvées, au cours de sa réunion du 9 mai 2018. Ces propositions constituent la contribution de la délégation aux collectivités territoriales et à la décentralisation à la discussion à venir des textes relatifs à la réforme des institutions, à commencer par le projet de loi constitutionnelle pour une démocratie plus représentative, responsable et efficace dont l'assemblée a été saisie le même jour.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la délégation aux collectivités territoriales et à la décentralisation sur le projet de loi portant évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique (n° 846)

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-18.

La délégation aux collectivités territoriales et à la décentralisation a décidé de se saisir pour avis de six articles du projet de loi sur l'évolution du logement de l'aménagement et du numérique (ELAN). Ces articles concernent d'une part la simplification et la clarification des documents d'urbanisme et, d'autre part, un nouveau contrat intégrateur unique, l'opération de requalification des territoires (ORT), qui vise à répondre aux différents enjeux de développement locaux (mobilité, services, habitat, développement économique, etc.) en matière de revitalisation des centres des villes moyennes.

Pour une France libre d'entreprendre - rapport d'information n° 405

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-17.

Rapport d'information n° 405 de M. Olivier CADIC, fait au nom de la Délégation aux entreprises : Pour une France libre d'entreprendre (5 avril 2018)

Programmation militaire pour les années 2019 à 2025 - rapport n° 476

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-17.

Rapport n° 476 de M. Christian CAMBON, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi relatif à la programmation militaire pour les années 2019 à 2025 et portant diverses dispositions intéressant la défense (16 mai 2018)

Préservation d'une Politique agricole commune forte - rapport n° 475

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-16.

Rapport n° 475 de MM. Daniel GREMILLET et Franck MONTAUGÉ, fait au nom de la commission des affaires économiques, sur la proposition de résolution au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, en application de l'article 73 quater du Règlement, en faveur de la préservation d'une Politique agricole commune forte, conjuguée au maintien de ses moyens budgétaires (16 mai 2018)

Policy paper: East Coast train operator assessment

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-16.

Options assessment report for the short term Intercity East Coast train operator.

Rapport annuel de l'Observatoire de la laïcité 2017-2018

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-16.

L'Observatoire de la laïcité présente son cinquième rapport annuel depuis son installation par le Président de la République le 8 avril 2013. Il a pour objet de rendre compte du travail effectué en 2017-2018 par l'Observatoire et d'établir son bilan annuel sur le respect du principe de laïcité en France.

Rapport d'information déposé par la commission des affaires européennes portant observations sur le projet de loi relatif à l'élection des représentants au Parlement européen (n° 539)

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-16.

Le présent rapport d'information identifie plusieurs enjeux autour du projet de loi visant à réformer les élections européennes en France, en vue du scrutin de 2019 : rétablissement d'une circonscription nationale unique ; couverture médiatique des élections européennes et des débats qu'elles entraînent ; rôle des consultations citoyennes initiées par le Gouvernement au printemps 2018 ; questions autour de la future composition du Parlement européen à la suite du « Brexit ».

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la délégation aux droits des femmes et à l'égalité des chances entre les hommes et les femmes sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2018 (n° 235)

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-16.

La délégation a souhaité être saisie du projet de loi de finances pour 2018 (n° 235). Son rapport présente tout d'abord les orientations du projet de loi et le programme budgétaire 137 « Egalité entre les femmes et les hommes ». S'agissant d'une politique par nature transversale, la délégation rappelle que les moyens qui lui sont alloués recouvrent cependant un périmètre bien plus large, mobilisant de nombreux ministères, et à laquelle contribuent également les collectivités territoriales et la protection sociale. Par ailleurs, au-delà des crédits budgétaires, la délégation estime que certaines dispositions fiscales doivent être examinées sous ce prisme. Plus largement, elle juge nécessaire de se doter d'outils permettant d'améliorer la prise en compte des enjeux d'égalité dans les textes financiers.

Rapport d'information déposé (...) par la commission de la défense et des forces armées en conclusion des travaux d'une mission d'information sur l'exécution de la loi de programmation militaire 2014-2019

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-16.

En septembre 2017, la commission de la défense nationale et des forces armées a décidé la création d'une mission d'information sur l'exécution de la loi de programmation militaire 2014-2019, afin de disposer d'un bilan complet avant de commencer l'examen d'une nouvelle loi de programmation pour les années 2019 à 2025.

Conseil d'Etat - Rapport public 2018 : activité juridictionnelle et consultative des juridictions administratives en 2017

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-15.

Le rapport annuel du Conseil d'Etat présente l'ensemble des activités de la juridiction administrative au cours de l'année 2017. Il comporte de nombreux indicateurs d'activité, dates et chiffres clés, propose une sélection de décisions et d'avis rendus par la juridiction administrative, et rend compte des apports du Conseil d'Etat, dans ses fonctions consultative et juridictionnelle et dans ses études, à la simplification du droit. Le rapport comporte trois parties. La première, relative à l'activité juridictionnelle des tribunaux administratifs, des cours administratives d'appel et du Conseil d'Etat, présente toutes les décisions marquantes de la jurisprudence administrative, ordonnées par grands thèmes - fiscalité, étrangers, police, urbanisme, collectivités territoriales... -, et témoigne de l'ampleur et de la diversité de l'action du juge administratif saisi des litiges entre les administrés et les pouvoirs publics. La deuxième partie, relative à l'activité consultative du Conseil d'Etat, présente les principales questions juridiques soulevées par l'examen des 1 300 projets de texte qui lui ont été soumis par le Gouvernement. La troisième partie, « Etudes, débats, partenariats européens et internationaux », expose les suites données aux études du Conseil d'Etat ainsi que l'ensemble des contributions apportées, sous des formes diverses, par les juridictions administratives sur les grands enjeux nationaux et internationaux auxquels sont confrontées les politiques publiques.

Retours d'expérience des inondations - Propositions d'un dispositif d'organisation et d'un guide méthodologique

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-15.

Le rapport du CGEDD de février 2017 portant sur les retours d'expérience au service de la stratégie nationale de gestion du risque inondation suggérait d'utiliser les RETEX (retours d'expérience) pour contribuer à la mise en oeuvre de la stratégie nationale de gestion des risques d'inondation. A la suite, le directeur général de la prévention des risques a sollicité le CGEDD pour proposer un cahier des charges des retours d'expérience suite aux inondations de manière à mieux structurer la collecte des informations et sa capitalisation. La mission a proposé un dispositif global de collecte et de capitalisation des données et informations recueillies à l'occasion des inondations de façon à pouvoir les utiliser pour améliorer la gestion locale et nationale des inondations et contribuer à l'évaluation de l'efficacité d'une politique publique coûtant plus d'un milliard d'euros annuels (en cumulant les mesures de prévention, de gestion de crise et les dégâts). Le constat est partagé par les acteurs de l'intérêt d'un dispositif formalisé de recueil des données, utilisant les actions déjà mises en oeuvre en évitant les redondances : formalisation des données à recueillir et leur organisation et abordant les modalités de déclenchement du dispositif de retour d'expérience (seuils, périmètre géographique, autorité décisionnaire), capitalisation des données recueillies de façon à pouvoir en permettre l'utilisation ultérieure à différents échelons territoriaux (sous-bassin, département, bassin, national), rôle des collectivités de gestion des milieux aquatiques et prévention des inondations (GEMAPI). Le rapport propose une démarche d'amélioration continue, intégrant les moyens mobilisables pour la mise en place dans la durée. L'organisation cible propose la désignation de l'observatoire national des risques naturels en tant que maître d'ouvrage de l'animation et de la capitalisation nationale, s'appuyant pour la maîtrise d'oeuvre du dispositif sur le Centre d'Etudes et d'expertise sur les Risques, l'Environnement, la Mobilité et l'Aménagement (CEREMA), en tant qu'opérateur national. Elle suppose la réalisation de démarches locales dénommées « Agir pour la Prévention en Réponse aux Enseignements Suite Inondation(s) » / « APRÈS inondation », dans le cadre d'un guide méthodologique. Le dispositif devrait se traduire par une instruction ministérielle à l'issue des travaux complémentaires de poursuite de la concertation avec les acteurs concernés, de la précision des modalités exactes d'intervention du CEREMA, et d'élaboration du guide méthodologique.

Rapport annuel 2017 de l'Autorité environnementale

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-15.

Le rapport d'activité présente les enseignements tirés par l'Autorité environnementale (Ae) des dossiers examinés en 2017, ainsi que de la mise en oeuvre progressive des ordonnances sur l'évaluation environnementale et sur l'autorisation environnementale, à l'heure où une nouvelle évolution est nécessaire compte tenu d'une décision récente du Conseil d'Etat. S'appuyant notamment sur l'instruction de dossiers de grands projets ferroviaires, autoroutiers et d'aménagement urbain, l'Ae présente les principales pistes d'amélioration qui lui apparaissent nécessaires. Dix-huit mois après la création des missions régionales d'autorité environnementale (MRAe), les enseignements de leurs avis et décisions sur de nombreux documents d'urbanisme sont également développés.

Evaluation des impacts d'une interdiction d'utilisation de la créosote en France

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-15.

La créosote est un goudron destiné à imprégner le bois pour le rendre résistant aux moisissures et aux insectes. Son emploi pour cet usage biocide est ancien, mais sa composition à base d'hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques (HAP) la rend présumée reprotoxique et cancérogène, persistante, toxique pour l'environnement et bioaccumulable. Bien que de nombreuses précautions soient prises au niveau de la fabrication et de la pose des traverses et poteaux créosotés, et même si la diffusion dans l'environnement de la créosote est limitée et quelque peu noyée parmi les nombreuses sources de HAP, la créosote n'en reste pas moins un produit agressif pour la santé. C'est pourquoi la réglementation européenne relative aux produits biocides prévoit une évaluation de la créosote au niveau européen tous les 5 ans. Suite à l'approbation européenne de cette substance, chacun de ses usages doit être autorisé dans chaque État membre, avec l'obligation d'établir un plan de substitution. Compte tenu du caractère dangereux pour la santé et pour l'environnement de la créosote, les États membres ne peuvent autoriser un de ses usages que si son interdiction a des conséquences négatives disproportionnées pour la société par rapport aux risques de son utilisation. En France, l'Anses doit statuer sur trois demandes d'autorisations avant janvier 2018. Dans ce cadre, la mission a veillé à caractériser les conséquences d'une interdiction de l'usage de la créosote pour le traitement des traverses et des poteaux électriques et téléphoniques, ces équipements étant indispensables au bon fonctionnement des services publics. Pour les poteaux électriques et de télécommunications, des solutions de substitution existent et sont déjà largement mises en oeuvre, même si de nouvelles techniques restent à investiguer. La mission considère que l'analyse de l'impact d'une interdiction de cet usage n'apporte pas d'élément justifiant que l'Anses renouvelle son autorisation. Pour les traverses de voie ferrée, la solution de substitution représentée par le béton n'est économiquement acceptable que pour les voies les plus fréquentées, en raison de la nécessité de procéder à un renouvellement complet ou presque de la voie (rail, ballast, traverses). Des tests supplémentaires sur des produits biocides alternatifs doivent encore être menés pour les autres voies et pour les cas particuliers tels les appareils de voie, avant de pouvoir valider un plan de substitution réaliste. La mission considère donc que les conditions économiques de la substitution méritent d'être prises en compte par l'Anses pour une autorisation de cet usage accompagnée de recommandations visant à tester des solutions alternatives. Bien que la question ne fût pas posée à la mission, celle-ci s'est alarmée du peu de restrictions apportées au commerce des traverses et poteaux créosotés usagés. Leur utilisation peut en effet se révéler bien plus dangereuse pour la santé que durant leur première vie. Aussi l'arrêté du 2 juin 2003 la régissant devrait-il être durci dans les plus brefs délais, estime la mission.

Agence nationale de la sécurité des systèmes d'information : rapport d'activité 2016

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-15.

Service à compétence nationale créé en juillet 2009, l'Agence nationale de la sécurité des systèmes d'information (ANSSI) fait le point sur son activité au cours de l'année 2016 : 3235 signalements d'événements de sécurité numérique, 14 500 heures de formation dispensées, 500 interventions menées en région, etc.

Développement des véhicules autonomes - Orientations stratégiques pour l'action publique

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-15.

Quels sont les enjeux liés au développement du véhicule autonome ? Quelles sont les actions prioritaires prévues par l'Etat ? Anne-Marie Idrac, Haute responsable pour la stratégie de développement du véhicule autonome revient, à travers ce document, sur les cinq enjeux identifiés par l'Etat : tenir compte des attentes des citoyens et des territoires ; garantir la sécurité ; favoriser l'acceptabilité de cette technologie ; développer la compétitivité et l'emploi ; promouvoir la coopération européenne et internationale.

Open consultation: HS2 property price support scheme technical consultation

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-15.

A technical consultation on introducing a property price support scheme for HS2.

Le Contrôleur général des lieux de privation de liberté - Rapport d'activité 2017

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-15.

Mme Adeline Hazan, Contrôleure générale des lieux de privation de liberté, présente le rapport annuel de l'institution. Il s'agit du dixième rapport annuel depuis la création de l'institution par la loi du 30 octobre 2017.

Rapport d'information déposé (...) par la mission d'information commune sur l'utilisation des produits phytopharmaceutiques

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-14.

Dans le contexte des Etats généraux de l'alimentation et du projet de loi pour l'équilibre des relations commerciales dans le secteur agricole et une alimentation saine et durable (EGAlim), la présente mission d'information se penche sur la dangerosité des produits phytopharmaceutiques et la recherche de leurs alternatives. En premier lieu, la mission dresse le constat des effets sanitaires et environnementaux de l'utilisation des produits phytopharmaceutiques. Ensuite, la mission effectue une synthèse de la législation sur ces produits. De multiples acteurs sont impliqués au niveau européen : la Commission européenne et les agences européennes, l'Agence européenne de sécurité alimentaire (EFSA), et dans une moindre mesure l'Agence européenne des produits chimiques (ECHA). Concernant les alternatives aux produits phytopharmaceutiques, les rapporteurs se sont plus particulièrement intéressés : aux solutions techniques, mécaniques et numériques limitant les épandages là et quand ils sont indispensables ; aux alternatives innovantes issues de la recherche génétique proposant de nouvelles variétés végétales naturellement résistantes aux attaques et aux solutions de bio-contrôle. Parmi ces alternatives, une attention particulière a été portée au développement de la filière biologique présentée comme l'alternative la plus immédiate. La mission conclut sur les mesures d'accompagnement nécessaires au passage vers cette transition agricole.

Rapport d'information déposé par la commission des affaires européennes sur l'Espace Schengen et la maîtrise des frontières extérieures de l'Union européenne

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-14.

L'objectif de la mission d'information était de comprendre comment préserver la libre circulation des personnes à l'intérieur de l'Espace Schengen tout en renforçant les mesures de sécurité pour que l'Union européenne se dote de moyens pour lutter contre le terrorisme, les réseaux de passeurs de migrants ou encore la criminalité transfrontalière.

L'emploi des seniors

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-11.

Les taux d'activité et d'emploi des seniors sont en hausse régulière mais des inégalités demeurent en matière d'emploi et de formation qui remettent en cause la sécurisation des parcours professionnels. Leur surreprésentation parmi les chômeur.euse.s de longue durée, la suppression de politiques publiques de l'emploi favorables à l'insertion et au maintien dans l'emploi des seniors ou encore la permanence des préjugés à leur égard sont autant de signaux que la collectivité, dans son ensemble, doit prendre en compte pour agir sur la qualité de l'emploi et garantir une cohésion sociale entre les générations, estime le CESE.

Rapport d'activité 2017 de la Commission nationale des sanctions

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-11.

La Commission nationale des sanctions (CNS) est une institution indépendante chargée, depuis 2014, de sanctionner les manquements commis par certains professionnels (les agents immobiliers, les personnes exerçant l'activité de domiciliation et les opérateurs de jeux ou de paris, y compris en ligne, etc.), en ne respectant pas leurs obligations en matière de lutte contre le blanchiment des capitaux et le financement du terrorisme. Notamment l'obligation de déclarer à Tracfin les soupçons et les informations dont ils ont connaissance afin de lutter contre la fraude fiscale, douanière et sociale ou le financement du terrorisme. Au cours de l'année 2017 : la CNS a pris 49 décisions de sanction (24 décisions sanctionnaient des personnes morales et 25 décisions des personnes physiques, dirigeantes de ces personnes morales) ; les entreprises concernées appartenaient au secteur des agences immobilières (76%), de la domiciliation (20%) et des jeux et paris (4%) ; la Commission a prononcé 87 sanctions (dont 25 interdictions temporaires d'exercice d'activité, 13 avertissements et 39 sanctions pécuniaires, de 1000 à 30 000 euros). A noter que la compétence de la Commission a été étendue par l'ordonnance du 1er décembre 2016 à de nouvelles professions (antiquaires et galeries d'art, professionnels du secteur des biens de luxe et agents sportifs).

