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RSS Instituições Internacionais

RSS Instituições Internacionais

Abus sexuels sur mineurs au sein de l'Église catholique - rapport n° 50

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-19.

Rapport n° 50 de M. Philippe BAS, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de résolution tendant à la création d'une commission d'enquête sur le traitement des abus sexuels sur mineurs et des faits de pédocriminalité commis dans une relation d'autorité, au sein de l'Église catholique, en France (17 octobre 2018)

Prévenir et sanctionner les violences lors des manifestations - rapport n° 51

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-19.

Rapport n° 51 de Mme Catherine TROENDLÉ, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi visant à prévenir les violences lors des manifestations et à sanctionner leurs auteurs (17 octobre 2018)

Lutte contre la manipulation de l'information - rapport n° 54

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-19.

Rapport n° 54 de M. Christophe-André FRASSA, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi organique relative à la lutte contre les fausses informations (17 octobre 2018)

Lutte contre la manipulation de l'information - avis n° 53

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-19.

Avis n° 53 de M. Christophe-André FRASSA, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi relative à la lutte contre les fausses informations (17 octobre 2018)

Rapport d'information déposé (...) par la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de la législation et de l'administration générale de la République, en conclusion des travaux d'une mission d'information sur les fichiers mis à la disposition des forces de sécurité

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-19.

La mission d'information sur les fichiers mis à la disposition des forces de sécurité s'est fixé un triple objectif : dresser un état des lieux du recours par les forces de sécurité aux traitements automatisés de données personnelles ; mettre en lumière les problèmes existants ; formuler des recommandations pour y répondre. En une décennie, en effet, le contexte politique, juridique et technologique a profondément changé. La menace terroriste a pris une ampleur considérable. Le cadre législatif, reposant sur la loi fondatrice du 6 janvier 1978, a beaucoup évolué, en particulier sous l'influence du droit européen. Les évolutions techniques, enfin, offrent des possibilités inédites.

Rapport d'information déposé par la commission des affaires européennes sur le respect de l'Etat de droit au sein de l'Union européenne

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-19.

Le 20 décembre 2017, la Commission européenne a décidé de transmettre au Conseil de l'Union européenne une proposition motivée en vue de constater, en Pologne, l'existence d'un risque de violation grave de l'Etat de droit, aux termes du premier paragraphe de l'article 7 du TUE (Traité sur l'Union européenne). Ce texte a sanctionné l'échec du dialogue entamé jusque-là par les institutions européennes avec le Gouvernement de Pologne et alerté l'ensemble des Etats membres et des citoyens européens sur le risque que présentaient les lois polonaises pour le respect de l'Etat de droit et plus largement des valeurs inscrites à l'article 2 du TUE. La commission des affaires européennes apporte sa contribution à ce sujet.

Rapport d'information déposé (...) par la commission des affaires étrangères en conclusion des travaux d'une mission d'information constituée le 24 octobre 2017 sur la promotion de la destination touristique France

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-19.

Les propositions de la mission portent sur l'amélioration de la pertinence et de la fiabilité des données sur le tourisme, ainsi que de l'évaluation des politiques publiques, qu'il s'agisse de celles de l'opérateur national Atout France ou des collectivités territoriales. Cette amélioration doit être la contrepartie du renforcement des moyens qui est envisagé pour Atout France, ce que la mission approuve. Elle est également nécessaire au niveau des territoires, où les compétences touristiques restent partagées entre tous les niveaux de collectivités et la coordination insuffisante, alors même que la réforme de la collecte de la taxe de séjour (collecte par les plateformes numériques de mise en relation des particuliers) et de son barème va apporter des ressources nouvelles très conséquentes.

Calcul de l'allocation aux adultes handicapés - rapport n° 44

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-19.

Rapport n° 44 de Mme Cathy APOURCEAU-POLY, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales, sur la proposition de loi portant suppression de la prise en compte des revenus du conjoint dans la base de calcul de l'allocation aux adultes handicapés (17 octobre 2018)

Rapport d'information déposé (...) par la commission des affaires culturelles et de l'éducation en conclusion des travaux de la mission d'information sur l'école dans la société du numérique

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-18.

La mission d'information sur l'école dans la société du numérique présente 25 propositions organisées autour de trois axes principaux : l'enseignement du numérique à l'école ; la gouvernance et le financement du numérique à l'école ; l'accompagnement des enseignants.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des finances sur les ambitions de l'Union européenne et de la France pour le prochain cadre financier pluriannuel

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-18.

Les négociations relatives au prochain cadre financier pluriannuel de l'Union européenne sont appelées à définir la physionomie globale de l'Union européenne jusqu'en 2027. Dans le contexte du retrait imminent du Royaume-Uni (« Brexit »), la définition du prochain cadre financier pluriannuel place l'Union européenne à un tournant : comment dimensionner un budget pertinent et consensuel pour 27 Etats membres ? Faut-il procéder à des réorientations budgétaires alors que la politique agricole commune et la politique de cohésion constituent historiquement les premières dépenses de l'Union européenne ? Les recettes du budget de l'Union européenne sont-elles à la hauteur des objectifs qu'elle défend ? C'est dans cette perspective qu'a été réalisée cette mission de contrôle budgétaire consacrée aux ambitions de l'Union européenne et de la France pour le prochain cadre financier pluriannuel, en application de l'article 57 de la loi organique du 1er août 2001 relative aux lois de finances.

Policy paper: Draft Parliamentary Buildings (Restoration and Renewal) Bill

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-18.

This draft bill seeks to establish the statutory bodies that will be responsible for the restoration and renewal works within the parliamentary estate.

Accord avec la Bosnie-Herzégovine sur la mobilité des jeunes - rapport n° 46

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-18.

Rapport n° 46 de M. Michel BOUTANT, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'approbation de l'accord entre le Gouvernement de la République française et le Conseil des ministres de Bosnie-Herzégovine relatif à la mobilité des jeunes (17 octobre 2018)

Ratification du protocole additionnel de Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur - rapport n° 48

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-18.

Rapport n° 48 de Mme Isabelle RAIMOND-PAVERO, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant la ratification du protocole additionnel de Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur sur la responsabilité et la réparation relatif au protocole de Carthagène sur la prévention des risques biotechnologiques (17 octobre 2018)

Rapport de l'Observatoire des tarifs bancaires - 2017

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-17.

Ce sixième rapport de l'Observatoire est publié en application de la loi de régulation bancaire et financière du 22 octobre 2010. L'année 2016 a été marquée par des baisses de tarifs, liées notamment à des plafonnements législatifs ou réglementaires, mais aussi une généralisation des frais de tenue de compte. Ainsi, le mouvement de tarification des frais de tenue de compte est en voie d'achèvement avec le passage au tarif payant de trois grands établissements. Au 5 janvier 2017, 92 % des établissements facturaient la tenue de compte. Cette généralisation s'accompagne néanmoins d'une certaine stabilité des tarifs puisque 67 % des établissements qui facturaient déjà les frais de tenue de compte n'ont pas modifié leurs tarifs. En outre, les nouvelles tarifications restent dans une bande tarifaire étroite, autour de 2 euros par mois. Les services dématérialisés liés à la banque en ligne ou à des opérations automatisées initiés par le client lui-même connaissent une certaine stabilité de leur tarification, à l'exception des abonnements permettant de gérer ses comptes sur internet qui, après une baisse continue et massive depuis le lancement de l'Observatoire, connaissent une légère hausse due, là encore, à l'abandon de la gratuité par trois établissements. Néanmoins, 89 % des établissements n'ont pas modifié leurs tarifs. La tarification des différentes cartes bancaires amorce un rapprochement et on assiste pour la première fois à une légère diminution des tarifs des cartes à débit différé qui tendent à se rapprocher des tarifs des cartes à débit immédiat. Enfin, les tarifs bancaires de l'outre-mer connaissent, dans les DOM, des évolutions favorables aux consommateurs puisque la quasi-totalité des tarifs « standards » se situe à un niveau inférieur ou égal à celui de la métropole. Seuls les frais de tenue de compte restent plus élevés.

Première étude d'impact de la politique des licences nationales

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-17.

Une double actualité conduit les acteurs de l'information scientifique et technique à s'interroger sur la politique des licences nationales concernant les ressources documentaires : le marché Elsevier et le projet Istex arrivent tous les deux à leur terme en décembre 2018. Deux autres dispositifs plus récents se rattachent à cette politique : le Plan de soutien à l'édition scientifique et l'infrastructure de recherche Collex-Persée. Ce rapport analyse les origines et les composants de cette politique avant de tenter une définition et un premier bilan. Il envisage enfin l'avenir des licences nationales dans un contexte fortement marqué par l'essor de l'accès ouvert aux publications scientifiques.

Les ambitions de l'Union européenne et de la France pour le prochain cadre financier pluriannuel - rapport d'information n° 651

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-17.

Rapport d'information n° 651 de M. Patrice JOLY, fait au nom de la commission des finances : Les ambitions de l'Union européenne et de la France pour le prochain cadre financier pluriannuel (11 juillet 2018)

Nouvelle gouvernance du sport

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-17.

Développer largement les pratiques sportives pour le plus grand nombre, réussir les Jeux olympiques et paralympiques à Paris en 2024 sont les deux enjeux centraux du projet sportif pour la France. Afin de nourrir un projet de loi pour le développement du sport dans la société et faire évoluer le modèle sportif français, une large phase de concertation s'est déroulée du 30 janvier au 10 juillet 2018 avec six séminaires mobilisant plus de 500 personnes, une consultation numérique et la mobilisation d'un groupe de jeunes en service civique.

L'éducation prioritaire

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-17.

L'éducation prioritaire est une politique qui vise à réduire les écarts de résultats scolaires liés aux origines sociales. Elle concentre des moyens au bénéfice de 20 % des élèves et 30 % des élèves défavorisés dans plus de 1 000 réseaux d'éducation prioritaire, réunissant collèges et écoles, dont 350 en éducation prioritaire renforcée (REP+), pour un coût de 1,4 milliard d'euros en 2016 et milliard d'euros en 2017. Au terme de son évaluation, la Cour des comptes constate que l'éducation prioritaire, telle qu'elle a été mise en oeuvre jusqu'à présent, n'a pas atteint son objectif, qui est de limiter à 10 % les écarts de niveaux entre élèves en éducation prioritaire et hors celle-ci. Ces écarts demeurent, selon les disciplines, entre 20 et 35 %. Pour que cette politique tienne ses objectifs, les moyens qui y sont consacrés devraient être davantage orientés vers les premières années de l'enseignement primaire et plus ciblés en faveur des REP+. La gestion des enseignants devrait par ailleurs être adaptée et l'architecture de la politique révisée, afin de renforcer l'autonomie de réseaux confortés et mieux évalués.

Rapport des délégués nationaux à l'accès aux soins

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-17.

Elisabeth Doineau, sénatrice de la Mayenne, Thomas Mesnier, député de Charente, et Sophie Augros, médecin généraliste, ont été désignés délégués nationaux à l'accès aux soins en octobre 2017. Ils ont été chargés de faire remonter les expériences réussies de chaque territoire, mais aussi d'identifier les difficultés et les freins rencontrés sur le terrain, afin de nourrir la mise en oeuvre du Plan pour un égal accès aux soins.

Le plan de protection des forêts contre les incendies, guide partagé de l'action collective en défense des forêts contre l'incendie

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-17.

Une mission du CGAAER a été chargée d'analyser les plans en vigueur de protection des forêts contre les incendies et de proposer le cadre type dans lequel devront s'inscrire les prochains plans.

IGAS - Rapport d'activité 2017

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-17.

Inspection générale interministérielle du secteur social, l'IGAS réalise des missions de contrôle, d'audit et d'évaluation, conseille les pouvoirs publics et apporte son concours à la conception et à la conduite de réformes. Elle intervient à la demande des ministres ou du Premier ministre, mais aussi sur la base de son programme d'activité. Elle traite de sujets touchant à la vie de tous les citoyens : emploi, travail et formation professionnelle, santé, insertion sociale, systèmes de protection sociale. Dans ce rapport d'activité 2017 : Quels chiffres clés ? Comment se déroule une mission de l'IGAS ? Quels sont les domaines d'activité de l'IGAS ? Quels sont les métiers de l'IGAS ? Cette édition dématérialisée a été conçue en articulation avec le site internet de l'IGAS : la centaine de rapports publiés y figure avec le lien vers le rapport mentionné.

Préconisations pour une réforme de la haute fonction publique - Position personnelle du rapporteur

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-16.

La commission d'enquête sur les mutations de la Haute fonction publique et leurs conséquences sur le fonctionnement des institutions de la République a autorisé la publication de la position personnelle du rapporteur. Celle-ci n'engage que lui et non les autres membres de la commission d'enquête. Pour consulter le rapport de la commission d'enquête, cliquer sur le lien suivant.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes sur l'extraterritorialité des sanctions américaines

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-16.

Le présent rapport se concentre sur la question des sanctions économiques et financières, sanctions « secondaires » qui s'appliquent aux opérateurs non américains opérant hors du territoire des Etats-Unis s'ils ne respectent pas les règles de boycott édictées par ce pays contre un Etat tiers. Le rapport se concentre sur l'actualité de ce sujet après la décision américaine de réimposer des sanctions économiques et commerciales secondaires à l'Iran, une fois décidé le retrait unilatéral des Etats-Unis de l'accord nucléaire (« Joint comprehensive plan of action »), conclu en juillet 2015 entre l'Union européenne, le Royaume-Uni, la France, l'Allemagne, les États-Unis, la Chine, la Fédération de Russie, d'une part et l'Iran d'autre part.

Rapport fait au nom de la commission d'enquête sur les mutations de la Haute fonction publique et leurs conséquences sur le fonctionnement des institutions de la République - Préconisations, rapport et annexes

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-16.

Constituée le 17 avril 2018, la commission d'enquête a procédé au cours de ses six mois de travaux et près de 45 heures de réunion à 41 auditions entendant 45 personnes, responsables politiques et administratifs, chercheurs, acteurs et témoins. Ces travaux ont permis de dresser un certain nombre de constats communs aboutissant à une série de propositions qui visent cinq domaines : mieux connaître le phénomène ; améliorer la transparence et la cohérence de la gestion la haute fonction publique ; mieux contrôler les départs vers le secteur privé ; mieux adapter la scolarité et le classement de sortie de l'Ecole nationale d'administration (ENA) ; réformer les grands corps et le tour extérieur. La majorité de la commission d'enquête n'ayant pas souhaité s'associer à l'analyse présentée par le rapporteur, celle-ci paraît sous sa seule responsabilité. Pour consulter ce rapport, cliquer sur le lien suivant.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des finances sur la répartition et l'utilisation des aides à la pierre

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-16.

