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RSS Instituições Internacionais

RSS Instituições Internacionais

Voyage au pays des bibliothèques - Lire aujourd'hui, lire demain...

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-21.

Après avoir visité une cinquantaine de communes et rencontré élus, bibliothécaires et associations durant plus de six mois, les rapporteurs ont dressé un diagnostic des lieux de lecture publique. Ils ont constaté la faible amplitude des horaires d'ouverture, la mutation de l'offre des bibliothèques et les nouvelles aspirations des usagers et rappelé le rôle des bibliothèques dans la lutte contre l'analphabétisme et l'illettrisme. Dix-neuf propositions sont formulées, notamment l'extension des horaires d'ouverture des bibliothèques le soir ou le dimanche, le lancement d'un plan national pour l'édition adaptée pour développer substantiellement les contenus disponibles aux personnes en situation de handicap, la garantie du droit à la lecture pour les détenus

Rapport au nom de l'Office parlementaire d'évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques sur les enjeux des compteurs communicants - Compte rendu de l'audition publique du 14 décembre 2017 et de la présentation des conclusions des 8 et 15 février 2018

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-21.

Le rapport rend compte de l'audition publique organisée le 14 décembre 2017 par l'Office parlementaire des choix scientifiques et technologiques sur le thème "Les enjeux des compteurs communicants" et présente les conclusions des débats des 8 et 15 février 2018. Trois tables rondes se sont succédées. La première concerne l'opportunité, économique et technique, de ces compteurs, tandis que la deuxième portera sur l'impact éventuel de ces dispositifs sur la santé et enfin la troisième aborde la question de la confidentialité et de l'usage qui pourrait être fait des informations collectées.

72 propositions pour une politique ambitieuse d'intégration des étrangers arrivant en France

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-21.

Chargé par le Premier ministre d'une mission sur la refonte de la politique d'accueil et d'accompagnement des étrangers en France, le député Aurélien Taché a remis un rapport dans lequel il formule 72 propositions pour mettre en place « une véritable politique publique d'intégration, ambitieuse et exigeante ». Il propose notamment de doubler le volume de cours de français dispensés aux étrangers qui ont signé un contrat d'intégration républicaine (CIR), porter de douze à soixante heures la formation civique obligatoire délivrée dans le cadre du CIR, permettre une insertion professionnelle plus précoce (un étranger resté sans réponse à sa demande d'asile au bout de six mois pourrait être autorisé à travailler, reconnaissances partielles de qualifications…),faciliter l'accès au logement. Pour éviter les ruptures dans les parcours d'intégration,le rapport préconise l'adoption de mesures impliquant un travail interministériel coordonné et assurant une continuité des droits (simplification et dématérialisation des renouvellements de titres de séjour, généralisation de leur pluri-annualité ; un accès à la nationalité reposant davantage sur la motivation et la réussite du parcours d'intégration...). Le rapport propose également la création d'un comité interministériel de l'intégration chargé de définir la stratégie nationale.

Les enjeux des compteurs communicants - rapport n° 306

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-20.

Rapport n° 306 de M. Cédric VILLANI, député, Mme Célia DE LAVERGNE, député et M. Gérard LONGUET, sénateur, fait au nom de l'Office parlementaire d'évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques : Les enjeux des compteurs communicants (15 février 2018)

Policy paper: Long-term sustainability of the NHS and adult social care: government response

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-20.

Command paper responding to the Lords Select Committee report on long-term sustainability of the NHS and adult social care.

Rapport d'information déposé (...) par la Commission des lois constitutionnelles, de la législation et de l'administration générale de la République, en conclusion des travaux d'une mission d'information sur l'application de la loi n° 2016-274 du 7 mars 2016 relative au droit des étrangers en France

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-20.

La mission d'information sur l'application de la loi du 7 mars 2016 relative au droit des étrangers en France a pour objet, un an après l'entrée en vigueur de la loi, de dresser un premier bilan de l'application de ce texte qui a modifié sur plusieurs points, de façon significative, la législation relative à l'entrée et au séjour des ressortissants étrangers sur le territoire français. Ce texte a ainsi généralisé, à l'issue d'une première année de séjour régulier sur le territoire, des titres de séjour pluriannuels ayant une durée comprise entre deux et quatre ans. Il a créé un nouveau titre de séjour, le « passeport talent et a aussi réformé le régime contentieux de la rétention administrative. Les rapporteurs ont concentré leurs analyses sur les points suivants : les procédures contentieuses, l'éloignement des étrangers en situation irrégulière, le sort des mineurs étrangers isolés ou encore le séjour des étrangers malades.

Inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes dans les arts et la culture - Acte II : après 10 ans de constats, le temps de l'action

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-20.

Après avoir présenté un état des lieux des discriminations entre les femmes et les hommes dans les arts et la culture, le Haut Conseil à l'égalité entre les femmes et les hommes rappelle que le domaine des arts et de la culture est massivement soutenu par l'État et les collectivités territoriales (plus de 20 milliards d'euros en 2017). Afin de corriger durablement ces inégalités le Haut Conseil formule 20 recommandations étayées sur deux axes : tendre à une juste allocation des financements publics et transformer le terreau des inégalités.

Accompagner la dynamique du dialogue social par la formation et la reconnaissance de ses acteurs et par la valorisation des meilleures pratiques

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-19.

Cette mission confiée par la ministre du travail fin septembre 2017 s'inscrit dans le prolongement d'un premier travail réalisé par Jean-Dominique Simonpoli en août 2017 sur « la reconnaissance et la valorisation des compétences des représentants du personnel et des mandataires syndicaux » . Après avoir échangé avec tous les acteurs majeurs du dialogue social, la mission a formulé 21 recommandations autour de cinq enjeux majeurs : soutenir la transformation des institutions représentatives du personnel en 2018 et 2019 ; inscrire davantage le fait « dialogue social » dans l'offre de formation universitaire et des grandes écoles, à l'attention des acteurs de ce dialogue comme des futurs managers et DRH et adapter l'effort de formation afin de permettre aux acteurs d'exercer les nouvelles responsabilités qui leur sont confiées avec la mise en oeuvre des ordonnances ; améliorer les conditions d'exercice des mandats, valoriser les compétences acquises, développer des outils de formation internes et de branches davantage accompagner les acteurs du dialogue social tout au long de leur mandat et mieux les préparer, à tous les niveaux, à la poursuite du parcours professionnel ; soutenir un développement du dialogue social qui intègre les TPE et PME ; disposer d'un lieu pour que les premiers responsables patronaux, syndicaux et publics puissent en débattre, et valoriser fortement et régulièrement les apports de celle-ci à l'innovation et à la performance sociale et économique.

Les algorithmes au service de l'action publique : le cas du portail admission post-bac - rapport n° 305

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-19.

Rapport n° 305 de MM. Cédric VILLANI, député et Gérard LONGUET, sénateur, fait au nom de l'Office parlementaire d'évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques : Les algorithmes au service de l'action publique : le cas du portail admission post-bac (15 février 2018)

Conflits d'intérêts et mobilité des hauts fonctionnaires - rapport n° 297

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-16.

Rapport n° 297 de Mme Josiane COSTES, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi visant à renforcer la prévention des conflits d'intérêts liés à la mobilité des hauts fonctionnaires (14 février 2018)

Accords de libre-échange UE-Australie et UE-Nouvelle-Zélande - rapport n° 301

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-16.

Rapport n° 301 de Mme Anne-Marie BERTRAND, fait au nom de la commission des affaires économiques, sur la proposition de résolution au nom de la commission des affaires européennes, en application de l'article 73 quater du Règlement, sur les directives de négociation en vue d'un accord de libre-échange entre l'UE et l'Australie, d'une part, et la Nouvelle-Zélande, d'autre part (14 février 2018)

Exécution des peines liées aux violences conjugales - rapport n° 299

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-15.

Rapport n° 299 de Mme Brigitte LHERBIER, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi sur le régime de l'exécution des peines des auteurs de violences conjugales (14 février 2018)

L'avenir du transport ferroviaire

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-15.

« Refondre le modèle du transport ferroviaire dans le cadre d'un marché ouvert à la concurrence, en préservant les missions d'un service public performant », tel était l'objectif principal confié par le Premier ministre à la mission de concertation présidée par Jean-Cyril Spinetta. Le présent rapport s'articule en deux grandes parties : la première établit le constat d'un système de transport ferroviaire jugé peu performant, coûteux pour les finances publiques, reposant sur des modèles économiques structurellement déséquilibrés. La mission observe que les fondamentaux économiques du secteur ont été trop longtemps ignorés et estime qu'une nouvelle réforme apparaît nécessaire. La seconde partie rassemble les recommandations de la mission autour de trois thèmes principaux : recentrer le transport ferroviaire dans son domaine de pertinence, créer les conditions d'un retour à l'équilibre économique, et préparer l'ouverture à la concurrence.

Rapport d'information fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale par le groupe de travail sur les infractions sexuelles commises à l'encontre des mineurs

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-15.

Au mois d'octobre 2017, la commission des lois a créé en son sein un groupe de travail pluraliste sur les infractions sexuelles commises à l'encontre des mineurs, dans un contexte marqué par plusieurs affaires judiciaires ayant eu un fort retentissement dans les médias et dans la société. Le groupe de travail a souhaité évaluer le cadre législatif, l'organisation et les moyens de la politique de lutte contre les infractions sexuelles commises à l'encontre des mineurs, ainsi que l'offre de prise en charge des mineurs. Sur la base de ce diagnostic, le groupe de travail présente une stratégie globale qui s'appuie sur quatre piliers : prévenir efficacement les violences sexuelles à l'encontre des mineurs ; faciliter la libération et l'accueil de la parole ; réformer la réponse pénale ; améliorer la prise en charge des victimes.

Orientation et réussite des étudiants - rapport n° 294

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-14.

Rapport n° 294 de MM. Jacques GROSPERRIN, sénateur et Gabriel ATTAL, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi relatif à l'orientation et à la réussite des étudiants (13 février 2018)

Protéger les mineurs victimes d'infractions sexuelles - rapport d'information n° 289

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-14.

Rapport d'information n° 289 de Mme Marie MERCIER, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale : Protéger les mineurs victimes d'infractions sexuelles (7 février 2018)

Rapport d'information déposé par la commission du développement durable et de l'aménagement du territoire (...) sur la mise en application de la loi n° 2016-339 du 22 mars 2016 relative à la prévention et à la lutte contre les incivilités, contre les atteintes à la sécurité publique et contre les actes terroristes dans les transports collectifs de voyageurs

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-14.

Le présent rapport d'information propose un bilan de la mise en application de la loi du 22 mars 2016 relative à la prévention et à la lutte contre les incivilités, contre les atteintes à la sécurité publique et contre les actes terroristes dans les transports collectifs de voyageurs, dite « Loi Savary ». Cette loi qui abordait deux sujets distincts, la lutte contre le terrorisme et la lutte contre la fraude, a également été enrichie, au cours des débats, d'un titre relatif à la lutte contre les violences faites aux femmes dans les transports.

Historical and current spatial differences in female labour force participation: Evidence from Germany

By Michael Wyrwich from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2018-02-14.

Abstract

Female labour force participation (FLFP) increased significantly in the 20th century. Nevertheless, there are persisting spatial differences in FLFP. Using data from Germany, this paper demonstrates that regional differences in the degree of industrialization in the 1920s explain spatial variation in FLFP at that time and almost 100 years later. The latter finding is not explained by persisting industry structures. Additionally, there is evidence that regions with historically high FLFP have a higher social acceptance of working women. Together these results suggest that policies to increase FLFP should account for the historical context of each region.

Régime d'ouverture des établissements privés hors contrat - rapport n° 277

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-13.

Rapport n° 277 de Mme Annick BILLON, fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication, sur la proposition de loi visant à simplifier et mieux encadrer le régime d'ouverture des établissements privés hors contrat (7 février 2018)

21 mesures pour l'enseignement des mathématiques

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-13.