Evaluation des bilans ex-post prévus à l'article L. 1511-6 du code des transports

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-11.

Le rapport traite essentiellement des projets d'infrastructure constituant à ce jour la majorité des objets soumis à évaluation en application de l'article L. 1511-2. du code des transports, disposant « Les grands projets d'infrastructures et les grands choix technologiques sont évalués sur la base de critères homogènes mesurant les impacts des effets externes des transports sur, notamment, l'environnement, la sécurité et la santé et permettant des comparaisons à l'intérieur d'un même mode de transport ainsi qu'entre les modes ou les combinaisons de modes de transport. » L'origine de l'obligation d'établissement des bilans ex-post et l'objectif de ces bilans décrits, le rapport constate une forme de convergence avec les dispositifs de suivi et de bilan des effets sur l'environnement. Le rapprochement des cadres d'évaluation socio-économique et environnementale suggéré ne pourrait pas déboucher sur une fusion des deux dispositifs, de par la plus grande rapidité des effets économiques directs (évolution des trafics), que de ceux indirects (évolution de l'occupation des sols dans les zones desservies ou des milieux naturels des zones traversées). Le bilan ex-post permet d'obtenir une coupe instantanée, de détecter des tendances plus que des faits bien établis et de vérifier que les dispositifs mis en place pour un suivi sur le plus long terme sont pertinents. Le constat opéré de l'utilité des bilans ex-post pour l'ensemble des parties prenantes à un projet de transport, le rapport examine les améliorations envisageables sur les modalités d'organisation des maîtres d'ouvrages pour obtenir une meilleure qualité des rapports, et faciliter la mise à disposition du public du contenu des bilans ainsi réalisés. La documentation technique méthodologique mise à disposition des maîtres d'ouvrages et de leurs conseils, (« fiches-outils » et guides établis par les organismes techniques réunis au sein du CEREMA), constitutive d'une base solide, nécessite des améliorations associant d'autres organismes spécialisés dans l'étude de l'environnement. Constatant des écarts parfois substantiels entre les prévisions de trafic et les trafics réellement observés, la mission a recommandé l'actualisation voire la refonte des modèles de trafics utilisés, pouvant s'appuyer sur les travaux d'analyse demandés par la DGITM, aux conclusions non encore mises en oeuvre. La mission recommande également de systématiser l'exercice des synthèses périodiques des bilans ex?post, pour l'évaluation de la mise en oeuvre des politiques de transport et de ces politiques elles-mêmes.

Vieillir dans la dignité

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-05-11.

Depuis la réforme constitutionnelle de 2008, le Conseil économique, social et environnemental (CESE) peut être saisi, par voie de pétition citoyenne, de toute question à caractère économique, social ou environnemental. Actuellement, ces pétitions doivent atteindre le seuil de 500 000 signatures en format papier pour être recevables par le Conseil. Sans attendre d'atteindre ce seuil, le Bureau a pris la décision d'instaurer une veille des pétitions qui ne sont pas directement adressées au CESE. La question des établissements d'hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes (EHPAD), de leurs moyens humains et financiers, fait l'objet de plusieurs pétitions en ligne qui recueillent un nombre très élevé de signatures. La section des affaires sociales et de la santé du CESE a entendu les porteurs de cinq de ces pétitions, avant de préparer cet avis. La crise à laquelle sont confrontées les EHPAD montre que, plus de deux ans après l'entrée en vigueur de la loi sur l'adaptation de la société au vieillissement, les progrès ne sont pas suffisants, constate le CESE. Celui-ci formule quinze préconisations organisées autour de trois axes pour améliorer cette situation: prévenir, anticiper et financer la perte d'autonomie ; adapter l'offre d'hébergement et de services aux besoins et aux attentes ; travailler ensemble autrement pour répondre aux exigences d'un accompagnement global et digne.

Wage returns to interregional mobility among Ph.D graduates: Do occupations matter?

By BarbaraErmini , LucaPapi , FrancescaScaturro from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-11.

Abstract This paper addresses the wage returns to interregional mobility among Italian Ph.D workers. We control for selection bias in both migration and occupation choice by estimating a double sample selection model. While OLS estimates indicate a positive wage premium of mobility across all types of occupations examined, wage equations estimated by correcting for double sample selection evidence a wage penalty for movers within academia, no effects for movers carrying out R&D activities but positive returns if they work within the industry sector. The selection process appears to be stronger when mobility choice is considered in comparison to the choice of occupation.

Industrial relatedness and regional resilience in the European Union

By GiulioCainelli , RobertoGanau , MarcoModica from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-10.

Abstract The 2008 Great Recession prompted interest in the concept of regional resilience. This paper discusses and empirically investigates the relationship between industrial relatedness and economic resilience across European Union regions over the 2008–2012 crisis period. The analysis focuses on two types of industrial relatedness: technological and vertical (i.e., market‐based). The empirical analysis is performed on a sample of 209 NUTS 2 regions in 16 countries. Our results highlight a positive effect of technological relatedness on the probability of resilience in the very short run (i.e., the 2008–2009 period), while the negative effect of vertical relatedness seems to persist for longer.

International treaty: [CS Poland No.1/2018] UK/Poland: Treaty on Defence and Security Cooperation

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-09.

Presented to Parliament May 2018

The determinants of elderly migration in France

By AlexandraSchaffar , MichelDimou , El MouhoubMouhoud from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-09.

Abstract The aim of this paper is to study elderly migration in France. First, it analyses whether the decision to migrate relies upon individual characteristics. Second, it examines the ways in which the economic, social and environmental characteristics of the French territories determine the retirees' choice of localization. The paper draws upon a unique database of 12.67 million French inhabitants, with information about their personal attributes and locational choices from 2003 to 2008. It also uses an original database with locational characteristics for the French territories at the level of the 364 zones d'emploi. This is the only study on regional migration in France which builds upon such a thin spatial level of analysis. The paper builds empirical probit and Heckman models dealing with selection bias and endogeneity bias issues. The paper shows that retirees usually leave large agglomerations and old industrial areas in Northern France and the Paris agglomeration and relocate to socially and environmentally attractive zones with preferable climates. When studying the migration patterns within the zones d'emploi, it appears that the most vulnerable zones, which display a lower quality of collective services as well as higher income disparities and crime rates, feature lower elderly residential mobility.

International treaty: [MS No.5/2018] Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-08.

Presented to Parliament May 2018

Emerging specializations, competences and firms' proximity in digital industries: The case of London

By FrancescoLosurdo , AlessandroMarra , ErnestoCassetta , UmbertoMonarca , IvanoDileo , VittorioCarlei from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-08.

Abstract In order to overcome the limitations of defining industrial specializations in digital industries through SIC codes, this paper suggests measuring the specializations and competences of these industries on the basis of the degree of digital technologies present in the products and services supplied. Metadata from CrunchBase are employed, as proxies of firms' specializations and competences which are defined as the fields of activity in which firms are involved. Applying a network analysis, these specializations and competences are linked to the recognition of emerging digital technologies and the strongest combinations of products and services. We tested the proposed methodology on London, a leading centre for the digital economy.

Interdictions d'habitation et recul du trait de côte - rapport n° 439

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-05-07.

Rapport n° 439 de Mme Nelly TOCQUEVILLE, fait au nom de la commission de l'aménagement du territoire et du développement durable, sur la proposition de loi visant à instaurer un régime transitoire d'indemnisation pour les interdictions d'habitation résultant d'un risque de recul du trait de côte (18 avril 2018)

Portugal should improve adult learning to boost growth and social cohesion

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-05-04.

Portugal’s investments in education and skills in recent decades are paying off for young people but many adults are falling behind. With a rapidly aging population and a growing skills divide between generations, Portugal needs to further strengthen its adult-learning system, according to a new OECD report.

Policy paper: Pre-legislative scrutiny of the draft Tenant Fees Bill: government response to the Select Committee report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-02.

Government’s response to the select committee report on pre-legislative scrutiny of the draft Tenant Fees Bill.

Corporate report: Office for Nuclear Regulation corporate plan 2018 to 2019

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-01.

This report describes the plans of the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) for 2018 to 2019.

Territorial determinants and NUTS 3 regional performance: A spatial analysis for Italy across the crisis

By IolandaLo Cascio , FabioMazzola , RosaliaEpifanio from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-30.

Abstract This paper analyses the differential impact of several territorial determinants of the economic performance of Italian provinces (NUTS 3 level). as measured by per capita GDP, export and employment growth from 1999 to 2014. It covers both the pre‐crisis and the crisis period and stresses the role of geographical proximity in shaping local performance over a wide set of explanatory variables. In order to do so, we employ, firstly, a spatial Durbin model which enables us to discriminate between direct and indirect effects and to highlight the possible contagion or crowding‐out spatial effects for each territorial dimension affecting growth. Then, we extend the analysis by allowing for the possibility of two regimes (pre‐crisis and post‐crisis). The performance of the provinces before and during the crisis relates to specific territorial components and geographic proximity appears to influence differently the results and their interpretation.

Historical urban growth in Europe (1300–1800)

By RafaelGonzález‐Val from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-27.

Abstract This paper analyses the evolution of the European urban system from a long‐term perspective (from 1300 to 1800). Using the method recently proposed by Clauset, Shalizi, and Newman, a Pareto‐type city size distribution (power law) is rejected from 1300 to 1600. A power law is a plausible model for the city size distribution only in 1700 and 1800, although the log‐normal distribution is another plausible alternative model that we cannot reject. Moreover, the random growth of cities is rejected using parametric and non‐parametric methods. The results reveal a clear pattern of convergent growth in all the periods.

La Pologne, un marché dynamique et ouvert - rapport de groupe interparlementaire d'amitié n° 148

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-04-26.

Rapport de groupe interparlementaire d'amitié n° 148 de M. Jean-Pierre LELEUX : La Pologne, un marché dynamique et ouvert (26 avril 2018)

SIEMENS-ALSTOM : pour un géant du ferroviaire véritablement franco-allemand - rapport d'information n° 449

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-04-26.

Rapport d'information n° 449 de M. Martial BOURQUIN, fait au nom de la Mission d'information sur Alstom et la stratégie industrielle du pays : SIEMENS-ALSTOM : pour un géant du ferroviaire véritablement franco-allemand (18 avril 2018)

Official Statistics: Export of Objects of Cultural Interest Report 2016/17

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-11.

The 63rd annual report on the Export of Objects of Cultural Interest by the Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest.

International treaty: [EU No.5/2018] EU/EAEC/Armenia: Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-26.

Presented to Parliament April 2018

Taxing Wages: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-26.

Portugal had the 13th highest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2017. The country had the 12th highest position in 2016. The average single worker in Portugal faced a tax wedge of 41.4% in 2017 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.

Cybersécurité robuste en Europe : La cybersécurité : un pilier robuste pour l'Europe numérique - rapport d'information n° 458

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-04-26.

Rapport d'information n° 458 de M. René DANESI et Mme Laurence HARRIBEY, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, sur la proposition de résolution au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, en application de l'article 73 quater du Règlement, pour une cybersécurité robuste en Europe : La cybersécurité : un pilier robuste pour l'Europe numérique (20 avril 2018)

Adjustment mechanisms of Greek regions in export activity during the economic crisis of 2008–2012

By MariaTsiapa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-26.

Abstract Under the deep and protracted recession that plagues the Greek regions, exports have shown some positive signs of resilience. This paper explores through a spatial econometric analysis of SUR models, first, the changes that occurred in exports by the (NUTS 3 level) regions for the period 2008–2012 to offer resistance against the crisis and to stimulate growth, which entail expansion of export demand, improvement in the quality of agricultural products, deeper specialization in broad low‐technology sectors and simultaneous increases in the variety inside these sectors and second, the ability of exports to transfer their growth gains to the broader economy.

The role of government in regentrification

By KuzeyYilmaz from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-26.

Abstract Regentrification has been a controversial and often debated topic since it was first observed in the late 1960s. This paper expands the understanding of regentrification through the development of a new hybrid Tiebout‐Alonso model that explicitly introduces: (i) public transportation as an alternative mode of commute to automobile and (ii) a detailed modelling of housing and land demand so that the size of housing driven force against that of opposing commuting driven force is in line with the empirical estimates of existing literature. We find that government policies (school district boundary alteration, taxes and subsidies for commuters) have substantial effects on the degree of regentrification and concentration of poverty around central cities.

International treaty: [EU No.2/2018] EU/New Zealand: Partnership Agreement on Relations and Cooperation

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-25.

Presented to Parliament April 2018

International treaty: [EU No.1/2018] EU/Australia: Framework Agreement

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-25.

Presented to Parliament April 2018

Convergence sociale dans l'Union européenne : Le socle européen des droits sociaux : première ébauche d'un Code de convergence sociale ? - rapport d'information n° 457

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-04-25.

Rapport d'information n° 457 de Mmes Pascale GRUNY et Laurence HARRIBEY, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, sur la proposition de résolution au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, en application de l'article 73 quater du Règlement, sur la convergence sociale dans l'Union européenne : Le socle européen des droits sociaux : première ébauche d'un Code de convergence sociale ? (20 avril 2018)

Régulation des objets connectés et internet des objets - rapport n° 429

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-04-24.

Rapport n° 429 de M. André GATTOLIN, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, sur la proposition de résolution en application de l'article 73 quinquies du Règlement, sur la régulation des objets connectés et le développement de l'internet des objets en Europe (16 avril 2018)

International treaty: [EU No.4/2018] EU/Cuba: Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-23.

Presented to Parliament April 2018

International treaty: [EU No.3/2018] EU/Canada: Strategic Partnership Agreement

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-23.

Presented to Parliament April 2018

Corporate report: Main Supply Estimates 2018 to 2019

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-19.

HM Treasury has published the central government main supply estimates for 2018 to 2019.

A spatial decomposition of the shift‐share components of labour productivity inequality in Italy

By MauroMussini from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-19.

Abstract This paper explores the components of aggregate labour productivity inequality between Italian regions from 2000 to 2013. The Gini index of inequality in aggregate labour productivity is decomposed, showing the extent to which sector productivity differentials and differences in industry‐mix contribute to regional productivity inequality. In addition, the contribution of the interaction between differences in industry‐mix and sector productivity differentials is revealed by the decomposition. Each of these contributions to inequality is measured by considering the spatial dimension of regional inequality, since the contributions of inequality between non‐neighbouring regions and inequality between neighbouring regions are separated.

The regionalization of national input‐output tables: A study of South Korean regions

By Anthony T.Flegg , TimoTohmo from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-19.

Abstract This paper uses survey‐based data for 16 South Korean regions to refine the application of Flegg's location quotient (FLQ) and its variant, the sector‐specific FLQ (SFLQ). These regions vary markedly in terms of size. Especial attention is paid to the problem of choosing appropriate values for the unknown parameter δ in these formulae. Alternative approaches to this problem are evaluated and tested. Our paper adds to earlier research that aims to find a cost‐effective way of adapting national coefficients, so as to produce a satisfactory initial set of regional input coefficients for regions where survey‐based data are unavailable.

International treaty: [TS No.2/2018] UK/Kenya: Agreement for the Promotion and Protection of Investments

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-17.

Presented to Parliament April 2018

Migration and institutional quality across Italian provinces: The role of human capital

By ClaudioDi Berardino , DarioD'Ingiullo , DavideQuaglione , AlessandroSarra from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-17.

Abstract A recent literature strand has emphasized the importance of international migration on the institutional quality of sending and receiving countries. On the contrary, there is no evidence of the effects of intra‐national, interregional mobility on government quality, a phenomenon which is particularly relevant in countries affected by significant internal dualism. Using a system generalized method of moments (SYS‐GMM) estimator on a 2004–2012 panel dataset, this paper empirically investigates the relationship between internal net‐migration and institutional quality of Italian provinces. The findings show that migration has a relevant and positive effect on the quality of institutions only when the human capital content is taken into account.

EU regional development policy and territorial capital: A systemic approach

By UgoFratesi , GiovanniPerucca from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-17.

Abstract The territorial capital of regions is an important determinant of growth, but also of the impact of EU Cohesion Policy. First, because it can act as a filter, enhancing the impact of regional policies. Second, the latter can help building territorial capital which, in turn, will foster regional development. This work analyses the medium and long‐run relationship between the territorial capital of EU NUTS 3 regions and Cohesion Policy using data from the programming period 2000–2006. Results point out complementarities between different territorial assets of regions and the impact of EU regional policy: Cohesion Policy effectiveness is higher when investments are focused on the assets complementary to those already abundant in the region.

Research Fellowships and Conference Sponsorship

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-16.

The Co-operative Research Programme (CRP)'s Call for Applications for conference sponsorship and research fellowships for funding in 2019 is now OPEN. The CRP supports work on sustainable use of natural resources in agriculture, forests, fisheries and food production.

Location decisions of enterprise R&D investments as a function of related and unrelated regional industry structures: A multilevel study

By JarleAarstad , Olav AndreasKvitastein , Stig‐ErikJakobsen from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-16.