La création en 2016 du fonds national des aides à la pierre (FNAP) a représenté un progrès dans la transparence de la gestion de ces aides, grâce au regroupement des crédits budgétaires de l'État et des contributions des bailleurs sociaux sur une même ligne, et à la mise en place d'une gouvernance ouverte aux bailleurs ainsi qu'aux collectivités territoriales. Pour autant, le principe de parité entre l'Etat et les bailleurs sociaux, selon lequel l'égalité au sein du conseil d'administration aurait dû refléter une égalité dans le niveau des financements, a très vite été abandonné. L'annulation en cours de gestion, le 21 février 2017, de 55 % des crédits budgétaires destinés au FNAP en a été l'éclatante illustration. Face à ce constat, la commission des finances a décidé de confier à son rapporteur spécial des crédits du logement une mission de contrôle budgétaire relative à la répartition et à l'utilisation des aides à la pierre. Il s'agissait de faire un premier bilan, deux ans environ après sa création, des progrès atteints dans la concertation au niveau national pour la définition des enveloppes régionales, ainsi que sur la manière dont l'utilisation des aides au niveau local met en oeuvre les principes fixés par le conseil d'administration.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la mission d'information sur la réinsertion des mineurs enfermés - Tome 2 : auditions

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-16.

A la suite d'une série d'auditions et de déplacements pour visiter les différents lieux d'enfermement des mineurs, la mission d'information sur la réinsertion des mineurs enfermés formule une douzaine de recommandations ne se limitant pas à l'enfermement pénal, mais portant également sur l'enfermement psychiatrique. Pour consulter le rapport de la mission d'information, cliquer sur le lien suivant.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication sur l'avenir de l'audiovisuel public

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-16.

La commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication a organisé, le 12 juillet 2018, un colloque sur le thème « Comment réenchanter l'audiovisuel public à l'heure du numérique ? », qui a rassemblé plus de 300 professionnels au cours de la journée.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la délégation sénatoriale aux outre-mer sur les actes du colloque « Biodiversités du vaste Pacifique : quelle valorisation d'un endémisme exceptionnel ? » du 31 mai 2018

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-16.

Première étape régionale d'un cycle triennal organisé par la délégation sénatoriale aux outre-mer en partenariat avec l'Agence française pour la biodiversité, la conférence du 31 mai 2018, dans le prolongement de la séquence d'ouverture du 7 décembre 2017 et en écho à la journée mondiale du 22 mai, a mis à l'honneur les biodiversités des territoires français du vaste Pacifique.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales par le groupe de travail sur le financement de l'accompagnement médico-social des personnes handicapées

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-10-16.

Le présent rapport d'information aborde la question du financement de l'accompagnement médico-social des personnes handicapées, sous deux angles : l'adéquation de l'offre médico-sociale existante aux besoins exprimés par les personnes intéressées ; la réalité de la place des personnes handicapées dans l'organisation de leur propre parcours.

Corporate report: Security Industry Authority annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-16.

The Security Industry Authority annual report and accounts for the period 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2018.

Corporate report: Financial Reporting Council annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-15.

Report on expenditure and performance of the Financial Reporting Council (FRC), 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2018.

Transparency data: Report under section 2 of the Loans to Ireland Act 2010: 1 April 2018 to 30 September 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-15.

This document contains details of the bilateral loan to Ireland as required by the Loans to Ireland Act 2010, for the period 1 April 2018 to 30 September 2018.

Accueil des gens du voyage - rapport n° 32

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-12.

Rapport n° 32 de Mme Catherine DI FOLCO, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi tendant à soutenir les collectivités territoriales et leurs groupements dans leur mission d'accueil des gens du voyage (10 octobre 2018)

The impact of EU Eastern enlargement on urban growth and decline: New insights from Germany's Eastern border

By Bastian Heider from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-10-12.

Abstract This paper uses the quasi‐experimental setting of the 2004 EU enlargement, as well as town‐level data along the affected German border, to estimate the effect of economic integration on border town population development. Using a difference‐in‐differences approach, we find that the accession has had a significant positive effect on the rate of population change after 2004. However, this does not offset the, generally, poorer population development of border towns compared to interior towns. Moreover, the integration effect appears to strongly depend on initial local conditions. No effects were found for Polish towns on the opposite side of the border.

Growth‐instability frontier and industrial diversification: Evidence from European gross value added

By Kurt A. Hafner from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-10-12.

Abstract The paper applies the modern portfolio theory and stochastic frontier analysis to gross value added growth rates in Europe and presents evidence of convex growth‐instability frontiers. Using their national accounts by economic activity, numerical simulations of gross value added shares show that in 2011, industry portfolios were below Markowitz's efficient frontier and that rearranging the share of economic activities lead to efficiency gains in terms of lower output instability and higher growth rates. Gross value added in EU countries in general, and core countries in particular, should be contributed by the “service provider” and “financial activities” sectors, while optimal industry portfolios of periphery countries are more diversified. Stochastic frontier analysis confirms the convex growth‐instability frontiers and finds that technical inefficiencies are explained by differences in the growth rate of labour and the degree of industrial diversification. Getting more efficient is a combination of country characteristics and sector specifics, where efficiency gains are inversely related to industrial diversification during economic development. Reported results are robust to model specifications and data restrictions.

Repenser le financement du handicap pour accompagner la société inclusive - rapport d'information n° 35

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-11.

Rapport d'information n° 35 de M. Philippe MOUILLER, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales : Repenser le financement du handicap pour accompagner la société inclusive (10 octobre 2018)

Favoriser la reconnaissance des proches aidants - rapport n° 26

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-11.

Rapport n° 26 de M. Olivier HENNO, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales, sur la proposition de loi visant à favoriser la reconnaissance des proches aidants : un enjeu social et sociétal majeur (10 octobre 2018)

Corporate report: Ordnance Survey Limited annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-11.

Annual report and accounts setting out the activities and achievements of Ordnance Survey.

Corporate report: Royal Mint Trading Fund: Annual Report and Accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-11.

Annual Report and Accounts of the Royal Mint Trading Fund.

Policy paper: Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules: HC 1534, 11 October 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-11.

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules published on 11 October 2018.

Préconisations pour une réforme de la haute fonction publique - Position personnelle du rapporteur - rapport n° 16 tome II

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-10.

Rapport n° 16 tome II de M. Pierre-Yves COLLOMBAT, fait au nom de la commission d'enquête : Préconisations pour une réforme de la haute fonction publique - Position personnelle du rapporteur (4 octobre 2018)

Préconisations pour une réforme de la haute fonction publique - Préconisations, rapport et annexes - rapport n° 16 tome I

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-10.

Rapport n° 16 tome I de M. Pierre-Yves COLLOMBAT, fait au nom de la commission d'enquête : Préconisations pour une réforme de la haute fonction publique - Préconisations, rapport et annexes (4 octobre 2018)

Policy paper: Government response to the report on Deportation with Assurances (DWA)

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-10.

The government response to David Anderson QC’s review of the framework of the UK’s Deportation with Assurances (DWA) policy.

Extraterritorialité des sanctions américaines : Extraterritorialité des sanctions américaines : Quelles réponses de l'Union européenne ? - rapport d'information n° 17

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-10.

Rapport d'information n° 17 de M. Philippe BONNECARRÈRE, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, sur la proposition de résolution au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, en application de l'article 73 quater du Règlement, sur l'extraterritorialité des sanctions américaines : Extraterritorialité des sanctions américaines : Quelles réponses de l'Union européenne ? (4 octobre 2018)

Biodiversités du vaste Pacifique : Quelle valorisation d'un endémisme exceptionnel ? - rapport d'information n° 533

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-09.

Rapport d'information n° 533 de M. Michel MAGRAS, fait au nom de la Délégation sénatoriale aux outre-mer : Biodiversités du vaste Pacifique : Quelle valorisation d'un endémisme exceptionnel ? (1er juin 2018)

Une adolescence entre les murs : l'enfermement, dans les limites de l'éducatif, du thérapeutique et du répressif (Auditions) - rapport d'information n° 726 tome II

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-09.

Rapport d'information n° 726 tome II de M. Michel AMIEL, fait au nom de la Mission d'information sur la réinsertion des mineurs enfermés : Une adolescence entre les murs : l'enfermement, dans les limites de l'éducatif, du thérapeutique et du répressif (Auditions) (25 septembre 2018)

Policy paper: Treasury Minutes – October 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-09.

Government departments respond to the Public Accounts Committee reports through a Treasury minute.

Corporate report: English Sports Development Trust Limited annual report and accounts 2017-2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-09.

This document contains the following information: English Sports Development Trust annual report and accounts 2017-2018

Renforcement de l'organisation des juridictions : Tableau comparatif - rapport n° 11 tome II

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-06.

Rapport n° 11 tome II de MM. François-Noël BUFFET et Yves DÉTRAIGNE, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi organique relatif au renforcement de l'organisation des juridictions et sur le projet de loi de programmation 2018-2022 et de réforme pour la justice : Tableau comparatif (3 octobre 2018)

Programmation 2018-2022 et réforme pour la justice : Rapport - rapport n° 11 tome I

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-06.

Rapport n° 11 tome I de MM. François-Noël BUFFET et Yves DÉTRAIGNE, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi organique relatif au renforcement de l'organisation des juridictions et sur le projet de loi de programmation 2018-2022 et de réforme pour la justice : Rapport (3 octobre 2018)

Lutte contre la fraude - rapport n° 14

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-05.

Rapport n° 14 de M. Albéric de MONTGOLFIER, sénateur et Mme Émilie CARIOU, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi relatif à la lutte contre la fraude (4 octobre 2018)

Aides à la pierre : du retrait de l'État à la décentralisation ? - rapport d'information n° 3

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-05.

Rapport d'information n° 3 de M. Philippe DALLIER, fait au nom de la commission des finances : Aides à la pierre : du retrait de l'État à la décentralisation ? (3 octobre 2018)

Protocole sur les armes à feu - rapport n° 6

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-05.

Rapport n° 6 de M. Olivier CADIC, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'adhésion au protocole contre la fabrication et le trafic illicites d'armes à feu, additionnel à la convention des Nations unies contre la criminalité transnationale organisée, adopté à New York le 31 mai 2001 (3 octobre 2018)

Accord avec la Bosnie sur les personnes en séjour irrégulier - rapport n° 4

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-05.

Rapport n° 4 de M. Jean-Noël GUÉRINI, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'approbation du protocole entre le Gouvernement de la République française et le Conseil des ministres de Bosnie-Herzégovine concernant la réadmission des personnes en séjour irrégulier (3 octobre 2018)

Effects of dynamic and spatial externalities on local growth: Evidence from Brazil

By Inácio Fernandes Araújo, Eduardo Gonçalves, Eduardo Almeida from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-10-05.

Abstract This paper analyses the impact of economic externalities on the local growth emphasizing the industrial, geographic, and temporal scope of agglomeration economies. Thus, we estimated a spatial dynamic panel model using GMM associated with the use of data at different levels of sectoral aggregation. Estimation takes into account the endogeneity of agglomeration economies. Our database consists of 558 Brazilian regions for 1995–2015. The main results suggest that while externalities act in a local dimension they also have a regional scale. These externalities are determined by their temporal trajectory. The effects of agglomeration economies on local growth are sensitive to the choice of sectoral aggregation. Local growth exhibits positive specialization effects and negative diversity effects. However, greater industrial diversity of neighbouring regions has a positive impact on local growth.

On the performance of creative industries: Evidence from Mexican metropolitan areas

By Francisco Benita from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-10-05.

Abstract This paper evaluates the performance of creative industries in 56 Mexican metropolitan areas over the period 1998−2013. Derived from Florida's 3T theory, determinants of inefficiency are examined by focusing on metropolitan area‐related variables. The analysis yields several interesting findings. First, there is a marked heterogeneity in performance, especially within the arts creative sector. Second, there is relatively little robust evidence that inefficiency can be reduced by increments in public investment (technology), “creative students” (talent) or cultural opportunity (tolerance). Thereby the role of local governments developing and implementing differentiated policy strategies could contribute to increase the efficiency of the creative sector.

Les plantes médicinales et l'herboristerie : à la croisée de savoirs ancestraux et d'enjeux d'avenir - rapport d'information n° 727

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-02.

Rapport d'information n° 727 de M. Joël LABBÉ, fait au nom de la Mission d'information sur le développement de l'herboristerie et des plantes médicinales, des filières et métiers d'avenir : Les plantes médicinales et l'herboristerie : à la croisée de savoirs ancestraux et d'enjeux d'avenir (25 septembre 2018)

Pénuries de médicaments et de vaccins : renforcer l'éthique de santé publique dans la chaîne du médicament - rapport d'information n° 737

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-02.

Rapport d'information n° 737 de M. Jean-Pierre DECOOL, fait au nom de la Mission d'information sur la pénurie de médicaments et de vaccins : Pénuries de médicaments et de vaccins : renforcer l'éthique de santé publique dans la chaîne du médicament (27 septembre 2018)

Une adolescence entre les murs : l'enfermement, dans les limites de l'éducatif, du thérapeutique et du répressif (Rapport) - rapport d'information n° 726 tome I

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-02.

Rapport d'information n° 726 tome I de M. Michel AMIEL, fait au nom de la Mission d'information sur la réinsertion des mineurs enfermés : Une adolescence entre les murs : l'enfermement, dans les limites de l'éducatif, du thérapeutique et du répressif (Rapport) (25 septembre 2018)

Comment réenchanter l'audiovisuel public à l'heure du numérique ? Actes du colloque du 12 juillet 2018 - rapport d'information n° 733

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-10-01.

Rapport d'information n° 733 de Mme Catherine MORIN-DESAILLY, fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication : Comment réenchanter l'audiovisuel public à l'heure du numérique ? Actes du colloque du 12 juillet 2018 (26 septembre 2018)

Lutte contre la manipulation de l'information - rapport n° 731

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-09-28.

Rapport n° 731 de Mme Catherine MORIN-DESAILLY, sénatrice et M. Bruno STUDER, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur la proposition de loi relative à la lutte contre les fausses informations (26 septembre 2018)

Octroi des prérogatives d'une commission d'enquête pour une MI - rapport n° 728

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-09-28.

Rapport n° 728 de M. Philippe BAS, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la demande d'attribution des prérogatives d'une commission d'enquête Octroi à la commission de l'aménagement du territoire et du développement durable des prérogatives d'une commission d'enquête pour une mission d'information sur la sécurité des ponts (25 septembre 2018)

Lutte contre la manipulation de l'information - rapport n° 734

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-09-28.