Les études nationales et internationales font état d'un score relativement faible des élèves en mathématiques et d'une surreprésentation des élèves en difficulté. A cela s'ajoute une forte corrélation entre la réussite en mathématiques et l'origine sociale et géographique des élèves. Ces constats rappelés dans la lettre de mission du ministre de l'éducation nationale ont conduit à l'élaboration d'une « stratégie mathématiques » en décembre 2014, dont les principales mesures visaient à promouvoir les carrières scientifiques, accroître l'attractivité des concours, renforcer les connaissances et compétences mathématiques dans la formation initiale des maîtres. Cédric Villani, député de l'Essonne, et Charles Torossian, inspecteur général de l'éducation nationale ont été chargés d'évaluer l'efficience pédagogique et didactique de cette stratégie, autour des objectifs suivants : déterminer les pratiques les plus concluantes sur la base des études internationales et des méthodes ayant fait leurs preuves à l'étranger ; analyser la place réelle du calcul dans la didactique des mathématiques ; formuler des recommandations sur les différents paliers annuels d'acquisition tant à l'école élémentaire, au collège ou au lycée ; formuler des propositions visant à mieux articuler ces actions avec celles du ministère, les projets d'établissements et la pratique des professeurs en particulier, notamment dans le cadre de l'accompagnement personnalisé des élèves et l'innovation pédagogique.

Accession à la pleine souveraineté de la Nouvelle-Calédonie - rapport n° 287

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-09.

Rapport n° 287 de M. Philippe BAS, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi organique relatif à l'organisation de la consultation sur l'accession à la pleine souveraineté de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (7 février 2018)

Adaptation dans le domaine de la sécurité au droit de l'UE - rapport n° 274

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-08.

Rapport n° 274 de MM. Philippe BONNECARRÈRE, sénateur et Christophe EUZET, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi portant diverses dispositions d'adaptation au droit de l'Union européenne dans le domaine de la sécurité (6 février 2018)

Accord avec l'Algérie sur la sécurité sociale - rapport n° 285

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-08.

Rapport n° 285 de M. Alain CAZABONNE, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'approbation de la convention relative aux soins de santé programmés dispensés en France aux ressortissants algériens assurés sociaux et démunis non assurés sociaux résidant en Algérie (7 février 2018)

Accord de partenariat et de coopération UE - Kazakhstan - rapport n° 283

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-08.

Rapport n° 283 de M. Pascal ALLIZARD, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant la ratification de l'accord de partenariat et de coopération renforcé entre l'Union européenne et ses Etats membres, d'une part, et la République du Kazakhstan, d'autre part (7 février 2018)

Accord concernant l'emploi transfrontalier d'aéronefs - rapport n° 281

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-08.

Rapport n° 281 de M. René DANESI, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'approbation du protocole additionnel à l'accord entre la France et l'Allemagne relatif à la coopération dans leurs zones frontalières entre les autorités de police et les autorités douanières concernant l'emploi transfrontalier d'aéronefs (7 février 2018)

Appauvrissement de la couche d'ozone - rapport n° 279

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-08.

Rapport n° 279 de M. Hugues SAURY, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées, sur le projet de loi autorisant l'approbation de l'amendement au protocole de Montréal du 16 septembre 1987 relatif à des substances qui appauvrissent la couche d'ozone (7 février 2018)

Issue information

By from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2018-02-08.

No abstract is available for this article.

En finir avec l'impunité des violences faites aux femmes en ligne : une urgence pour les victimes

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-08.

En mars 2017, le Haut conseil à l'égalité s'est auto-saisi de la problématique des violences dont sont victimes les femmes sur internet, que ce soit via les réseaux sociaux ou les applications mobiles. Les objectifs étaient de : définir et faire connaître l'ensemble des manifestations des violences faites aux femmes et aux filles en ligne ; alerter les pouvoirs publics et les plateformes d'information et de communication numériques sur les faits de violences qui se déroulent en ligne et visent spécifiquement les femmes ; proposer des recommandations à l'intention des pouvoirs publics, afin de les mobiliser dans la reconnaissance et la prise en charge de ses violences.

La protection sociale en France et en Europe en 2013 - Edition 2015

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

En France, les recettes de la protection sociale progressent plus rapidement que ses dépenses en 2013. De ce fait, le déficit de la protection sociale se résorbe : il s'élève à 7,9 milliards d'euros en 2013, soit 0,4 % du PIB, contre 11,6 milliards en 2012. Ce rapport propose, en outre, plusieurs éclairages sur la protection sociale en France : perception par les Français du système de protection sociale, activité des organismes d'assurance, dépenses départementales d'aide sociale, évaluation complète des dépenses sociales et fiscales en faveur des familles, analyse du financement des différents risques sociaux. Enfin, les éclairages Europe donnent un aperçu de la situation de l'emploi et des inégalités sociales dans plusieurs pays voisins, ainsi que des effets redistributifs des systèmes sociaux-fiscaux européens.

La protection sociale en France et en Europe en 2012 - Edition 2014

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

Ce rapport analyse les évolutions des dépenses sociales en Europe depuis la récession de 2009. Il propose également plusieurs éclairages : l'opinion des Français sur la protection sociale, l'activité des organismes complémentaires sur les risques sociaux, les dépenses sociales des collectivités locales et enfin le surcoût de la dépendance. En 2012, pour la deuxième année consécutive, les recettes de la protection sociale progressent à un rythme plus rapide que les dépenses. L'année 2012 marque pourtant le début d'un nouveau ralentissement général de l'économie en Europe.

Minima sociaux et prestations sociales - Ménages aux revenus modestes et redistribution - Edition 2016

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

L'édition 2016 des Minima sociaux et prestations sociales analyse l'impact des prestations sociales sur la réduction de la pauvreté et détaille les différents dispositifs permettant d'assurer la redistribution en faveur des ménages les plus modestes. L'ouvrage présente les barèmes en vigueur à ce jour et les données statistiques recueillies jusqu'en 2014. L'ensemble du système redistributif réduit nettement la pauvreté monétaire, abaissant de 7,9 points le taux de pauvreté, dont 1,6 point grâce aux minima sociaux. Fin 2014, 4,13 millions de personnes perçoivent l'un des neuf minima sociaux, soit une hausse de 2,7 % des effectifs en un an. Après deux années de croissance à 4,5 %, cela marque un ralentissement lié à une moindre dégradation du marché du travail en 2013. Toutefois, l'augmentation du nombre d'allocataires du revenu de solidarité active (RSA) et de l'allocation de solidarité spécifique (ASS) reste élevée.

Minima sociaux et prestations sociales - Ménages aux revenus modestes et redistribution - Edition 2015

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

Les Minima sociaux et prestations sociales - Edition 2015 présentent les données recueillies pour l'année 2013. Cet ouvrage analyse l'impact des prestations sociales sur la réduction de la pauvreté et dresse un panorama des différents dispositifs. En 2013, près de 4,02 millions de personnes perçoivent l'un des neuf minima sociaux, un nombre en hausse de 4,8 % par rapport à 2012. Cette augmentation confirme l'accélération constatée en 2012 et s'explique surtout par une hausse du chômage, qui touche, encore, plus de 10 % de la population active. L'extrême pauvreté et la grande exclusion font l'objet d'un traitement spécifique dans cette édition. Le premier dossier porte sur les personnes vivant avec moins de 660 euros par mois et cherche à comprendre pourquoi, malgré les mécanismes de redistribution destinés aux plus modestes, leur niveau de vie est si faible. Le second dossier analyse le recours aux droits et aux services des personnes sans domicile.

Les retraités et les retraites - Edition 2015

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

A la fin 2013, la France compte 15,6 millions de retraités, vivant en France ou à l'étranger et bénéficiant au moins d'une pension de retraite. Ils sont 280 000 de plus qu'en 2012 et leur pension moyenne, tous régimes confondus, s'élève à 1 306 euros bruts mensuels, soit une hausse de 1,2 % en euros constants en un an. C'est l'un des constats de l'ouvrage Les Retraités et les Retraites - Edition 2015 qui dresse un panorama des statistiques sur les retraites pour l'année 2013. Ces données prennent en compte les principales modifications législatives ou réglementaires, notamment celles survenues depuis la réforme des retraites de 2010. Sont également abordés les 557 800 allocataires du minimum vieillesse, les opinions, souhaits et motivations des nouveaux retraités en matière de retraite, les adhérents aux produits de retraite supplémentaire, etc. Cette édition 2015 met aussi l'accent sur les changements concernant le report de l'âge légal d'ouverture des droits à la retraite, l'assouplissement des départs anticipés pour carrière longue ou encore la modification des règles d'éligibilité au minimum contributif.

Les retraités et les retraites - Edition 2014

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

L'ouvrage Les Retraités et les Retraites – Edition 2014 dresse un panorama des statistiques sur la retraite pour l'année 2012. Sont ainsi évoqués les 15,5 millions de retraités vivant en France ou à l'étranger, leur pension moyenne d'un montant de 1 288 euros mensuels et leur évolution, les allocataires du minimum vieillesse et les adhérents aux produits de retraite supplémentaire. L'ensemble des données prend en compte les principales modifications législatives ou réglementaires survenues depuis la réforme de 2010. Cette édition 2014 met notamment en perspective les changements concernant le report de l'âge légal pour l'ouverture des droits à la retraite, l'assouplissement des départs anticipés pour carrière longue, la fermeture progressive du dispositif de départs anticipés pour les parents fonctionnaires de 3 enfants ou plus ou encore la modification des règles d'éligibilité au minimum contributif.

Comptes nationaux de la santé - 2006

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

En 2006, le montant total des dépenses de santé s'élève à 198,3 milliards d'euros, soit 3 138 euros par habitant et 11,1 % du produit intérieur brut (PIB). La consommation de soins et de biens médicaux (CSBM), en progression annuelle de 3,5 %, atteint 156,6 milliards d'euros (8,7 % du PIB). Le fait marquant de l'année 2006 est le ralentissement des prix de la CSBM (+ 0,8 %, après + 1,5 % en 2005), dû notamment à la baisse sensible des prix des médicaments (-3,7 %) qui accompagne la progression de la consommation des génériques. Les évolutions en volume connaissent également un léger ralentissement (+2,7 %, après + 2,9 % en 2005), imputable essentiellement aux soins hospitaliers. Pour la première fois depuis 1998, les dépenses de santé en valeur augmentent moins vite que le PIB (respectivement + 3,5 % et + 4,3 %). Le financement de la CSBM évolue de 2005 à 2006 : la part de la Sécurité sociale diminue de 0,2 point et le reste à charge des ménages augmente de 0,1 point. La dépense totale de santé, agrégat retenu pour les comparaisons internationales, représentait 11,1 % du PIB en 2005 ; ce ratio situait la France en troisième position des pays membres de l'OCDE.

Comptes nationaux de la santé - 2007

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

En 2007, le montant des dépenses courantes de santé s'élève à 206,5 milliards d'euros, soit 10,9 % du produit intérieur brut (PIB). La consommation de soins et de biens médicaux (CSBM) atteint 163,8 milliards d'euros, soit 8,7 % du PIB. Elle a progressé en valeur plus rapidement qu'en 2006 (+4,7 % après +3,5 %), mais connaît toutefois une évolution inférieure à celle observée au début de la décennie (plus de 6 % en moyenne par an de 2001 à 2003). Cette accélération est due essentiellement à l'évolution des volumes (+3,7 % après +2,7 % en 2006), qui concerne tous les postes de dépenses hormis les transports de malades. Les médicaments progressent toujours à un rythme soutenu (+7,1 % en 2007 après +5,4 %) et les honoraires des médecins croissent à nouveau en volume après avoir diminué de 2006. La variation des prix de la CSBM reste quant à elle limitée (+1,0 % après +0,8 % en 2006), en raison notamment de la diminution des prix des médicaments. La part de la CSBM financée par la Sécurité sociale est de 76,6 % en 2007. Le reste à charge des ménages, qui est orienté à la baisse sur longue période, évolue peu depuis 2005, tout en restant inférieur à son niveau de 2000 (8,5 % en 2007 contre 9,0 % en 2000). La dépense totale de santé, agrégat retenu pour les comparaisons internationales, qui représentait 11,0 % du PIB en 2006, place la France en troisième position des pays membres de l'OCDE.