Abstract Despite that previous studies have examined factors that affect location decisions of enterprise R&D investments, they have not investigated if regional industry structures play a role. Responding to this research gap, we analyse data from Norway and find that location in regions with unrelated, diversified, and fragmented industry structures increases both the probability and amount of enterprise R&D investments. Location in regions with related and complementary industry structures, on the contrary, has no effect. We further find that location in populous regions spanning a large geographical area increases the probability of enterprise R&D investments.

Taxation of household savings: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-12.

This note presents marginal effective tax rates (METRs) that summarise the tax system’s impact on the incentives to make an additional investment in a particular type of savings. By comparing METRs on different types of household savings, we can gain insights into which assets or savings types receive the most favourable treatment from the tax system.

Policy paper: Flood Risk Management Overview & Scrutiny Committee (England) Regulations 2011: post implementation review

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-11.

Review of the Flood Risk Management Overview & Scrutiny Committee (England) Regulations 2011 after 5 years.

Open consultation: Modernising consumer markets: green paper

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-11.

We're seeking your views on how to ensure that our regulatory, competition and enforcement regimes are suitable for the modern economy and the modern consumer.

Notice: SBRI competition guidance: protecting nuclear decommissioning operators

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-03.

Organisations can apply for a share of £850,000 to develop solutions for protecting and increasing the productivity of the nuclear decommissioning operator.

Research and analysis: One year review of enforcement agent reforms

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-17.

This year 1 post implementation review evaluates reforms introduced in April 2014 on how enforcement agents operate and the fees they charge.

Corporate report: Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation: annual report 2016 to 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-28.

Annual report on the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation for the financial year 2016 to 2017.

Policy paper: Treasury Minutes – 26 March 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-26.

Government departments respond to the Public Accounts Committee reports through a Treasury minute.

Disparities in exploitative and exploratory patenting performance across regions: Focusing on the roles of agglomeration externalities

By Bo KyeongLee , So YoungSohn from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-03-24.

Abstract We try to identify the determinants of regional variation in both exploitative and exploratory innovative competencies. Hereby, we focus on how a knowledge‐creation mechanism with specialized externalities differs from one with diversified externalities. Innovative competence in the US is measured by local patenting performance; exploitative and exploratory patenting performances are distinguished by the degree of backward citation. Based on the extended knowledge‐production function, including the two agglomeration externalities, our findings show that specialized externalities are associated with exploitation, while diversified externalities are positively related with both exploration and exploitation, regardless of industrial sectors.

Transparency data: AGO transparency data 2017/18 Q3

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-23.

Attorney General's Office transparency data for 2017/18 Q3

Research and analysis: Maintaining momentum: driving improvements in mental health care

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-21.

'Maintaining momentum' highlights failings in NHS mental health services in England, and the devastating toll this takes on patients and their families.

Policy paper: Protecting defined benefit pension schemes

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-19.

This paper explains how the government intends to increase the protections for defined benefit scheme members and make improvements to the system.

Official Statistics: European Union Finances 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-16.

This document describes the EU Budget for 2017.

Corporate report: Government Annuities Investment Fund Account 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-15.

Annual report and accounts of the Government Annuities Investment Fund.

Policy paper: Disability and the built environment: government response to select committee report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-26.

Government’s response to the select committee report on disability and the built environment.

Independent report: Economic and fiscal outlook: March 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-13.

This is the OBR's March 2018 Economic and fiscal outlook.

Policy paper: HS2 Crewe Hub consultation: government's response

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-09.

Summarises responses and the government's decisions following the 2017 HS2 Crewe Hub consultation.

Independent report: National Crime Agency Remuneration Review Body report: 2017 and 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-08.

Recommendations from the National Crime Agency Remuneration Review Body on the pay and allowances of NCA officers with operational powers.

Measuring Tax Support for R&D and Innovation - country profiles

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-03-06.

The 2017 OECD R&D tax incentive country profiles provide detailed information on the design features and cost of tax provisions used by countries to incentivise R&D performance by businesses, reporting on both long-term and recent trends.

By diversion rate alone: The inconsistency and inequity of waste management evaluation in a single‐indicator system

By BarbaraCavalletti , MatteoCorsi from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-02-28.

Abstract Local waste management is commonly evaluated according to performance indicators that have been shown to be weakly or even negatively correlated. If the metrics of waste management are not treated as a multi‐indicator system, evaluations will reflect indicator selection rather than the actual sustainability of waste management. We discuss the drawbacks of single‐indicator evaluations through the case of Italy, where recent national and regional legislation on waste taxation is largely based on municipal diversion rate. We show that the main assumption for making diversion rate the discriminant between good and bad environmental performances is untenable. Furthermore, we provide evidence that the use of a single parameter has a sizeable regressive effect in the distribution of the tax burden between municipalities.

Transport‐induced agglomeration effects: Evidence for US metropolitan areas

By Patricia C.Melo , Daniel J.Graham from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-02-15.

Abstract While the interaction between transport and agglomeration economies is widely accepted, there is insufficient research attempting at a direct empirical quantification. Using a balanced panel dataset for US metropolitan areas, we estimate a system of simultaneous equations to measure the indirect effect of urban agglomeration economies which arises through transport provision. Our findings suggest that public transit reinforces the effect of urban agglomeration, whereas road lane miles appear to weaken it. The results highlight the importance of public transit in supporting positive urban agglomeration externalities. Resumen. Si bien la interacción entre el transporte y las economías de aglomeración está aceptada ampliamente, no hay suficiente investigación que intente una cuantificación empírica directa. Mediante el uso de un conjunto equilibrado de datos de panel para áreas metropolitanas de los EE. UU., se ha estimado un sistema de ecuaciones simultáneas para medir el efecto indirecto de las economías de aglomeración urbana que surge de la provisión de transporte. Los hallazgos sugieren que el tránsito público refuerza el efecto de la aglomeración urbana, mientras que el kilometraje de las calles y carreteras parece debilitar este efecto. Los resultados resaltan la importancia del tránsito público en cuanto al apoyo de las externalidades positivas de la aglomeración urbana. 抄録: 交通輸送と集積の経済に相関関係があることは広く認められているが、直接的、実証的な定量化を試みた研究は多くは実施されていない。本稿では、米国の大都市圏の、欠損値を含まないパネルデータセットを用いて、都市部における集積の経済から、交通輸送を通じてもたらされる間接的な効果を測定する連立方程式システムを推定する。本研究の知見から、道路の車線長(road lane miles)は集積の経済の効果を弱めるようであるが、その一方で公共交通機関はその効果を増強することが示唆される。結果から、集積の経済から生じる正の外部性を支えるうえでの、公共交通機関の重要性が強調される。

Do transport infrastructure spillovers matter for economic growth? Evidence on road and railway transport infrastructure in Iranian provinces

By ZahraDehghan Shabani , SimaSafaie from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-02-15.

Abstract This study analysed the spatial spillover effects of road and railway transport infrastructure on economic growth in the provinces of Iran. More specifically, it examined the direct, indirect (spatial spillover), and total effects of such infrastructure on the output growth of the provinces. To this end, maximum likelihood was used to estimate a spatial Durbin model for the provinces over the period 2001 to 2011. The results showed that main road and railway transport frameworks exert a positive and significant direct effect on the economic growth of the provinces. The main road and railway transport infrastructure in each province has a significant and positive indirect effect on the economic growth of the other provinces, indicating that improvements to individual infrastructure have spatial spillover effects on the economic growth of the other provinces. The conclusion drawn from these findings is that diffusion effects overcome agglomeration effects. Finally, total railway length has a positive spatial spillover effect on regional economic growth. Resumen. Este estudio analizó los efectos de spillover espacial de la infraestructura de transporte por carretera y ferrocarril en el crecimiento económico de las provincias de Irán. Más específicamente, el estudio examinó los efectos directos, indirectos (spillover espacial) y totales de dicha infraestructura en el crecimiento del producto de las provincias. Con este fin, se utilizó la máxima verosimilitud para estimar un modelo espacial de Durbin para las provincias durante el período 2001 a 2011. Los resultados mostraron que los principales marcos de transporte por carretera y ferroviario ejercen un efecto directo positivo y significativo sobre el crecimiento económico de las provincias. La infraestructura principal de transporte por carretera y ferroviario de cada provincia tiene un efecto indirecto significativo y positivo sobre el crecimiento económico de las otras provincias, lo que indica que las mejoras en la infraestructura individual tienen efectos de spillover espacial sobre el crecimiento económico de las otras provincias. La conclusión extraída de estos hallazgos es que los efectos de difusión superan a los efectos de aglomeración. Finalmente, la longitud total del ferrocarril tiene un efecto positivo de spillover espacial sobre el crecimiento económico regional. 抄録: 本稿では、イランの州(province)の経済成長に対する、道路および鉄道輸送の交通インフラの空間的波及効果を分析する。具体的には、州の生産高の増加に対する、道路および鉄道輸送インフラの、直接的、間接的(すなわち空間的波及効果)、総合的な効果を検討する。その方法として、2001年から2011年までの各州の空間ダービンモデルを最尤法により推定する。結果は、主要な道路および鉄道輸送のフレームワークが、州の経済成長に対して大きくかつ直接的なプラスの効果を与えていることを示す。各州の主要な道路および鉄道輸送インフラは、他州の経済成長に対して、大きなプラスの効果を間接的に与えており、各インフラの改善が他州の経済成長に波及効果を及ぼすことを示している。以上の知見から、拡散効果は集積効果を上回るという結論が得られる。さらに、鉄道の全長は地域の経済成長に対してプラスの空間的波及効果を与えている。

Taxing Energy Use 2018: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-02-14.

This note describes the taxation of energy use in Portugal. It contains the country’s energy tax profiles, followed by country-specific information to complement the general discussion in Taxing Energy Use 2018 (OECD, 2018).

Historical and current spatial differences in female labour force participation: Evidence from Germany

By MichaelWyrwich from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-02-13.

Abstract Female labour force participation (FLFP) increased significantly in the 20th century. Nevertheless, there are persisting spatial differences in FLFP. Using data from Germany, this paper demonstrates that regional differences in the degree of industrialization in the 1920s explain spatial variation in FLFP at that time and almost 100 years later. The latter finding is not explained by persisting industry structures. Additionally, there is evidence that regions with historically high FLFP have a higher social acceptance of working women. Together these results suggest that policies to increase FLFP should account for the historical context of each region.

KIBS as both innovators and knowledge intermediaries in the innovation process: Intermediation as a contingent role

By RichardShearmur , DavidDoloreux from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-30.

Abstract The role of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) in innovation processes is often understood as that of knowledge intermediaries. Yet KIBS are innovators, and use external services: so what is their nature (or identity) and can it be distinguished from the roles they play? We conceptualize how KIBS can be understood simultaneously as innovators and intermediaries. We survey 407 KIBS innovators, and ask: what characterizes KIBS innovators that use KIBS intermediation? What factors are connected with different aspects of this relationship? Is the relationship conditioned by geographic context? The relationship varies with type of innovation introduced and with user characteristics, but not with geographic context.

Two countries, sixteen cities, five thousand kilometres: How many housing markets?

By RyanGreenaway‐McGrevy , ArthurGrimes , MarkHolmes from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-24.

Abstract We examine whether a single (dynamic) housing market exists across 16 cities within Australia and New Zealand. The two countries are closely integrated but cities are up to 5,000 kilometres apart. A single housing market exhibits a common set of forces determining the long run real house price path in all cities. A strong (weak) form occurs when an innovation affects house prices across all cities to an equal (unequal) degree. The 16 cities comprise a weak form single housing market with significant spatial and dynamic complexities. Three city groups emerge with a natural interpretation in terms of economic and spatial characteristics.

Impact of macro‐structural reforms on the productivity growth of regions: Distance to the frontier matters

By SabineD’Costa , Jose EnriqueGarcilazo , JoaquimOliveira Martins from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-11.

Abstract Using a panel of 265 regions from 24 OECD countries from 1997 to 2007, we explore the impact of nation‐wide macroeconomic and structural policies on the productivity growth of subnational regions. We find that average relationships between nation‐wide policies and regional productivity growth can hide strong differentiated effects according to the distance to the frontier: relaxing employment protection legislation on temporary contracts, lowering barriers to trade and investment and increasing trade openness enhances productivity growth in lagging regions, whereas reducing barriers to entrepreneurship or higher levels of government debt has a positive effect on regions closer to the productivity frontier.

Impact of macro‐structural reforms on the productivity growth of regions: Distance to the frontier matters

By SabineD’Costa , Jose EnriqueGarcilazo , JoaquimOliveira Martins from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-11.

Abstract Using a panel of 265 regions from 24 OECD countries from 1997 to 2007, we explore the impact of nation‐wide macroeconomic and structural policies on the productivity growth of subnational regions. We find that average relationships between nation‐wide policies and regional productivity growth can hide strong differentiated effects according to the distance to the frontier: relaxing employment protection legislation on temporary contracts, lowering barriers to trade and investment and increasing trade openness enhances productivity growth in lagging regions, whereas reducing barriers to entrepreneurship or higher levels of government debt has a positive effect on regions closer to the productivity frontier.

The trade, geography and regional implications of Brexit

By PhilipMcCann from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-10.

Implementation of European Cohesion Policy at the sub‐national level: Evidence from beneficiary data in Eastern Germany

By BiankaDettmer , ThomasSauer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-09.

Abstract Regional governments’ discretion in allocating structural funds is limited by the competences of the European Commission to control fiscal activities of decentralized governments. Regional political behaviour and the complexity of the implementation process shape the policy outcome. Who benefits from structural funds? In this paper, we analyse implementation of ERDF funds in East Germany in the financial perspective 2007 to 2013. We find that less rural regions and some economic sectors benefit by more than others. A few beneficiaries control the highest share of the funds. The Gini coefficients vary by group of actor and show high inequality in the distribution of the funds. This indicates that a few actors have better access to the funds than others.

A spatial panel data analysis of China's urban land expansion, 2004–2014

By YingchengLi , WeitingXiong from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract Drawing upon a panel dataset on China's state‐owned construction land supply at the prefecture level, this paper adopts the spatial panel data model to investigate the existence of spatial dependence in the mechanisms behind China's urban land expansion from 2004 to 2014. The empirical results show that China's urban land expansion has been mainly influenced by a quadruple process of urbanization, industrialization, globalization and decentralization. The strong existence of spatial dependence in China's urban land expansion can be reflected by the significant coefficient estimates of the spatial lags of both the dependent variable and independent variables.

Territorial cohesion under pressure? Welfare policy and planning responses in Austrian and Swedish Peripheries

By ElisabethGruber , DanielRauhut , AloisHumer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract Austria and Sweden were both relatively unaffected by the economic crisis, challenges of the provision of welfare still exist, at least in peripheries. Economic downturn and outmigration have limited demands and increased the costs for services of general interest. This paper aims to discuss welfare policy and planning strategies for peripheries from a planning cultural sensitive perspective. It will answer how much the value of territorial cohesion is under pressure for peripheries in traditional welfare states, identifying a mismatch between policy levels. The results indicate a stepwise mainstreaming of competitiveness goals in favour of urban regions, leaving the challenges of peripheries to policy responses of single municipalities.

Spatial interactions in property tax policies among Italian municipalities

By ChiaraBocci , ClaudiaFerretti , PatriziaLattarulo from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-20.

Abstract This paper aims to estimate, through the use of a spatial model, the determinants of fiscal policies on property tax adopted by Italian municipalities in 2014, to assess the existence of strategic interactions influencing their revenue decisions and, finally, to investigate the possible sources of such tax mimicking. The analysis evaluates the impact of political and socio‐economic variables on the local policy decisions and confirms that the choices on property tax are influenced by the neighbouring municipalities’ behaviour. With regard to the tax mimicking sources, results highlight that the imitative behaviour among municipalities on their tax policy is determined mainly from spillover effects, with a decreasing effect in relation to municipal size.

Government at a Glance

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-12-19.

Government at a Glance provides a dashboard of key indicators to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.

The geography of social capital and innovation in the European Union

By JesúsPeiró‐Palomino from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-19.

Abstract This paper assesses the role of the associational activity dimension of social capital in regional innovation for 257 EU 28 regions in the pre‐crisis (2000–2007) and the crisis (2008–2012) period. The analysis is carried out using flexible non‐parametric kernel regressions, which allow for exploring heterogeneity across space and over time. The results show that effects widely differ across regions, but no differences are found between periods. In particular, the largest effects are found for less developed and transition regions from the periphery. In contrast, for most of the developed regions in the core of Europe the impact is non‐significant. These results might be useful for policy design in the H2020 framework.

Does climate matter? An empirical study of interregional migration in China

By LiGao , Abdoul G.Sam from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-19.

Abstract This study focuses on the role of local climate conditions in spurring interregional migration in China over the period 2000 to 2010. We developed a robust empirical approach based on a correlated random effects model and a prefecture‐level panel dataset which allows us to account for both within province migration flows and prefecture‐specific characteristics. Empirical results reveal that climate conditions are important determinants of migration in China. Specifically, prefectures with warmer winter, cooler summer, and more available sunshine are more attractive to migrants. Economic factors such as income level and employment opportunities are also important drivers of population growth.