Rapport n° 734 de M. Philippe BAS, sénateur et Mme Naïma MOUTCHOU, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur la proposition de loi organique relative à la lutte contre les fausses informations (26 septembre 2018)

Comités de protection des personnes - rapport n° 724

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-09-27.

Rapport n° 724 de M. Jean SOL, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales, sur la proposition de loi relative à l'expertise des comités de protection des personnes (25 septembre 2018)

Les équipements de la police et de la gendarmerie (acquisition et utilisation) - rapport d'information n° 717

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-09-27.

Rapport d'information n° 717 de M. Philippe DOMINATI, fait au nom de la commission des finances : Les équipements de la police et de la gendarmerie (acquisition et utilisation) (19 septembre 2018)

Policy paper: Housing for older people: government response to the Select Committee report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-27.

Government response to the second report of 2017-19 of the Housing, Communities and Local Government Select Committee inquiry into housing for older people.

Neighbourhood inequality spillover effects of gentrification

By David Christafore, Susane Leguizamon from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-09-27.

Abstract Previous research has considered how gentrification may alter the racial composition, income composition and income segregation within a neighbourhood. An increase in income segregation at the neighbourhood level may be evidenced by a reduction in income inequality, which may harm low‐income households. We examine how the influence of gentrification, with respect to changes in income inequality at the neighbourhood level over time, may spill over into surrounding neighbourhoods as lower‐income households' location choices change. We use data from the 30 largest Core Based Statistical Areas in the US from 2000–2010 and find that areas bordering newly gentrified neighbourhoods experience an increase in income inequality (potentially benefiting low‐income households). This effect appears to be concentrated in relatively smaller CBSAs, where lower‐income households may have less mobility, and in surrounding neighbourhoods that are themselves relatively lower‐income.

Évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique - rapport n° 720

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-09-26.

Rapport n° 720 de Mmes Dominique ESTROSI SASSONE, sénateur, Christelle DUBOS, député et M. Richard LIOGER, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi portant évolution du logement, de l'aménagement et du numérique (19 septembre 2018)

Regional cost‐of‐living differentials, rural–urban migration, and the contribution to economic growth

By Dürdane Şirin Saracoğlu, Terry L. Roe from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-09-26.

Abstract Using a multi‐region, multi‐sector dynamic model of an economy with rural–urban migration fit to Turkish data, this paper explores the evolution of each region's output and factor allocation as well as inter‐regional disparities that emerge with migration. Migration or residence decision of households is endogenous with respect to regional cost‐of‐living differentials. Results show that migration slows down and dampens the shift of labour from urban manufacturing to services, despite the increase in demand for urban services. It is also established that rural–urban migration contributes positively to growth while the reallocation of labour within each region proves to be unfavourable.

Corporate report: NHS Counter Fraud Authority annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-21.

The NHS Counter Fraud Authority (NHSCFA) has published its first annual report and accounts.

Policy paper: Building regulations and fire safety: government response to Select Committee report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-18.

The government’s response to the Housing, Communities and Local Government Select Committee’s report on building regulations and fire safety.

Effective carbon rates: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-09-17.

This country note for Portugal provides detail on the proportion of CO2 emissions from energy use subject to different effective carbon rates (ECR), as well as on the level and components of average ECRs in each of the six economic sectors (road transport, off-road transport, industry, agriculture and fishing, residential & commercial, and electricity).

Corporate report: Diversity and Inclusion in the UK Intelligence Community - 2018 Report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-13.

This report covers the issue of diversity and inclusion in each of the seven organisations overseen by the Intelligence and Security Committee.

Independent report: Senior Salaries Review Body Report 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-13.

Recommendations from the Senior Salaries Review Body on the pay of senior civil servants, senior officers in the armed forces and police and crime commissioners.

Policy paper: Response to the report on the use of terrorism legislation after Westminster Bridge

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-13.

The government response to the Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation's report into the use of legislation following the Westminster Bridge attack.

Policy paper: Response to the operation of the terrorism acts in 2016 report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-13.

The government response to the annual report on the operation of the terrorism acts in 2016 by the Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation.

Policy paper: Enforcing human rights: government response

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-13.

The government response to the Joint Committee on Human Rights tenth report of session 2017 to 2019: enforcing human rights.

Corporate report: DfT: annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-12.

Department for Transport’s consolidated results for the year ended 31 March 2018.

International treaty: [MS No.9/2018] Interbus Agreement with Protocol and Decision

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-12.

Presented to Parliament September 2018

International treaty: [EU No.12/2018] EU/Moldova: Common Aviation Area Agreement

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-12.

Presented to Parliament September 2018

International treaty: [EU No.11/2018] EU/Israel: Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-12.

Presented to Parliament September 2018

Corporate report: National Forest Company annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-12.

National Forest Company annual report and accounts April 2017 to March 2018.

Policy paper: Victims Strategy

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-10.

The cross-government Victims Strategy sets out our vision for victims of crime.

International treaty: [TS No.10/2018] Amendments to the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966 (LL 1966)

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-06.

Presented to Parliament September 2018

Policy paper: Government response to the Health and Social Care Committee’s report on integrated care

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-05.

Government response to the recommendations of the Health and Social Care Committee’s inquiry into ‘Integrated care: organisations, partnerships and systems’.

Corporate report: UK Anti-Doping annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-08-31.

UK Anti-Doping annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018.

Incentives to local public service provision: An evaluation of Italy's Obiettivi di Servizio

By Guglielmo Barone, Guido Blasio, Alessio D'Ignazio, Andrea Salvati from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-08-23.

Abstract Set up by the Italian central government and implemented in the lagging regions, Obiettivi di Servizio is an innovative scheme designed to encourage local authorities to reach given targets for the provision of public services such as education, childcare and elderly care, waste management, and water supply. The paper finds that the programme was only partially successful, with considerable differences across regions and targets. An important driver of effectiveness was local institutional quality. We also find signs of displacement effects: local authorities involved in the programme might have concentrated on the targets to the detriment of other local public services.

Independent report: Fiscal sustainability report: July 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-08-20.

An analysis of the sustainability of the public finances.

State cigarette taxes and health expenditures: Evidence from dynamic spatial lag panel models

By Adam Hoffer, Brad R. Humphreys, Jane E. Ruseski from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-08-17.

Abstract This study explores the relationship between state cigarette taxes and state expenditures on health and hospitals. We address two major sources of endogeneity from (i) the relationship between tax rates and expenditure decisions and (ii) spatial dependence in expenditure policies by using tobacco production as an instrument for cigarette tax rates and through a dynamic spatial Durbin model. We estimate the cigarette tax rate expenditure elasticity to be 0.03 (SR) and 0.87 (LR) for state health spending and 0.05 (SR) and 0.79 (LR) for state hospital spending. Increases in cigarette taxes did not reduce state spending on health over this period.

Issue information

By from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-08-16.

No abstract is available for this article.

Intra‐ and inter‐regional commuting: Assessing the role of wage differentials

By Angela Stefania Bergantino, Leonardo Madio from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-08-16.

Abstract The study aims to explain intra and inter‐regional mobility in the UK between 2004 and 2014, by examining the role played by regional wage differentials, and individual‐ and region‐specific characteristics. We use a two‐stage model: first, we generate individual predicted regional wage differentials; then, in the mobility equation, we study its effect on cross‐regional mobility. We verify that the wage differentials influence asymmetrically male and female workers, indicating the existence of a cross‐regional commuting gender gap which arises from different sensitivities to non‐monetary costs. The propensity to commute longer durations to other regions and the role of domestic responsibilities are also studied.

What matters the most for economic development? Evidence from the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund

By Kaitlyn R. Harger, Amanda Ross, Heather M. Stephens from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-08-15.

Abstract Governments use incentive programmes to attract new businesses. Due to limited resources, there are questions about which incentives are most effective. Using establishment data from California, and data on the location of disbursements through two federal programmes, we consider the effectiveness of different programmes in attracting new businesses. We find that the amount of funding through the New Markets Tax Credit programme has a significant impact on business activity but find no evidence of an effect from the Community Development Financial Institutions programme. Our results suggest that the effectiveness of these programmes depends on how they provide assistance.

Regional inequality dynamics, stochastic dominance, and spatial dependence

By Sergio J. Rey, Wei Kang, Levi John Wolf from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-08-13.

Abstract Stochastic dominance tests are used to measure whether distributions are directionally‐distinct. Using stochastic dominance measures, an income distribution can be measured to be more favorable for its members at all income levels than another distribution. This contrasts with conventional σ and β‐convergence approaches that compare distributions at a set of predetermined income levels. Given this comprehensiveness, stochastic dominance measures can yield novel insight into the relationship between income distributions, and thus to the relative economic welfare of inhabitants of different societies. However, stochastic dominance measures used in the analysis of regional income convergence have ignored the complications of geography. In this paper we examine the properties of common tests for stochastic dominance using various descriptive models of geographically‐realistic income growth processes. We find that the false positive rate of stochastic dominance tests increases significantly when comparing spatially‐informed income distributions growing over time. Further, this over‐eager rejection rate requires only that one distribution be spatially‐dependent, unlike some other bivariate statistics. We demonstrate that both the parametric and non‐parametric spatial filtering procedures are effective at resolving these issues in restricted circumstances for higher‐order dominance tests. Overall, while providing a novel and useful perspective on income distribution dynamics, stochastic dominance measures are demonstrated to have undesirable properties when used in geographically‐realistic scenarios and they resist one common method to address these issues. Solutions to the concerns expressed here remain open.

Drivers of urban sprawl in urban areas of Iran

By Seyyed Hadi Hosseini, Mehran Hajilou from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-07-30.

Abstract During the recent decades, debates about urban sprawl have increased strongly in Iran. Literature review shows that there are few studies about causes of sprawl in urban areas of Iran. This paper analyses driving forces in creation or intensification of urban sprawl in Iranian cities. The methodology of the research is based on documentary and survey method. Results indicate that the most important drivers of urban sprawl are 22 factors in Iran. By using exploratory factor analysis, 22 factors are summarized in eight main factors. These factors include population growth, land value, political fragmentation, land speculation, transportation policies, exterior pressure, management system and land use. The eight main factors are able to explain an average of 76.9% of the urban sprawl phenomenon in Iran. The analysis of variance indicates that none of them can be effective in explaining urban sprawl alone in Iran that they were explained by each factor on urban sprawl. The population growth has the highest impact by 13% and land use has the lowest impact by about 7%. The margin of discrepancy between variance was explained by factors that suggest all of the eight extracted factors play a key role in the urban sprawl of Iran. Policies for controlling and reducing consequences of this phenomenon should be initiated by the government by considering the influential role of government in the urban sprawl of Iran. In particular, it can be helpful to establish integrated urban management, a compilation of comprehensive law about urban land and pay attention to worn‐out textures and brownfield development.

Analysis of the social and environmental economic sustainability in the territory of Yucatan (Mexico)

By Lilian Albornoz‐Mendoza, Alfredo J. Mainar‐Causapé from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-07-23.

Abstract This research focuses on the state of Yucatan, Mexico, and provides evidence of unsustainable performance of the local economy: the local economic structure and income distribution widens the gap between rich and poor households. A constructive policy towards sustainable development would place greater emphasis on productive restructuring the agricultural sector, road transport and electric power generation, in designing actions of technological change and sustainable natural resource management. An exhaustive hybrid environmental social accounting matrix (ESAM) and linear multipliers models are used to analyse the interactions of the local economy with the use of resources, the environment and income distribution.

Corporate report: Human Rights and Democracy Report 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-05.

Activity in 2017 by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and its diplomatic network to defend human rights and promote democracy worldwide.

Rural–urban migration and income disparity in Tunisia: A decomposition analysis

By Mohamed Amara, Mohamed Ayadi, Hatem Jemmali from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-07-13.

Abstract This paper investigates the main determinants of the welfare gap between rural–urban migrants and non‐migrants (both urban and rural) in Tunisia. The lack of data on the expenditure of migrant and non‐migrant households is overcome by applying the ELL (Elbers, Lanjouw and Lanjouw) methodology. The decomposition results show a positive welfare gains from rural‐to‐urban migration, especially among the younger generation born after the failure of the collectivism experiment in 1961. The education level of the household's head and the household's size appear as the main sources of the welfare gap. The unconditional quantile regression decomposition shows that the endowment effect contributes more to the welfare gap than the discrimination effect at the bottom part of the welfare distribution.

Corporate report: Ministry of Justice Annual Report and Accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-04.

The Annual Report and Accounts of the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) outline its performance in 2017-18 alongside audited accounts for the year.

Commuting time, public exposure and victimization: Evidence from Brazilian metropolitan regions

By Raul Silveira Neto, Klebson Moura from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-29.

Abstract Routine activities theory establishes that the greater the exposure to public spaces with weak guardianship the higher the probability of being a victim of urban violence. Using a unique dataset for the year 2009 that includes all Brazilian metropolitan regions, we provide evidence for the causal effect of a long commute time on the chance of being a victim of violence in these urban centres. The set of evidence was obtained by applying propensity score matching techniques to create counterfactuals and is robust to different robustness checks and sensitivity analysis.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Porto on 28-29 June 2018

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-06-28.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, will be in Porto on 28-29 June 2018 to attend the Skills Summit 2018 “Skills for a Digital World”, organised by Portugal and the OECD.

Moving towards more cohesive and polycentric spatial patterns? Evidence from the Czech Republic

By Ondřej Mulíček, Jiří Malý from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-27.

Abstract Territorial cohesion discourse represents normative and ideological vision of ideal spatial practices that should be applied in order to ensure balanced and polycentric spatial development. However, spatial diversity of existing territorial settings often diverge from political representations of spaces. Using the Czech Republic as a case study, the paper focuses on the development of urban system hierarchy by analysing the changes of work‐commuting flows in the post‐socialist period. The results show that the configurations of everyday spatial routines and functioning of real urban systems differ from political imaginaries to a great extent and are moving towards a more polarized pattern.

Corporate report: Legal Aid Agency annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-18.

The Legal Aid Agency (LAA) annual report and accounts 2017 to 2018 details how the agency has performed in its fifth year.

Corporate report: Director of Legal Aid Casework annual report 2017 to 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-08-31.

The Director of Legal Aid Casework (DLAC) report covers the work carried out under this function.

Natural disasters, economic growth and spatial spillovers: Evidence from a flash flood in Brazil

By Ricardo Carvalho de Andrade Lima, Antonio Vinícius Barros Barbosa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-21.