Comptes nationaux de la santé - 2005

By df_prod@dila.gouv.fr (LaDoc francaise) from Rapports publics - Général. Published on 2018-02-07.

Le montant total des dépenses de santé atteint 190,5 milliards d'euros en 2005, soit 3038 euros par habitant et 11,14 % du produit intérieur brut, contre 11,07 % en 2004. En son sein, le montant de la consommation de soins et de biens médicaux (CSBM) est de 150,6 milliards d'euros en 2005 (+3,9 % en valeur et +2,7 % en volume par rapport à 2004). Cette progression porte la part de la CSBM dans le PIB à 8,81 % contre 8,74 % en 2004. La croissance des prix des soins et biens médicaux (+1,1%) poursuit le ralentissement entamé en 2004 (+1,7% après +3,0 % en 2003). Un ralentissement s'amorce également pour les volumes de soins consommés (+2,7 % contre +3,4 % en 2004). Comme cela s'observe depuis 1997, c'est encore le médicament qui contribue le plus en 2005 à la croissance de la consommation en volume, suivi par le secteur hospitalier et les soins ambulatoires. La part de la Sécurité sociale et des organismes complémentaires dans le financement des dépenses de santé diminue de 0,27 point en 2005, le reste à charge des ménages augmentant à due proportion (+8,74 % contre +8,47 % en 2004). La dépense nationale de santé, agrégat retenu pour les comparaisons internationales, représente 10,6 % du PIB en 2005 (+0,1 point par rapport à 2004). En 2004, avec un ratio de 10,5 %, la France se situait en quatrième position des pays de l'Organisation de coopération et de développement économique (OCDE).

International treaty: [MS No.1/2018] Convention on Road Traffic as amended

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-07.

Presented to Parliament February 2017

Corporate report: Statement of Excesses 2016-17

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-07.

The Statement of Excesses is published alongside the Supplementary Estimates.

Corporate report: Vote on Account 2018-19

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-07.

HM Treasury has published the Vote on Account for 2018-19.

Corporate report: Supplementary Estimates 2017-18

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-07.

HM Treasury has published the Supplementary Estimates for 2017-18.

Policy paper: Post-legislative scrutiny of the Identity Documents Act 2010

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-07.

This memorandum to the Home Affairs Committee provides a preliminary assessment of the Identity Documents Act 2010.

Programme de travail de la Commission européenne pour 2018 - rapport d'information n° 267

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-06.

Rapport d'information n° 267 de MM. Jean BIZET et Simon SUTOUR, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes : Programme de travail de la Commission européenne pour 2018 (1er février 2018)

Policy paper: Local government finance report 2018 to 2019

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-06.

Local government finance settlement 2018 to 2019: local government finance report.

Policy paper: Council Tax alternative notional amounts report 2018 to 2019

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-06.

Report setting out the Council Tax alternative notional amounts report for 2018 to 2019.

Policy paper: Council Tax referendum principles report 2018 to 2019

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-06.

Report setting out the Council Tax referendum principles for 2018 to 2019.

Corporate report: Financial Reporting Advisory Board annual report: 2016 to 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-06.

The twentieth report of the Financial Reporting Advisory Board (FRAB) for the years 2016-17.

Organisation et moyens de l'État face à la menace terroriste - rapport n° 261

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-05.

Rapport n° 261 de M. Philippe BAS, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de résolution tendant à la création d'une commission d'enquête sur l'organisation et les moyens des services de l'État pour faire face à l'évolution de la menace terroriste après la chute de l'État Islamique (31 janvier 2018)

Organisation des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2024 - avis n° 256

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-02.

Avis n° 256 de M. Philippe PEMEZEC, fait au nom de la commission de l'aménagement du territoire et du développement durable, sur le projet de loi relatif à l'organisation des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2024 (30 janvier 2018)

Organisation des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2024 - rapport n° 262

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-02.

Rapport n° 262 de Mme Muriel JOURDA, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi relatif à l'organisation des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2024 (31 janvier 2018)

Renforcement du dialogue social - rapport n° 264

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-02.

Rapport n° 264 de MM. Alain MILON, sénateur et Laurent PIETRASZEWSKI, député, fait au nom de la commission mixte paritaire, sur le projet de loi ratifiant diverses ordonnances prises sur le fondement de la loi n° 2017-1340 du 15 septembre 2017 d'habilitation à prendre par ordonnances les mesures pour le renforcement du dialogue social (31 janvier 2018)

2018, une nouvelle année de défis pour l'Union européenne - rapport d'information n° 253

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-02.

Rapport d'information n° 253 de MM. Jean BIZET, Philippe BONNECARRÈRE, André GATTOLIN, Mmes Gisèle JOURDA, Fabienne KELLER et M. Pierre MÉDEVIELLE, fait au nom de la commission des affaires européennes : 2018, une nouvelle année de défis pour l'Union européenne (25 janvier 2018)

Organisation des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2024 - avis n° 258

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-02.

Avis n° 258 de Mme Sophie PRIMAS, fait au nom de la commission des affaires économiques, sur le projet de loi relatif à l'organisation des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2024 (30 janvier 2018)

Organisation des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2024 - avis n° 257

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-02-02.

Avis n° 257 de M. Claude KERN, fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication, sur le projet de loi relatif à l'organisation des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2024 (30 janvier 2018)

Independent report: Applying sharia law in England and Wales: independent review

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-02-01.

Independent review by Professor Mona Siddiqui and a review panel of experts into the application of sharia law in England and Wales by sharia councils.

Expertise France, 3 ans après : une réforme réussie, un modèle à consolider - rapport d'information n° 240

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-31.

Rapport d'information n° 240 de M. Jean-Pierre VIAL et Mme Marie-Françoise PEROL-DUMONT, fait au nom de la commission des affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées : Expertise France, 3 ans après : une réforme réussie, un modèle à consolider (24 janvier 2018)

Policy paper: Youth criminal records: government response to the Justice Committee report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-31.

Government response to the House of Commons Justice Committee’s inquiry into the disclosure of youth criminal records.

KIBS as both innovators and knowledge intermediaries in the innovation process: Intermediation as a contingent role

By Richard Shearmur, David Doloreux from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2018-01-31.

Abstract

The role of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) in innovation processes is often understood as that of knowledge intermediaries. Yet KIBS are innovators, and use external services: so what is their nature (or identity) and can it be distinguished from the roles they play? We conceptualize how KIBS can be understood simultaneously as innovators and intermediaries. We survey 407 KIBS innovators, and ask: what characterizes KIBS innovators that use KIBS intermediation? What factors are connected with different aspects of this relationship? Is the relationship conditioned by geographic context? The relationship varies with type of innovation introduced and with user characteristics, but not with geographic context.

Orientation et réussite des étudiants - rapport n° 241

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-30.

Rapport n° 241 de M. Jacques GROSPERRIN, fait au nom de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication, sur le projet de loi relatif à l'orientation et à la réussite des étudiants (24 janvier 2018)

Développement durable des territoires littoraux - rapport n° 243

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-26.

Rapport n° 243 de M. Didier MANDELLI, fait au nom de la commission de l'aménagement du territoire et du développement durable, sur la proposition de loi relative au développement durable des territoires littoraux (24 janvier 2018)

Réforme de la caisse des Français de l'étranger - rapport n° 238

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-26.

Rapport n° 238 de M. Yves DAUDIGNY, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales, sur la proposition de loi relative à la réforme de la caisse des Français de l'étranger (24 janvier 2018)

Indemnisation des victimes des produits phytopharmaceutiques - rapport n° 236

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-26.

Rapport n° 236 de M. Bernard JOMIER, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales, sur la proposition de loi portant création d'un fonds d'indemnisation des victimes des produits phytopharmaceutiques (24 janvier 2018)

Réforme du droit des contrats - rapport n° 247

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-26.

Rapport n° 247 de M. François PILLET, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur le projet de loi ratifiant l'ordonnance n° 2016-131 du 10 février 2016 portant réforme du droit des contrats, du régime général et de la preuve des obligations (24 janvier 2018)

Don de jours de repos pour les proches aidants - rapport n° 234

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-26.

Rapport n° 234 de Mme Jocelyne GUIDEZ, fait au nom de la commission des affaires sociales, sur la proposition de loi créant un dispositif de don de jours de repos non pris au bénéfice des proches aidants de personnes en perte d'autonomie ou présentant un handicap (24 janvier 2018)

Droit des sites naturels ouverts au public - rapport n° 245

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-26.

Rapport n° 245 de M. André REICHARDT, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi visant à adapter le droit de la responsabilité des propriétaires ou des gestionnaires de sites naturels ouverts au public (24 janvier 2018)

Développement durable des territoires littoraux - avis n° 254

From Sénat - derniers rapports. Published on 2018-01-25.

Avis n° 254 de M. Philippe BAS, fait au nom de la commission des lois constitutionnelles, de législation, du suffrage universel, du Règlement et d'administration générale, sur la proposition de loi relative au développement durable des territoires littoraux (25 janvier 2018)

Policy paper: Treasury Minutes – 25 January 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-25.

Government departments respond to the Public Accounts Committee reports through a Treasury minute.

Policy paper: Treasury Minutes Progress Report – January 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-25.

Progress report on the implementation of government accepted recommendations of the Committee of Public Accounts.

Independent report: Welfare trends report: January 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-25.

The January 2018 version of the Office for Budget Responsibility's Welfare trends report focuses on universal credit (UC)

Two countries, sixteen cities, five thousand kilometres: How many housing markets?

By Ryan Greenaway-McGrevy, Arthur Grimes, Mark Holmes from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2018-01-24.

Abstract

We examine whether a single (dynamic) housing market exists across 16 cities within Australia and New Zealand. The two countries are closely integrated but cities are up to 5,000 kilometres apart. A single housing market exhibits a common set of forces determining the long run real house price path in all cities. A strong (weak) form occurs when an innovation affects house prices across all cities to an equal (unequal) degree. The 16 cities comprise a weak form single housing market with significant spatial and dynamic complexities. Three city groups emerge with a natural interpretation in terms of economic and spatial characteristics.

Independent report: Transition to UC housing payments: SSAC report and government statement on the Universal Credit (Miscellaneous Amendments, Saving and Transitional Provision) Regulations 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-24.

A report on Universal Credit regulations related to the transition to Universal Credit housing payments, and the government’s response.

Independent report: Surplus earnings: SSAC report and government statement on the Universal Credit (Miscellaneous Amendments, Saving and Transitional Provision) Regulations 2018

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-24.

A report on Universal Credit regulations related to suplus earnings, and the government’s response.

Corporate report: Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission accounts 2016 to 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-19.

Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission accounts for the financial year 2016 to 2017.

Corporate report: NCTL annual report and accounts 2016 to 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-11.

National College for Teaching and Leadership (NCTL) annual report and accounts for 2016 to 2017.

Policy paper: Government response to 'Childhood obesity: follow-up' report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-11.

The government’s response to the House of Commons Health Select Committee’s report on childhood obesity.

Impact of macro-structural reforms on the productivity growth of regions: Distance to the frontier matters

By Sabine D’Costa, Jose Enrique Garcilazo, Joaquim Oliveira Martins from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2018-01-11.