Human capital and market size

By CeciliaVives from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-17.

Abstract This paper studies how the size of the labour market affects workers' decisions to invest in human capital. We consider a model of mismatch where firms rank workers according to their level of skills. The matching process operating in the market has the property that the job finding probability of workers depends on market size, market tightness and their ranking. The model is consistent with several facts highlighted in empirical studies: in bigger markets the distribution of human capital is more unequal and the returns to skill are higher.

Knowledge externalities and firm heterogeneity: Effects on high and low growth firms

By MarkusGrillitsch , MagnusNilsson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-15.

Abstract Knowledge externalities affect high and low growth firms differently. This paper develops two theoretical arguments. The knowledge equilibrium argument postulates that knowledge externalities weaken high growth firms for the benefit of low growth firms until performance differences vanish. The knowledge competition argument proposes that high growth firms are better positioned to identify, attract, and integrate knowledge, thereby expanding the performance gap between high and low growth firms. Based on 188,936 observations of 32,736 Swedish firms from 2004 to 2011, it is analysed whether knowledge externalities enable high growth firms to surge ahead or low growth firms to catch up.

Is there a relationship between TELs and default? Evidence from US municipalities

By John A.Dove from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-06.

Abstract The economic effects of tax and expenditure limits (TELs) have been often studied in the literature. However, little research has addressed how TELs might influence the propensity for a jurisdiction to default on its obligations. This study specifically fills that void. Overall, the results indicate that while the likelihood of default increases as TELs become more restrictive, the magnitude is not particularly large. Once decomposed, it would appear that property tax limits increase the likelihood, while expenditure limits have the opposite effect, though the latter result is insignificant. The findings are robust to a number of specifications and provide potential policy implications.

Area‐specific subsidies and population dynamics: Evidence from the Australian zone tax offset

By NathanKettlewell , OlegYerokhin from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-29.

Abstract This paper studies the effect of the zone tax offset (ZTO), a place based income subsidy implemented in rural Australia since 1945. The policy was intended to improve the welfare of inhabitants and provide an incentive for settlement. Our empirical approach exploits the geographical discontinuity in the eligibility for the subsidy to identify its causal effect on population growth. Using data on population by locality from the historical censuses we find that the ZTO had a positive but only temporary effect on population growth in the targeted areas.

Revenue Statistics: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-23.

The tax-to-GDP ratio in Portugal decreased by 0.2 percentage points, from 34.6% in 2015 to 34.4% in 2016. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.3 percentage points from 34.0% to 34.3% over the same period.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 - highlights by country

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-22.

These notes present selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 - Portugal highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-22.

This note presents selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.

The interconnections between socio‐spatial factors and labour market integration among Arabs in Israel

By IlanShdema , Hisham M.Abu‐Rayya , IzhakSchnell from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-17.

Abstract The current study investigated labour market integration of Arabs in Israel using Schnell et al.'s () global segregation/integration index (GSI) that assesses minorities’ socio‐spatial integration in multi‐ethnic contexts. The merit of this approach lies in being multifaceted and systematically incorporating socio‐spatial spheres. The study also conducted structured interviews with the respondents (n = 142), and employed GPS loggers to track their weekly movements. GSI socio‐spatial indicators emerged significantly associated with integration in the labour market, with movement in space being the prominent. The study signifies the socio‐spatial approach's application to the study of minorities’ labour market integration in metropolitan areas.

How's life in Portugal?

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-14.

This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2017.

Agglomeration of creative industries: An intra‐metropolitan analysis for Barcelona

By EvaColl‐Martínez , Ana‐IsabelMoreno‐Monroy , Josep‐MariaArauzo‐Carod from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-07.

Abstract In this paper we analyse the intensity and extent of agglomeration and co‐agglomeration of creative industries (CIs) in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (MAB). To do so, we use firm‐level geo‐located data to calculate distance‐based M and m functions of agglomeration and co‐agglomeration. Our results show that CIs are relatively more agglomerated than non‐CIs at short distances, and that each individual CI sector displays high levels of agglomeration (especially symbolic‐based sectors). Also, the co‐agglomeration of CIs and Non‐CIs is only observed for micro‐firms and that there is significant co‐agglomeration among symbolic‐based CI sectors. Finally, we confirm the role of the city‐centre of Barcelona as a magnet for CIs.

Migration and occupational careers: The static and dynamic urban wage premium by education and city size

By MartinKorpi , William A.V.Clark from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-06.

Abstract Using matched employer‐employee full population data on regional migrants in Sweden, this paper addresses the question whether the urban wage premium, and ‘thick’ labour market matching effects, are to be found across all educational groups, and whether the population threshold for these types of effects varies by educational category. Estimating initial wages, average wage level and wage growth 2001‐2009, we find similar wage premiums for all workers in the three largest metropolitan areas, but that there are distinct population thresholds for these type of effects, regardless of educational background. However, job search behaviour as explaining dynamic effects over time seems to pertain mostly to those with higher education.

The role of social capital in regional innovation systems: Creative social capital and its institutionalization process

By CristinaAragón Amonarriz , CristinaIturrioz , LoreaNarvaiza , Mario DavideParrilli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-27.

Abstract In the literature on regional innovation systems, one strand of study has identified a number of gaps that limit the efficiency and effectiveness of regional innovation systems, including so‐called ‘managerial gaps’, ‘structural holes’, ‘innovation gaps’, and ‘valleys of death’. Our project aims to demonstrate how social capital, in a creative tension that balances bonding and bridging elements, may contribute to reducing these specific gaps identified in the regional innovation systems literature. This perspective is analysed within a particular context: the Mondragon Cooperative Group in the Basque Country.

Overlapping labour market areas based on link communities

By YicheolHan , Stephan J.Goetz from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-11.

Abstract Many urban areas around the world have expanded from monocentric to polycentric regions forming larger hierarchical structures. These regions represent functional regions or labour market areas (LMAs) that are classified as groups of counties representing mutually exclusive, non‐overlapping geographies. In practice, however, a county may belong to multiple overlapping LMAs. To model this overlapping across urban hierarchies, we extend the link community method from network theory and apply it to US commuting data. Our proposed approach reliably identifies the LMAs that we would expect to find as well as core and periphery areas within them.

Ethnic minority concentration: A source of productivity growth for Italian provinces?

By AlessandraMichelangeli , NicolaPontarollo , GiuseppeVittucci Marzetti from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-11.

Abstract This paper aims at assessing the contribution of ethnic minorities to the (total and sectoral) productivity of Italian provinces. We consider the first ten nationalities by numbers of legal immigrants at the provincial level (NUTS 3) 2003–2011. We estimate a spatial panel model to capture both direct and indirect effects of foreign communities on local productivity at the province level, accounting for spatial spillovers. Our findings show that two communities out of the ten considered have a direct positive impact on aggregate labour productivity. Other foreign groups have significant indirect effects: these groups do not affect productivity of provinces where they live, but mainly of the neighbouring provinces, likely because of commuting.

Accessibility at the household level using the Structural Accessibility Layer: A forecast of potential future travel behaviour based on self‐selection of residential location

By XavierAlbacete from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-05.

Abstract The current paper analysis the differences in accessibility categories at the household level and by lifecycle changes by using the Structural Accessibility Layer. Results are evaluated from spatial, numerical and qualitative perspectives. Main findings show differences in residential preference by a single‐person household, couple without children and households with children for different potential accessibility categories. This paper provides evidence that external factors influence the population to move from public transport into car‐based mobility. Finally, we observe areas categorized as suitable for both walking and public transport mobility presenting low population density and residential development of those areas is suggested.

An interpretation of the changes in demographic behaviour at a sub‐national level using spatial measures in post‐socialist countries: A case study of the Czech Republic and Slovakia

By BranislavBleha , PavolĎurček from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-03.

Abstract The transformation of fertility and family behaviour in post‐socialist countries was quick and the changes were striking. An account of the changes is the subject of dispute and the mechanisms have still not been explained in a fully satisfying manner. Relatively little attention has been paid to the changes in spatial aspects concerning the broadening of changes in family behaviour. The aim of this paper is to answer the question as to whether changes spread stochastically in post‐socialist countries or if there are obvious spatial patterns. The study tries to answer the questions whether there are any cores of changes which may be understood as innovations, if there is any spatial clustering and if the extent is hierarchically arranged.

The effect of ICT adoption on labour demand: A cross‐region comparison

By MohamedGoaied , SeifallahSassi from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-03.

Abstract This paper assesses the information and communications technologies (ICT)‐labour relationship from a macroeconomic perspective to clarify some ambiguity regarding the overall employment effect of ICT adoption in the short and long term. For that, we use two panel data techniques, generalized method of moments (GMM) and the pooled mean group model (PMG), on a large sample of developing and developed countries, covering five regions, during the period from 1990–2015. Our findings provide evidence that the overall impact of ICT adoption is labour saving in the short term, and this adverse effect still carries on in the long run, inducing higher structural unemployment. The displacement of the labour market induced by ICT adoption is real, persistent, and universal. Policy‐makers should facilitate the transition of labour from old to new jobs and reduce the period of adaptability.

The role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms

By SamTavassoli , CharlieKarlsson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-09-29.

Abstract This paper analyses the role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms. Using the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced firms' innovative behaviour from 2002 to 2012, in terms of four Schumpeterian types of innovation: product, process, organizational, and marketing. Controlling for an extensive set of firm‐level characteristics, we find that certain regional characteristics matter for innovation persistency of firms. In particular, those firms located in regions with: (i) thicker labour market or (ii) higher extent of knowledge spillover exhibit higher probability of being persistent innovators up to 14 percentage points. Such higher persistency is mostly pronounced for product innovators.

Where are the artists? Analysing economies of agglomeration in Castile and León, Spain

By IvánBoal , Luis CésarHerrero from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-09-28.

Abstract The creative economy has become the subject of increasing interest in recent years, both in economic development studies and the analysis of spatial disparities. Various studies have examined the spatial logics of cultural and creative industries, although analyses into the location and agglomeration of artists therein remain few and far between. The present work thus seeks to explore the location and spatial structure of the cultural sector in a Spanish region, focusing specifically on the purest artistic activities and using micro‐spatial disaggregation. Spatial econometric techniques are used to identify location patterns, pinpoint territorial activity clusters and to measure agglomeration economies.

Portugal: Digital Transformation of the Public Sector - OECD E-Leaders meeting

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-09-21.

The 2017 edition of the OECD E-Leaders meeting will discuss how governments can best adapt to the growing role of advanced technologies in service delivery. Delegates will discuss the implications of the digital transformation in governments, including the skills base, the data infrastructure and approaches to the commissioning of ICT goods and services.

Do local subsidies to firms create jobs? Counterfactual evaluation of an Italian regional experience

By GiuseppePorro , ValentinaSalis from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-09-20.

Abstract A counterfactual analysis is performed to evaluate the impact on employment of four programmes providing financial incentives to firms in Lombardy (Italy) between 2008 and 2013. While linear estimates suggest that the programmes have positive effects on short‐run employment growth when incentives are sufficiently high, a non‐parametric analysis shows that the policy is, on the whole, ineffective and that the results in linear models are due to small groups of outliers, which received very high subsidies. Data allow for a short run analysis only, but the results cast some doubts on the policy effectiveness also in a medium‐long run perspective.

The determinants of foreclosures: Evidence from the Spanish case

By Josep MariaRaya from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-09-12.

Abstract This paper aims to identify the determinants of foreclosures in Spain, a country that not only has the highest foreclosure rate in Europe, but in which foreclosures have also become a major social and political issue. Using a unique dataset, we obtained the determinants of both the foreclosure‐to‐population ratio and the probability that a home would end in foreclosure. Evidence that deteriorating loan quality and short‐term liquidity constraints are the main drivers of foreclosures was obtained. Through urban inequality, foreclosures have exacerbated segregation and divergence among neighbourhoods.

The determinants of foreign direct investment in sub‐Saharan Africa: What role for governance?

By AndrésRodríguez‐Pose , GillesCols from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract For the past quarter of a century, foreign direct investment (FDI) flows have grown exponentially across the world. Sub‐Saharan Africa has, however, lagged behind and only lured on average a mere 2 per cent of global FDI. The investment that the region attracts tends, moreover, to be concentrated in a number of commodity‐rich countries. Natural resources and the size of national markets have generally been considered as the main drivers of FDI. The quality of local institutions has, by contrast, attracted less attention. This paper uses institutional data for 22 countries in order to demonstrate that the quality of governance plays a far from negligible and enduring role in the distribution of FDI in sub‐Saharan Africa. It is shown that factors such as political stability, government effectiveness, lower corruption, voice and accountability, and the rule of law not only are more important determinants of FDI than the size of local markets, but also that their influence on the capacity of African countries to attract FDI is long‐lasting. Resumen Durante el último cuarto de siglo, los flujos de inversión extranjera directa (IED) han crecido exponencialmente en todo el mundo. Sin embargo, el África subsahariana ha quedado rezagada y sólo ha atraído, en promedio, un 2% de la IED mundial. Además, la inversión que atrae la región tiende a concentrarse en una serie de países ricos en materias primas básicas. Los recursos naturales y el tamaño de los mercados nacionales han sido considerados generalmente como los principales impulsores de la IED. La calidad de las instituciones locales, por el contrario, ha atraído menos atención. Este artículo usa datos institucionales de 22 países con el fin de demostrar que la calidad de la gobernanza desempeña un papel que está lejos de ser insignificante y que es perdurable en la distribución de la IED en el África subsahariana. Se demuestra que la estabilidad política, la eficacia del gobierno, una corrupción baja, la libertad de expresión y la rendición de cuentas, y el estado de derecho, no son tan solo factores determinantes de la IED más importantes que el tamaño de los mercados locales, sino que su influencia en la capacidad de los países africanos para atraer IED es también más duradera. 抄録: 過去四半世紀のあいだに、直接投資(foreign direct investment:FDI)額は世界で急激に増加した。しかし、サブサハラ・アフリカの地域は後れを取っており、この地域への投資額は、平均で直接投資の総額のわずか2%のみとなっている。さらに、投資は物資の豊かな国に集中している。直接投資を誘引する主な条件として、通常は天然資源と国内市場の規模が考慮される。それとは対照的に、地域の公共施設・制度の質に注意が向けられることは少ない。本稿では、22カ国の公共施設・制度のデータを使用し、行政の質が、サブサハラ・アフリカの地域における直接投資の配分に、意外にも重要かつ永続的な役割を果たしていることを示す。政治的な安定、行政の実効性、汚職が少ないこと、民意と説明責任、法治体制、以上の因子は、直接投資を誘引する条件として国内市場の規模よりも重要であるだけでなく、アフリカ諸国の直接投資を誘引する能力に対して永続的に影響を及ぼすことが示される。

Free‐rider behaviour under voluntary amalgamation: The case of setting the long‐term care insurance premium in Japan

By KatsuyoshiNakazawa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract This study confirms free‐rider behaviour of pre‐merger municipalities in the case of voluntary amalgamation. The novel contribution of this study is dividing pre‐merger municipalities into two groups: those that had the chance to free ride when setting the long‐term care insurance premium and those that did not. Moreover, it focuses on the revision of the long‐term care insurance premium as the target of free‐rider behaviour. Therefore, the present study is able to capture free‐rider behaviour before the amalgamation. The regression results confirm that only pre‐merger municipalities that had the chance to free ride showed free‐rider behaviour.

From sources of financial value to commons: Emerging policies for enhancing public real‐estate assets in Italy

By AlessiaMangialardo , EzioMicelli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract Enhancing public real‐estate assets has been at the centre of a lively debate in Italy. Public policies have focused on the supply‐side, assuming that private demand was ready to develop assets. Yet with the decline in the real‐estate market, conditions have greatly changed. Italian authorities begun to experiment new approaches to enhance public assets by supporting the grass‐roots participation. The aim of this research is to determine the conditions that can predict the successful outcome of bottom‐up value creation dynamics in public real‐estate properties. Through a multivariate statistical analysis, the study proposes an interpretation of the elements that determine the successful outcome of bottom‐up processes.

Territorial governance and proximity dynamics. The case of two public policy arrangements in the Brazilian Amazon

By EtiennePolge , AndréTorre from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract Using social network and proximity‐based approaches, this paper analyses the effect of two territorial governance arrangements implemented in the Amazonian region in the framework of ‘The Territories of Citizenship’ programme, which aims to promote interaction and collaboration between the various actors of rural development. In the Amazon region, the great distances between actors made their interactions difficult. Our study reveals, however, that those distances are not insurmountable obstacles to collaboration. Indeed, the measures implemented in the framework of territorial policies promote communication between the different actors of the territories, thus allowing for the development and reinforcement of organized proximity.

Aumentar as qualificaçŏes em Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-08-28.