In this paper, a flash flood that occurred in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina in 2008 is used to investigate the existence of spatial spillovers from natural disasters in geographically‐linked areas. In order to do so, we estimated a Difference‐in‐Differences model that explicitly allows for the existence of spatial interactions within affected and unaffected regions. Our results show that municipalities directly affected by the flood suffered an 7.6% decrease in GDP per capita in the year of the disaster. Three years after the flood, however, GDP per capita rebounded back to pre‐disaster levels in all sectors but the Agricultural sector. Finally, our spatial estimations show that spillovers exist and are economically relevant.

Um elevador social quebrado? Como PORTUGAL compara?

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-06-15.

Um elevador social quebrado? Como PORTUGAL compara?

A broken social elevator? Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-06-15.

A broken social elevator? Key findings for Portugal

A look behind the curtain: Measuring the complex economic effects of regional structural funds in Germany

By Jonathan Eberle, Thomas Brenner, Timo Mitze from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-15.

Abstract This paper investigates the mutual impact channels of Germany's major regional policy instrument (GRW) on regional economic development. Different from earlier studies which have predominately focused on a partial assessment of output effects, we explicitly endogenize the factor inputs of the underlying production function. This allows us to comprehensively assess the role of the GRW in driving per capita output, employment, human and physical capital intensities as well as the region's technological growth. The results from a spatial panel vector autoregressive model show that GRW funding has significant positive effects on regional output, the employment rate and human capital intensity.

The regional effects of international migration on internal migration decisions of tertiary‐educated workers

By Marian Manic from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-06-14.

Abstract This study is a departure from the classic analysis of the effect of international migration on human capital. Using original data from a nationally representative survey in Moldova, we employ discrete choice and count‐data models to evaluate the effect of international migration on the likelihood that “left‐behind” household members with tertiary education migrate domestically. Thus, we propose an original framework of identifying a causal relationship between international and internal migration. The main findings support the hypothesis that international migration leads to an increase in the preference for urban jobs of tertiary‐educated left‐behind household members with peripheral rural origins.

A qualitative exploration of arts‐based neighbourhood revitalization: The case of ‘The Space at 2106 Main’ in West Tampa, Florida

By Stephen Buckman, Mara Latorre, M. Martin Bosman, Neveen Nawawy, Bomin Koh from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-23.

Abstract As cities are compelled to compete for new sources of investment and revenue, arts‐based economic development strategies have become the norm. The purpose of this paper is to revisit and reevaluate some of the conventional claims about the arts as an important economic development strategy by exploring a case study called “The Space at 2106 Main” in a rapidly gentrifying neighbourhood called West Tampa. The results of this study suggest that the arts are indeed assuming a greater role in economic policy under the auspices of West Tampa community redevelopment areas (CRA) and the direct actions of various arts related entrepreneurs. The results however, point to a mixed picture that raises difficult questions about the medium to long‐term effects of this urban redevelopment strategy, especially on the poor and mostly minority residents of West Tampa.

Wage returns to interregional mobility among Ph.D graduates: Do occupations matter?

By Barbara Ermini, Luca Papi, Francesca Scaturro from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-11.

Abstract This paper addresses the wage returns to interregional mobility among Italian Ph.D workers. We control for selection bias in both migration and occupation choice by estimating a double sample selection model. While OLS estimates indicate a positive wage premium of mobility across all types of occupations examined, wage equations estimated by correcting for double sample selection evidence a wage penalty for movers within academia, no effects for movers carrying out R&D activities but positive returns if they work within the industry sector. The selection process appears to be stronger when mobility choice is considered in comparison to the choice of occupation.

Industrial relatedness and regional resilience in the European Union

By Giulio Cainelli, Roberto Ganau, Marco Modica from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-10.

Abstract The 2008 Great Recession prompted interest in the concept of regional resilience. This paper discusses and empirically investigates the relationship between industrial relatedness and economic resilience across European Union regions over the 2008–2012 crisis period. The analysis focuses on two types of industrial relatedness: technological and vertical (i.e., market‐based). The empirical analysis is performed on a sample of 209 NUTS 2 regions in 16 countries. Our results highlight a positive effect of technological relatedness on the probability of resilience in the very short run (i.e., the 2008–2009 period), while the negative effect of vertical relatedness seems to persist for longer.

The determinants of elderly migration in France

By Alexandra Schaffar, Michel Dimou, El Mouhoub Mouhoud from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-09.

Abstract The aim of this paper is to study elderly migration in France. First, it analyses whether the decision to migrate relies upon individual characteristics. Second, it examines the ways in which the economic, social and environmental characteristics of the French territories determine the retirees' choice of localization. The paper draws upon a unique database of 12.67 million French inhabitants, with information about their personal attributes and locational choices from 2003 to 2008. It also uses an original database with locational characteristics for the French territories at the level of the 364 zones d'emploi. This is the only study on regional migration in France which builds upon such a thin spatial level of analysis. The paper builds empirical probit and Heckman models dealing with selection bias and endogeneity bias issues. The paper shows that retirees usually leave large agglomerations and old industrial areas in Northern France and the Paris agglomeration and relocate to socially and environmentally attractive zones with preferable climates. When studying the migration patterns within the zones d'emploi, it appears that the most vulnerable zones, which display a lower quality of collective services as well as higher income disparities and crime rates, feature lower elderly residential mobility.

Emerging specializations, competences and firms' proximity in digital industries: The case of London

By Francesco Losurdo, Alessandro Marra, Ernesto Cassetta, Umberto Monarca, Ivano Dileo, Vittorio Carlei from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-05-08.

Abstract In order to overcome the limitations of defining industrial specializations in digital industries through SIC codes, this paper suggests measuring the specializations and competences of these industries on the basis of the degree of digital technologies present in the products and services supplied. Metadata from CrunchBase are employed, as proxies of firms' specializations and competences which are defined as the fields of activity in which firms are involved. Applying a network analysis, these specializations and competences are linked to the recognition of emerging digital technologies and the strongest combinations of products and services. We tested the proposed methodology on London, a leading centre for the digital economy.

Portugal should improve adult learning to boost growth and social cohesion

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-05-04.

Portugal’s investments in education and skills in recent decades are paying off for young people but many adults are falling behind. With a rapidly aging population and a growing skills divide between generations, Portugal needs to further strengthen its adult-learning system, according to a new OECD report.

Territorial determinants and NUTS 3 regional performance: A spatial analysis for Italy across the crisis

By Iolanda Lo Cascio, Fabio Mazzola, Rosalia Epifanio from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-30.

Abstract This paper analyses the differential impact of several territorial determinants of the economic performance of Italian provinces (NUTS 3 level). as measured by per capita GDP, export and employment growth from 1999 to 2014. It covers both the pre‐crisis and the crisis period and stresses the role of geographical proximity in shaping local performance over a wide set of explanatory variables. In order to do so, we employ, firstly, a spatial Durbin model which enables us to discriminate between direct and indirect effects and to highlight the possible contagion or crowding‐out spatial effects for each territorial dimension affecting growth. Then, we extend the analysis by allowing for the possibility of two regimes (pre‐crisis and post‐crisis). The performance of the provinces before and during the crisis relates to specific territorial components and geographic proximity appears to influence differently the results and their interpretation.

Historical urban growth in Europe (1300–1800)

By Rafael González‐Val from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-27.

Abstract This paper analyses the evolution of the European urban system from a long‐term perspective (from 1300 to 1800). Using the method recently proposed by Clauset, Shalizi, and Newman, a Pareto‐type city size distribution (power law) is rejected from 1300 to 1600. A power law is a plausible model for the city size distribution only in 1700 and 1800, although the log‐normal distribution is another plausible alternative model that we cannot reject. Moreover, the random growth of cities is rejected using parametric and non‐parametric methods. The results reveal a clear pattern of convergent growth in all the periods.

Taxing Wages: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-26.

Portugal had the 13th highest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2017. The country had the 12th highest position in 2016. The average single worker in Portugal faced a tax wedge of 41.4% in 2017 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.

Adjustment mechanisms of Greek regions in export activity during the economic crisis of 2008–2012

By Maria Tsiapa from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-26.

Abstract Under the deep and protracted recession that plagues the Greek regions, exports have shown some positive signs of resilience. This paper explores through a spatial econometric analysis of SUR models, first, the changes that occurred in exports by the (NUTS 3 level) regions for the period 2008–2012 to offer resistance against the crisis and to stimulate growth, which entail expansion of export demand, improvement in the quality of agricultural products, deeper specialization in broad low‐technology sectors and simultaneous increases in the variety inside these sectors and second, the ability of exports to transfer their growth gains to the broader economy.

The role of government in regentrification

By Kuzey Yilmaz from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-26.

Abstract Regentrification has been a controversial and often debated topic since it was first observed in the late 1960s. This paper expands the understanding of regentrification through the development of a new hybrid Tiebout‐Alonso model that explicitly introduces: (i) public transportation as an alternative mode of commute to automobile and (ii) a detailed modelling of housing and land demand so that the size of housing driven force against that of opposing commuting driven force is in line with the empirical estimates of existing literature. We find that government policies (school district boundary alteration, taxes and subsidies for commuters) have substantial effects on the degree of regentrification and concentration of poverty around central cities.

A spatial decomposition of the shift‐share components of labour productivity inequality in Italy

By Mauro Mussini from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-19.

Abstract This paper explores the components of aggregate labour productivity inequality between Italian regions from 2000 to 2013. The Gini index of inequality in aggregate labour productivity is decomposed, showing the extent to which sector productivity differentials and differences in industry‐mix contribute to regional productivity inequality. In addition, the contribution of the interaction between differences in industry‐mix and sector productivity differentials is revealed by the decomposition. Each of these contributions to inequality is measured by considering the spatial dimension of regional inequality, since the contributions of inequality between non‐neighbouring regions and inequality between neighbouring regions are separated.

The regionalization of national input‐output tables: A study of South Korean regions

By Anthony T. Flegg, Timo Tohmo from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-19.

Abstract This paper uses survey‐based data for 16 South Korean regions to refine the application of Flegg's location quotient (FLQ) and its variant, the sector‐specific FLQ (SFLQ). These regions vary markedly in terms of size. Especial attention is paid to the problem of choosing appropriate values for the unknown parameter δ in these formulae. Alternative approaches to this problem are evaluated and tested. Our paper adds to earlier research that aims to find a cost‐effective way of adapting national coefficients, so as to produce a satisfactory initial set of regional input coefficients for regions where survey‐based data are unavailable.

Migration and institutional quality across Italian provinces: The role of human capital

By Claudio Di Berardino, Dario D'Ingiullo, Davide Quaglione, Alessandro Sarra from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-17.

Abstract A recent literature strand has emphasized the importance of international migration on the institutional quality of sending and receiving countries. On the contrary, there is no evidence of the effects of intra‐national, interregional mobility on government quality, a phenomenon which is particularly relevant in countries affected by significant internal dualism. Using a system generalized method of moments (SYS‐GMM) estimator on a 2004–2012 panel dataset, this paper empirically investigates the relationship between internal net‐migration and institutional quality of Italian provinces. The findings show that migration has a relevant and positive effect on the quality of institutions only when the human capital content is taken into account.

EU regional development policy and territorial capital: A systemic approach

By Ugo Fratesi, Giovanni Perucca from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-17.

Abstract The territorial capital of regions is an important determinant of growth, but also of the impact of EU Cohesion Policy. First, because it can act as a filter, enhancing the impact of regional policies. Second, the latter can help building territorial capital which, in turn, will foster regional development. This work analyses the medium and long‐run relationship between the territorial capital of EU NUTS 3 regions and Cohesion Policy using data from the programming period 2000–2006. Results point out complementarities between different territorial assets of regions and the impact of EU regional policy: Cohesion Policy effectiveness is higher when investments are focused on the assets complementary to those already abundant in the region.

Research Fellowships and Conference Sponsorship

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-16.

The Co-operative Research Programme (CRP)'s Call for Applications for conference sponsorship and research fellowships for funding in 2019 is now CLOSED. The CRP supports work on sustainable use of natural resources in agriculture, forests, fisheries and food production.

Location decisions of enterprise R&D investments as a function of related and unrelated regional industry structures: A multilevel study

By Jarle Aarstad, Olav Andreas Kvitastein, Stig‐Erik Jakobsen from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-04-16.

Abstract Despite that previous studies have examined factors that affect location decisions of enterprise R&D investments, they have not investigated if regional industry structures play a role. Responding to this research gap, we analyse data from Norway and find that location in regions with unrelated, diversified, and fragmented industry structures increases both the probability and amount of enterprise R&D investments. Location in regions with related and complementary industry structures, on the contrary, has no effect. We further find that location in populous regions spanning a large geographical area increases the probability of enterprise R&D investments.

Taxation of household savings: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-04-12.

This note presents marginal effective tax rates (METRs) that summarise the tax system’s impact on the incentives to make an additional investment in a particular type of savings. By comparing METRs on different types of household savings, we can gain insights into which assets or savings types receive the most favourable treatment from the tax system.

Guidance: Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) guidance: year 11

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-13.

Provides support for fuel suppliers, independent verifiers and others involved in the supply of biofuels for road transport.

Disparities in exploitative and exploratory patenting performance across regions: Focusing on the roles of agglomeration externalities

By Bo Kyeong Lee, So Young Sohn from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-03-24.

Abstract We try to identify the determinants of regional variation in both exploitative and exploratory innovative competencies. Hereby, we focus on how a knowledge‐creation mechanism with specialized externalities differs from one with diversified externalities. Innovative competence in the US is measured by local patenting performance; exploitative and exploratory patenting performances are distinguished by the degree of backward citation. Based on the extended knowledge‐production function, including the two agglomeration externalities, our findings show that specialized externalities are associated with exploitation, while diversified externalities are positively related with both exploration and exploitation, regardless of industrial sectors.

Measuring Tax Support for R&D and Innovation - country profiles

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-03-06.

The 2017 OECD R&D tax incentive country profiles provide detailed information on the design features and cost of tax provisions used by countries to incentivise R&D performance by businesses, reporting on both long-term and recent trends.

By diversion rate alone: The inconsistency and inequity of waste management evaluation in a single‐indicator system

By Barbara Cavalletti, Matteo Corsi from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-02-28.

Abstract Local waste management is commonly evaluated according to performance indicators that have been shown to be weakly or even negatively correlated. If the metrics of waste management are not treated as a multi‐indicator system, evaluations will reflect indicator selection rather than the actual sustainability of waste management. We discuss the drawbacks of single‐indicator evaluations through the case of Italy, where recent national and regional legislation on waste taxation is largely based on municipal diversion rate. We show that the main assumption for making diversion rate the discriminant between good and bad environmental performances is untenable. Furthermore, we provide evidence that the use of a single parameter has a sizeable regressive effect in the distribution of the tax burden between municipalities.