Abstract

Using a panel of 265 regions from 24 OECD countries from 1997 to 2007, we explore the impact of nation-wide macroeconomic and structural policies on the productivity growth of subnational regions. We find that average relationships between nation-wide policies and regional productivity growth can hide strong differentiated effects according to the distance to the frontier: relaxing employment protection legislation on temporary contracts, lowering barriers to trade and investment and increasing trade openness enhances productivity growth in lagging regions, whereas reducing barriers to entrepreneurship or higher levels of government debt has a positive effect on regions closer to the productivity frontier.

The trade, geography and regional implications of Brexit

By Philip McCann from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2018-01-11.

Implementation of European Cohesion Policy at the sub-national level: Evidence from beneficiary data in Eastern Germany

By Bianka Dettmer, Thomas Sauer from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2018-01-09.

Abstract

Regional governments’ discretion in allocating structural funds is limited by the competences of the European Commission to control fiscal activities of decentralized governments. Regional political behaviour and the complexity of the implementation process shape the policy outcome. Who benefits from structural funds? In this paper, we analyse implementation of ERDF funds in East Germany in the financial perspective 2007 to 2013. We find that less rural regions and some economic sectors benefit by more than others. A few beneficiaries control the highest share of the funds. The Gini coefficients vary by group of actor and show high inequality in the distribution of the funds. This indicates that a few actors have better access to the funds than others.

Beyond Brexit: Reshaping policies for regional development in Europe

By John Bachtler, Iain Begg from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2018-01-04.

Abstract

Regional development is one of the main EU spending priorities through its Cohesion Policy. Brexit is among several influences on the future of the policy, whose evolution is part of a wider reshaping of the principles and practice of regional policy in Europe. In the context of emerging policy challenges and recent contributions to the regional policy literature, the article highlights innovation, human capital and effective institutions as three crucial dimensions of future policy. It argues that a shift in regional policy priorities, governance and territorial focus is underway – partly influenced by place-based policy thinking - at EU level under Cohesion Policy as well as under national regional policies in the EU27 and the UK.

Resumen

El desarrollo regional es una de las principales prioridades de gasto de la UE a través de su Política de Cohesión. Brexit es una de las diversas influencias sobre el futuro de esta política, cuya evolución forma parte de una remodelación más amplia de los principios y la práctica de la política regional en Europa. En el contexto de los desafíos emergentes en materia de políticas y las contribuciones recientes a la literatura sobre políticas regionales, el artículo destaca la innovación, el capital humano y las instituciones efectivas como tres dimensiones cruciales de la política futura. Se argumenta que está por llegar un cambio en las prioridades de las políticas regionales, en la gobernanza y en el enfoque territorial (en parte influido por ideas políticas basadas en el lugar) a nivel de la UE, que se reflejará tanto en la política de cohesión como en las políticas nacionales y regionales en la UE-27 y el Reino Unido.

抄録:

地域開発は、EUの結束政策(Cohesion Policy)でも貫かれている、支出が優先されるEUの主な政策の一つである。ブレグジッド(Brexit:イギリスのEU離脱)は政策の将来に影響を与える要素の一つであるが、ブレグジッドを進展させることはヨーロッパにおける地域政策の原則と実行の大きな変革の一部である。政策において新しく出現する課題と最近の地域政策研究論文から、本稿は、イノベーション、人的資本、有効な組織体制、以上が将来の政策に不可欠な3要素であることを強調する。場所を基本にした政策思考が部分的に影響してはいるが、結束政策下およびEUの27の加盟国とイギリスの各国の地域政策下のEUレベルで、地域政策の優先性、統治体制、地域への集中は転換期にある。

The long-term economic implications of Brexit for Scotland: An interregional analysis

By Gioele Figus, Katerina Lisenkova, Peter McGregor, Graeme Roy, Kim Swales from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-28.

Abstract

This paper offers a cautionary tale about the economic cost of European disintegration. Scotland provides an interesting twist on that story as somewhere that voted to remain part of the EU, but is now likely to be negatively affected, even though it is less directly exposed to EU trade than the UK. This occurs even if it were to achieve the softer Brexit with continued single market membership to which it aspires. The analysis includes potentially important lessons for the many nations and regions in which there exists pressures to move away from trade liberalization and towards protectionism.

Resumen

Este artículo ofrece una historia con moraleja sobre el costo económico de la desintegración europea. Escocia proporciona un giro interesante en esa historia, por ser un lugar que votó para seguir siendo parte de la UE, pero ahora es probable que se vea afectada negativamente, a pesar de que está menos expuesta directamente al comercio con la UE que el resto del Reino Unido. Esto ocurriría incluso si se lograra un Brexit leve en el que continuaría la membresía del mercado único a la que aspira. El análisis incluye importantes lecciones potenciales para el gran número de naciones y regiones en las que existen presiones para alejarse de la liberalización del comercio en dirección al proteccionismo.

抄録:

本稿では欧州における統合の崩壊による経済的損失に関する訓話を提示する。スコットランドは、住民のほとんどがEU残留に投票し、このストーリーに興味深い展開を与えたが、今となってはイギリスほどEUとの貿易による直接的な影響を受けてはいないものの、悪影響を受けている可能性が高い。スコットランドが強く希望している、EU単一市場には残留するというソフトブレグジット(soft Brexit:穏健な離脱)が成功したとしても結果は同じである。分析の結果には、貿易自由化を離れて保護貿易主義に向かわせる圧力が存在する多くの国家および地域にとって重要となりうる教訓が含まれている。

Internationalized at work and localistic at home: The ‘split’ Europeanization behind Brexit

By Riccardo Crescenzi, Marco Di Cataldo, Alessandra Faggian from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-27.

Abstract

This paper looks at the results of the referendum on the United Kingdom membership to the European Union in order to test the link between the internationalization of the local economy and the openness of the local society as factors associated with the Leave vote (Brexit). The paper compares a number of alternative explanations put forward in the public debate after the referendum. The empirical analysis suggests that the outcome of the referendum can be linked to an increasing tension between the ever increasing internationalization of local firms and the ‘localistic’ attitude of their employees. Brexit can be seen as the result of a process of ‘split Europeanization’ whereby Euroscepticism is triggered by the increasing mismatch between internationalized economies (and corporate economic interests) and localistic societies (and workers’ attitudes and cultural preferences).

Resumen

Este artículo analiza los resultados del referéndum sobre la membresía del Reino Unido a la Unión Europea con el fin de poner a prueba el vínculo entre la internacionalización de la economía local y la apertura de la sociedad local como factores asociados con el voto a favor de Salir (Brexit). El artículo compara varias explicaciones alternativas presentadas en el debate público después del referéndum. El análisis empírico sugiere que el resultado del referéndum puede vincularse con una tensión creciente entre la internacionalización cada vez mayor de las empresas locales y la actitud ‘localista’ de sus empleados. Brexit se puede entender como el resultado de un proceso de ‘europeización dividida’ mediante el cual el euroescepticismo se desencadena a causa del creciente desajuste entre las economías internacionalizadas (con intereses económicos corporativos) y las sociedades localistas (con actitudes y preferencias culturales de los trabajadores).

抄録:

本稿では、イギリスの欧州連合離脱の是非を問う国民投票の結果を検討し、地方経済の国際化と地方社会の開放性の関連が、離脱票[ブレグジッド(Brexit:イギリスのEU離脱)]につながる要因であったか否かを検証する。ここでは国民投票後の公開討論で提示された、投票結果に関する多数の仮説を比較する。実証分析から、国民投票の結果は、国際化傾向を続ける地方企業と「地方主義的志向(localistic attitude)」のその企業の従業員との緊張状態の悪化が関連していることが示唆される。国際化した経済(および企業の経済的利益)と地方主義的社会(および労働者の志向と文化的嗜好)のミスマッチの拡大により起きた欧州懐疑主義の観点からみると、ブレグジッドはヨーロッパ統合の分断のプロセスで起きた結果であるととらえることができる。

The regional costs of market size losses in a EU dismembering process

By Roberta Capello, Andrea Caragliu, Ugo Fratesi from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract

The paper measures regional GDP growth losses that a smaller market size caused by the reintroduction of legal and administrative barriers would cause. We model augmented barriers in a Keynesian framework, pointing at four effects: a border effect, stronger for regions close to borders; an exposure effect, stronger for regions open to trade; a centrality effect, affecting areas close to the economic core; a demand concentration effect, stronger for regions close to large trading partners. By estimating border effects with data on EU NUTS 3 regions and simulating a general increase in barriers among EU countries, the four regional effects clearly emerge.

Resumen

El artículo mide las pérdidas de crecimiento del PIB regional que causaría un tamaño de mercado más pequeño debido a la reintroducción de barreras legales y administrativas. Se modelizó un aumento de las barreras en un marco keynesiano, apuntando hacia cuatro efectos: un efecto de frontera, más fuerte para las regiones cercanas a las fronteras; un efecto de exposición, más fuerte para las regiones abiertas al comercio; un efecto de centralidad, que afecta a las áreas cercanas al núcleo económico; y un efecto de concentración de la demanda, más fuerte para las regiones cercanas a los grandes socios comerciales. Los cuatro efectos regionales emergen claramente al estimar los efectos de frontera a partir de datos sobre las regiones NUTS 3 de la UE y de simular un aumento en general de las barreras entre los países de la UE.

抄録:

本稿では、法的および規制的障壁の再導入による市場規模の縮小が原因となって生じうる、地域のGDP成長の損失を計測する。障壁の増加を、ケインズ理論のフレームワークに基づいてモデル化すると、以下の4つの効果が指摘される。国境に近い地域でより強くなる「国境効果(border effect)」、開放的な貿易を行う地域でより強くなる「接触効果(exposure effect)」、経済の中心に近い地域にみられる「中心性効果(centrality effect)」、取引が多い相手が近い地域でより強くなる「需要集中効果(demand concentration effect)」。EUの第三種地域統計分類単位(NUTS 3)の地域のデータを用いて国境効果を推計し、EU加盟国間の障壁の全体的な増加をシミュレートすると、この4つの効果がはっきりと現れる。

UK trade and FDI: A post-Brexit perspective

By Swati Dhingra, Gianmarco Ottaviano, Veronica Rappoport, Thomas Sampson, Catherine Thomas from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract

Leaving the EU will reshape the UK's economic relations with the rest of the world. This paper summarizes the findings of recent research studying the UK's role in the global economy, and the consequences of Brexit for UK trade, investment, and living standards. We emphasize that international integration affects investment and labour flows as well as trade in goods and services. There are important interdependencies between different forms of integration that should be accounted for when evaluating policy changes. Brexit is likely to make the UK poorer by reducing trade and investment flows, but the magnitude of the economic decline will depend upon the nature of the UK's post-Brexit economic relations with the EU and the rest of the world. We conclude by considering options for UK-EU relations after Brexit and how the UK should approach future trade negotiations.

Resumen

La salida de la UE reformará las relaciones económicas del Reino Unido con el resto del mundo. Este artículo resume los hallazgos de investigaciones recientes que estudian el papel del Reino Unido en la economía global y las consecuencias de Brexit para el comercio, la inversión y los niveles de vida en el Reino Unido. El artículo pone de relieve que la integración internacional afecta los flujos de inversión y de mano de obra, así como el comercio de bienes y servicios. Existen interdependencias importantes entre las diferentes formas de integración que se deben tener en cuenta al evaluar los cambios en las políticas. Es probable que Brexit haga más pobre al Reino Unido a causa de la reducción de los flujos de comercio e inversión, pero la magnitud de la disminución económica dependerá de la naturaleza de las relaciones económicas post-Brexit del Reino Unido con la UE y el resto del mundo. Las conclusiones sopesan las opciones para las relaciones post-Brexit entre el Reino Unido y la UE y cómo debería el Reino Unido abordar las futuras negociaciones sobre comercio.