Não obstante o progresso significativo conseguido, melhorar as competências e as qualificações continua a ser um dos principais desafios que Portugal enfrenta para aumentar o crescimento, os níveis de vida e o bem-estar.

Raising skills in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-08-28.

Despite significant progress made, improving skills remains one of Portugal’s key challenges for raising growth, living standards and well-being.

Unconventional wisdom: Estimating the economic impact of the Democratic and Republican national political conventions

By Lauren R.Heller , Victor A.Matheson , E. FrankStephenson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-15.

Abstract We use daily hotel occupancy, price, and revenue data to analyse the economic impact of the 2008 and 2012 Democratic and Republican national conventions. We find that political conventions generate approximately 29,000 room nights of lodging, though this figure is partially offset by lower hotel occupancy during the week before and, to a lesser extent, after conventions. Conventions increase hotel revenue by approximately $20 million on average, a figure which suggests that host cities’ claims of economic impacts of $150 million or more may be implausible.

Differentiated mixed duopoly and decentralization in a two‐city model

By KosukeOshima from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-08-08.

We investigate a differentiated mixed duopoly with two cities where a public firm and a private firm are located in different cities. We find that in most cases the privatization level is higher under centralization (the national or regional government owns the public firm) than under decentralization (a city government owns the public firm). In particular, under decentralization, the public firm is fully owned by the city government if the substitutability of differentiated goods is relatively high. While the social welfare is higher under centralization, the welfare of the city with the public firm is higher under decentralization in most cases.

Corporate report: DfE consolidated annual report and accounts 2016 to 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-20.

A report on DfE expenditure and performance from 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017, and register of interests as of 2018.

More on decentralization and economic growth

By HenryAray from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-07-19.

This article casts new evidence on the effects of decentralization on economic growth. Based on the literature on the effects of institutions on the economy, such effects are assumed to accrue through total factor productivity (TFP). Five variables to capture decentralization are proposed in order to overcome the recent criticisms of the empirical approaches regarding the proper measures of variables capturing decentralization. Panel data for the regions of Spain over the 1986–2010 period are used. In general, the results show that the financial autonomy and the share of regional investment in public infrastructure seem to positively affect the economic growth of Spanish regions. However, a negative effect is found for a proxy for the number of responsibilities transferred to the regions. Moreover, empirical evidence provided for three sub‐sample periods could be suggesting that the Spanish state might be around the optimal level of decentralization. Results are fairly robust to different estimation methods and measures of TFP, regardless of the assumption of constant returns to scale.

Consultation outcome: Crewe Hub: options for building on existing connectivity

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-09.

Seeks views on options which could give Crewe and the surrounding region better access to conventional and high speed rail services.

Informal work in Poland – a regional approach

By DagmaraNikulin , AnetaSobiechowska‐Ziegert from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-07-16.

Abstract In our paper we try to combine the theories explaining the prevalence of informal work, using a regional approach. Reviewing the literature, we observe that, there is no evidence to confirm that the relationships that occur in cross‐country comparisons remain significant when we use regional data and analyse cross‐regional variations. Our general question is therefore whether there is simply more informal work in less‐developed regions, as the modernization theory asserts. Our analysis concludes that there is limited correlation between the prevalence of informal work and a region's level of development, whereas there is a significant positive autocorrelation between the extent of informal work in the analysed voivodships in Poland.

Value‐added effects of transit‐oriented development: The impact of urban rail on commercial property values with consideration of spatial heterogeneity

By HaitaoYu , HaoPang , MingZhang from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-07-07.

Abstract This study investigates the impact of the Austin MetroRail on commercial property values. Spatial Durbin models (SDM) suggest a modest price premium associated with rail transit across the study area. A premium gradient is also presented at different distance tiers from stations. When it comes to transit‐oriented development (TOD), a synergistic effect in enlarging the premium is found: with additional $9.0/ft2, $8.6/ft2 and $5.3/ft2 at 0.25 mi, 0.25–0.5 mi and 0.5–0.75 mi, respectively. Furthermore, geographically weighted regression shows the premium is significantly higher in central business district (CBD) and TOD areas. Such recognition of the heterogeneous price effect is of use in the design of project financing and TOD strategies.

Beyond the Paris Agreement: Climate change policy negotiations and future directions

By S. NiggolSeo from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-26.

Abstract At the conclusion of the Paris conference, this paper provides a review of the history of international negotiations on global warming for the past three decades with an emphasis on details of Paris agreements. Founding documents of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are reviewed. Major outcomes as well as conflicts on the stringency of global mitigation efforts observed from the series of Conferences of the Parties (COP) since 1992 are explained: Rio Earth Summit, Kyoto Protocol, Copenhagen Accord, Cancun Agreement, Durban Platform, and Paris Agreement. The development of the financial instrument called the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and the tensions among the parties on the fund are reviewed. The paper describes the current states of the global negotiations on various fronts at the aftermath of the Paris COP. The paper concludes by putting forth future directions of the negotiations and the ideal policies that can be agreed upon at the international level, which focus on adaptation, technologies, incentives, and exchanges. Resumen Tras la conclusión de la conferencia de París, este artículo revisa la historia de las negociaciones internacionales sobre el calentamiento global durante las tres últimas décadas, poniendo énfasis en los detalles de los acuerdos de París. Se revisan los documentos constituyentes del Grupo Intergubernamental de Expertos sobre el Cambio Climático (IPCC) y de la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (CMNUCC). Se explican los principales resultados, así como los conflictos sobre la rigurosidad de los esfuerzos mundiales de mitigación observados durante la serie de Conferencias de las Partes (CP) desde 1992: la Cumbre para la Tierra de Río, el Protocolo de Kyoto, el Acuerdo de Copenhague, el Acuerdo de Cancún, la Plataforma de Durban y el Acuerdo de París. Se revisan el desarrollo del instrumento financiero llamado Fondo Verde para el Clima (FVC) y las tensiones entre las partes sobre este fondo. El artículo describe los estados actuales de las negociaciones globales en varios frentes al término de la CP de París. El documento concluye con la propuesta de directrices futuras para las negociaciones y las políticas ideales que podrían acordarse a nivel internacional, centradas en la adaptación, las tecnologías, los incentivos y los intercambios. 抄録: 本稿では、パリ気候変動会議の閉会にあたり、パリ協定の詳細に触れてそれを強調しながら、過去30年における地球温暖化に関する国際協議の歴史を振り返る。 気候変動に関する政府間パネル(IPCC:Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)と気候変動に関する国際連合枠組条約(UNFCCC:United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change )の設立文書をレビューする。条約が締結された1992年以来、続けて開催されている気候変動枠組条約締約国会議(COP:Conferences of the Parties)、すなわち、リオ地球サミット、京都議定書、 コペンハーゲン合意、カンクン合意、ダーバン・プラットフォーム、パリ協定、以上で報告された主な成果および温暖化対策の切迫性をめぐる衝突を解説する。緑の気候基金(GCF:Green Climate Fund)という財政的な方策の発展と、その基金の利害関係にある団体組織間の緊張状態をレビューする。本稿では、パリで行われたCOPの影響下にあるいくつかの課題に関する国際協議の現状について述べる。最後に、協議が今後取るべき方向と国際間の合意が得られうる理想的な政策を提言する。それは、適応、テクノロジー、インセンティブ、交換に中心としたものである。

The demand for gambling in Italian regions and its distributional consequences

By LucaGandullia , LuciaLeporatti from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-18.

Abstract In recent years, the Italian gambling market has exploded, leading Italy to become the largest European gambling market and the fourth largest worldwide but the literature on the topic is still limited. This study analyses gambling demand across Italian regions in order to detect how the socio‐economic status of a region impacts the demand for different games. The results reveal that the consumption of each game is unevenly distributed across the northern and southern regions and that gambling products are generally regressive at a regional level; inconsistences emerged between central and sub‐national competences in the organization of the market.

Economic drivers and specialization patterns in the spatial distribution of Framework Programme's participation

By Nicola FrancescoDotti , AndréSpithoven from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-15.

Abstract While R&D activities are known for being unevenly distributed across space, how EU policy contributed to their regional dynamics is less explored. Since the 1980s, the EU Framework Programmes (FP) have promoted and supported transnational R&D projects through open and highly competitive calls for funding driven by ‘scientific excellence’ regardless of location. This paper aims to show the drivers of this spatial distribution and evolution of FP participations, arguing that this depends on cumulative effects of regional economic development and growth, while scientific specialization rarely is the best strategy to improve regional competitiveness in terms of FP participations.

OECD Employment Outlook 2017 - Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-06-13.

Unemployment has fallen faster in Portugal than on average across OECD countries. However, at 9.8% in April 2017, it remains above its pre-crisis level in 2007, as well as significantly above the OECD average (5.9%).

Revisiting the importance of border effect in sub‐national regions. Evidence from a quasi‐experimental design

By JacintBalaguer , JordiRipollés from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-07.

Abstract Literature provides significant border effects on consumer prices even for sub‐national regions. Nevertheless, Gorodnichenko and Tesar showed that the evidence from the usual methodology could be illusory if there is cross‐regional heterogeneity in the distribution of within‐region price differentials. We designed a quasi‐experiment that, using a transport fuel dataset, is applied to the Spanish regions. We found that, despite controlling for regional tax divergences, price differences remained critically dependent on regions. However, results suggest that the presence of borders per se is practically negligible to explain the lack of regional integration. Factors underlying the distribution heterogeneity are responsible for this.

The performance of non‐survey techniques for constructing sub‐territorial input‐output tables

By Giuseppe RicciardoLamonica , Francesco MariaChelli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-06-02.

Abstract This study is a contribution to the ongoing debate on the performance of various non‐survey techniques for constructing sub‐territorial input‐output tables. Three aspects of the behaviour of the methods are analysed: performances in reproducing ‘true’ input coefficients, variability of error, and direction of bias. The analysis uses real data and in particular the world input‐output table. The most important aspect that emerges from the analysis is that even though simple location quotient (SLQ) has been identified as one of the most robust methods, its performance drops when confronted with Input Output Tables characterized by a high percentage of technical coefficients close to zero. Also the cross industry location quotient (CILQ), the semi logarithmic location quotient (RLQ), the symmetric cross industry location quotient (SCILQ) methods behave in a similar way. On the contrary, the performance of the methods the Flegg location quotient (FLQ) for δ = 0.2 and the Augmented Flegg location quotient (AFLQ) for 0.2 ≤ δ ≤ 0.3 are not affected by this situation.

Urban spatial structure in OECD cities: Is urban population decentralising or clustering?

By PaoloVeneri from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-30.

Abstract This paper presents an analysis of urban spatial structure and its trends in the OECD between 2001 and 2011, by using a standardized definition of functional urban areas (FUAs) in 29 OECD countries. The prevalent trend is an increasing decentralization of the population, with growth taking place outside existing cores, but close to them. Overall, results are consistent with a pattern of contiguous growth. The population has grown more in relatively low‐density locations close to the main centres. Closeness to sub‐centres also proves to be a strong advantage for growth and suggests the emergence of new centralities shaping urban spatial structures.

Wage compensation for fly‐in/fly‐out and drive‐in/drive‐out commuters

By DusanParedes , JuanSoto , David A.Fleming from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-30.

Abstract The fly‐in/fly‐Out (FIFO) or, drive‐in/drive‐out (DIDO) labour system is a long‐distance commuting work arrangement to attract workers towards remote mineral or fossil fuel extraction areas, where they work in shifts and then return to their usual place of residence located in a different region. Along with more and cheaper transportation alternatives, the use of FIFO/DIDO systems have importantly increased in last decades around the world, which has translated to FIFO/DIDO systems operating even when already established cities are present in extractive regions. This paper uses the case of Chile, one of the most important mining countries in the world, to explore whether and in what extent these labor systems influence wage compensations. We find that FIFO/DIDO commuters obtain an average wage compensation of 2.4 per cent per commuted hour.

Urban spatial structure in OECD cities: Is urban population decentralising or clustering?

By PaoloVeneri from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-30.

Abstract This paper presents an analysis of urban spatial structure and its trends in the OECD between 2001 and 2011, by using a standardized definition of functional urban areas (FUAs) in 29 OECD countries. The prevalent trend is an increasing decentralization of the population, with growth taking place outside existing cores, but close to them. Overall, results are consistent with a pattern of contiguous growth. The population has grown more in relatively low‐density locations close to the main centres. Closeness to sub‐centres also proves to be a strong advantage for growth and suggests the emergence of new centralities shaping urban spatial structures.

The transfer of development rights as a tool for the urban growth containment: A comparison between the United States and Italy

By Anna MariaColavitti , SergioSerra from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-24.

Abstract In recent years many countries all over the world adopted a variety of preservation tools and market‐oriented solutions to contain land consumption. Among these countries Italy slowly began to incorporate the principles of the free market into the urban planning programmes. The United States Transfer of development rights programmes (TDR) represent a reference point for a market‐based approach in the field of environmental preservation policies. In this paper we compared the criteria successfully adopted by the US TDR programmes to the specifications adopted by the municipal plans of three important Italian cities (Milan, Rome and Florence) and we discussed their efficacy to control the urban growth.

A stochastic independence approach for measuring regional specialization and concentration

By ChristianHaedo , MichelMouchart from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-23.

This paper proposes an integrated framework for discussing issues related to regional concentration, sectorial specialization and overall localization by considering these concepts as a row‐column association– or non‐independence– in a two‐way contingency table ‘regions × sectors’. This is the approach of stochastic independence, in which the degree of concentration, or of specialization, is measured by discrepancies among distributions: between profiles and a uniform distribution for absolute concepts; between profiles and the corresponding marginal distribution for relative concepts; or between the joint distribution and the product of the marginal distributions for overall localization. This paper discusses the benefits of this integrating approach, particularly for the practitioner facing a multifaceted literature.

Participatory democracy: Portugal’s new frontier

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-05-17.

Democracy is a living organism; it is made by and for the people. And encouraging more people to participate surely strengthens democracy.

Location and research activities organization: Could public/private cooperation be harmful?

By Marie‐LaureCabon‐Dhersin , EmmanuelleTaugourdeau from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-05-05.

This paper investigates the organization and the distribution of research activities between nearby public and private laboratories. In a three‐stage game, the ‘size’, ‘locationprime and ‘research effortprime are determined under the assumption that public spillovers depend on the location of the private laboratory. We compare two scenarios in which the research efforts are decided either cooperatively or non‐cooperatively. We show that for particular levels of subsidy granted to the public lab, higher funding favours spatial proximity and increases the total research effort in the cooperative case, while it diminishes the total effort in the non‐cooperative one. Moreover, compared with the non‐cooperative case, research cooperation: (i) may increase the distance between the two laboratories; (ii) makes the public laboratory smaller; (iii) increases the total research effort; but (iv) is detrimental to the payoff of the whole research sector.

The impact of a high‐speed railway on residential land prices

By HiroshiKanasugi , KoichiUshijima from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-04-27.

Abstract By using the case of the high‐speed railway scheduled to open in 2027 in Japan, this study examines whether the value of transport innovation is capitalized in land prices immediately after the construction plan is announced. We adopt a hedonic approach to measure value, using balanced panel data on residential land prices from 2008 to 2015 in Japan. We find that residential land prices where the time distance to the Tokyo metropolitan area reduces rose, except where the population is decreasing. This result implies that the benefits are capitalized in land prices when demand to shorten the time distance exists.

On clusters and industrial districts: A literature review using bibliometrics methods, 2000–2015

By FranciscoGarcía‐Lillo , EnriqueClaver‐Cortés , BartoloméMarco‐Lajara , MercedesÚbeda‐García , PedroSeva‐Larrosa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-04-18.

Abstract The present research work shows the results obtained in an analysis of the existing literature about one of the ‘topics’ which arouses more interest among economists, geographers, theorists of business organization and strategic management or the actual officials in charge of territory arrangement and planning: that of clusters or industrial firm or groupings. More precisely, a total of 1,344 research papers published in different journals in the areas of economy, management, business, planning and development, urban studies and geography during the period 2000 and 2015 were analysed for the purpose of trying to identify and visualize the intellectual structure or knowledge base of the research developed about the aforementioned phenomena. As for the methodology utilized, of a quantitative nature, it is based on the use of bibliometric techniques – in particular, of document co‐citation analysis (DCA) – and of social networks analysis.

How does distance to urban centres influence necessity and opportunity‐based firm start‐ups?

By NiclasLavesson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-03-31.

Abstract This paper seeks to understand how distance to urban centres influences necessity and opportunity‐based firm start‐ups. The results show that closeness to urban centres is not necessarily beneficial for firm start‐ups. On the contrary, regions further away from urban centres of any size experience more firm start‐ups. One explanation of this result is that regions experience spatial protection from urban competition. However, regions located further away from larger‐sized urban centres experience less firm start‐ups due to such remoteness. One explanation of this finding is that remote regions cannot access the agglomeration benefits that larger cities offer. This supports the view that rural regions draw on urban resources but only on those from larger agglomerations.