Consultation outcome: The future for food, farming and the environment

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-09-13.

Seeking views on our proposals for future agricultural policy in England.

Taxing Energy Use 2018: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2018-02-14.

This note describes the taxation of energy use in Portugal. It contains the country’s energy tax profiles, followed by country-specific information to complement the general discussion in Taxing Energy Use 2018 (OECD, 2018).

Historical and current spatial differences in female labour force participation: Evidence from Germany

By Michael Wyrwich from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-02-13.

Abstract Female labour force participation (FLFP) increased significantly in the 20th century. Nevertheless, there are persisting spatial differences in FLFP. Using data from Germany, this paper demonstrates that regional differences in the degree of industrialization in the 1920s explain spatial variation in FLFP at that time and almost 100 years later. The latter finding is not explained by persisting industry structures. Additionally, there is evidence that regions with historically high FLFP have a higher social acceptance of working women. Together these results suggest that policies to increase FLFP should account for the historical context of each region.

KIBS as both innovators and knowledge intermediaries in the innovation process: Intermediation as a contingent role

By Richard Shearmur, David Doloreux from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-30.

Abstract The role of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) in innovation processes is often understood as that of knowledge intermediaries. Yet KIBS are innovators, and use external services: so what is their nature (or identity) and can it be distinguished from the roles they play? We conceptualize how KIBS can be understood simultaneously as innovators and intermediaries. We survey 407 KIBS innovators, and ask: what characterizes KIBS innovators that use KIBS intermediation? What factors are connected with different aspects of this relationship? Is the relationship conditioned by geographic context? The relationship varies with type of innovation introduced and with user characteristics, but not with geographic context.

Two countries, sixteen cities, five thousand kilometres: How many housing markets?

By Ryan Greenaway‐McGrevy, Arthur Grimes, Mark Holmes from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-24.

Abstract We examine whether a single (dynamic) housing market exists across 16 cities within Australia and New Zealand. The two countries are closely integrated but cities are up to 5,000 kilometres apart. A single housing market exhibits a common set of forces determining the long run real house price path in all cities. A strong (weak) form occurs when an innovation affects house prices across all cities to an equal (unequal) degree. The 16 cities comprise a weak form single housing market with significant spatial and dynamic complexities. Three city groups emerge with a natural interpretation in terms of economic and spatial characteristics.

Impact of macro‐structural reforms on the productivity growth of regions: Distance to the frontier matters

By Sabine D’Costa, Jose Enrique Garcilazo, Joaquim Oliveira Martins from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-11.

Abstract Using a panel of 265 regions from 24 OECD countries from 1997 to 2007, we explore the impact of nation‐wide macroeconomic and structural policies on the productivity growth of subnational regions. We find that average relationships between nation‐wide policies and regional productivity growth can hide strong differentiated effects according to the distance to the frontier: relaxing employment protection legislation on temporary contracts, lowering barriers to trade and investment and increasing trade openness enhances productivity growth in lagging regions, whereas reducing barriers to entrepreneurship or higher levels of government debt has a positive effect on regions closer to the productivity frontier.

Implementation of European Cohesion Policy at the sub‐national level: Evidence from beneficiary data in Eastern Germany

By Bianka Dettmer, Thomas Sauer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2018-01-09.

Abstract Regional governments’ discretion in allocating structural funds is limited by the competences of the European Commission to control fiscal activities of decentralized governments. Regional political behaviour and the complexity of the implementation process shape the policy outcome. Who benefits from structural funds? In this paper, we analyse implementation of ERDF funds in East Germany in the financial perspective 2007 to 2013. We find that less rural regions and some economic sectors benefit by more than others. A few beneficiaries control the highest share of the funds. The Gini coefficients vary by group of actor and show high inequality in the distribution of the funds. This indicates that a few actors have better access to the funds than others.

A spatial panel data analysis of China's urban land expansion, 2004–2014

By Yingcheng Li, Weiting Xiong from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract Drawing upon a panel dataset on China's state‐owned construction land supply at the prefecture level, this paper adopts the spatial panel data model to investigate the existence of spatial dependence in the mechanisms behind China's urban land expansion from 2004 to 2014. The empirical results show that China's urban land expansion has been mainly influenced by a quadruple process of urbanization, industrialization, globalization and decentralization. The strong existence of spatial dependence in China's urban land expansion can be reflected by the significant coefficient estimates of the spatial lags of both the dependent variable and independent variables.

Territorial cohesion under pressure? Welfare policy and planning responses in Austrian and Swedish Peripheries

By Elisabeth Gruber, Daniel Rauhut, Alois Humer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract Austria and Sweden were both relatively unaffected by the economic crisis, challenges of the provision of welfare still exist, at least in peripheries. Economic downturn and outmigration have limited demands and increased the costs for services of general interest. This paper aims to discuss welfare policy and planning strategies for peripheries from a planning cultural sensitive perspective. It will answer how much the value of territorial cohesion is under pressure for peripheries in traditional welfare states, identifying a mismatch between policy levels. The results indicate a stepwise mainstreaming of competitiveness goals in favour of urban regions, leaving the challenges of peripheries to policy responses of single municipalities.

Spatial interactions in property tax policies among Italian municipalities

By Chiara Bocci, Claudia Ferretti, Patrizia Lattarulo from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-20.

Abstract This paper aims to estimate, through the use of a spatial model, the determinants of fiscal policies on property tax adopted by Italian municipalities in 2014, to assess the existence of strategic interactions influencing their revenue decisions and, finally, to investigate the possible sources of such tax mimicking. The analysis evaluates the impact of political and socio‐economic variables on the local policy decisions and confirms that the choices on property tax are influenced by the neighbouring municipalities’ behaviour. With regard to the tax mimicking sources, results highlight that the imitative behaviour among municipalities on their tax policy is determined mainly from spillover effects, with a decreasing effect in relation to municipal size.

Government at a Glance

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-12-19.

Government at a Glance provides a dashboard of key indicators to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.

The geography of social capital and innovation in the European Union

By Jesús Peiró‐Palomino from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-19.

Abstract This paper assesses the role of the associational activity dimension of social capital in regional innovation for 257 EU 28 regions in the pre‐crisis (2000–2007) and the crisis (2008–2012) period. The analysis is carried out using flexible non‐parametric kernel regressions, which allow for exploring heterogeneity across space and over time. The results show that effects widely differ across regions, but no differences are found between periods. In particular, the largest effects are found for less developed and transition regions from the periphery. In contrast, for most of the developed regions in the core of Europe the impact is non‐significant. These results might be useful for policy design in the H2020 framework.

Does climate matter? An empirical study of interregional migration in China

By Li Gao, Abdoul G. Sam from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-19.

Abstract This study focuses on the role of local climate conditions in spurring interregional migration in China over the period 2000 to 2010. We developed a robust empirical approach based on a correlated random effects model and a prefecture‐level panel dataset which allows us to account for both within province migration flows and prefecture‐specific characteristics. Empirical results reveal that climate conditions are important determinants of migration in China. Specifically, prefectures with warmer winter, cooler summer, and more available sunshine are more attractive to migrants. Economic factors such as income level and employment opportunities are also important drivers of population growth.

Human capital and market size

By Cecilia Vives from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-17.

Abstract This paper studies how the size of the labour market affects workers' decisions to invest in human capital. We consider a model of mismatch where firms rank workers according to their level of skills. The matching process operating in the market has the property that the job finding probability of workers depends on market size, market tightness and their ranking. The model is consistent with several facts highlighted in empirical studies: in bigger markets the distribution of human capital is more unequal and the returns to skill are higher.

Knowledge externalities and firm heterogeneity: Effects on high and low growth firms

By Markus Grillitsch, Magnus Nilsson from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-15.

Abstract Knowledge externalities affect high and low growth firms differently. This paper develops two theoretical arguments. The knowledge equilibrium argument postulates that knowledge externalities weaken high growth firms for the benefit of low growth firms until performance differences vanish. The knowledge competition argument proposes that high growth firms are better positioned to identify, attract, and integrate knowledge, thereby expanding the performance gap between high and low growth firms. Based on 188,936 observations of 32,736 Swedish firms from 2004 to 2011, it is analysed whether knowledge externalities enable high growth firms to surge ahead or low growth firms to catch up.

Is there a relationship between TELs and default? Evidence from US municipalities

By John A. Dove from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-12-06.

Abstract The economic effects of tax and expenditure limits (TELs) have been often studied in the literature. However, little research has addressed how TELs might influence the propensity for a jurisdiction to default on its obligations. This study specifically fills that void. Overall, the results indicate that while the likelihood of default increases as TELs become more restrictive, the magnitude is not particularly large. Once decomposed, it would appear that property tax limits increase the likelihood, while expenditure limits have the opposite effect, though the latter result is insignificant. The findings are robust to a number of specifications and provide potential policy implications.

Area‐specific subsidies and population dynamics: Evidence from the Australian zone tax offset

By Nathan Kettlewell, Oleg Yerokhin from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-29.

Abstract This paper studies the effect of the zone tax offset (ZTO), a place based income subsidy implemented in rural Australia since 1945. The policy was intended to improve the welfare of inhabitants and provide an incentive for settlement. Our empirical approach exploits the geographical discontinuity in the eligibility for the subsidy to identify its causal effect on population growth. Using data on population by locality from the historical censuses we find that the ZTO had a positive but only temporary effect on population growth in the targeted areas.

Revenue Statistics: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-23.

The tax-to-GDP ratio in Portugal decreased by 0.2 percentage points, from 34.6% in 2015 to 34.4% in 2016. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.3 percentage points from 34.0% to 34.3% over the same period.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 - highlights by country

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-22.

These notes present selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 - Portugal highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-22.

This note presents selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.

The interconnections between socio‐spatial factors and labour market integration among Arabs in Israel

By Ilan Shdema, Hisham M. Abu‐Rayya, Izhak Schnell from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-17.

Abstract The current study investigated labour market integration of Arabs in Israel using Schnell et al.'s () global segregation/integration index (GSI) that assesses minorities’ socio‐spatial integration in multi‐ethnic contexts. The merit of this approach lies in being multifaceted and systematically incorporating socio‐spatial spheres. The study also conducted structured interviews with the respondents (n = 142), and employed GPS loggers to track their weekly movements. GSI socio‐spatial indicators emerged significantly associated with integration in the labour market, with movement in space being the prominent. The study signifies the socio‐spatial approach's application to the study of minorities’ labour market integration in metropolitan areas.

How's life in Portugal?

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-11-14.

This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2017.

Agglomeration of creative industries: An intra‐metropolitan analysis for Barcelona

By Eva Coll‐Martínez, Ana‐Isabel Moreno‐Monroy, Josep‐Maria Arauzo‐Carod from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-07.

Abstract In this paper we analyse the intensity and extent of agglomeration and co‐agglomeration of creative industries (CIs) in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (MAB). To do so, we use firm‐level geo‐located data to calculate distance‐based M and m functions of agglomeration and co‐agglomeration. Our results show that CIs are relatively more agglomerated than non‐CIs at short distances, and that each individual CI sector displays high levels of agglomeration (especially symbolic‐based sectors). Also, the co‐agglomeration of CIs and Non‐CIs is only observed for micro‐firms and that there is significant co‐agglomeration among symbolic‐based CI sectors. Finally, we confirm the role of the city‐centre of Barcelona as a magnet for CIs.

Migration and occupational careers: The static and dynamic urban wage premium by education and city size

By Martin Korpi, William A.V. Clark from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-11-06.

Abstract Using matched employer‐employee full population data on regional migrants in Sweden, this paper addresses the question whether the urban wage premium, and ‘thick’ labour market matching effects, are to be found across all educational groups, and whether the population threshold for these types of effects varies by educational category. Estimating initial wages, average wage level and wage growth 2001‐2009, we find similar wage premiums for all workers in the three largest metropolitan areas, but that there are distinct population thresholds for these type of effects, regardless of educational background. However, job search behaviour as explaining dynamic effects over time seems to pertain mostly to those with higher education.

The role of social capital in regional innovation systems: Creative social capital and its institutionalization process

By Cristina Aragón Amonarriz, Cristina Iturrioz, Lorea Narvaiza, Mario Davide Parrilli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-27.

Abstract In the literature on regional innovation systems, one strand of study has identified a number of gaps that limit the efficiency and effectiveness of regional innovation systems, including so‐called ‘managerial gaps’, ‘structural holes’, ‘innovation gaps’, and ‘valleys of death’. Our project aims to demonstrate how social capital, in a creative tension that balances bonding and bridging elements, may contribute to reducing these specific gaps identified in the regional innovation systems literature. This perspective is analysed within a particular context: the Mondragon Cooperative Group in the Basque Country.

Ethnic minority concentration: A source of productivity growth for Italian provinces?

By Alessandra Michelangeli, Nicola Pontarollo, Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-11.

Abstract This paper aims at assessing the contribution of ethnic minorities to the (total and sectoral) productivity of Italian provinces. We consider the first ten nationalities by numbers of legal immigrants at the provincial level (NUTS 3) 2003–2011. We estimate a spatial panel model to capture both direct and indirect effects of foreign communities on local productivity at the province level, accounting for spatial spillovers. Our findings show that two communities out of the ten considered have a direct positive impact on aggregate labour productivity. Other foreign groups have significant indirect effects: these groups do not affect productivity of provinces where they live, but mainly of the neighbouring provinces, likely because of commuting.

Overlapping labour market areas based on link communities

By Yicheol Han, Stephan J. Goetz from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-10-11.

Abstract Many urban areas around the world have expanded from monocentric to polycentric regions forming larger hierarchical structures. These regions represent functional regions or labour market areas (LMAs) that are classified as groups of counties representing mutually exclusive, non‐overlapping geographies. In practice, however, a county may belong to multiple overlapping LMAs. To model this overlapping across urban hierarchies, we extend the link community method from network theory and apply it to US commuting data. Our proposed approach reliably identifies the LMAs that we would expect to find as well as core and periphery areas within them.

Portugal: Digital Transformation of the Public Sector - OECD E-Leaders meeting

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-09-21.

The 2017 edition of the OECD E-Leaders meeting will discuss how governments can best adapt to the growing role of advanced technologies in service delivery. Delegates will discuss the implications of the digital transformation in governments, including the skills base, the data infrastructure and approaches to the commissioning of ICT goods and services.

Aumentar as qualificaçŏes em Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-08-28.

Não obstante o progresso significativo conseguido, melhorar as competências e as qualificações continua a ser um dos principais desafios que Portugal enfrenta para aumentar o crescimento, os níveis de vida e o bem-estar.

Raising skills in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-08-28.