抄録:

EU離脱は、イギリスが諸外国との経済関係を再構築するということを意味する。本稿では、イギリスの世界経済における役割に関する最近の研究の知見、ブレグジッド(Brexit:イギリスのEU離脱)がイギリスの貿易、投資、生活水準にもたらした影響を要約する。我々は、国際統合が、投資、労働力フロー、そして物品およびサービス取引に影響することを強調する。政策転換の評価を行う際に考慮に入れるべき、異なる統合形式間の大きな相互依存性が存在する。ブレグジッドは取引と投資フローを減少させイギリスをより貧しくする可能性が高いが、経済の衰退の規模は、ブレグジッド後のEUとその他の諸外国との経済関係の性質に依存すると考えられる。最後にブレグジッド後のイギリスとEUの関係として考えられる選択肢と、イギリスが今後の貿易交渉にどのようなアプローチをとるべきか考察する。

Territorial cohesion under pressure? Welfare policy and planning responses in Austrian and Swedish Peripheries

By Elisabeth Gruber, Daniel Rauhut, Alois Humer from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract

Austria and Sweden were both relatively unaffected by the economic crisis, challenges of the provision of welfare still exist, at least in peripheries. Economic downturn and outmigration have limited demands and increased the costs for services of general interest. This paper aims to discuss welfare policy and planning strategies for peripheries from a planning cultural sensitive perspective. It will answer how much the value of territorial cohesion is under pressure for peripheries in traditional welfare states, identifying a mismatch between policy levels. The results indicate a stepwise mainstreaming of competitiveness goals in favour of urban regions, leaving the challenges of peripheries to policy responses of single municipalities.

A spatial panel data analysis of China's urban land expansion, 2004–2014

By Yingcheng Li, Weiting Xiong from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-22.

Abstract

Drawing upon a panel dataset on China's state-owned construction land supply at the prefecture level, this paper adopts the spatial panel data model to investigate the existence of spatial dependence in the mechanisms behind China's urban land expansion from 2004 to 2014. The empirical results show that China's urban land expansion has been mainly influenced by a quadruple process of urbanization, industrialization, globalization and decentralization. The strong existence of spatial dependence in China's urban land expansion can be reflected by the significant coefficient estimates of the spatial lags of both the dependent variable and independent variables.

Policy paper: Government response to House of Lords report on judicial appointments follow-up

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-20.

This is the Government response to the House of Lords Constitution Committee’s follow-up report on the judicial appointments process.

Policy paper: Rail Vehicle Accessibility Regulations exemption orders: annual report 2016

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-20.

Annual report for 2016 on exemptions from Rail Vehicle Accessibility Regulations.

Spatial interactions in property tax policies among Italian municipalities

By Chiara Bocci, Claudia Ferretti, Patrizia Lattarulo from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-20.

Abstract

This paper aims to estimate, through the use of a spatial model, the determinants of fiscal policies on property tax adopted by Italian municipalities in 2014, to assess the existence of strategic interactions influencing their revenue decisions and, finally, to investigate the possible sources of such tax mimicking. The analysis evaluates the impact of political and socio-economic variables on the local policy decisions and confirms that the choices on property tax are influenced by the neighbouring municipalities’ behaviour. With regard to the tax mimicking sources, results highlight that the imitative behaviour among municipalities on their tax policy is determined mainly from spillover effects, with a decreasing effect in relation to municipal size.

Corporate report: Responding to human rights judgments: 2016 to 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-19.

This report sets out the government’s position on the implementation of human rights judgments from the European Court of Human Rights and our domestic courts.

Does climate matter? An empirical study of interregional migration in China

By Li Gao, Abdoul G. Sam from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-19.

Abstract

This study focuses on the role of local climate conditions in spurring interregional migration in China over the period 2000 to 2010. We developed a robust empirical approach based on a correlated random effects model and a prefecture-level panel dataset which allows us to account for both within province migration flows and prefecture-specific characteristics. Empirical results reveal that climate conditions are important determinants of migration in China. Specifically, prefectures with warmer winter, cooler summer, and more available sunshine are more attractive to migrants. Economic factors such as income level and employment opportunities are also important drivers of population growth.

The geography of social capital and innovation in the European Union

By Jesús Peiró-Palomino from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-19.

Abstract

This paper assesses the role of the associational activity dimension of social capital in regional innovation for 257 EU 28 regions in the pre-crisis (2000–2007) and the crisis (2008–2012) period. The analysis is carried out using flexible non-parametric kernel regressions, which allow for exploring heterogeneity across space and over time. The results show that effects widely differ across regions, but no differences are found between periods. In particular, the largest effects are found for less developed and transition regions from the periphery. In contrast, for most of the developed regions in the core of Europe the impact is non-significant. These results might be useful for policy design in the H2020 framework.

Policy paper: Radicalisation - the counter-narrative and identifying the tipping point: government response

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-18.

The government response to the 8th report from the Home Affairs Select Committee Session 2016 to 2017 HC135: Radicalisation - the counter-narrative and identifying the tipping point.

Policy paper: Automatic enrolment review 2017: Maintaining the momentum

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-18.

A report about how workplace pensions will meet the needs of individuals and employers while remaining fair, affordable and sustainable for future generations.

Policy paper: Personal Independence Payment (PIP) assessment second independent review: government response

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-18.

The government's response to Paul Gray's second independent review of Personal Independence Payment (PIP) assessments.

Policy paper: Abuse, hate and extremism online: government response to 14th HASC report, HC609

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-18.

The government response to the 14th report from the Home Affairs Select Committee Session 2016 to 17, HC609: Hate crime: abuse, hate and extremism online.

Independent report: Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety: interim report

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-18.

Interim report which was commissioned by government following the Grenfell Tower fire to make recommendations on the future regulatory system.

Human capital and market size

By Cecilia Vives from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-18.

Abstract

This paper studies how the size of the labour market affects workers' decisions to invest in human capital. We consider a model of mismatch where firms rank workers according to their level of skills. The matching process operating in the market has the property that the job finding probability of workers depends on market size, market tightness and their ranking. The model is consistent with several facts highlighted in empirical studies: in bigger markets the distribution of human capital is more unequal and the returns to skill are higher.

Knowledge externalities and firm heterogeneity: Effects on high and low growth firms

By Markus Grillitsch, Magnus Nilsson from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-15.

Abstract

Knowledge externalities affect high and low growth firms differently. This paper develops two theoretical arguments. The knowledge equilibrium argument postulates that knowledge externalities weaken high growth firms for the benefit of low growth firms until performance differences vanish. The knowledge competition argument proposes that high growth firms are better positioned to identify, attract, and integrate knowledge, thereby expanding the performance gap between high and low growth firms. Based on 188,936 observations of 32,736 Swedish firms from 2004 to 2011, it is analysed whether knowledge externalities enable high growth firms to surge ahead or low growth firms to catch up.

Corporate report: Department of Health and Social Care single departmental plan

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2018-01-29.

The Department of Health and Social Care has set out its objectives and how it will deliver them.

Corporate report: Limiting the use of complainants’ sexual history in sexual offence cases

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-14.

This report considers the law on the admissibility of complainants’ sexual history in sexual offence cases in practice.

Corporate report: Child maintenance: client funds account 2016 to 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-14.

Account for the client funds relating to the 1993 and 2003, and 2012 statutory child maintenance schemes for the year 2016 to 2017.

Research and analysis: Thirteenth Programme of Law Reform

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-14.

The Law Commission has published its Thirteenth Programme of Law Reform – 14 areas of law that it will scrutinise before making recommendations for reform.

Policy paper: Improving social mobility through education

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-14.

The government's national plan to support children and young people to reach their full potential.

Corporate report: Ofsted Annual Report 2016/17: education, children’s services and skills

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-13.

Ofsted's Annual Report presents our findings for the areas we inspect in early years childcare, schools, further education and skills and social care.

Consequences of Brexit and options for a ‘Global Britain’

By Steven Brakman, Harry Garretsen, Tristan Kohl from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-12.

Abstract

The United Kingdom has opted to leave the European Union. The consequences of Brexit on international trade are large and negative. While the UK aims for new, ambitious trade agreements after Brexit, it is not explicit about the type of agreements it envisions or with whom specifically. This paper considers the UK's options. We confirm Brexit's substantial, negative trade effects for the UK, EU, and major countries around the world. After reviewing all potential options, our answer to the question whether the UK has an alternative for the existing agreement with the EU is: No. Paradoxically, only a trade agreement with the EU can compensate for Brexit's trade losses.

Resumen

El Reino Unido ha optado por abandonar la Unión Europea. Las consecuencias de Brexit en el comercio internacional son grandes y negativas. Si bien el Reino Unido busca acuerdos comerciales nuevos y ambiciosos después de Brexit, no ha manifestado explícitamente el tipo de acuerdos que prevé o con quién específicamente. Este artículo considera las opciones del Reino Unido. En él se confirman los sustanciales efectos comerciales negativos de Brexit para el Reino Unido, la UE y los principales países del mundo. Después de revisar todas las opciones posibles, nuestra respuesta a la pregunta de si el Reino Unido tiene una alternativa para el acuerdo existente con la UE es: No. Paradójicamente, solo un acuerdo comercial con la UE puede compensar las pérdidas comerciales de Brexit.

抄録:

イギリスは欧州連合(EU)から離脱することを選択した。ブレグジッド(Brexit:イギリスのEU離脱)は国際貿易に対して大きなマイナスの影響を与えている。イギリスは、離脱後の新しい野心的な貿易協定を目指しているが、イギリスが想定している協定の内容や協定の具体的な相手は明確ではない。本稿では、イギリスにある選択肢を考察する。ブレグジッドが、イギリス、EU、および世界の主要大国に、貿易に関してマイナスの影響を大きく及ぼしたことが確認される。イギリスに現在のEUとの協定の代替となる選択肢があるかという問題については、選択肢の候補をすべてレビューして得られた答えはノーである。逆説的であるが、EUとの貿易協定だけがブレグジッドによる貿易損失を補償することができる。

The continental divide? Economic exposure to Brexit in regions and countries on both sides of The Channel

By Wen Chen, Bart Los, Philip McCann, Raquel Ortega-Argilés, Mark Thissen, Frank Oort from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-12.

Abstract

In this paper we employ an extension of the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) with regional detail for EU countries to study the degree to which EU regions and countries are exposed to negative trade-related consequences of Brexit. We develop an index of this exposure, which incorporates all effects due to geographically fragmented production processes within the UK, the EU and beyond. Our findings demonstrate that UK regions are far more exposed than regions in other countries. Only regions in the Republic of Ireland face exposure levels similar to some UK regions, while the next most affected regions are in Germany, The Netherlands, Belgium and France. This imbalance may influence the outcomes of the negotiations between the UK and the EU.

Resumen

En este artículo se emplea una extensión de la Base de Datos Mundial de Input-Output (WIOD, por sus siglas en inglés) con detalles regionales para los países de la UE, con el fin de estudiar en qué medida están expuestas las regiones y los países de la UE a las consecuencias negativas de Brexit relacionadas con el comercio. Se desarrolla un índice de esta exposición, que incorpora todos los efectos debidos a los procesos de producción fragmentados geográficamente dentro del Reino Unido, la UE y el resto del mundo. Los hallazgos demuestran que las regiones del Reino Unido están mucho más expuestas que las regiones de otros países. Tan solo las regiones de la República de Irlanda se enfrentan a niveles de exposición similares a algunas de las regiones del Reino Unido, mientras que las siguientes regiones más afectadas se encuentran en Alemania, los Países Bajos, Bélgica y Francia. Este desequilibrio puede influir en los resultados de las negociaciones entre el Reino Unido y la UE.