Institutional quality and the growth rates of the Italian regions: The costs of regulatory complexity

By GiuseppeDi Vita from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-03-31.

Abstract In this paper we study the impact of regulatory complexity, a measure of institutional quality, on the GDP, on per capita income and on the growth rate of the Italian regions. For comparative reasons we also use the duration of civil disputes as a further indicator of institutional quality used in the regressions as an alternative to the indicator of regulatory complexity. From the theoretical point of view, we use the approach of negative co‐ordination externalities, among the four sources of regulatory production that are at work at the same time. Our approach may be applied in all the countries with a multi‐level government system. Using the random effects and quantile regressions models we are able to quantify the effects of an improvement in institutional quality on the GDP and the growth rate, making a comparison between the results obtained using regulatory complexity or the duration of civil disputes as covariates. We also check for spatial dependence among variables. Econometric analysis supports the theoretical assumption that regulatory complexity is an impediment to the growth of regional GDP and per capita income. The main finding of our analysis is that a reduction in regulatory complexity would be more effective than a reduction in the duration of civil disputes in increasing the income and growth rate. This result could be useful for the policy‐maker because by reducing regulatory complexity we may obtain a considerable by‐product in the shorter duration of civil disputes.

Consultation outcome: Personal injury discount rate: how it should be set in future

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-20.

This consultation relates to how the personal injury discount rate, currently prescribed by the Lord Chancellor, should be set in future.

Consultation outcome: Defined benefit pension schemes: security and sustainability

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-19.

We are seeking views on a number of suggested measures to help ensure security and sustainability in defined benefit (DB) pension schemes.

Going the distance: The effects of university – secondary school collaboration on student migration

By JörgRaab , JorisKnoben , LudmillaAufurth , BramKaashoek from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-02-15.

Abstract In this paper, we analyse the effect of policy induced collaboration between secondary schools and higher education institutes (HEIs) on student flows in the Netherlands in the area of science and technology. We show that the policy intervention was not only effective but compared to other possible policy measures also quite efficient. We further demonstrate that the strength of collaboration between HEIs and secondary schools significantly reduces the negative effect of geographical distance on the number of students migrating from a particular secondary school to an HEI.

The great urban techno shift: Are central neighbourhoods the next silicon valleys? Evidence from three Canadian metropolitan areas

By ChloéDuvivier , MarioPolèse from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-02-08.

Abstract A growing literature highlights the emergence of central techno neighbourhoods; however, does this mean that suburban techno districts are designed to decline? We examine the spatial dynamics (1996–2011) of computer service employment, subset of the new economy, in Canada's three largest metropolises using GIS and econometric techniques. The evidence is largely consistent with a growing weight of central neighbourhoods, especially in Montreal and Vancouver, although in all three cities, suburban techno clusters have continued to grow. The econometric results point to the higher weight of neighbourhood environment variables, including indicators of ‘coolness’, as predictors of computer service employment location.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Portugal on 6 February 2017

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-02-06.

The Secretary-General presented the OECD Economic Survey of Portugal and held bilateral meetings with Prime Minister António Costa and several ministers.

Portugal: Successful reforms have underpinned economic recovery

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-02-06.

The Portuguese economy is gradually recovering from a deep recession thanks to a broad structural reform agenda that has led to rising economic growth, falling unemployment and remarkable progress in export performance.

The structure and dynamics of population migration among economic areas in the United States from 1990 to 2011

By ZengwangXu from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-30.

Abstract This study constructs the population migration networks among economic areas in the United States for every consecutive year from 1990 to 2011, and examines their structural properties and population migration dynamics. Various aspects of the structural properties of the networks are explored, including the connectivity, clustering, assortativity and centrality. It was found that these structural properties are mediated by migration dynamics and inter‐area distance, and the patterns of varying structural properties across areas of different connectivity reveal the hub‐and‐spoke structure of the networks. It is evident that there exists tremendous complexity in migration connectivity and dynamics in the US internal migration system.

Are local public services better delivered in more autonomous regions? Evidence from European regions using a dose‐response approach

By AndreaFilippetti , GiovanniCerulli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-30.

Abstract Does regional autonomy lead to better local public services? We investigate this issue using measures of public service performance and autonomy at the region level in 171 European regions. We introduce a novel dose‐response approach which identifies the pattern of the effect of regional autonomy on the performance of public services. The relationship between the level of regional autonomy and the provision of local public services exhibits a u‐shape: both low and high autonomy lead to better local public services. This speaks against the presence of one optimal level of autonomy and policy recommendations based on the view that more decentralisation is always desirable. It shows that different institutional settings can be economically viable and efficient.

Multilevel empirics for small banks in local markets

By FrancescoAiello , GraziellaBonanno from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-22.

Abstract Small banks are embedded in narrow markets and hence benefit from proximity to their customers. By referring to multilevel approach, this paper evaluates how much the performance of Italian mutual co‐operative banks is determined by geographical and individual characteristics. The effect of local markets explains 28.27 per cent of bank heterogeneity in the empty multilevel model and 33 per cent in the most extended model. Moreover, it is found that efficiency increases with market concentration and demand density but decreases with branching in local markets.

Portugal should build on reforms to boost job creation

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-01-19.

Comprehensive reforms to Portugal’s labour market between 2011 and 2015 have helped create jobs and reduce the country’s high unemployment rate but important challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Labour market reforms in Portugal 2011-2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-01-19.

This report has been elaborated by the OECD in very close collaboration with the Portuguese government and, in particular, the Ministry of Labour. A final version was submitted to the government in late December 2016 and it is expected to be released in Lisbon on the 19th of January 2017.

(Un)related variety and employment growth at the sub‐regional level

By MatthiasFirgo , PeterMayerhofer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-06.

Abstract Empirical results on the link between growth and diversity in (un)related industries proved to be highly dependent on the specific regional, temporal and econometric context. Using highly disaggregated employment data at the sub‐regional level, we find that higher employment growth in Austria is mainly linked to unrelated variety. However, in‐depth analyses by sectors and regional regimes illustrate substantial heterogeneity in the results, with services and a large number of relatively small non‐urban regions driving the overall results. Thus, our findings argue against structural policy conclusions based on assessments neglecting the specific sectoral and regional context.

Do urban casinos affect nearby neighbourhoods? Evidence from Canada

By HaifangHuang , Brad R.Humphreys , LiZhou from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-30.

We analyse the effect of new casinos on nearby neighbourhoods using data from casinos opened in Canada between 1986−2007. We find no evidence linking casino openings to nearby population growth or changes in residents' income, composition by age, gender, marital status, and home ownership status. We find evidence of negative casino effects on the growth of housing values and rent. The effect is substantial near casinos, a nearly 8 percentage‐point loss in the growth of home values over 5 years, but has limited influence and dissipates quickly over distance. The estimated effect on housing rents is comparable in terms of standard deviation.

Firm location, interaction, and local characteristics: A case study for Madrid's electronics sector

By MiguelGómez‐Antonio , StuartSweeney from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-28.

Abstract We use geo‐referenced establishment data to estimate parameters of a Gibbs model. The statistical model is used to decompose the conditional intensity of the spatial point process into trend and interaction components. The trend captures covariates related to firms' costs, accessibility to public transport infrastructures, to technical universities and to cultural and recreational facilities. The ability to specify a Geyer interaction component captures the existence of additional spillovers providing a deeper insight into inter‐establishment spatial dynamics. The results challenge some of the outcomes of the inter‐urban industrial location literature, confirming that spatial aggregation compromises results in studies of business location. Firms' location decisions are dominated by site costs, with transportation costs being much less of a consideration; universities geographical knowledge spillovers are confirmed for large establishments; and amenities are unlikely to be important location factors.

Long‐run processes of geographical concentration and dispersion: Evidence from Germany

By WolfgangDauth , MichaelaFuchs , AnneOtto from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-16.

This paper analyses the evolution of geographical concentration in German manufacturing and service sectors over a long time period. Drawing on detailed plant data of 187 industries from 1980 to 2010, we corroborate previous studies and observe substantial concentrations in both sectors. However, we also document a secular trend of deconcentration over three decades, even in knowledge‐intensive industries. By constructing counterfactual distributions, we show that the underlying mechanisms differ across sectors. Dispersion of manufacturing industries is driven by closing or contracting plants within industrial agglomerations, while dispersion of the service sector is fostered by the creation of new plants.

The role of R&D collaboration networks on regional knowledge creation: Evidence from information and communication technologies

By Cilem SelinHazır , JamesLeSage , CorinneAutant‐Bernard from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-13.

We investigate how R&D networks impact regional innovation, considering alternative connectivity structures based on co‐publications, co‐inventions and projects supported by the EU‐FP. Patent activity impacts on ICT during 2003–2009 for 213 European regions are quantified using a spatial Durbin model. Findings indicate that local knowledge flows to proximate regions are influenced by: proximate regions that are not collaboration partners, proximate collaboration partners, and distant collaboration partners. Evidence on the role of distant collaboration partners is found only for co‐invention networks.

PISA 2015 key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-12-06.

This country note presents student performance in science, reading and mathematics, and measures equity in education in Portugal. The interactive charts allow you to compare results with other countries participating in the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).

Geography, market potential and industrialization in Italy 1871–2001

By VittorioDaniele , PaoloMalanima , NicolaOstuni from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-05.

Abstract This paper deals with industrialization in Italy between 1871 and 2001, and is based on data on the labour force per province (NUTS 3) from population censuses. Particular attention is devoted to long‐term trends and North–South disparities. After the analysis of the geographic spread of industry and its changes, we test the role of access to markets on the distribution of the labour force in manufacturing. The results show that access to markets played a main role in Italian industrialization and in the evolution of inequalities among Northern and Southern regions.

Revenue Statistics 2016: Country highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-11-30.

This annual publication presents detailed country notes and internationally comparable tax data for all OECD countries from 1965 onwards.

Consumption Tax Trends 2016: Country highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-11-30.

This publication provides detailed country notes on Value Added Tax/Goods and Services Tax (VAT/GST) and excise duty rates in OECD member countries.

Spatial spillovers in US wholesale gasoline markets

By OlegKucher , J. WesleyBurnett , DonaldLacombe from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-25.

Abstract This paper analyses how oil industry‐related activities in neighbouring gasoline markets affect local markets. Our contribution consists of applying spatial econometric models to better understand pricing behaviour in US gasoline markets and the spatial phenomena unique to this particular industry. We find that neighbouring state‐level gasoline price variation explains a large portion of the variation of in‐state (or local) gasoline prices. Consistent with intuition, the empirical results imply that wholesale gasoline prices are positively affected by state and federal‐level gasoline content regulations. Further, our results suggest that changes in state‐level wholesale gasoline prices respond to both in‐state and neighbouring‐state inventory levels.

Retail productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy

By ÖzgeÖner from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-17.

Abstract How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non‐central markets.

Agglomeration, (un)‐related variety and new firm survival in China: Do local subsidies matter?

By AnthonyHowell , CanfeiHe , RudaiYang , C. CindyFan from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-14.

We study empirically the effects of five different dimensions of agglomeration – specialization, diversity, related variety, unrelated variety, and city size – on the survival chances of new entrepreneurial firms in China. Consideration is further given to studying the mediating effects of local subsidies on new firm survival given different existing local industrial structures in those regions. In support of the ‘regional branching’ hypothesis, we find that increasing local related variety has a stronger positive effect on new firm survival than other types of agglomeration. We also find that receiving comparatively fewer subsidies motivates firms to seek out and benefit from local existing economies, which in turn, positively influence their chances of survival. By contrast, agglomerated firms that receive relatively more subsidies tend to be more likely to face financial distress leading to eventual market exit. The findings thus reveal that both the intensity and the location of state support matters in terms of optimizing positive agglomeration effects on firms' post‐entry performance and survival.

Venture capital: The effect of local and global social ties on firm performance

By KatjaBringmann , ThomasVanoutrive , AnnVerhetsel from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-11.

Firm financing literature has been dominated by a relatively ‘undersocialized’ and ‘aspatial’ view. We approach this gap by applying a social capital and economic geography informed lens to financial transactions. We explore if and how the early growth performance of venture capital backed organizations varies with the structural and physical location of their investors in syndication networks. Drawing on longitudinal data of Belgian firms and their venture capital investors, it is demonstrated that inter‐firm relational ties and, especially cross‐border linkages expand organizational outcome. In that, we show that not only social relations shape financial activity, but that also spatial patterns of co‐investment networks deserve notice.

Theoretical perspectives on localized knowledge spillovers and agglomeration

By SamuliLeppälä from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-20.

Empirical evidence shows that innovation is geographically concentrated, but whether localized knowledge spillovers provide a logically valid explanation for this phenomenon is unclear. I show that in the context of cost‐reducing R&D spillovers between Cournot oligopolists the explanation is plausible: localized knowledge spillovers encourage agglomeration, but whether this leads to higher levels of effective R&D depends on the extent of the spillovers, the number of firms, and the industry's R&D efficiency. Contrary to the earlier theoretical work, this illustrates a context, in which the localized knowledge spillover explanation is actualized, and provides necessary conditions, which can be empirically tested.

Relatedness through experience: On the importance of collected worker experiences for plant performance

By LisaÖstbring , RikardEriksson , UrbanLindgren from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-18.

Abstract We demonstrate that multiple cognitive dimensions exist between employees in knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) and that these dimensions interact in their influence on plant performance. Knowledge and cognitive distance are measured as formal knowledge and industry experience. Pooled OLS regressions with year, industry, and region‐fixed effects are used to estimate the impact on plant performance. The results suggest that the commonly found negative impact of similarity in formal knowledge on plant performance may be reduced by high human capital ratios or high levels of similarity in experience. Moreover, the organizational structures associated with single‐plant and multi‐plant firms, generate different plant performance outcomes of knowledge variety.

Society at a Glance 2016 - How does Portugal compare?

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-10-05.

The number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs) remains elevated in many countries since the crisis. This country note examines the characteristics of those at risk of being NEET in Portugal along with policies to help meet the challenge. It also includes many new youth-specific indicators on family formation, self-sufficiency, income and poverty, health and social cohesion.

The influence of Science and Technology Park characteristics on firms' innovation results

By AlbertoAlbahari , AndrésBarge‐Gil , SalvadorPérez‐Canto , AureliaModrego from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-05.

Abstract The effectiveness of Science and Technology Parks (STPs) as instruments of innovation policy has generated thriving debate among academics, practitioners and policy makers. A gap in the existing literature on STPs is that research mostly does not consider STPs' heterogeneity. The present paper aims at filling this gap, analysing the influence of different STP characteristics on their tenants' performance. Using data on 849 firms and 25 STPs from the 2009 Community Innovation Survey for Spain and a survey of STP managers respectively and after controlling for a wide set of firms characteristics, we find that: (i) firms located in very new or longer established STPs show better innovative performance; (ii) the size of the STP and its management company positively affects the innovative performance of tenants while services provision has no effect on firms' achieving better results; and (iii) firms in less technologically developed regions benefit more from location in an STP. Theoretical, policy and managerial contributions of our research are discussed in the paper.

Internal migration in a developing country: A panel data analysis of Ecuador (1982–2010)

By VicenteRoyuela , JessicaOrdóñez from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-04.

Abstract In this paper, we examine determinants of internal migration flows between the 21 provinces of Ecuador from 1982 to 2010. Using specifications based on the gravity model, we identified push and pull factors. We considered multilateral resistance to migration by using various monadic and dyadic fixed effects structures. The study confirmed the concentration of the population in the two provinces that contain the country's main cities. However, in recent years, this trend has weakened, to the extent that the provinces with the greatest influx of migrants are not necessarily the most populated. This indicates that growth has become more balanced throughout the territory, and that small and medium‐sized cities are increasingly important.

Do higher college graduation rates increase local education levels?

By John V.Winters from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-03.

Abstract College graduates are important for regional economies but also quite geographically mobile. This paper examines the relationship between college graduation rates among persons from a state (relative production) and the later share of college graduates for persons residing in the state (relative stock) using decennial census and American Community Survey microdata. The descriptive relationship has increased over time and is nearly proportional in recent years. Instrumental variables (IV) methods are used to estimate causal effects. The preferred IV results yield an average point estimate for the production‐stock relationship of 0.52, but the effect likely decreases with age.

Immigrant selectivity, immigrant performance and the macro‐economic context

By Natasha T.Duncan , Brigitte S.Waldorf from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-29.