Despite significant progress made, improving skills remains one of Portugal’s key challenges for raising growth, living standards and well-being.

OECD Employment Outlook 2017 - Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-06-13.

Unemployment has fallen faster in Portugal than on average across OECD countries. However, at 9.8% in April 2017, it remains above its pre-crisis level in 2007, as well as significantly above the OECD average (5.9%).

Participatory democracy: Portugal’s new frontier

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-05-17.

Democracy is a living organism; it is made by and for the people. And encouraging more people to participate surely strengthens democracy.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Portugal on 6 February 2017

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-02-06.

The Secretary-General presented the OECD Economic Survey of Portugal and held bilateral meetings with Prime Minister António Costa and several ministers.

Portugal: Successful reforms have underpinned economic recovery

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-02-06.

The Portuguese economy is gradually recovering from a deep recession thanks to a broad structural reform agenda that has led to rising economic growth, falling unemployment and remarkable progress in export performance.

The structure and dynamics of population migration among economic areas in the United States from 1990 to 2011

By Zengwang Xu from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-30.

Abstract This study constructs the population migration networks among economic areas in the United States for every consecutive year from 1990 to 2011, and examines their structural properties and population migration dynamics. Various aspects of the structural properties of the networks are explored, including the connectivity, clustering, assortativity and centrality. It was found that these structural properties are mediated by migration dynamics and inter‐area distance, and the patterns of varying structural properties across areas of different connectivity reveal the hub‐and‐spoke structure of the networks. It is evident that there exists tremendous complexity in migration connectivity and dynamics in the US internal migration system. Resumen Este estudio construye las redes de migración de población entre áreas económicas en los Estados Unidos para cada año consecutivo desde 1990 a 2011, y examina sus propiedades estructurales y la dinámica de migración de la población. Se exploran varios aspectos de las propiedades estructurales de las redes, como la conectividad, la conglomeración, la asortatividad y la centralidad. Se encontró que estas propiedades estructurales están influidas por las dinámicas de migración y la distancia entre áreas, y que los patrones de diferentes propiedades estructurales entre áreas de diferente conectividad revelan la estructura de eje central y radios de las redes. Se pone de manifiesto que existe una tremenda complejidad en la conectividad y dinámica migratoria en el sistema migratorio interno de los Estados Unidos. 抄録 本稿では、1990年から2011年までの毎年の米国の経済領域間の人口移動ネットワークを構築し、それぞれの構造的特性と人口移動のダイナミクスを検討する。コネクティビティ、クラスタリング、同類度(assortativity)、中心性など、ネットワークの構造的特性の様々な側面を検討する。これらの構造的特性は移動ダイナミクスと地域間の距離が媒介しており、コネクティビティの異なる地域における様々な構造的特性のパターンから、ネットワークがハブアンドスポーク型の構造であることがわかる。米国国内の人口移動システムにおける移動のコネクティビティとダイナミクスは非常に複雑であることは明らかである。

Are local public services better delivered in more autonomous regions? Evidence from European regions using a dose‐response approach

By Andrea Filippetti, Giovanni Cerulli from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-30.

Abstract Does regional autonomy lead to better local public services? We investigate this issue using measures of public service performance and autonomy at the region level in 171 European regions. We introduce a novel dose‐response approach which identifies the pattern of the effect of regional autonomy on the performance of public services. The relationship between the level of regional autonomy and the provision of local public services exhibits a u‐shape: both low and high autonomy lead to better local public services. This speaks against the presence of one optimal level of autonomy and policy recommendations based on the view that more decentralisation is always desirable. It shows that different institutional settings can be economically viable and efficient. Resumen ¿Conduce la autonomía regional a mejores servicios públicos locales? Este artículo investiga este tema utilizando medidas de desempeño y autonomía del servicio público a nivel regional en 171 regiones europeas. Se introduce un nuevo enfoque de dosis‐respuesta que identifica el patrón del efecto de la autonomía regional en el desempeño de los servicios públicos. La relación entre el nivel de autonomía regional y la prestación de servicios públicos locales presenta una forma de"u": tanto la baja como la alta autonomía conducen a mejores servicios públicos locales. Esto contradice la presencia de un nivel óptimo de autonomía y de recomendaciones políticas basadas en la opinión de que siempre es deseable una mayor descentralización. Se demuestra que diferentes marcos institucionales pueden ser económicamente viables y eficientes. 抄録 地域の自主性は、地域の公共サービスの改善を導くだろうか? 本稿では、ヨーロッパの171の地域における、地域レベルでの公共サービス実施と自主性を測定して、この問題を検討する。新しい用量反応アプローチを導入し、これにより公共サービスの実施に対する地域の自主性の効果のパターンを確認する。地域の自主性のレベルと地域の公共サービスの実施との関連性はU字型曲線を示し、自主性が高いレベルでも低いレベルでも、いずれも結果的に公共サービスは改善されている。これは、最適な自主性のレベルは一つであることや、自律分散を進めることが絶対的に好ましいという見方に基づいた政策勧告に異を唱えるものである。背景にある制度上の違いは、経済的に実行可能であり、効果的であることを示している。

Portugal should build on reforms to boost job creation

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-01-19.

Comprehensive reforms to Portugal’s labour market between 2011 and 2015 have helped create jobs and reduce the country’s high unemployment rate but important challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Labour market reforms in Portugal 2011-2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2017-01-19.

This report has been elaborated by the OECD in very close collaboration with the Portuguese government and, in particular, the Ministry of Labour. A final version was submitted to the government in late December 2016 and it is expected to be released in Lisbon on the 19th of January 2017.

(Un)related variety and employment growth at the sub‐regional level

By Matthias Firgo, Peter Mayerhofer from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2017-01-06.

Abstract Empirical results on the link between growth and diversity in (un)related industries proved to be highly dependent on the specific regional, temporal and econometric context. Using highly disaggregated employment data at the sub‐regional level, we find that higher employment growth in Austria is mainly linked to unrelated variety. However, in‐depth analyses by sectors and regional regimes illustrate substantial heterogeneity in the results, with services and a large number of relatively small non‐urban regions driving the overall results. Thus, our findings argue against structural policy conclusions based on assessments neglecting the specific sectoral and regional context. Resumen Los resultados empíricos sobre el vínculo entre el crecimiento y la diversidad en las industrias (no) relacionadas resultaron ser muy dependientes del contexto específico regional, temporal y econométrico. Mediante el uso de datos de empleo altamente desagregados a nivel subregional se encontró que el mayor crecimiento del empleo en Austria está vinculado principalmente a una variedad no relacionada. Sin embargo, los análisis en profundidad por sectores y regímenes regionales ilustran una heterogeneidad sustancial en los resultados, y que los servicios y un gran número de regiones no urbanas relativamente pequeñas son lo que impulsa los resultados generales. Así pues, los resultados se oponen a las conclusiones de política estructural basadas en evaluaciones que no tienen en cuenta el contexto específico del sector y regional. 抄録 成長と関連/非関連産業における多角化のつながりに関する実証研究の結果は、特定の地域、期間、計量経済学、以上の条件に強く依存的であることが判明している。高度に細分化した準地域レベルの雇用データから、オーストリアにおける就業率のかなり大幅な上昇は、主に関連性のない多様性に関連していることが認められる。しかしながら、セクター別および地域体制別の詳細な分析から、結果には、サービスと全体的な結果を左右する相対的に規模の小さい非都市部の多数の地域に関してかなりの異質性があることが認められた。以上のように我々の所見は、特定のセクター及び条件を無視した評価に基づく構造的な政策決定に対して異を唱えるものである。

Do urban casinos affect nearby neighbourhoods? Evidence from Canada

By Haifang Huang, Brad R. Humphreys, Li Zhou from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-30.

We analyse the effect of new casinos on nearby neighbourhoods using data from casinos opened in Canada between 1986−2007. We find no evidence linking casino openings to nearby population growth or changes in residents' income, composition by age, gender, marital status, and home ownership status. We find evidence of negative casino effects on the growth of housing values and rent. The effect is substantial near casinos, a nearly 8 percentage‐point loss in the growth of home values over 5 years, but has limited influence and dissipates quickly over distance. The estimated effect on housing rents is comparable in terms of standard deviation. Resumen Se analiza el efecto de los nuevos casinos en los vecindarios cercanos utilizando datos de casinos abiertos en Canadá entre 1986 y 2007. No se encontró evidencia que vincule la apertura de casinos con el crecimiento de la población en los alrededores o cambios en los ingresos de los residentes, o en la composición por edad, género, estado civil o estado de propiedad de la vivienda. Se encontró evidencia de los efectos negativos de los casinos en el crecimiento del valor de las viviendas y de los alquileres. El efecto es sustancial cerca de los casinos, con una pérdida de casi 8 puntos porcentuales en el crecimiento del valor de la vivienda en 5 años, pero su influencia es limitada y se disipa rápidamente con la distancia. El efecto estimado sobre los alquileres de las viviendas es comparable en términos de desviación estándar. 抄録 本稿では、1986年から2007年にカナダで開業したカジノのデータを使用して、新規開業したカジノが近隣地域に及ぼす効果を分析する。結果からは、近隣地域の人口増加、または、住民の所得、年齢、性別、配偶者の有無、持ち家世帯の比率などの変化に、カジノの開業に関連するエビデンスは認められなかった。住宅価格及び賃貸料の上昇に対するカジノの負の効果を示すエビデンスが認められた。その効果は、カジノの近隣では頑健であり、5年間での住宅価格の上昇に8%近い損失が認められるが、影響が及ぶ範囲は限定的で遠隔的に速く分散する。家賃に対する推定の効果は、標準偏差でほぼ同等である。

Firm location, interaction, and local characteristics: A case study for Madrid's electronics sector

By Miguel Gómez‐Antonio, Stuart Sweeney from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-28.

Abstract We use geo‐referenced establishment data to estimate parameters of a Gibbs model. The statistical model is used to decompose the conditional intensity of the spatial point process into trend and interaction components. The trend captures covariates related to firms' costs, accessibility to public transport infrastructures, to technical universities and to cultural and recreational facilities. The ability to specify a Geyer interaction component captures the existence of additional spillovers providing a deeper insight into inter‐establishment spatial dynamics. The results challenge some of the outcomes of the inter‐urban industrial location literature, confirming that spatial aggregation compromises results in studies of business location. Firms' location decisions are dominated by site costs, with transportation costs being much less of a consideration; universities geographical knowledge spillovers are confirmed for large establishments; and amenities are unlikely to be important location factors. Resumen Se utilizan datos de establecimiento georeferenciados para estimar los parámetros de un modelo de Gibbs. El modelo estadístico se utiliza para descomponer la intensidad condicional del proceso del punto espacial en componentes de tendencia e interacción. La tendencia acoge covariables relacionadas con los costes de las empresas y con la accesibilidad a la infraestructura de transporte público, a las universidades técnicas y a las instalaciones culturales y recreativas. La capacidad de especificar un componente de interacción de Geyer captura la existencia de spillovers adicionales que proporcionan una visión más profunda de la dinámica espacial entre establecimientos. Los resultados cuestionan algunos de los resultados de la literatura sobre localización industrial interurbana, y confirman que la agregación espacial ponen en duda los resultados en los estudios de localización de empresas. Las decisiones de localización de las empresas están dominadas por los costes del emplazamiento, siendo los costes del transporte mucho menos importantes. Se confirman los spillovers de conocimiento geográficos de las universidades para los grandes establecimientos. Además, es poco probable que los servicios sean factores de localización importantes. 抄録 本稿では、ジオリファレンスで確立したデータを使用して、ギブスサンプリングモデルのパラメータを推計する。このギブスサンプリングモデルは、空間点過程の条件付き強度をトレンドと相互作用の成分に分解するために使用される。トレンドは、企業の費用や、公共の交通運送インフラ、工科系の大学、文化および娯楽施設、以上へのアクセシビリティに関する共変量を捕捉する。Geyerの相互作用成分を特定する能力は、組織相互間の空間ダイナミクスのより深い理解をもたらす付加的なスピルオーバーの存在を捕捉する。結果は、都市間にまたがる産業立地に関する一部の研究の結果に疑問を呈するものであり、空間集積性はビジネスの立地に関する研究の結果を損なうことが確認された。企業の立地は、ほとんど現地の費用によって決定するが、それに比べて輸送コストが考慮されることはかなり少ない。すなわち、巨大な組織では、大学による地理的な知識スピルオーバーが認められるが、アメニティは立地の要因として重要ではないように見られる。

Long‐run processes of geographical concentration and dispersion: Evidence from Germany

By Wolfgang Dauth, Michaela Fuchs, Anne Otto from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-16.

This paper analyses the evolution of geographical concentration in German manufacturing and service sectors over a long time period. Drawing on detailed plant data of 187 industries from 1980 to 2010, we corroborate previous studies and observe substantial concentrations in both sectors. However, we also document a secular trend of deconcentration over three decades, even in knowledge‐intensive industries. By constructing counterfactual distributions, we show that the underlying mechanisms differ across sectors. Dispersion of manufacturing industries is driven by closing or contracting plants within industrial agglomerations, while dispersion of the service sector is fostered by the creation of new plants. Resumen Este artículo analiza la evolución de la concentración geográfica en los sectores manufacturero y de servicios de Alemania durante un largo período de tiempo. A partir de datos detallados de planta de 187 industrias entre 1980 y 2010, se corroboran los estudios previos y se observan concentraciones sustanciales en ambos sectores. Sin embargo, también se documenta una tendencia secular de desconcentración a lo largo de tres décadas, incluso en industrias intensivas en conocimiento. Mediante la construcción de distribuciones contrafactuales, se muestra que los mecanismos subyacentes difieren entre sectores. La dispersión de las industrias manufactureras está impulsada por el cierre o la reducción de plantas dentro de las aglomeraciones industriales, mientras que la dispersión del sector servicios se ve favorecida por la creación de nuevas plantas. 抄録 本稿では、ドイツの製造業セクターとサービスセクターの地理的集中の進化の長期間にわたる分析を実施する。1980年から2010年までの187の産業における工場の詳細なデータを利用し、既存研究の裏付けをすると、両セクターにおいてかなりの集中が認められる。しかしながら、過去30年で、知識集約型産業においてさえ、長期的な分散のトレンドが認められる。反事実的な分布を構築することにより、基礎的なメカニズムがセクターによって異なることを示す。製造業の分散は、産業集積内における工場の閉鎖または工場業務の外注によって促進されているが、その一方で、サービス業の分散は新規工場の設立によって促進されている。

The role of R&D collaboration networks on regional knowledge creation: Evidence from information and communication technologies

By Cilem Selin Hazır, James LeSage, Corinne Autant‐Bernard from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-13.