抄録

本稿では、EU加盟国の地域の詳細情報を加えた、拡張版World Input-Output Database (WIOD) を使用して、EU内の地域およびEU加盟国が、貿易に関してブレグジッド(Brexit:イギリスのEU離脱)の悪影響をどの程度受けているかを検討する。本稿では、イギリス国内、EU内、さらに広範囲に地理的に分断されている生産プロセスによるあらゆる効果を組み込んだ、ブレグジッドの影響の程度を示す指標を作成する。結果から、イギリスの地域は他の国の地域よりも悪影響をはるかに大きく受けていることが示される。アイルランド共和国の地域のみが、イギリスの一部の地域に近いレベルで悪影響を受けており、ドイツ、オランダ、ベルギー、フランス、以上の各国の地域がこれに続く。この不均衡はイギリスとEU間の交渉の結果に影響する可能性がある。

Is there a relationship between TELs and default? Evidence from US municipalities

By John A. Dove from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-12-06.

Abstract

The economic effects of tax and expenditure limits (TELs) have been often studied in the literature. However, little research has addressed how TELs might influence the propensity for a jurisdiction to default on its obligations. This study specifically fills that void. Overall, the results indicate that while the likelihood of default increases as TELs become more restrictive, the magnitude is not particularly large. Once decomposed, it would appear that property tax limits increase the likelihood, while expenditure limits have the opposite effect, though the latter result is insignificant. The findings are robust to a number of specifications and provide potential policy implications.

Policy paper: The government’s response to an incompatibility in the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-19.

Command paper and remedial order to allow a single person to obtain a parental order following a surrogacy arrangement.

Area-specific subsidies and population dynamics: Evidence from the Australian zone tax offset

By Nathan Kettlewell, Oleg Yerokhin from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-11-29.

Abstract

This paper studies the effect of the zone tax offset (ZTO), a place based income subsidy implemented in rural Australia since 1945. The policy was intended to improve the welfare of inhabitants and provide an incentive for settlement. Our empirical approach exploits the geographical discontinuity in the eligibility for the subsidy to identify its causal effect on population growth. Using data on population by locality from the historical censuses we find that the ZTO had a positive but only temporary effect on population growth in the targeted areas.

Brexit and its possible implications for the UK economy and its regions: A post-Keynesian perspective

By John S.L. McCombie, Marta R.M. Spreafico from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-11-22.

Abstract

This paper discusses the implications of Brexit for both the UK and its regions, as the latter depends on the former. We concentrate on the forecasts by Her Majesty's Treasury (HMT), the Cambridge Centre for Business Research and the Economists for Brexit. It is argued that the estimates of HMT of the loss of GDP are likely to be overstated, but, nevertheless, there will probably be a fall in output. Given this, the effect on the UK regions is analysed using the regional balance-of-payments constrained growth model. This suggests that Brexit will cause regional disparities to widen.

Resumen

Este artículo discute las implicaciones de Brexit para el Reino Unido y sus regiones, ya que estas últimas dependen del Reino Unido. El artículo se concentra en los pronósticos del Tesoro de Su Majestad (HMT, por sus siglas en inglés), del Cambridge Center for Business Research y de Economists for Brexit. Aunque se argumenta que es probable que las estimaciones de HMT de la pérdida del PIB sean exageradas, en cualquier caso es probable que haya una caída en la producción. Debido a esto, se analizó el efecto sobre las regiones del Reino Unido mediante el modelo de crecimiento restringido de la balanza regional de pagos. Esto sugiere que Brexit causará una ampliación de las disparidades regionales.

抄録

本稿では、地域が国に依存しているものとして、イギリスとその地域の双方にとってのブレグジッド(Brexit:イギリスのEU離脱)の意義を考察する。本稿では、女王陛下の大蔵省(Her Majesty's Treasury:HMT)、ケンブリッジ大学ビジネスリサーチセンター、Economists for Brexitの予測結果に絞って注目する。HMTが推算したGDPの損失額は過大であると言われているが、それでもやはり、ほぼ間違いなく生産が減少すると考えられる。これを踏まえて、地域のbalance-of-payments constrained growth model(国際収支制約成長モデル)を用いてイギリスの地域に対する影響を分析する。結果からブレグジッドは地域格差を更に拡大することが示唆される。

Agglomeration of creative industries: An intra-metropolitan analysis for Barcelona

By Eva Coll-Martínez, Ana-Isabel Moreno-Monroy, Josep-Maria Arauzo-Carod from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-11-07.

Abstract

In this paper we analyse the intensity and extent of agglomeration and co-agglomeration of creative industries (CIs) in the metropolitan area of Barcelona (MAB). To do so, we use firm-level geo-located data to calculate distance-based M and m functions of agglomeration and co-agglomeration. Our results show that CIs are relatively more agglomerated than non-CIs at short distances, and that each individual CI sector displays high levels of agglomeration (especially symbolic-based sectors). Also, the co-agglomeration of CIs and Non-CIs is only observed for micro-firms and that there is significant co-agglomeration among symbolic-based CI sectors. Finally, we confirm the role of the city-centre of Barcelona as a magnet for CIs.

Migration and occupational careers: The static and dynamic urban wage premium by education and city size

By Martin Korpi, William A.V. Clark from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-11-06.

Abstract

Using matched employer-employee full population data on regional migrants in Sweden, this paper addresses the question whether the urban wage premium, and ‘thick’ labour market matching effects, are to be found across all educational groups, and whether the population threshold for these types of effects varies by educational category. Estimating initial wages, average wage level and wage growth 2001-2009, we find similar wage premiums for all workers in the three largest metropolitan areas, but that there are distinct population thresholds for these type of effects, regardless of educational background. However, job search behaviour as explaining dynamic effects over time seems to pertain mostly to those with higher education.

The role of social capital in regional innovation systems: Creative social capital and its institutionalization process

By Cristina Aragón Amonarriz, Cristina Iturrioz, Lorea Narvaiza, Mario Davide Parrilli from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-10-27.

Abstract

In the literature on regional innovation systems, one strand of study has identified a number of gaps that limit the efficiency and effectiveness of regional innovation systems, including so-called ‘managerial gaps’, ‘structural holes’, ‘innovation gaps’, and ‘valleys of death’. Our project aims to demonstrate how social capital, in a creative tension that balances bonding and bridging elements, may contribute to reducing these specific gaps identified in the regional innovation systems literature. This perspective is analysed within a particular context: the Mondragon Cooperative Group in the Basque Country.

Ethnic minority concentration: A source of productivity growth for Italian provinces?

By Alessandra Michelangeli, Nicola Pontarollo, Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-10-11.

Abstract

This paper aims at assessing the contribution of ethnic minorities to the (total and sectoral) productivity of Italian provinces. We consider the first ten nationalities by numbers of legal immigrants at the provincial level (NUTS 3) 2003–2011. We estimate a spatial panel model to capture both direct and indirect effects of foreign communities on local productivity at the province level, accounting for spatial spillovers. Our findings show that two communities out of the ten considered have a direct positive impact on aggregate labour productivity. Other foreign groups have significant indirect effects: these groups do not affect productivity of provinces where they live, but mainly of the neighbouring provinces, likely because of commuting.

Overlapping labour market areas based on link communities

By Yicheol Han, Stephan J. Goetz from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-10-11.

Abstract

Many urban areas around the world have expanded from monocentric to polycentric regions forming larger hierarchical structures. These regions represent functional regions or labour market areas (LMAs) that are classified as groups of counties representing mutually exclusive, non-overlapping geographies. In practice, however, a county may belong to multiple overlapping LMAs. To model this overlapping across urban hierarchies, we extend the link community method from network theory and apply it to US commuting data. Our proposed approach reliably identifies the LMAs that we would expect to find as well as core and periphery areas within them.

Accessibility at the household level using the Structural Accessibility Layer: A forecast of potential future travel behaviour based on self-selection of residential location

By Xavier Albacete from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-10-06.

Abstract

The current paper analysis the differences in accessibility categories at the household level and by lifecycle changes by using the Structural Accessibility Layer. Results are evaluated from spatial, numerical and qualitative perspectives. Main findings show differences in residential preference by a single-person household, couple without children and households with children for different potential accessibility categories. This paper provides evidence that external factors influence the population to move from public transport into car-based mobility. Finally, we observe areas categorized as suitable for both walking and public transport mobility presenting low population density and residential development of those areas is suggested.

An interpretation of the changes in demographic behaviour at a sub-national level using spatial measures in post-socialist countries: A case study of the Czech Republic and Slovakia

By Branislav Bleha, Pavol Ďurček from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-10-03.

Abstract

The transformation of fertility and family behaviour in post-socialist countries was quick and the changes were striking. An account of the changes is the subject of dispute and the mechanisms have still not been explained in a fully satisfying manner. Relatively little attention has been paid to the changes in spatial aspects concerning the broadening of changes in family behaviour. The aim of this paper is to answer the question as to whether changes spread stochastically in post-socialist countries or if there are obvious spatial patterns. The study tries to answer the questions whether there are any cores of changes which may be understood as innovations, if there is any spatial clustering and if the extent is hierarchically arranged.

The effect of ICT adoption on labour demand: A cross-region comparison

By Mohamed Goaied, Seifallah Sassi from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-10-03.

Abstract

This paper assesses the information and communications technologies (ICT)-labour relationship from a macroeconomic perspective to clarify some ambiguity regarding the overall employment effect of ICT adoption in the short and long term. For that, we use two panel data techniques, generalized method of moments (GMM) and the pooled mean group model (PMG), on a large sample of developing and developed countries, covering five regions, during the period from 1990–2015. Our findings provide evidence that the overall impact of ICT adoption is labour saving in the short term, and this adverse effect still carries on in the long run, inducing higher structural unemployment. The displacement of the labour market induced by ICT adoption is real, persistent, and universal. Policy-makers should facilitate the transition of labour from old to new jobs and reduce the period of adaptability.

The role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms

By Sam Tavassoli, Charlie Karlsson from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-09-29.

Abstract

This paper analyses the role of regional context on innovation persistency of firms. Using the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced firms' innovative behaviour from 2002 to 2012, in terms of four Schumpeterian types of innovation: product, process, organizational, and marketing. Controlling for an extensive set of firm-level characteristics, we find that certain regional characteristics matter for innovation persistency of firms. In particular, those firms located in regions with: (i) thicker labour market or (ii) higher extent of knowledge spillover exhibit higher probability of being persistent innovators up to 14 percentage points. Such higher persistency is mostly pronounced for product innovators.

Where are the artists? Analysing economies of agglomeration in Castile and León, Spain

By Iván Boal, Luis César Herrero from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-09-28.

Abstract

The creative economy has become the subject of increasing interest in recent years, both in economic development studies and the analysis of spatial disparities. Various studies have examined the spatial logics of cultural and creative industries, although analyses into the location and agglomeration of artists therein remain few and far between. The present work thus seeks to explore the location and spatial structure of the cultural sector in a Spanish region, focusing specifically on the purest artistic activities and using micro-spatial disaggregation. Spatial econometric techniques are used to identify location patterns, pinpoint territorial activity clusters and to measure agglomeration economies.

Do local subsidies to firms create jobs? Counterfactual evaluation of an Italian regional experience

By Giuseppe Porro, Valentina Salis from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-09-20.

Abstract

A counterfactual analysis is performed to evaluate the impact on employment of four programmes providing financial incentives to firms in Lombardy (Italy) between 2008 and 2013. While linear estimates suggest that the programmes have positive effects on short-run employment growth when incentives are sufficiently high, a non-parametric analysis shows that the policy is, on the whole, ineffective and that the results in linear models are due to small groups of outliers, which received very high subsidies. Data allow for a short run analysis only, but the results cast some doubts on the policy effectiveness also in a medium-long run perspective.

The determinants of foreclosures: Evidence from the Spanish case

By Josep Maria Raya from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-09-12.

Abstract

This paper aims to identify the determinants of foreclosures in Spain, a country that not only has the highest foreclosure rate in Europe, but in which foreclosures have also become a major social and political issue. Using a unique dataset, we obtained the determinants of both the foreclosure-to-population ratio and the probability that a home would end in foreclosure. Evidence that deteriorating loan quality and short-term liquidity constraints are the main drivers of foreclosures was obtained. Through urban inequality, foreclosures have exacerbated segregation and divergence among neighbourhoods.