Abstract This study argues for a more nuanced approach to our understanding of the impact of economic conditions on immigration. Without differentiating the reasons why immigrants move, salient variations in temporal arrival patterns, spatial variations in immigrants' settlement patterns upon arrival, and variations in labour market outcomes will remain hidden. With information on the reasons why immigrants came to the US, this study offers a novel look at the associations between immigration and macro‐economic conditions. Using data from the March Supplements of the Current Population Surveys from 2000 to 2014, we find: (i) job‐related immigration is only pro‐cyclical if it is not employer‐based, but involves low‐skill immigrants in search of employment; (ii) among job‐related immigrants, the attraction of gateway states declines as macro‐economic conditions worsen; (iii) with respect to labour market outcomes, immigrant characteristics that provide the highest level of immunity to the ups and downs of the economy include a high educational attainment level, residence outside the gateway states, plus the privilege of having a job‐in‐hand rather than looking for a job upon arrival. Resumen Este estudio reivindica un enfoque más matizado en nuestra comprensión del impacto de las condiciones económicas sobre la inmigración. Si no se establecen diferencias entre las razones por las que se mueven los inmigrantes, las variaciones importantes en los patrones temporales de llegada, las variaciones espaciales en los patrones de asentamiento de los inmigrantes, y las variaciones en los resultados del mercado de trabajo nos permanecerán ocultas. Mediante el uso de información sobre las razones por las que los inmigrantes han llegado a los EE.UU., este estudio ofrece una perspectiva novedosa a las asociaciones entre la inmigración y las condiciones macroeconómicas. Haciendo uso de datos de los Suplementos de las Encuestas de Población Actual de marzo desde 2000 a 2014, se encontró que: (i) la inmigración por motivos de trabajo sólo es procíclica si no va ligada al empleador, pero incluye a los inmigrantes poco cualificados en la búsqueda de empleo; (ii) entre los inmigrantes por motivos de trabajo, la atracción de los estados portal disminuye a medida que las condiciones macroeconómicas empeoran; (iii) con respecto a los resultados del mercado de trabajo, entre las características de los inmigrantes que proporcionan un nivel de inmunidad más alto a los altibajos de la economía se encuentran un alto nivel de educación, la residencia fuera de los estados portal, y la ventaja de tener un puesto de trabajo asegurado, en lugar de tener que buscar un trabajo a su llegada. 要約 本論文では、経済的環境が移民に与える影響を理解する上でより細かいアプローチについて論じる。移民の理由を区別しなければ、一時的な到来パターンの著しい変化、移民到着時定住パターンの空間的バリエーション、労働市場の成果のバリエーションは、解明できない。移民が米国にやってくる理由に関する情報により、本論文は、移民とマクロ的な経済環境の関連について新たな視点を提示する。2000年から2014年にかけての国勢調査(March Supplements of the Current Population Surveys)を使い、以下のことが分かる。(i)雇用関連移民は、雇用主が主導するものでなく、職を求める低技能移民が含まれる場合には、景気循環的なだけである、(ii)雇用関連移民では、マクロ経済環境が悪化すると入口となる州の魅力が低下する、(iii)労働市場の成果に関しては、経済の好不況への抵抗能力が高い移民の特性として、高学歴、ゲートウェイ州以外に居住、到着後に職を探すのではなく、すでに職があるという優位性が含まれる。

Environmental taxes: Key findings for Portugal LINK

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-09-26.

This country note provides an environmental tax and carbon pricing profile for Portugal. It shows environmentally related tax revenues, taxes on energy use and effective carbon rates.

Neighbourhood related diversity, human capital and firm innovation

By SofiaWixe from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-22.

Abstract In this paper the importance of neighbourhood related diversity and firm human capital for firms' propensity to innovate is tested. Neighbourhood diversity is treated as a source of localized knowledge spillovers, that is, Jacobs' externalities, where diversity is measured in terms of industries and employee education. The results show that firms in metropolitan regions benefit from related industry diversity while service sector firms in rural regions are more innovative in neighbourhoods with more related diversity in education. Firm characteristics such as education and skills among the employees provide to be strong determinants of firm innovativeness, especially for firms outside metropolitan regions.

Human capital as a location factor: An empirical investigation of relocating firms and their labour force in the Netherlands

By GintarėMorkutė , SierdjanKoster from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-20.

Abstract This paper examines the role of human capital as a location factor in the context of long‐distance firm relocations. Using rich register data on single‐plant firms in the Netherlands 2006–2011, the paper enquires into whether relocation is motivated by the wish to improve the access to employees and the quality of labour force. Not disrupting existing spatial relationships is a prominent consideration of relocating firms, yet in general, relocation does not result in a better spatial match. Some evidence is found for firm‐specific human capital functioning as a keep factor. Relocating firms retain predominantly highly skilled employees, but general human capital itself functions neither as a keep factor nor as a pull factor.

Education at a Glance 2016 - Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-09-15.

Education at a Glance 2016 - Country Notes

Internet infrastructure and regional convergence: Evidence from Turkey

By Mehmet GüneyCelbis , DenisdeCrombrugghe from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-12.

Abstract This study presents novel evidence regarding the role of regional internet infrastructure in reducing regional per capita income disparities. We base our study on the assumptions that (1) the diffusion of information homogenizes regional economies through reducing the dissimilarities in institutions and culture, and (2) the telecommunication capacity, represented by the internet infrastructure of a region, facilitates this flow of information. Using the data from the 26 statistical NUTS‐2 regions of Turkey for the period 1999–2011, we find evidence that internet infrastructure increases the speed of regional convergence.

Creativity and local economic development: The role of synergy among different talents

By SilviaCerisola from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-06.

Abstract The role of creativity in local economic development has been widely discussed. The evidence on this linkage is, however, mixed. This work tries to highlight the nexus by taking into consideration a new aspect, that is, the multidimensional nature of creativity and the potential synergic and complementary effects of creative talents of different nature. The merging of talents is, indeed, a source of original, complex and synergic ideas which are at the basis of the positive relation between creativity and local development. The work addresses this issue conceptually and proves the expectations through an empirical application on Italian provinces (NUTS 3).

Regional industrial evolution in China

By CanfeiHe , YanYan , DavidRigby from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-22.

Abstract Evolutionary economic geography (EEG) indicates that regional industrial development is path dependent. The empirical studies in EEG however have not paid sufficient attention to the importance of global linkages nor the role of regional institutions in driving industrial dynamics. Based on firm level data of four‐digit manufacturing industries during 1998 to 2008 in China, we find that Chinese regions branch into new industries technologically related to the existing industrial portfolio and related industries are less likely to exit. Further analysis reveals that global linkages, economic liberalization and state involvement not only create favourable conditions to allow a larger role of technological relatedness but also generate opportunities for Chinese regions to create new paths of industrial development.

Beggar thy neighbour, beggar thy neighbourhood

By BrianAsquith from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-16.

Abstract Neighbourhood effects and the economies of housing consumption are, independently, thoroughly researched topics in the urban economics literature. Little has been said, however, about the effects of housing consumption restrictions on the dispersal of neighbourhood effects to different economic groups. At a time of rising public concern about economic inequality, properly understanding the link between housing market restrictions and neighbourhood effects across the income spectrum is of increasing importance. This paper proposes a model to better assess how labour productivity as influenced by neighbourhood effects changes with restrictions in housing consumption. The results of the model show that except in the case where no labour complementarity exists between the high and low‐skilled population segments, housing restrictions excluding the poor from the better‐off neighbourhoods will lead to welfare losses for both populations.

Cultural biases in migration: Estimating non‐monetary migration costs

By OliverFalck , AlfredLameli , JensRuhose from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-10.

Abstract We monetize the cost for moving to a culturally different location. We combine administrative social security panel data with a proxy for cultural difference based on historical dialect dissimilarity between German counties. Conditional on geographic distance and pre‐migration wage profiles, we find that migrants demand a (indexed with respect to local rents) wage premium of about 1 (1.5) per cent for overcoming one standard deviation in cultural dissimilarity. The effect is driven by males and those who earn above average occupational wages before migration, and more pronounced for geographically short moves.

Questioning territorial cohesion: (Un)equal access to services of general interest

By JiříMalý from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-10.

Abstract Although the debates about access to services of general interest have been at the core of the EU territorial cohesion discourse since the late 1990s, the impact of unequal accessibility to living conditions has yet be the subject of close inspection. The paper examines the relationship between the accessibility of services of general interest and demographic and socio‐economic conditions in a specific Czech region. The analysis reveals inter‐municipal disparities and identifies spatially excluded areas. Despite the negative association of insufficient access with education and depopulation characteristics, the results suggest that demographic and socio‐economic development stems from a more complex set of factors.

Fixed term contracts and employers' human capital: The role of educational spillovers

By EmanuelaGhignoni , GiuseppeCroce , AndreaRicci from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-08-01.

Abstract This paper analyses the role of the employers' education on the spread of temporary contracts. Taking advantage of a unique firm‐level dataset, we test whether the share of fixed term workforce in a firm is affected by the employer's level of education. Furthermore, we test whether knowledge spillovers arising from the agglomeration of university graduate employers affect the incidence of temporary employment in the firms located in the area. In both cases we find a negative effect. Interestingly, only small firms are influenced by the spillovers. The possible problems of endogeneity of the agglomeration variable are coped with an IV approach.

A measure for identifying substantial geographic concentrations

By ChrisvanEgeraat , EdgarMorgenroth , RutgerKroes , DeclanCurran , JustinGleeson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-07-29.

Abstract Regional industrial policy emphasizes the notion of building on existing concentrations of competitive firms. A range of measures to identify such concentrations has been put forward in the literature. These measures, however, do not identify substantial concentrations which have the best potential for further development, tend to concentrate on scale measured by employment, and are applied using data for pre‐specified administrative boundaries. This paper presents a new concentration index that identifies substantial concentrations and utilizes information on both the number and size of plants. It also proposes a method for generating relevant industry‐specific spatial units.

Do economic crises lead tourists to closer destinations? Italy at the time of the Great Recession

By GianlucaCafiso , RobertoCellini , TizianaCuccia from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-07-28.

Abstract This article studies how distance influences the choice of tourists about their holiday destination during times of economic crisis. In particular, we analyse the specific case of domestic tourism flows across Italian regions during the 2000–2012 period by estimating a gravity model. Our estimations yield the effect of distance year by year. The output suggests that distance gained weight during the years of the Great Recession and therefore confirms, from a macroeconomic perspective, that tourists tend to choose closer destinations in times of crisis.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Lisbon on 7-8 July 2016

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-07-06.

The Secretary-General spoke at the 2016 OECD Global Forum on Productivity: Structural Reforms for Productivity Growth. He also met with Portuguese President Mr. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa and other high-level officials.

Empirical analysis of differential spillover effects within a growth equilibrium framework: Urban–rural versus rural–rural linkages

By SiyiFeng , MylesPatton from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-04-20.

Abstract The employment and population growth equilibrium model is extended to allow for differentiated linkages between rural and urban regions and among rural regions. The model is applied to examine the regional disparities within the rural economy of Northern Ireland between 2001 and 2007. To represent the theoretical idea of commuter shed, commuting data are used to construct the spatial weighting matrix. The results reveal positive rural–urban but negative rural‐rural linkages, suggesting that rural regions benefit from economic growth in urban regions but compete with each other. The direct and indirect spillover effects are shown using simulation examples. Resumen El modelo de equilibrio de empleo y crecimiento de la población se ha ampliado aquí para permitir la existencia de vínculos diferenciados entre las regiones rurales y urbanas y entre las regiones rurales. El modelo se aplica para examinar las disparidades regionales dentro de la economía rural de Irlanda del Norte entre 2001 y 2007. Para representar la idea teórica de commuter sheds (áreas receptoras de los desplazamientos con fines laborales), se usan datos de desplazamientos para desarrollar la matriz de ponderación espacial. Los resultados revelan vínculos rurales‐urbanos positivos a la vez que vínculos rurales‐rurales negativos, lo que sugiere que las regiones rurales se benefician del crecimiento económico de las regiones urbanas, pero compiten entre sí. Los efectos directos e indirectos de spillover se muestran mediante ejemplos de simulación. 抄録: 雇用増加と人口増加の均衡モデルを、農村部と都市部、そして農村部の地域間の各々の連関にも対応できるように拡張する。このモデルを用いて、北アイルランド農村部の経済圏内における地域格差を検討する。通勤可能圏(commuter shed)を利用した空間ウェイトマトリックスを作成する。結果から、農村部と都市部の連関はポジティブであるが農村部の地域間の連関はネガティブであることが明らかになり、農村部は都市部の経済成長の恩恵を受けるが、農村部間で競争があることが示唆される。シミュレーションにより、直接的及び間接的なスピルオーバー効果を例示する。

Urban networks: Connecting markets, people, and ideas

By Edward L.Glaeser , Giacomo A. M.Ponzetto , YimeiZou from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-03-29.

Abstract We study the tradeoff between megacities and networks of smaller cities in a model of recombinant growth and endogenous amenities. Three factors are key: local returns to scale in innovation, the housing supply elasticity and the importance of local amenities. Even with global increasing returns, local returns to scale in innovation may be decreasing, making networks more appealing. Inelastic housing supply makes density costlier and may explain why networks are more popular in Europe than the US. Megacities can prevail thanks to amenities if the benefits of scale overwhelm the costs of density. The skilled are more likely to prefer megacities than the unskilled. Megacities may have short‐run costs yet improve upon networks in the long run. 要約 本論文では、組み換え型成長と内生的アメニティーのモデルを用いて、大都市と小規模都市ネットワーク間のトレードオフを分析する。3つの要因、すなわちイノベーションにおける地域的規模の経済、住宅供給の弾力性、地域アメニティーの重要性が鍵である。グローバルな規模の経済が存在する場合でも、イノベーションでは地域的な規模の不経済が存在する可能性があり、そのためネットワークがより魅力的となる。住宅供給の非弾力性は密集のコストを高め、これが、米国よりも欧州においてネットワークが普及している一因である原因と考えられる。もし、規模の経済が密集コストを上回る便益をもたらすならば、アメニティーによって大都市という形態が普及する可能性がある。技能労働者は未熟な労働者よりも大都市を選好する傾向がある。大都市に短期的なコストが生じるかもしれないが、長期的には、ネットワークにより改善される。 Resumen Se ha estudiado el compromiso entre las megaciudades y las redes de ciudades más pequeñas en un modelo de crecimiento recombinante y servicios endógenos. Los factores clave son tres: los rendimientos locales a escala en la innovación, la elasticidad de la oferta de la vivienda y la importancia de los servicios locales. Incluso con rendimientos crecientes a nivel mundial, los rendimientos locales a escala en la innovación podrían estar disminuyendo, lo que hace que las redes sean más atractivas. La oferta inelástica de la vivienda hace que la densidad sea más costosa y hace posible explicar por qué las redes son más populares en Europa que en los Estados Unidos. Las megaciudades pueden prevalecer gracias a los servicios si los beneficios de escala superan los costos de densidad. Las personas con cualificaciones son más propensas a preferir las megaciudades que las no cualificadas. Las megaciudades pueden tener costos a corto plazo y aun así mejorar respecto a las redes a largo plazo.

Agglomerations and the rise of urban network externalities

By Martijn J.Burger , Evert J.Meijers from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-03-29.

Abstract This paper introduces the theme of the special issue ‘Agglomerations and the Rise of Urban Network Externalities’. Urban network externalities are defined as external economies from which firms and households can benefit by being located in agglomerations that are well embedded in networks that connect with other agglomerations. The contributions focus on the conceptualization of urban network externalities and their influence on urban performance. Finally, a research agenda is presented, that should focus on multiplexity and heterogeneity in networks and their impacts; interrelations between agglomerations and networks and their dynamic and place‐based nature; and, the policy implications of urban network externalities. 要約 本論文では、「集積化と都市ネットワーク外部性の出現」という特別な問題をテーマとする。都市ネットワーク外部性とは、企業または家計が、他の集積地と集積をつなぐネットワークに十分組み込まれた集積地に立地することにより、便益を享受できる外部経済と定義される。本論文では、都市ネットワーク外部性の概念化とその都市パフォーマンスに対する影響に注目する。最後に、ネットワークの多重性と多様性およびその影響、集積とネットワークおよびそのダイナミックで地域固有的な特徴との相互関係、都市ネットワーク外部性の政策的インプリケーションに焦点を当てるべきとする研究課題を提示する。 Resumen Este artículo presenta el tema de la edición especial ‘Aglomeraciones y la aparición de las externalidades de red urbanas’. Las externalidades de red urbanas se definen como las economías externas de las que se pueden beneficiar las empresas y los hogares situados en aglomeraciones que están bien arraigadas en redes que conectan con otras aglomeraciones. Las contribuciones se centran en la conceptualización de las externalidades de red urbana y su influencia en el desempeño urbano. Por último, se presenta un programa de investigación, que debería centrarse en: la multiplicidad y heterogeneidad de las redes y sus impactos; las interrelaciones entre las aglomeraciones y las redes, y su naturaleza dinámica y basada en la localización; y las implicaciones políticas de las externalidades de red urbanas.

Sustainability and regions: sustainability assessment in regional perspective

By SergiySmetana , ChristineTamásy , AlexanderMathys , VolkerHeinz from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-01-28.