We investigate how R&D networks impact regional innovation, considering alternative connectivity structures based on co‐publications, co‐inventions and projects supported by the EU‐FP. Patent activity impacts on ICT during 2003–2009 for 213 European regions are quantified using a spatial Durbin model. Findings indicate that local knowledge flows to proximate regions are influenced by: proximate regions that are not collaboration partners, proximate collaboration partners, and distant collaboration partners. Evidence on the role of distant collaboration partners is found only for co‐invention networks. Resumen Se investigó el impacto de las redes de I+D en la innovación regional, para lo cual se consideró las estructuras de conectividad alternativas basadas en copublicaciones, coinvenciones y proyectos apoyados por el PM‐UE. El impacto de la actividad de las patentes en las TIC durante el periodo 2003‐2009 se cuantificó utilizando un modelo espacial de Durbin para 213 regiones europeas. Los hallazgos indican que los flujos de conocimiento local hacia regiones próximas están influidos por: regiones próximas que no son socias de colaboración, socias de colaboración cercanas y socias de colaboración distantes. Tan sólo se encontró evidencia sobre el papel de los socios de colaboración distantes en las redes de coinvención. 抄録 本稿では、共同出版、共同発明、欧州研究開発フレームワークプログラム(EU‐FP)の支援を受けたプロジェクトを基にした代替的な連関構造を考慮して、R&Dネットワークが地域のイノベーションにどのように影響を与えるか検討する。空間ダービンモデルを用いて、2003年から2009年のヨーロッパの213の地域における、情報通信技術に対する特許活動の影響を定量する。結果は、近接地域への地域の知識のフローは、コラボレーションパートナー、近隣のコラボレーションパートナー、遠隔のコラボレーションパートナーのいずれでもない近接地域の影響を受けることを示している。遠隔のコラボレーションパートナーの役割に関するエビデンスは共同発明ネットワークにおいてのみ認められる。

PISA 2015 key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-12-06.

This country note presents student performance in science, reading and mathematics, and measures equity in education in Portugal. The interactive charts allow you to compare results with other countries participating in the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).

Geography, market potential and industrialization in Italy 1871–2001

By Vittorio Daniele, Paolo Malanima, Nicola Ostuni from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-12-05.

Abstract This paper deals with industrialization in Italy between 1871 and 2001, and is based on data on the labour force per province (NUTS 3) from population censuses. Particular attention is devoted to long‐term trends and North–South disparities. After the analysis of the geographic spread of industry and its changes, we test the role of access to markets on the distribution of the labour force in manufacturing. The results show that access to markets played a main role in Italian industrialization and in the evolution of inequalities among Northern and Southern regions. Resumen El presente documento trata la industrialización en Italia entre 1871 y 2001 y se basa en datos sobre la población activa por provincia (NUTS 3) procedentes de los censos de población. Se presta especial atención a las tendencias a largo plazo y a las disparidades Norte‐Sur. Tras el análisis de la dispersión geográfica de la industria y sus cambios, se pone a prueba el papel del acceso a los mercados en la distribución de la mano de obra en el sector manufacturero. Los resultados muestran que el acceso a los mercados desempeñó un papel fundamental en la industrialización italiana y en la evolución de las desigualdades entre las regiones del Norte y del Sur. 抄録 本稿では、1871年から2001年のイタリアにおける産業化について、イタリアの国勢調査の人口統計からのNUTS3に属する県の労働力に関するデータを基に述べる。特に長期間でのトレンドと北部と南部の大きな違いに注目する。産業の地理的分布とその変化を分析した後に製造業における労働力の割合に対する市場へのアクセスの役割を検討する。結果は、イタリアの産業と北部と南部の格差の拡大において、市場へのアクセスが主な役割であることを示している。

Revenue Statistics 2016: Country highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-11-30.

This annual publication presents detailed country notes and internationally comparable tax data for all OECD countries from 1965 onwards.

Consumption Tax Trends 2016: Country highlights

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-11-30.

This publication provides detailed country notes on Value Added Tax/Goods and Services Tax (VAT/GST) and excise duty rates in OECD member countries.

Spatial spillovers in US wholesale gasoline markets

By Oleg Kucher, J. Wesley Burnett, Donald Lacombe from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-25.

Abstract This paper analyses how oil industry‐related activities in neighbouring gasoline markets affect local markets. Our contribution consists of applying spatial econometric models to better understand pricing behaviour in US gasoline markets and the spatial phenomena unique to this particular industry. We find that neighbouring state‐level gasoline price variation explains a large portion of the variation of in‐state (or local) gasoline prices. Consistent with intuition, the empirical results imply that wholesale gasoline prices are positively affected by state and federal‐level gasoline content regulations. Further, our results suggest that changes in state‐level wholesale gasoline prices respond to both in‐state and neighbouring‐state inventory levels. Resumen Este artículo analiza cómo las actividades relacionadas con la industria petrolera en los mercados vecinos de gasolina afectan a los mercados locales. Esta contribución aplica modelos econométricos espaciales para comprender mejor el comportamiento de los precios en los mercados de gasolina de los EE.UU. y los fenómenos espaciales propios de esta industria en particular. Se encontró que la variación de los precios de la gasolina en el estado vecino explica una gran parte de la variación de los precios de la gasolina en el mismo estado (o a nivel local). Acorde con lo intuitivo, los resultados empíricos implican que los precios de la gasolina al por mayor se ven afectados positivamente por las regulaciones sobre el contenido de gasolina a nivel estatal y federal. Además, nuestros resultados sugieren que los cambios en los precios de la gasolina al por mayor a nivel estatal responden a los niveles de inventario tanto dentro del estado como en los estados vecinos. 抄録 本稿では、隣接するガソリン市場における石油産業関連の活動が、現地の市場にどのように影響を与えるかを分析する。空間計量モデルを採用して、米国のガソリン市場における価格設定行動と、この産業に特有の空間現象の解明を進める。隣接する州レベルでのガソリン価格の変動は、州内(または地域)のガソリン価格の大部分を説明するものであると考えられる。直感的な予想どおり、実証的分析の結果は、ガソリンの卸価格は州および連邦レベルのガソリン含有量の規制から正の影響を受けることを示唆している。さらに、結果から州レベルのガソリンの卸価格は州内および隣接する州の在庫レベルに合わせて変動することが示唆される。

Retail productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy

By Özge Öner from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-17.

Abstract How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non‐central markets. Resumen ¿Qué importancia tiene la jerarquía regional para la productividad de los minoristas? Este artículo investiga los determinantes de la productividad de los minoristas independientes en Suecia entre 2002 y 2008 con respecto al tamaño del mercado y la jerarquía regional. Mediante el uso de un enfoque de potencial de mercado accesible, se investiga por separado el impacto de la demanda potencial en la proximidad y en la región para las tiendas en los mercados minoristas centrales y periféricos. Los resultados sugieren que el tamaño del mercado en la proximidad inmediata tiene un mayor impacto en la productividad de las tiendas ubicadas en los mercados centrales, mientras que el potencial de mercado en la región tiene retornos de productividad similares tanto para las tiendas en los mercados centrales como para las tiendas en mercados no centrales. 抄録 地域のヒエラルキーは小売業の生産性にどのくらい重要なのか? 本稿では、市場規模と地域のヒエラルキーという点で、2002年から2008年のスウェーデンの独立した小売業者の生産性の決定因子を検討する。利用しやすい市場ポテンシャルアプローチを用いて、近接地およびその地域における潜在的需要を、中心地の商店と周辺部の小売業と別々に検討する。知見は近接する市場の規模は市場の中心にある商店の生産性により強い影響を及ぼすが、その一方で地域の市場ポテンシャルには中心地の商店と非中心部にある市場の両方に類似した生産性の効果が認められる。

Agglomeration, (un)‐related variety and new firm survival in China: Do local subsidies matter?

By Anthony Howell, Canfei He, Rudai Yang, C. Cindy Fan from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-14.

We study empirically the effects of five different dimensions of agglomeration – specialization, diversity, related variety, unrelated variety, and city size – on the survival chances of new entrepreneurial firms in China. Consideration is further given to studying the mediating effects of local subsidies on new firm survival given different existing local industrial structures in those regions. In support of the ‘regional branching’ hypothesis, we find that increasing local related variety has a stronger positive effect on new firm survival than other types of agglomeration. We also find that receiving comparatively fewer subsidies motivates firms to seek out and benefit from local existing economies, which in turn, positively influence their chances of survival. By contrast, agglomerated firms that receive relatively more subsidies tend to be more likely to face financial distress leading to eventual market exit. The findings thus reveal that both the intensity and the location of state support matters in terms of optimizing positive agglomeration effects on firms' post‐entry performance and survival. Resumen Se estudia empíricamente los efectos de cinco dimensiones diferentes de la aglomeración (especialización, diversidad, variedad relacionada, variedad no relacionada y tamaño de la ciudad) sobre las posibilidades de supervivencia de las nuevas empresas emprendedoras en China. Además, se considera el estudio los efectos mediadores de las subvenciones locales en la supervivencia de las nuevas empresas, habida cuenta de las diferentes estructuras industriales locales existentes en esas regiones. En apoyo de la hipótesis de ‘ramificación regional’, se encontró que el aumento de la variedad relacionada local tiene un efecto positivo más fuerte sobre la supervivencia de las nuevas empresas que otros tipos de aglomeración. También se encontró que recibir comparativamente menos subsidios motiva a las empresas a buscar y beneficiarse de las economías locales existentes, lo que a su vez influye positivamente en sus posibilidades de supervivencia. Por el contrario, las empresas de una aglomeración que reciben relativamente más subvenciones tienden a tener más probabilidades de enfrentarse a dificultades financieras que las lleven a una eventual retirada del mercado. Así pues, los resultados revelan que tanto la intensidad como la ubicación del apoyo estatal son importantes para optimizar los efectos positivos de la aglomeración en el rendimiento y la supervivencia de las empresas después de su entrada en el mercado. 抄録 本稿では、集積の5つの側面、すなわち、特殊化、多角化、関係的多様性、非関係的多様性、首都の規模、以上が中国の新規ベンチャー企業が存続する確率に及ぼす効果を実証的に検証する。その地域における既存の産業の構造にいくつかの種類がある場合の、地方交付金が新規企業の存続に対する効果を媒介することの研究も考慮に入れる。‘regional branching’仮説を支持するように、地方の関係的多様性の増加は、新規企業の存続に対して、他のタイプの集積よりもより強い正の効果を与えていることが認められる。また、受給される交付金が比較的少ないことは、企業が、模索して地域の既存の経済から恩恵を受けるための動機づけとなり、その結果として企業の存続の可能性にプラスの影響をもたらしていることがわかる。一方、比較的多く交付金を受給している集積内の企業は、財政難に陥りやすく結果的に廃業となりやすい傾向がある。以上のように、知見から、国家支援の強さと立地の両方が、企業の参入後の業績と存続に対する正の集積効果の最適化において非常に重要であることが示された。

Venture capital: The effect of local and global social ties on firm performance

By Katja Bringmann, Thomas Vanoutrive, Ann Verhetsel from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-11-11.

Firm financing literature has been dominated by a relatively ‘undersocialized’ and ‘aspatial’ view. We approach this gap by applying a social capital and economic geography informed lens to financial transactions. We explore if and how the early growth performance of venture capital backed organizations varies with the structural and physical location of their investors in syndication networks. Drawing on longitudinal data of Belgian firms and their venture capital investors, it is demonstrated that inter‐firm relational ties and, especially cross‐border linkages expand organizational outcome. In that, we show that not only social relations shape financial activity, but that also spatial patterns of co‐investment networks deserve notice. Resumen La literatura financiera de las empresas ha estado dominada por una visión relativamente ‘subsocializada’ y ‘espacial’. Este artículo aborda esta brecha de conocimiento aplicando una perspectiva basada en el capital social y la geografía económica a las transacciones financieras. El artículo explora si el rendimiento del crecimiento inicial de las organizaciones respaldadas por capital de riesgo varía en función de la ubicación estructural y física de sus inversores en las redes de sindicación y de que forma varía. A partir de datos longitudinales de empresas belgas y de sus inversores en capital riesgo, se demuestra que los vínculos relacionales entre empresas y, especialmente, los vínculos transfronterizos, amplían los resultados organizativos. En este sentido, se demuestra que no sólo las relaciones sociales dan forma a la actividad financiera, sino que también los patrones espaciales de las redes de coinversión merecen atención. 抄録 企業の財務に関する既存の研究論文は、ほとんどが社会的な視点に乏しく、非空間的な観点から論述されている。本稿では、社会関係資本と経済地理に関する知識を加えた観点から財務取引を検討することにより、この欠点に取り組む。提携ネットワークにおける出資者の構造的および物理的な立地によって、ベンチャーキャピタルから投資を受けている組織の設立当初の成長パフォーマンスが変わるか否か、またどのように変わるのかを検討する。ベルギーの企業とその企業のベンチャー出資者の縦断的データから、企業間の関係、特に国境を超えた関係が組織的な成果を拡大することが示される。その中で、我々は社会関係が財務活動を決めるだけでなく、協調投資の空間的パターンには注目する価値があることを示す。

Theoretical perspectives on localized knowledge spillovers and agglomeration

By Samuli Leppälä from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-20.

Empirical evidence shows that innovation is geographically concentrated, but whether localized knowledge spillovers provide a logically valid explanation for this phenomenon is unclear. I show that in the context of cost‐reducing R&D spillovers between Cournot oligopolists the explanation is plausible: localized knowledge spillovers encourage agglomeration, but whether this leads to higher levels of effective R&D depends on the extent of the spillovers, the number of firms, and the industry's R&D efficiency. Contrary to the earlier theoretical work, this illustrates a context, in which the localized knowledge spillover explanation is actualized, and provides necessary conditions, which can be empirically tested. Resumen Las pruebas empíricas muestran que la innovación está concentrada de forma geográfica, pero no está claro si los spillovers de conocimiento localizados proporcionan una explicación válida desde el punto de vista lógico de este fenómeno. Se demuestra que la explicación es plausible en el contexto de spillovers de I+D para la reducción de costes entre oligopolistas de Cournot: los spillovers de conocimiento localizados fomentan la aglomeración, pero que esto conduzca a niveles más altos de I+D efectiva depende de la magnitud de los spillovers, del número de empresas y de la eficiencia de la I+D de la industria. Contrariamente al trabajo teórico anterior, esto ilustra un contexto en el que se actualiza la explicación del spillover de conocimiento localizado y proporciona las condiciones necesarias, las cuales pueden ser probadas empíricamente. 抄録 イノベーションは地理的に集中していることは実証的エビデンスにより示されているが、局地的な知識スピルオーバーが理論的かつ妥当に、この現象を説明できるかどうかは不明である。クールノー型寡占均衡間でのコスト削減のためのR&Dスピルオーバーという状況においてはこの説明は妥当であることが示される。すなわち、局地的な知識スピルオーバーは集積を促進するが、それがスピルオーバーの規模、企業数、その産業のR&Dの効率性に従って、実効性のあるR&Dのレベルをさらに引き上げるか否か説明することはできない。過去の理論的研究とは対照的に、このことは局地的な知識スピルオーバーによる説明が現実化される状況を示し、必要な条件を提示しておいるが、これは実証的に検証できるものである。

Relatedness through experience: On the importance of collected worker experiences for plant performance

By Lisa Östbring, Rikard Eriksson, Urban Lindgren from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-18.