Territorial governance and proximity dynamics. The case of two public policy arrangements in the Brazilian Amazon

By Etienne Polge, André Torre from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-08-30.

Abstract

Using social network and proximity-based approaches, this paper analyses the effect of two territorial governance arrangements implemented in the Amazonian region in the framework of ‘The Territories of Citizenship’ programme, which aims to promote interaction and collaboration between the various actors of rural development. In the Amazon region, the great distances between actors made their interactions difficult. Our study reveals, however, that those distances are not insurmountable obstacles to collaboration. Indeed, the measures implemented in the framework of territorial policies promote communication between the different actors of the territories, thus allowing for the development and reinforcement of organized proximity.

Free-rider behaviour under voluntary amalgamation: The case of setting the long-term care insurance premium in Japan

By Katsuyoshi Nakazawa from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract

This study confirms free-rider behaviour of pre-merger municipalities in the case of voluntary amalgamation. The novel contribution of this study is dividing pre-merger municipalities into two groups: those that had the chance to free ride when setting the long-term care insurance premium and those that did not. Moreover, it focuses on the revision of the long-term care insurance premium as the target of free-rider behaviour. Therefore, the present study is able to capture free-rider behaviour before the amalgamation. The regression results confirm that only pre-merger municipalities that had the chance to free ride showed free-rider behaviour.

From sources of financial value to commons: Emerging policies for enhancing public real-estate assets in Italy

By Alessia Mangialardo, Ezio Micelli from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-08-29.

Abstract

Enhancing public real-estate assets has been at the centre of a lively debate in Italy. Public policies have focused on the supply-side, assuming that private demand was ready to develop assets. Yet with the decline in the real-estate market, conditions have greatly changed. Italian authorities begun to experiment new approaches to enhance public assets by supporting the grass-roots participation. The aim of this research is to determine the conditions that can predict the successful outcome of bottom-up value creation dynamics in public real-estate properties. Through a multivariate statistical analysis, the study proposes an interpretation of the elements that determine the successful outcome of bottom-up processes.

Unconventional wisdom: Estimating the economic impact of the Democratic and Republican national political conventions

By Lauren R. Heller, Victor A. Matheson, E. Frank Stephenson from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-08-15.

Abstract

We use daily hotel occupancy, price, and revenue data to analyse the economic impact of the 2008 and 2012 Democratic and Republican national conventions. We find that political conventions generate approximately 29,000 room nights of lodging, though this figure is partially offset by lower hotel occupancy during the week before and, to a lesser extent, after conventions. Conventions increase hotel revenue by approximately $20 million on average, a figure which suggests that host cities’ claims of economic impacts of $150 million or more may be implausible.

Differentiated mixed duopoly and decentralization in a two-city model

By Kosuke Oshima from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-08-08.

We investigate a differentiated mixed duopoly with two cities where a public firm and a private firm are located in different cities. We find that in most cases the privatization level is higher under centralization (the national or regional government owns the public firm) than under decentralization (a city government owns the public firm). In particular, under decentralization, the public firm is fully owned by the city government if the substitutability of differentiated goods is relatively high. While the social welfare is higher under centralization, the welfare of the city with the public firm is higher under decentralization in most cases.

Corporate report: Ofqual annual report for the period 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-21.

Ofqual's annual report and accounts for the period 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017.

More on decentralization and economic growth

By Henry Aray from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-07-19.

This article casts new evidence on the effects of decentralization on economic growth. Based on the literature on the effects of institutions on the economy, such effects are assumed to accrue through total factor productivity (TFP). Five variables to capture decentralization are proposed in order to overcome the recent criticisms of the empirical approaches regarding the proper measures of variables capturing decentralization. Panel data for the regions of Spain over the 1986–2010 period are used. In general, the results show that the financial autonomy and the share of regional investment in public infrastructure seem to positively affect the economic growth of Spanish regions. However, a negative effect is found for a proxy for the number of responsibilities transferred to the regions. Moreover, empirical evidence provided for three sub-sample periods could be suggesting that the Spanish state might be around the optimal level of decentralization. Results are fairly robust to different estimation methods and measures of TFP, regardless of the assumption of constant returns to scale.

Policy paper: HS2 Phase 2b route decision

From Publications on GOV.UK. Published on 2017-12-15.

The route for HS2 Phase 2b, from Crewe to Manchester and West Midlands to Leeds and beyond.

Informal work in Poland – a regional approach

By Dagmara Nikulin, Aneta Sobiechowska-Ziegert from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-07-17.

Abstract

In our paper we try to combine the theories explaining the prevalence of informal work, using a regional approach. Reviewing the literature, we observe that, there is no evidence to confirm that the relationships that occur in cross-country comparisons remain significant when we use regional data and analyse cross-regional variations. Our general question is therefore whether there is simply more informal work in less-developed regions, as the modernization theory asserts. Our analysis concludes that there is limited correlation between the prevalence of informal work and a region's level of development, whereas there is a significant positive autocorrelation between the extent of informal work in the analysed voivodships in Poland.

Value-added effects of transit-oriented development: The impact of urban rail on commercial property values with consideration of spatial heterogeneity

By Haitao Yu, Hao Pang, Ming Zhang from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-07-07.

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of the Austin MetroRail on commercial property values. Spatial Durbin models (SDM) suggest a modest price premium associated with rail transit across the study area. A premium gradient is also presented at different distance tiers from stations. When it comes to transit-oriented development (TOD), a synergistic effect in enlarging the premium is found: with additional $9.0/ft2, $8.6/ft2 and $5.3/ft2 at 0.25 mi, 0.25–0.5 mi and 0.5–0.75 mi, respectively. Furthermore, geographically weighted regression shows the premium is significantly higher in central business district (CBD) and TOD areas. Such recognition of the heterogeneous price effect is of use in the design of project financing and TOD strategies.

The demand for gambling in Italian regions and its distributional consequences

By Luca Gandullia, Lucia Leporatti from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-06-19.

Abstract

In recent years, the Italian gambling market has exploded, leading Italy to become the largest European gambling market and the fourth largest worldwide but the literature on the topic is still limited. This study analyses gambling demand across Italian regions in order to detect how the socio-economic status of a region impacts the demand for different games. The results reveal that the consumption of each game is unevenly distributed across the northern and southern regions and that gambling products are generally regressive at a regional level; inconsistences emerged between central and sub-national competences in the organization of the market.

Economic drivers and specialization patterns in the spatial distribution of Framework Programme's participation

By Nicola Francesco Dotti, André Spithoven from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-06-15.

Abstract

While R&D activities are known for being unevenly distributed across space, how EU policy contributed to their regional dynamics is less explored. Since the 1980s, the EU Framework Programmes (FP) have promoted and supported transnational R&D projects through open and highly competitive calls for funding driven by ‘scientific excellence’ regardless of location. This paper aims to show the drivers of this spatial distribution and evolution of FP participations, arguing that this depends on cumulative effects of regional economic development and growth, while scientific specialization rarely is the best strategy to improve regional competitiveness in terms of FP participations.

Revisiting the importance of border effect in sub-national regions. Evidence from a quasi-experimental design

By Jacint Balaguer, Jordi Ripollés from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-06-07.

Abstract

Literature provides significant border effects on consumer prices even for sub-national regions. Nevertheless, Gorodnichenko and Tesar showed that the evidence from the usual methodology could be illusory if there is cross-regional heterogeneity in the distribution of within-region price differentials. We designed a quasi-experiment that, using a transport fuel dataset, is applied to the Spanish regions. We found that, despite controlling for regional tax divergences, price differences remained critically dependent on regions. However, results suggest that the presence of borders per se is practically negligible to explain the lack of regional integration. Factors underlying the distribution heterogeneity are responsible for this.

The performance of non-survey techniques for constructing sub-territorial input-output tables

By Giuseppe Ricciardo Lamonica, Francesco Maria Chelli from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-06-02.

Abstract

This study is a contribution to the ongoing debate on the performance of various non-survey techniques for constructing sub-territorial input-output tables. Three aspects of the behaviour of the methods are analysed: performances in reproducing ‘true’ input coefficients, variability of error, and direction of bias. The analysis uses real data and in particular the world input-output table. The most important aspect that emerges from the analysis is that even though simple location quotient (SLQ) has been identified as one of the most robust methods, its performance drops when confronted with Input Output Tables characterized by a high percentage of technical coefficients close to zero. Also the cross industry location quotient (CILQ), the semi logarithmic location quotient (RLQ), the symmetric cross industry location quotient (SCILQ) methods behave in a similar way. On the contrary, the performance of the methods the Flegg location quotient (FLQ) for δ = 0.2 and the Augmented Flegg location quotient (AFLQ) for 0.2 ≤ δ ≤ 0.3 are not affected by this situation.

Urban spatial structure in OECD cities: Is urban population decentralising or clustering?

By Paolo Veneri from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-05-30.

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of urban spatial structure and its trends in the OECD between 2001 and 2011, by using a standardized definition of functional urban areas (FUAs) in 29 OECD countries. The prevalent trend is an increasing decentralization of the population, with growth taking place outside existing cores, but close to them. Overall, results are consistent with a pattern of contiguous growth. The population has grown more in relatively low-density locations close to the main centres. Closeness to sub-centres also proves to be a strong advantage for growth and suggests the emergence of new centralities shaping urban spatial structures.

Wage compensation for fly-in/fly-out and drive-in/drive-out commuters

By Dusan Paredes, Juan Soto, David A. Fleming from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-05-30.

Abstract

The fly-in/fly-Out (FIFO) or, drive-in/drive-out (DIDO) labour system is a long-distance commuting work arrangement to attract workers towards remote mineral or fossil fuel extraction areas, where they work in shifts and then return to their usual place of residence located in a different region. Along with more and cheaper transportation alternatives, the use of FIFO/DIDO systems have importantly increased in last decades around the world, which has translated to FIFO/DIDO systems operating even when already established cities are present in extractive regions. This paper uses the case of Chile, one of the most important mining countries in the world, to explore whether and in what extent these labor systems influence wage compensations. We find that FIFO/DIDO commuters obtain an average wage compensation of 2.4 per cent per commuted hour.

The transfer of development rights as a tool for the urban growth containment: A comparison between the United States and Italy

By Anna Maria Colavitti, Sergio Serra from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-05-24.

Abstract

In recent years many countries all over the world adopted a variety of preservation tools and market-oriented solutions to contain land consumption. Among these countries Italy slowly began to incorporate the principles of the free market into the urban planning programmes. The United States Transfer of development rights programmes (TDR) represent a reference point for a market-based approach in the field of environmental preservation policies. In this paper we compared the criteria successfully adopted by the US TDR programmes to the specifications adopted by the municipal plans of three important Italian cities (Milan, Rome and Florence) and we discussed their efficacy to control the urban growth.

A stochastic independence approach for measuring regional specialization and concentration

By Christian Haedo, Michel Mouchart from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-05-23.

This paper proposes an integrated framework for discussing issues related to regional concentration, sectorial specialization and overall localization by considering these concepts as a row-column association– or non-independence– in a two-way contingency table ‘regions × sectors’. This is the approach of stochastic independence, in which the degree of concentration, or of specialization, is measured by discrepancies among distributions: between profiles and a uniform distribution for absolute concepts; between profiles and the corresponding marginal distribution for relative concepts; or between the joint distribution and the product of the marginal distributions for overall localization. This paper discusses the benefits of this integrating approach, particularly for the practitioner facing a multifaceted literature.

Location and research activities organization: Could public/private cooperation be harmful?

By Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin, Emmanuelle Taugourdeau from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-05-05.