Abstract Currently there is no universal sustainability assessment methodology, which would be applicable by policy‐makers for identification of regional development paths, policies’ effectiveness and potential changes to sustainable development of regions. This paper reviews the best practices for sustainability assessment and identifies the needs of regional systems. Further, we propose the concept of regional sustainability assessment methodology (RSAM). It includes natural, social and economic capital transfer accounting through extended input–output tables and cyclicity analyses. RSAM reflects static and dynamic qualities of regional system for the assessment of development paths and policies effectiveness. Further methodological development of concept findings is needed. Resumen En la actualidad no existe una metodología universal para evaluar la sostenibilidad, con la que los formuladores de políticas pudieran identificar estrategias de desarrollo regional, la eficacia de las políticas y los posibles cambios en el desarrollo sostenible de las regiones. Este artículo revisa las mejores prácticas para la evaluación de la sostenibilidad e identifica las necesidades de los sistemas regionales. Además, propone el concepto de la metodología de evaluación de la sostenibilidad regional (RSAM, por sus siglas en inglés). Ésta incluye el balance de transferencias de capital natural, social y económico mediante tablas input‐output ampliadas yanálisis de la ciclicidad. La RSAM refleja cualidades estáticas y dinámicas del sistema regional para la evaluación de la efectividad de las estrategias y las políticas de desarrollo. Hace falta un mayor desarrollo metodológico de los hallazgos conceptuales.

Portugal needs to increase its development aid and improve oversight

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-12-15.

Portugal has endeavoured to maintain its foreign aid programme since the economic crisis, but its aid budget has been hit hard and a plan is needed to avoid a further decline and get back on a path towards internationally agreed targets, according to an OECD Review.

Education at a Glance 2015: Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-11-24.

The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.

Structural policies and productivity: evidence from Portuguese firms

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

This paper provides empirical evidence on links between the productivity of Portuguese firms and a number of policy variables in Portugal. The analysis is based on a census of Portuguese manufacturing companies, covering more than 40,000 firms between 2006 and 2011.

Reducing inequality and poverty in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

Portugal has one of the most unequal income distributions in Europe and poverty levels are high. The economic crisis has halted a long-term gradual decline in both inequality and poverty and the number of poor households is rising, with children and youths being particularly affected. Unemployment is one of the principal reasons why household incomes declined.

Boosting export performance in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

In the years before the economic crisis, Portugal had low growth, a decline in export competitiveness and rising imbalances that included a large current account deficit and a strong expansion of the non-tradable sector. Strengthening export performance is therefore one of the principal challenges for Portugal.

OECD Health Statistics 2015 - Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-07-07.

Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2015, July 2015 version. The notes are available in PDF format.

Health care quality improved in Portugal, despite tight budgets

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-05-27.

The Portuguese National Health Service has responded well to financial pressure, successfully balancing the twin priorities of financial consolidation and continuous quality improvement, according to a new OECD report.

Estimation and determinants of energy efficiency in Japanese regional economies

By Akihiro Otsuka , Mika Goto from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2015-04-22.

Abstract In response to increased environmental constraints, it has become an important policy issue for Japan to improve energy efficiency for the future, along with the growth of regional economies. This paper uses a stochastic frontier model to estimate the energy demand function and analyse the levels and determinants of energy efficiency. The empirical analysis conducted by using data from 47 prefectures in Japan revealed the following four findings. First, the proposed energy efficiency measure (calculated using the stochastic frontier model) is found to be effective, as its ranking is highly correlated with that of energy intensity. Second, increasing population density is effective in improving energy efficiency. Third, improving regional accessibility by developing a highway network helps to improve the energy efficiency in Japan. Fourth, the level of energy efficiency is deteriorating in areas where raw material industries are clustered. These results indicate that the means to increasing both economic productivity and environmental efficiency are to implement a regional decentralization policy by creating major urban areas across the nation and expand a wide‐area transportation network to link these areas. In addition, the promotion of technological innovations through appropriate environmental regulations is important to advance such regional policies. Resumen. En respuesta a las crecientes restricciones ambientales, la mejora de la eficiencia energética para el futuro se ha convertido, a la par que el crecimiento de las economías regionales, en una cuestión política importante para Japón. Este artículo utiliza un modelo de frontera estocástica para estimar la función de demanda de energía y analizar los niveles y los determinantes de la eficiencia energética. El análisis empírico realizado empleó datos de 47 prefecturas de Japón y reveló las cuatro conclusiones siguientes. En primer lugar, se encontró que la medida de la eficiencia energética propuesta (calculada mediante el modelo de frontera estocástica) es eficaz, ya que su posición en la clasificación está altamente correlacionada con la de la intensidad energética. En segundo lugar, el aumento de la densidad de población es eficaz para mejorar la eficiencia energética. En tercer lugar, la mejora de la accesibilidad regional mediante el desarrollo de una red de carreteras ayuda a mejorar la eficiencia energética en Japón. En cuarto lugar, el nivel de eficiencia energética se está deteriorando en las zonas de conglomerados de industrias de materias primas. Estos resultados indican que la manera de aumentar tanto la productividad económica como la eficiencia ambiental es poner en práctica una política de descentralización regional mediante la creación de grandes zonas urbanas en todo el país y extender la red de transporte para vincular estas zonas. Además, la promoción de la innovación tecnológica a través de regulaciones ambientales adecuadas es importante para avanzar en este tipo de políticas regionales.

Water Resources Allocation: Portugal Country Profile

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-13.

Water resources allocation determines who is able to use water resources, how, when and where. Capturing information from 27 OECD countries and key partner economies, the report presents key findings from the OECD Survey of Water Resources Allocation and case studies of successful allocation reform.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Lisbon on 1 April 2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-01.

Mr. Gurría met with Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho and presented the Review of Policy Indicators as well as the Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report for Portugal.

Skills will drive inclusive economic growth in Portugal (OECD Education Today Blog)

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-01.

Skills and human capital are the bedrock upon which Portugal is building a new bridge to growth.

International community continues making major progress to end tax evasion

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-03-16.

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 9 new peer review reports, including a Phase 1 Supplementary Report for Switzerland, demonstrating continuing progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Mr. Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal, at the OECD on 16 March 2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-03-16.

Following a bilateral meeting with Secretary-General Angel Gurría and a seminar on recent economic and social developments, President Cavaco Silva addressed the OECD Council.

Policy paper: Catchment Partnership Fund: projects funded

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-03-16.

Projects funded under the Catchment Partnership Fund.

Going for Growth 2015: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-02-09.

Going for Growth 2015: Key findings for Portugal

Regional development in the global economy: A dynamic perspective of strategic coupling in global production networks

By Henry Wai‐chung Yeung from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2015-02-06.

Abstract This paper rethinks the trajectories of regional development in an era of economic globalization. It argues for a more dynamic perspective on regional development that must incorporate both endogenous regional assets and strategic imperatives in global industries. Premised on theoretical advances in research into global production networks (GPNs) and global value chains (GVCs), a dynamic perspective of strategic coupling is further developed and reconstructed in this paper to demonstrate how regional development can result from the interaction effects of these regional assets and GPN logics. This perspective also points to different modes of strategic coupling for understanding the changing pathways of regional development. Several key issues for regional policy and practice are outlined to substantiate this call for a shift towards a dynamic and multi‐scalar view of regional development in today's global economy. Resumen. Este artículo replantea las trayectorias de desarrollo regional en la era de la globalización económica. El artículo aboga por una perspectiva más dinámica en el desarrollo regional que debe incorporar tanto activos regionales endógenos como imperativos estratégicos en las industrias globales. Tomando como premisa los avances teóricos en la investigación sobre redes mundiales de producción (GPNs, por sus siglas en inglés) y las cadenas de valor mundiales (GVCs, por sus siglas en inglés), en este artículo se desarrolla y se reconstruye una perspectiva dinámica de acoplamiento estratégico para demostrar cómo el desarrollo regional puede resultar de los efectos de la interacción de estos activos regionales y lógicas de GPN. Esta perspectiva también apunta a los diferentes modos de acoplamiento estratégico para la comprensión de los cambios en las vías de desarrollo regional. Se enuncian varios temas clave para las políticas y la práctica regionales con los que fundamentar el presente llamado a un cambio hacia una visión dinámica y multi‐escalar del desarrollo regional en la economía global actual.

Official Statistics: Good clinical practice inspection metrics

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-05-11.

MHRA good clinical practice (GCP) metrics reports of compliance issues.

Revenue Statistics and Consumption Tax Trends 2014: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-12-10.

The tax burden in Portugal increased by 2.2 percentage points from 31.2% to 33.4, the largest rise amongst member countries in 2013. The OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.7% to 34.1%. The Portuguese standard VAT rate is 23%, which is well above the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.

Job Creation and Local Economic Development in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-11-19.

This publication highlights new evidence on policies to support job creation, bringing together the latest research on labour market, entrepreneurship and local economic development policy to help governments support job creation in the recovery. It also includes a set of country pages featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of smaller OECD regions (TL3).

Rationale and design of EU cohesion policies in a period of crisis

By Roberto Camagni , Roberta Capello from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2014-11-06.

Abstract The paper reflects on justifications for, and the proper design of, cohesion policies in a period of deep economic recession. In particular, the paper tackles two important topics. The first concerns the justification for EU regional policies in a period of economic downturn, since they may seem less urgent and appropriate than short term demand policies. Instead, as the paper argues, the crisis exerts considerable pressure on several EU countries, and may even, in the worst case, jeopardize two decades of efforts towards EU enlargement and cohesion. In this circumstance, regional policies are required to rebalance the spatial effects that the ongoing crisis is determining on interregional convergence trends, in strict relationship with some new monetary and fiscal policy tools agreed at the EU level lifting the pressure that present austerity measures are exerting on many, mainly Southern, European countries. The second topic relates to the most appropriate design that cohesion policies should follow, building in a critical way on the results of the robust policy debate of the last decade. The message that the paper conveys from a conceptual point of view is that the winning strategy is neither to focus on champion places and regions, in search of the highest efficiency, nor on lagging areas only, in search of equity, but on the development potential of all places, represented by its territorial capital – material, human, cognitive, social and relational. Policies should be tailored on each region's specificities, competitive advantage and needs, engaging all possible assets and enlarging existing excellences. This pathway simultaneously avoids the social and economic costs of a concentrated development and is able to guarantee the highest returns in terms of both competitiveness and cohesion. The paper concludes by proposing suggestions on how to respond to the specific and particular challenges that the New Member countries of the EU are now facing, on the basis of the previous conceptual and empirical evidence. Resumen. El artículo reflexiona sobre las justificaciones para las políticas de cohesión, y su adecuado diseño, en un período de profunda recesión económica. En particular, el artículo aborda dos temas importantes. El primero se refiere a la justificación de las políticas regionales de la Unión Europea (UE) en un período de crisis económica, ya que pudieran parecer menos urgentes y apropiadas que las políticas de demanda a corto plazo. En cambio, como sostiene el artículo, la crisis ejerce una presión considerable sobre varios países de la UE y podría incluso, en el peor de los casos, poner en peligro dos décadas de esfuerzos en pro de la ampliación y la cohesión de la UE. Bajo estas circunstancias, las políticas regionales son necesarias para reequilibrar los efectos espaciales que la crisis actual está causando en las tendencias de convergencia interregional, en estrecha relación con algunos de los nuevos instrumentos de política monetaria y fiscal acordados a nivel de la UE, con los que levantar la presión que las medidas de austeridad actuales están ejerciendo sobre muchos países europeos, principalmente del sur. El segundo tema se relaciona con el diseño más apropiado que deberían seguir las políticas de cohesión, apoyándose de manera crítica en los resultados del robusto debate sobre políticas de la última década. El mensaje que transmite el artículo, desde un punto de vista conceptual, es que la estrategia ganadora no es ni concentrarse en los lugares y regiones ganadoras, en busca de una mayor eficiencia, ni tan solo en las áreas retrasadas, en busca de la equidad, sino en el potencial de desarrollo de todos los lugares, representado por su capital territorial – material, humano, cognitivo, social y relacional. Las políticas deberían ser adaptadas a la medida para las especificidades, ventaja competitiva y necesidades de cada región, con la participación de todos los activos posibles y la ampliación de las excelencias existentes. Esta vía evita al mismo tiempo los costos sociales y económicos de un desarrollo concentrado y es capaz de garantizar la mayor rentabilidad, tanto en términos de competitividad como de cohesión. El artículo concluye proponiendo sugerencias sobre cómo responder a los retos específicos y particulares a los que se enfrentan ahora los nuevos estados miembros de la UE, sobre la base de la evidencia empírica y conceptual anterior.

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-10-27.

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-10-10.

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of the added value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Geographic Variations in Health Care: Country note for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-09-16.

According to a new OECD report, variation in rates of health care activity across geographic areas in countries is a cause for concern. Wide variation suggests that whether or not you will receive a particular health service depends to a very great extent on the region where you live within a country.

Education at a Glance 2014: Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-09-09.

Country notes with main key findings of the book and key fact tables: a customised snapshot of a country's educational environment, highlighting the most important issues in the educational landscape.

Portugal: Deepening structural reform to support growth and competitiveness

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-07-08.

Having been hit hard by the global crisis, the Portuguese government has taken action to put its economy back on track, and to correct external and budgetary imbalances. This document highlights some key priorities to support economic growth and competitiveness through further productivity-enhancing structural reforms.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Portugal on 8 July 2014

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-07-04.

While in Lisbon, the Secretary-General had meetings with Mr. Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal, Mr. Pedro Passos Coelho, Prime Minister of Portugal and Mr. Carlos Costa, Governor of the Banco de Portugal, as well as several Ministers and high level officials of Portugal.

Guidance: Employment - residence and domicile issues: HS211 Self Assessment helpsheet

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-04-06.

Help with the Employment pages of your Self Assessment tax return.

Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social Indicators: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-03-17.

This one-pager note presents key findings for Portugal from Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social indicators. This 2014 publication also provides on special chapter on the social impact of the recent crisis across the OECD.

Pensions at a Glance 2013 - Highlights for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-11-26.

Old-age poverty decreased in Portugal in the final few years of the last decade by more than twice the OECD average. The effective age of labour market exit is high in Portugal in international comparison...

Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-06-20.

Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-06-20.

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Portugal: Reforming the State to promote growth

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-14.

After two decades of strong economic growth and convergence in living standards towards the levels of more prosperous OECD countries, Portugal’s performance weakened in the 2000s, productivity growth slowed and competitiveness deteriorated. Restoring Portugal’s potential for strong, inclusive growth calls for a comprehensive reform of the State.

Speech delivered to the OECD Council by the Prime Minister of Portugal, HE. Pedro Passos Coelho

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-14.

Today the OECD is publishing a report on Portugal's challenges as far as structural reform is concerned. The OECD is an outstanding reference for policy-makers all around the world and I wanted my country to benefit from your skills, experience, and insights, especially on the question of structural reform, said the Portuguese Prime Minister.

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-09.

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

The new urban world 2050: perspectives, prospects and problems

By Janet E. Kohlhase from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2013-05-02.

Abstract World trends about the problems and prospects of cities are discussed in the context of the present time and up to the year 2050. In 2010, urbanization grew to encompass about 52 per cent of the world's population, and the United Nations projects the percentage of the population living in cities to increase to about 67 per cent by 2050. The distribution of cities within each nation is changing as are the spatial structures of population and employment locations within cities. Government organizational structures are also evolving in many areas of the world. As the likelihood of natural disasters increases over time and resource constraints become more binding, cities of the future will see themselves striving for a triumvirate of goals ‘efficiency, sustainability and resiliency’. Resumen. El articulo discute las tendencias mundiales sobre los problemas y el porvenir de las ciudades en el contexto actual y futuro hasta el año 2050. En 2010, el fenómeno de la urbanización creció hasta constituir aproximadamente el 52 por ciento de la población mundial, y las Naciones Unidas prevén que el porcentaje de población que vivirá en ciudades aumente hasta cerca del 67 por ciento en 2050. La distribución de las ciudades dentro de cada país está cambiando, al igual que las estructuras espaciales de la población y los lugares de trabajo dentro las ciudades. Las estructuras de organización del gobierno están evolucionando también en muchas partes del mundo. A medida que aumenta gradualmente la probabilidad de desastres naturales y la escasez de recursos es cada vez más acuciante, las ciudades del futuro van a encontrarse luchando por una terna de objetivos como son la eficiencia, la sostenibilidad y la resiliencia.

Portugal: rebalancing the economy and returning to growth through job creation and better capital allocation

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-10-17.

Low growth and huge current account deficits have characterised the Portuguese economy over the past decade.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012: Portugal country profile

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-09-12.

STI Outlook 2012 country profiles present individual science, technology and innovation (STI) performance in national context and in comparison with other countries. They identify major current policy issues and recent developments in the innovation policy mix for each country. Selected key figures present aspects of economic and environmental performance.

Education at a Glance 2012: Country Notes - Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-09-10.

Education at a Glance 2012: Country Notes - Portugal

Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2012 - Portugal Country Note

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-02-24.

This note is taken from Chapter 2 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2012.

Doing Better for Families country note - Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2011-04-26.

This note highlights the most pressing issues on families and children in Portugal, as discussed in the OECD publication Doing Better for Families.

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2011-04-11.

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.