Abstract We demonstrate that multiple cognitive dimensions exist between employees in knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) and that these dimensions interact in their influence on plant performance. Knowledge and cognitive distance are measured as formal knowledge and industry experience. Pooled OLS regressions with year, industry, and region‐fixed effects are used to estimate the impact on plant performance. The results suggest that the commonly found negative impact of similarity in formal knowledge on plant performance may be reduced by high human capital ratios or high levels of similarity in experience. Moreover, the organizational structures associated with single‐plant and multi‐plant firms, generate different plant performance outcomes of knowledge variety. Resumen Se demuestra que existen múltiples dimensiones cognitivas entre los empleados de los servicios empresariales intensivos en conocimiento (KIBS, por sus siglas en inglés) y que estas dimensiones interactúan en su influencia sobre el rendimiento de la planta industrial. El conocimiento y la distancia cognitiva se miden como conocimiento formal y experiencia en la industria. Para estimar el impacto en el rendimiento de la planta se utilizan regresiones de MCO agrupadas con efectos fijos por año, industria y región. Los resultados sugieren que el impacto negativo encontrado habitualmente de la similitud en el conocimiento formal sobre el rendimiento de las plantas se puede reducir mediante altas relaciones del capital humano o altos niveles de similitud en la experiencia. Además, las estructuras organizativas asociadas a las empresas de una sola planta y de varias plantas generan diferentes resultados en el rendimiento de las plantas respecto a la variedad de conocimientos. 抄録 本稿では、知識集約型ビジネス支援サービス業(Knowledge intensive business service:KIBS)の企業の社員の間に複数の認知次元が存在することと、これらの次元が工場のパフォーマンスに影響を及ぼすのに相互作用があることを証明する。知識と認知距離は形式知識と業界経験として測定する。年、産業、地域に対する固定効果で、最小2乗法を用いて回帰分析したプールデータを用いて工場のパフォーマンスに対する影響を推定した。結果から、類似した形式知識が工場のパフォーマンスに及ぼす負の影響はよく認められるが、この影響は優秀な人材の割合または経歴の類似性のレベルの高さによって減少する可能性があることが示唆される。さらに、工場が一つだけの企業及び複数の工場をもつ企業に関連する組織構造によって、工場のパフォーマンスの結果として表れる知識多様性の差が生じる。

Society at a Glance 2016 - How does Portugal compare?

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-10-05.

The number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs) remains elevated in many countries since the crisis. This country note examines the characteristics of those at risk of being NEET in Portugal along with policies to help meet the challenge. It also includes many new youth-specific indicators on family formation, self-sufficiency, income and poverty, health and social cohesion.

Do higher college graduation rates increase local education levels?

By John V. Winters from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-10-03.

Abstract College graduates are important for regional economies but also quite geographically mobile. This paper examines the relationship between college graduation rates among persons from a state (relative production) and the later share of college graduates for persons residing in the state (relative stock) using decennial census and American Community Survey microdata. The descriptive relationship has increased over time and is nearly proportional in recent years. Instrumental variables (IV) methods are used to estimate causal effects. The preferred IV results yield an average point estimate for the production‐stock relationship of 0.52, but the effect likely decreases with age. Resumen Los graduados universitarios son importantes para las economías regionales, pero también son bastante móviles geográficamente. Este artículo examina la relación entre los índices de graduación universitaria entre las personas de un estado (producción relativa) y la proporción posterior de graduados universitarios para las personas que residen en el estado (existencias relativas), mediante el uso del censo decenal y microdatos de la Encuesta de la Comunidad Estadounidense. La relación descriptiva ha aumentado en el tiempo y es casi proporcional en los últimos años. Se utilizan métodos de variables instrumentales (VI) para estimar los efectos causales. Los resultados de las IV preferidas arrojan una estimación de punto promedio para el cociente producción‐existencias de 0,52, pero es probable que el efecto disminuya con la edad. 抄録 大学卒業者は、地域経済にとって貴重であるが、地理的な移動可能性が非常に高くもある。本稿では、国勢調査とAmerican Community Surveyのマイクロデータを使用して、ある州の出身者の大学卒業率(相対的生産)とその後のその州の居住者の大学卒業率(相対的在庫)の関連性を検討する。経時的に記述的関連性は増加しており、近年ではほぼ均衡的である。操作変数法を用いて因果効果を推計する。好ましい操作変数の結果は、生産と在庫の関係性に対する推算の平均で0.52となったが、年齢とともに効果は減少する傾向がある。

Environmental taxes: Key findings for Portugal LINK

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-09-26.

This country note provides an environmental tax and carbon pricing profile for Portugal. It shows environmentally related tax revenues, taxes on energy use and effective carbon rates.

Human capital as a location factor: An empirical investigation of relocating firms and their labour force in the Netherlands

By Gintarė Morkutė, Sierdjan Koster from Wiley: Papers in Regional Science: Table of Contents. Published on 2016-09-20.

Abstract This paper examines the role of human capital as a location factor in the context of long‐distance firm relocations. Using rich register data on single‐plant firms in the Netherlands 2006–2011, the paper enquires into whether relocation is motivated by the wish to improve the access to employees and the quality of labour force. Not disrupting existing spatial relationships is a prominent consideration of relocating firms, yet in general, relocation does not result in a better spatial match. Some evidence is found for firm‐specific human capital functioning as a keep factor. Relocating firms retain predominantly highly skilled employees, but general human capital itself functions neither as a keep factor nor as a pull factor. Resumen Este artículo examina el papel del capital humano como un factor de localización en el contexto de las deslocalizaciones de larga distancia de las empresas. A partir de datos de calidad de registro de empresas de una sola planta en los Países Bajos entre 2006‐2011, el artículo se pregunta si la reubicación está motivada por el deseo de mejorar el acceso para los empleados y la calidad de la mano de obra. La no interrupción de las relaciones espaciales existentes es una consideración importante a la hora de deslocalizar empresas pero, en general, la reubicación no se traduce en una mejor adecuación espacial. Se encontraron algunas pruebas del funcionamiento del capital humano específico de las empresas como factor de permanencia. Las empresas que se trasladan retienen predominantemente los empleados altamente cualificados, pero el capital humano en general no funciona ni como factor de permanencia ni como factor de atracción. 抄録 本稿では、企業の長距離移転における立地の決定要因としての人的資本の役割を検討する。2006年から2011年のオランダにおける単一の生産拠点をもつ企業に関する豊富な登録データを用いて、従業員の通勤と労働力の質を改善・向上することを目指して移転が行われるかどうかを検討する。空間的な関係性を壊さないことが移転企業にとっての重要な検討事項であるが、概して、移転によっては空間的マッチングが改善されることはない。キープ要因(keep factor)として機能する企業特異的な人的資本に関するいくつかのエビデンスが認められる。移転を行う企業は、主に技能の優れた従業員を保持するが、一般的な人的資本そのものは、キープ要因としてもプル要因としても、いずれにも機能していないのである。

Education at a Glance 2016 - Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-09-15.

Education at a Glance 2016 - Country Notes

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Lisbon on 7-8 July 2016

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2016-07-06.

The Secretary-General spoke at the 2016 OECD Global Forum on Productivity: Structural Reforms for Productivity Growth. He also met with Portuguese President Mr. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa and other high-level officials.

Portugal needs to increase its development aid and improve oversight

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-12-15.

Portugal has endeavoured to maintain its foreign aid programme since the economic crisis, but its aid budget has been hit hard and a plan is needed to avoid a further decline and get back on a path towards internationally agreed targets, according to an OECD Review.

Education at a Glance 2015: Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-11-24.

The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.

Structural policies and productivity: evidence from Portuguese firms

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

This paper provides empirical evidence on links between the productivity of Portuguese firms and a number of policy variables in Portugal. The analysis is based on a census of Portuguese manufacturing companies, covering more than 40,000 firms between 2006 and 2011.

Reducing inequality and poverty in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

Portugal has one of the most unequal income distributions in Europe and poverty levels are high. The economic crisis has halted a long-term gradual decline in both inequality and poverty and the number of poor households is rising, with children and youths being particularly affected. Unemployment is one of the principal reasons why household incomes declined.

Boosting export performance in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-09-02.

In the years before the economic crisis, Portugal had low growth, a decline in export competitiveness and rising imbalances that included a large current account deficit and a strong expansion of the non-tradable sector. Strengthening export performance is therefore one of the principal challenges for Portugal.

OECD Health Statistics 2015 - Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-07-07.

Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2015, July 2015 version. The notes are available in PDF format.

Health care quality improved in Portugal, despite tight budgets

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-05-27.

The Portuguese National Health Service has responded well to financial pressure, successfully balancing the twin priorities of financial consolidation and continuous quality improvement, according to a new OECD report.

Water Resources Allocation: Portugal Country Profile

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-13.

Water resources allocation determines who is able to use water resources, how, when and where. Capturing information from 27 OECD countries and key partner economies, the report presents key findings from the OECD Survey of Water Resources Allocation and case studies of successful allocation reform.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Lisbon on 1 April 2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-01.

Mr. Gurría met with Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho and presented the Review of Policy Indicators as well as the Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report for Portugal.

Skills will drive inclusive economic growth in Portugal (OECD Education Today Blog)

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-04-01.

Skills and human capital are the bedrock upon which Portugal is building a new bridge to growth.

International community continues making major progress to end tax evasion

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-03-16.

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 9 new peer review reports, including a Phase 1 Supplementary Report for Switzerland, demonstrating continuing progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Mr. Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal, at the OECD on 16 March 2015

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-03-16.

Following a bilateral meeting with Secretary-General Angel Gurría and a seminar on recent economic and social developments, President Cavaco Silva addressed the OECD Council.

Going for Growth 2015: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2015-02-09.

Going for Growth 2015: Key findings for Portugal

Revenue Statistics and Consumption Tax Trends 2014: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-12-10.

The tax burden in Portugal increased by 2.2 percentage points from 31.2% to 33.4, the largest rise amongst member countries in 2013. The OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.7% to 34.1%. The Portuguese standard VAT rate is 23%, which is well above the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.

Job Creation and Local Economic Development in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-11-19.

This publication highlights new evidence on policies to support job creation, bringing together the latest research on labour market, entrepreneurship and local economic development policy to help governments support job creation in the recovery. It also includes a set of country pages featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of smaller OECD regions (TL3).

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-10-27.

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-10-10.

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of the added value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Geographic Variations in Health Care: Country note for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-09-16.

According to a new OECD report, variation in rates of health care activity across geographic areas in countries is a cause for concern. Wide variation suggests that whether or not you will receive a particular health service depends to a very great extent on the region where you live within a country.

Education at a Glance 2014: Country Notes

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-09-09.

Country notes with main key findings of the book and key fact tables: a customised snapshot of a country's educational environment, highlighting the most important issues in the educational landscape.

Portugal: Deepening structural reform to support growth and competitiveness

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-07-08.

Having been hit hard by the global crisis, the Portuguese government has taken action to put its economy back on track, and to correct external and budgetary imbalances. This document highlights some key priorities to support economic growth and competitiveness through further productivity-enhancing structural reforms.

Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Portugal on 8 July 2014

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-07-04.

While in Lisbon, the Secretary-General had meetings with Mr. Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal, Mr. Pedro Passos Coelho, Prime Minister of Portugal and Mr. Carlos Costa, Governor of the Banco de Portugal, as well as several Ministers and high level officials of Portugal.

Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social Indicators: Key findings for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2014-03-17.

This one-pager note presents key findings for Portugal from Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social indicators. This 2014 publication also provides on special chapter on the social impact of the recent crisis across the OECD.

Guidance: Advice: funding regulations for post-16 provision

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-08-20.

Advice about post-16 funding regulations.

Pensions at a Glance 2013 - Highlights for Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-11-26.

Old-age poverty decreased in Portugal in the final few years of the last decade by more than twice the OECD average. The effective age of labour market exit is high in Portugal in international comparison...

Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-06-20.

Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-06-20.

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Portugal: Reforming the State to promote growth

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-14.

After two decades of strong economic growth and convergence in living standards towards the levels of more prosperous OECD countries, Portugal’s performance weakened in the 2000s, productivity growth slowed and competitiveness deteriorated. Restoring Portugal’s potential for strong, inclusive growth calls for a comprehensive reform of the State.

Speech delivered to the OECD Council by the Prime Minister of Portugal, HE. Pedro Passos Coelho

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-14.

Today the OECD is publishing a report on Portugal's challenges as far as structural reform is concerned. The OECD is an outstanding reference for policy-makers all around the world and I wanted my country to benefit from your skills, experience, and insights, especially on the question of structural reform, said the Portuguese Prime Minister.

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2013-05-09.

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Portugal: rebalancing the economy and returning to growth through job creation and better capital allocation

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-10-17.

Low growth and huge current account deficits have characterised the Portuguese economy over the past decade.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012: Portugal country profile

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-09-12.

STI Outlook 2012 country profiles present individual science, technology and innovation (STI) performance in national context and in comparison with other countries. They identify major current policy issues and recent developments in the innovation policy mix for each country. Selected key figures present aspects of economic and environmental performance.

Education at a Glance 2012: Country Notes - Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-09-10.

Education at a Glance 2012: Country Notes - Portugal

Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2012 - Portugal Country Note

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2012-02-24.

This note is taken from Chapter 2 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2012.

Corporate report: National Insurance Fund Accounts

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-16.

Presented to Parliament pursuant to section 161(2) of the Social Security Administration Act 1992.

Doing Better for Families country note - Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2011-04-26.

This note highlights the most pressing issues on families and children in Portugal, as discussed in the OECD publication Doing Better for Families.

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

From OECD.org - Portugal. Published on 2011-04-11.

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Statutory guidance: The code of practice for victims of crime and supporting public information materials

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-10-08.

Code of practice governing services to be provided in England and Wales to victims of criminal conduct which occurred in England and Wales.