This paper investigates the organization and the distribution of research activities between nearby public and private laboratories. In a three-stage game, the ‘size’, ‘locationprime and ‘research effortprime are determined under the assumption that public spillovers depend on the location of the private laboratory. We compare two scenarios in which the research efforts are decided either cooperatively or non-cooperatively. We show that for particular levels of subsidy granted to the public lab, higher funding favours spatial proximity and increases the total research effort in the cooperative case, while it diminishes the total effort in the non-cooperative one. Moreover, compared with the non-cooperative case, research cooperation: (i) may increase the distance between the two laboratories; (ii) makes the public laboratory smaller; (iii) increases the total research effort; but (iv) is detrimental to the payoff of the whole research sector.

The impact of a high-speed railway on residential land prices

By Hiroshi Kanasugi, Koichi Ushijima from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-04-28.

Abstract

By using the case of the high-speed railway scheduled to open in 2027 in Japan, this study examines whether the value of transport innovation is capitalized in land prices immediately after the construction plan is announced. We adopt a hedonic approach to measure value, using balanced panel data on residential land prices from 2008 to 2015 in Japan. We find that residential land prices where the time distance to the Tokyo metropolitan area reduces rose, except where the population is decreasing. This result implies that the benefits are capitalized in land prices when demand to shorten the time distance exists.

On clusters and industrial districts: A literature review using bibliometrics methods, 2000–2015

By Francisco García-Lillo, Enrique Claver-Cortés, Bartolomé Marco-Lajara, Mercedes Úbeda-García, Pedro Seva-Larrosa from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-04-18.

Abstract

The present research work shows the results obtained in an analysis of the existing literature about one of the ‘topics’ which arouses more interest among economists, geographers, theorists of business organization and strategic management or the actual officials in charge of territory arrangement and planning: that of clusters or industrial firm or groupings. More precisely, a total of 1,344 research papers published in different journals in the areas of economy, management, business, planning and development, urban studies and geography during the period 2000 and 2015 were analysed for the purpose of trying to identify and visualize the intellectual structure or knowledge base of the research developed about the aforementioned phenomena. As for the methodology utilized, of a quantitative nature, it is based on the use of bibliometric techniques – in particular, of document co-citation analysis (DCA) – and of social networks analysis.

Institutional quality and the growth rates of the Italian regions: The costs of regulatory complexity

By Giuseppe Di Vita from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-03-31.

Abstract

In this paper we study the impact of regulatory complexity, a measure of institutional quality, on the GDP, on per capita income and on the growth rate of the Italian regions. For comparative reasons we also use the duration of civil disputes as a further indicator of institutional quality used in the regressions as an alternative to the indicator of regulatory complexity. From the theoretical point of view, we use the approach of negative co-ordination externalities, among the four sources of regulatory production that are at work at the same time. Our approach may be applied in all the countries with a multi-level government system. Using the random effects and quantile regressions models we are able to quantify the effects of an improvement in institutional quality on the GDP and the growth rate, making a comparison between the results obtained using regulatory complexity or the duration of civil disputes as covariates. We also check for spatial dependence among variables. Econometric analysis supports the theoretical assumption that regulatory complexity is an impediment to the growth of regional GDP and per capita income. The main finding of our analysis is that a reduction in regulatory complexity would be more effective than a reduction in the duration of civil disputes in increasing the income and growth rate. This result could be useful for the policy-maker because by reducing regulatory complexity we may obtain a considerable by-product in the shorter duration of civil disputes.

How does distance to urban centres influence necessity and opportunity-based firm start-ups?

By Niclas Lavesson from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-03-31.

Abstract

This paper seeks to understand how distance to urban centres influences necessity and opportunity-based firm start-ups. The results show that closeness to urban centres is not necessarily beneficial for firm start-ups. On the contrary, regions further away from urban centres of any size experience more firm start-ups. One explanation of this result is that regions experience spatial protection from urban competition. However, regions located further away from larger-sized urban centres experience less firm start-ups due to such remoteness. One explanation of this finding is that remote regions cannot access the agglomeration benefits that larger cities offer. This supports the view that rural regions draw on urban resources but only on those from larger agglomerations.

Going the distance: The effects of university – secondary school collaboration on student migration

By Jörg Raab, Joris Knoben, Ludmilla Aufurth, Bram Kaashoek from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-02-15.

Abstract

In this paper, we analyse the effect of policy induced collaboration between secondary schools and higher education institutes (HEIs) on student flows in the Netherlands in the area of science and technology. We show that the policy intervention was not only effective but compared to other possible policy measures also quite efficient. We further demonstrate that the strength of collaboration between HEIs and secondary schools significantly reduces the negative effect of geographical distance on the number of students migrating from a particular secondary school to an HEI.

The great urban techno shift: Are central neighbourhoods the next silicon valleys? Evidence from three Canadian metropolitan areas

By Chloé Duvivier, Mario Polèse from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-02-09.

Abstract

A growing literature highlights the emergence of central techno neighbourhoods; however, does this mean that suburban techno districts are designed to decline? We examine the spatial dynamics (1996–2011) of computer service employment, subset of the new economy, in Canada's three largest metropolises using GIS and econometric techniques. The evidence is largely consistent with a growing weight of central neighbourhoods, especially in Montreal and Vancouver, although in all three cities, suburban techno clusters have continued to grow. The econometric results point to the higher weight of neighbourhood environment variables, including indicators of ‘coolness’, as predictors of computer service employment location.

Are local public services better delivered in more autonomous regions? Evidence from European regions using a dose-response approach

By Andrea Filippetti, Giovanni Cerulli from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-01-31.

Abstract

Does regional autonomy lead to better local public services? We investigate this issue using measures of public service performance and autonomy at the region level in 171 European regions. We introduce a novel dose-response approach which identifies the pattern of the effect of regional autonomy on the performance of public services. The relationship between the level of regional autonomy and the provision of local public services exhibits a u-shape: both low and high autonomy lead to better local public services. This speaks against the presence of one optimal level of autonomy and policy recommendations based on the view that more decentralisation is always desirable. It shows that different institutional settings can be economically viable and efficient.

The structure and dynamics of population migration among economic areas in the United States from 1990 to 2011

By Zengwang Xu from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-01-31.

Abstract

This study constructs the population migration networks among economic areas in the United States for every consecutive year from 1990 to 2011, and examines their structural properties and population migration dynamics. Various aspects of the structural properties of the networks are explored, including the connectivity, clustering, assortativity and centrality. It was found that these structural properties are mediated by migration dynamics and inter-area distance, and the patterns of varying structural properties across areas of different connectivity reveal the hub-and-spoke structure of the networks. It is evident that there exists tremendous complexity in migration connectivity and dynamics in the US internal migration system.

Multilevel empirics for small banks in local markets

By Francesco Aiello, Graziella Bonanno from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-01-23.

Abstract

Small banks are embedded in narrow markets and hence benefit from proximity to their customers. By referring to multilevel approach, this paper evaluates how much the performance of Italian mutual co-operative banks is determined by geographical and individual characteristics. The effect of local markets explains 28.27 per cent of bank heterogeneity in the empty multilevel model and 33 per cent in the most extended model. Moreover, it is found that efficiency increases with market concentration and demand density but decreases with branching in local markets.

(Un)related variety and employment growth at the sub-regional level

By Matthias Firgo, Peter Mayerhofer from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2017-01-06.

Abstract

Empirical results on the link between growth and diversity in (un)related industries proved to be highly dependent on the specific regional, temporal and econometric context. Using highly disaggregated employment data at the sub-regional level, we find that higher employment growth in Austria is mainly linked to unrelated variety. However, in-depth analyses by sectors and regional regimes illustrate substantial heterogeneity in the results, with services and a large number of relatively small non-urban regions driving the overall results. Thus, our findings argue against structural policy conclusions based on assessments neglecting the specific sectoral and regional context.

Do urban casinos affect nearby neighbourhoods? Evidence from Canada

By Haifang Huang, Brad R. Humphreys, Li Zhou from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2016-12-30.

We analyse the effect of new casinos on nearby neighbourhoods using data from casinos opened in Canada between 1986−2007. We find no evidence linking casino openings to nearby population growth or changes in residents' income, composition by age, gender, marital status, and home ownership status. We find evidence of negative casino effects on the growth of housing values and rent. The effect is substantial near casinos, a nearly 8 percentage-point loss in the growth of home values over 5 years, but has limited influence and dissipates quickly over distance. The estimated effect on housing rents is comparable in terms of standard deviation.

Firm location, interaction, and local characteristics: A case study for Madrid's electronics sector

By Miguel Gómez-Antonio, Stuart Sweeney from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2016-12-28.

Abstract

We use geo-referenced establishment data to estimate parameters of a Gibbs model. The statistical model is used to decompose the conditional intensity of the spatial point process into trend and interaction components. The trend captures covariates related to firms' costs, accessibility to public transport infrastructures, to technical universities and to cultural and recreational facilities. The ability to specify a Geyer interaction component captures the existence of additional spillovers providing a deeper insight into inter-establishment spatial dynamics. The results challenge some of the outcomes of the inter-urban industrial location literature, confirming that spatial aggregation compromises results in studies of business location. Firms' location decisions are dominated by site costs, with transportation costs being much less of a consideration; universities geographical knowledge spillovers are confirmed for large establishments; and amenities are unlikely to be important location factors.

Long-run processes of geographical concentration and dispersion: Evidence from Germany

By Wolfgang Dauth, Michaela Fuchs, Anne Otto from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2016-12-16.

This paper analyses the evolution of geographical concentration in German manufacturing and service sectors over a long time period. Drawing on detailed plant data of 187 industries from 1980 to 2010, we corroborate previous studies and observe substantial concentrations in both sectors. However, we also document a secular trend of deconcentration over three decades, even in knowledge-intensive industries. By constructing counterfactual distributions, we show that the underlying mechanisms differ across sectors. Dispersion of manufacturing industries is driven by closing or contracting plants within industrial agglomerations, while dispersion of the service sector is fostered by the creation of new plants.

The role of R&D collaboration networks on regional knowledge creation: Evidence from information and communication technologies

By Cilem Selin Hazır, James LeSage, Corinne Autant-Bernard from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2016-12-13.

We investigate how R&D networks impact regional innovation, considering alternative connectivity structures based on co-publications, co-inventions and projects supported by the EU-FP. Patent activity impacts on ICT during 2003–2009 for 213 European regions are quantified using a spatial Durbin model. Findings indicate that local knowledge flows to proximate regions are influenced by: proximate regions that are not collaboration partners, proximate collaboration partners, and distant collaboration partners. Evidence on the role of distant collaboration partners is found only for co-invention networks.

Geography, market potential and industrialization in Italy 1871–2001

By Vittorio Daniele, Paolo Malanima, Nicola Ostuni from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2016-12-06.

Abstract

This paper deals with industrialization in Italy between 1871 and 2001, and is based on data on the labour force per province (NUTS 3) from population censuses. Particular attention is devoted to long-term trends and North–South disparities. After the analysis of the geographic spread of industry and its changes, we test the role of access to markets on the distribution of the labour force in manufacturing. The results show that access to markets played a main role in Italian industrialization and in the evolution of inequalities among Northern and Southern regions.

Spatial spillovers in US wholesale gasoline markets

By Oleg Kucher, J. Wesley Burnett, Donald Lacombe from Papers in Regional Science. Published on 2016-11-25.

Abstract

This paper analyses how oil industry-related activities in neighbouring gasoline markets affect local markets. Our contribution consists of applying spatial econometric models to better understand pricing behaviour in US gasoline markets and the spatial phenomena unique to this particular industry. We find that neighbouring state-level gasoline price variation explains a large portion of the variation of in-state (or local) gasoline prices. Consistent with intuition, the empirical results imply that wholesale gasoline prices are positively affected by state and federal-level gasoline content regulations. Further, our results suggest that changes in state-level wholesale gasoline prices respond to both in-state and neighbouring-state inventory levels.